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Evolve or Die

Ramesh Govindan, Ina Minei, Mahesh Kallahalla, Bikash Koley, Amin Vahdat
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 conference on ACM SIGCOMM 2016 Conference - SIGCOMM '16  
We discuss some of these failures in detail, and also describe our design principles for high availability motivated by these failures.  ...  From a detailed analysis of over 100 high-impact failure events within Google's network, encompassing many data centers and two WANs, we quantify several dimensions of availability failures.  ...  Finally, this work would not have been possible without the painstaking work of Google's network operations, SRE, and development teams that design, manage and run our global network and carefully document  ... 
doi:10.1145/2934872.2934891 dblp:conf/sigcomm/GovindanMKKV16 fatcat:ehwd36ddgvewvkfzsdsodxsibm

Private Ordering in the Shadow of Copyright Law: Google Books as a Blueprint [chapter]

Jeanette Hofmann
2012 Politik und die Regulierung von Information  
In a famous article, Ginsberg (2003) describes the consequences the information industry has drawn from the challenges that digitization poses for the sale of copyrighted works: "from having copies to  ...  Sooner or later, he argues, a global licensing infrastructure will emerge in order to facilitate the global trade of digital content.  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783845238340-252 fatcat:k7lk3lr2frg3lbzbhgbrt2nm3q

Chance für den Frieden? Die Lokalisierungsagenda im Humanitären System im Nexus von Humanitärer Hilfe und Friedensförderung
A Chance for Peace? The Humanitarian System's Localisation Agenda and the Humanitarian -Peacebuilding Nexus

Kristina Roepstorff
2019 Die Friedenswarte  
Our strength lies in our volunteer network, our community-based expertise and our independence and neutrality.  ...  The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest volunteer-based humanitarian network.  ...  Companies such as Google have also led in the development of digital tools and services designed for use by affected communities, such as Google PersonFinder, which helps people with friends and relatives  ... 
doi:10.35998/fw-2019-0003 fatcat:g3ghh2tbmveblexez25u2e6zpy

Infrastructure studies meet platform studies in the age of Google and Facebook

Jean-Christophe Plantin, Carl Lagoze, Paul N Edwards, Christian Sandvig
2016 New Media & Society  
In these environments, platform-based services acquire characteristics of infrastructure, while both new and existing infrastructures are built or reorganized on the logic of platforms.  ...  We use case studies of the Open Web, Facebook, and Google to demonstrate that infrastructure studies provides a valuable approach to the evolution of shared, widely accessible systems and services of the  ...  Evolving from systems to networks to webs, infrastructures integrate many heterogeneous components by means of sociotechnical gateways.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444816661553 fatcat:i7cbmuipnff5hkirp4ae7fdqxm

Government as a Platform

Tim O'Reilly
2011 Innovations Technology Governance Globalization  
Such panels are typically drawn from a limited group of academics and industry experts. A list of these advisors would no doubt show a familiar pattern of high-ranking universities.  ...  that's fundamentally actionable in the same way that the TCP robustness principle was, or the design rules that are the heart of Unix.  ... 
doi:10.1162/inov_a_00056 fatcat:xonpkbkxznbejhirppku4kms5e

Digital Amnesia and the Demise of a Learning Community

Jon Mason
2015 Learning Communities International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts  
A number of lingering questions are teased out from the narrative and together represent a challenge for further inquiry.  ...  upon a number of critical issues regarding the sustainability of learning communities and of the digital infrastructure that is developed to support them.  ...  pathways of value through the evolving digital infrastructure to support learning networks.  ... 
doi:10.18793/lcj2015.18.04 fatcat:lmyodrzqfnamvd2fdajojcmje4

Citizens as Sensors: The World of Volunteered Geography [chapter]

Michael F. Goodchild
2011 The Map Reader  
Sites such as Wikimapia and OpenStreetMap are empowering citizens to create a global patchwork of geographic information, while Google Earth and other virtual globes are encouraging volunteers to develop  ...  A technically simpler option is to use the imagery available through Google Earth, Google Maps or similar services to select a location visually, and to record its coordinates by clicking.  ...  It is useful to distinguish three types of sensor networks. Most examples fit the first, a network of static, inert sensors designed to capture specific measurements of their local environments.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9780470979587.ch48 fatcat:5gb3njp6qza6bjyv6btmyxqhku

Citizens as sensors: the world of volunteered geography

Michael F. Goodchild
2007 GeoJournal  
Sites such as Wikimapia and OpenStreetMap are empowering citizens to create a global patchwork of geographic information, while Google Earth and other virtual globes are encouraging volunteers to develop  ...  A technically simpler option is to use the imagery available through Google Earth, Google Maps or similar services to select a location visually, and to record its coordinates by clicking.  ...  It is useful to distinguish three types of sensor networks. Most examples fit the first, a network of static, inert sensors designed to capture specific measurements of their local environments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10708-007-9111-y fatcat:h3qd7sqflbbcdmnok4ggozpfkm

Ebola: It's not only about the disease – challenges for adapting humanitarian assistance to its context
Ebola: Es ist nicht nur die Krankheit – Herausforderungen beim Anpassen der humanitären Hilfe an ihren Kontext

Lena Bledau
2019 Die Friedenswarte  
Findings drawn from the literature and survey responses are cited as such.  ...  Cash (or vouchers or mobile money) also ranked high in all three contexts.  ... 
doi:10.35998/fw-2019-0004 fatcat:gtjxspcz25conm5jbemlp5eju4

The Datacenter as a Computer: An Introduction to the Design of Warehouse-Scale Machines, Second edition

Luiz André Barroso, Jimmy Clidaras, Urs Hölzle
2013 Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture  
Acknowledgments While we draw from our direct involvement in Google's infrastructure design and operation over the past several years, most of what we have learned and now report here is the result of  ...  This edition has benefited from thorough reviews by Note to the Reader We very much appreciate any thoughts, suggestions, or corrections you might have on our book.  ...  or high availability in large-scale deployments.  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00516ed2v01y201306cac024 fatcat:435o455inbcmrakl6l7jp4gope

Investigating Energy Justice in Demand-Side Low-Carbon Innovations in Ontario

Susan Morrissey Wyse, Runa R. Das, Christina E. Hoicka, Yuxu Zhao, Maria-Louise McMaster
2021 Frontiers in Sustainable Cities  
The indicators are used to assess innovation availability, affordability, information, and involvement.  ...  Furthermore, government-delivered, publicly owned or regulated innovation providers place a greater emphasis on energy justice, including the provision of innovations for marginalized actors.  ...  Our study draws from the principles: availability, affordability, due process and good governance.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frsc.2021.633122 fatcat:jrg3wmfp2zgzxn55sfyohmu4tm

Beyond Innovation and Competition: The Need for Qualified Transparency in Internet Intermediaries

Frank A. Pasquale
2010 Social Science Research Network  
designed to regulate regulation, known as administrative law. 305 Certain principles of openness and due process drawn from administrative law should govern private entities' management of competition  ...  Reacting against such quiescence, Frischmann and van Schewick urge a principle of network neutrality designed to "insulat[e] end users from market-driven restrictions on access and use." 4 " They endorse  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1686043 fatcat:yh4dvdigcragdazug4x2m4vaty

Two Billion Devices and Counting

Vijay Janapa Reddi, Hongil Yoon, Allan Knies
2018 IEEE Micro  
In a high-performance SoC, the majority of the die area is dominated by IP blocks.  ...  The conclusions drawn from studying old applications like Angry Birds might hurt processor architects when the design is shipped into products because they would be optimizing future processors for past  ...  He has a PhD in computer science from Harvard University. Contact him at vj@ece.utexas.edu. Hongil Yoon is an SoC performance architect at Google.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mm.2018.011441560 fatcat:v757u273tzhetipqxetmtrquqe

Preface: Two Perspectives [chapter]

2021 Decentralization  
infrastructure products, and incentive design mechanisms in decentralized systems, including via co-authored articles with Craig Calcaterra.  ...  Wulf suggested the problem of using blockchain technology to create a decentralized arbitration platform, Distributed Jurisdiction, Craig decided that his midlife crisis might as well be a swan dive from  ...  Just as predator populations could not evolve in the natural ecosystem without prey, decentralized technology systems cannot evolve without an existing decentralized infrastructure.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110673937-206 fatcat:66yvchstojfutchrye5v7ssmhu

Design for Smaller, Lighter and Faster ICT Products: Technical Expertise, Infrastructures and Processes

Omer Aydin, Orhan Uçar
2017 Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems  
As can be seen from the relevant sections, in order to design an ICT product, very deep technical expertise, expensive development and verification infrastructures are needed in the relevant fields.  ...  In this article, all the main design phases are presented starting from the system design to the product validation and test.  ...  This platform continues to evolve with the principles: any designer, any application and any platform [60] .  ... 
doi:10.25046/aj0203141 fatcat:yjlh7ixkjrhabjfnoppwd4tzbi
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