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Evolution of iterated prisoner's dilemma strategies with different history lengths in static and cultural environments

Richard Brunauer, Andreas Löcker, Helmut A. Mayer, Gerhard Mitterlechner, Hannes Payer
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 ACM symposium on Applied computing - SAC '07  
We investigate evolutionary approaches to generate wellperforming strategies for the iterated prisoner's dilemma (IPD) with different history lengths in static and cultural environments.  ...  The cultural environment starts with the standard strategies and gradually increases by addition of the best evolved players representing a culture.  ...  Many variations of the Prisoner's Dilemma have been devised, one of them being the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma (IPD) , which is at the center of attention in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1244002.1244163 dblp:conf/sac/BrunauerLMMP07 fatcat:u2nrdlvnevdlnkvb6236no2swq

Interactions between learning and evolution:

Reiji Suzuki, Takaya Arita
2004 Biosystems (Amsterdam. Print)  
We adopted the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma as a dynamic environment, introduced phenotypic plasticity into its strategies, and conducted computational experiments, in which phenotypic plasticity is allowed  ...  Second, these strategies were replaced by a strategy with a modest amount of plasticity generated by interactions between learning and evolution.  ...  We adopted the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma (IPD) as the latter type of environments, where there is no explicit optimal solution through generations and fitness of individuals depends mainly on interactions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biosystems.2004.04.002 pmid:15527946 fatcat:47jieqtxzrbm5aq7s5lkb6cspi

Cooperation and Community Structure in Artificial Ecosystems

Kristian Lindgren, Mats G. Nordahl
1993 Artificial Life  
We review results on the evolution of cooperation .^A " ", , ., _ ., " v . , , , .  ...  This is the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma (IPD).  ...  The game was first studied by Flood and Dresher at Rand Corporation in 1950 [30] . (An account of the first iterated Prisoner's Dilemma-like game played can also be found in Poundstone [85] .)  ... 
doi:10.1162/artl.1993.1.15 fatcat:c4fylsutkfbyhadqr5q7ykjogi

The instability of globalization: applying evolutionary game theory to global trade cooperation

Sebastian Krapohl, Václav Ocelík, Dawid M. Walentek
2020 Public Choice  
Global trade liberalization is modeled as an iterated prisoner's dilemma between all possible pairs of WTO member states.  ...  Because of the large number of WTO member states and repeated rounds of their interactions, we use computer simulations to calculate the strategies that lead to the maximum 'fitness' of the respective  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies (ACES) and the Politi-  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11127-020-00799-1 fatcat:q37divbt6bgg3fje5fdou6ubn4

Escalation of Coevolutionary Arms Races

Kyle Harrington
2016 Figshare  
We conclude that competitive coevolution is a productive evolutionary mechanism capable of escalation, and show that both exogenous and endogenous complexity can facilitate the escalation of coevolutionary  ...  , and a swarm game.  ...  However, this payoff matrix only specifies the score of a single round of the Prisoner's Dilemma. In the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma (IPD) multiple rounds are accounted for.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.3146824.v1 fatcat:ahpantix6nf6fbzsxyc66kqukm

From genetic evolution to emergence of game strategies

Takashi Ikegami
1994 Physica D : Non-linear phenomena  
Evolution of game strategies is studied in the Erroneous Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma game, in which a player sometimes decides on an erroneous action contrary to his own strategy.  ...  How the extinction of strategies and module evolution leads to ESS-free open-ended evolution is also discussed.  ...  The present research is partially supported by Grantin-Aids (No. 04854025) for Scientific Research from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science and Culture.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0167-2789(94)90290-9 fatcat:mtb5frceuffkrg5teb3bpem4nq

Evolutionary games on graphs

György Szabó, Gábor Fáth
2007 Physics reports  
The last three sections discuss in detail the dynamic behavior of three prominent classes of models: the Prisoner's Dilemma, the Rock-Scissors-Paper game, and Competing Associations.  ...  The major theme of the review is in what sense and how the graph structure of interactions can modify and enrich the picture of long term behavioral patterns emerging in evolutionary games.  ...  Acknowledgments Enlightening discussions with Tibor Antal, Ulf Dieckmann, Attila Szolnoki, Arne Traulsen, and Jeromos Vukov are gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2007.04.004 fatcat:tmqmeoki55b6pi2kckdjappmfe

Dynamical systems game theory and dynamics of games

E. Akiyama, K. Kaneko
2000 Physica D : Non-linear phenomena  
That is, the nature of the game itself is described as a dynamical system. The relation between game dynamics and the evolution of strategies is discussed by applying this framework.  ...  Computer experiments are carried out for simple one-person games to demonstrate the evolution of dynamical systems with the effective use of dynamical resources.  ...  Ikegami and S. Sasa for useful discussions. This work is partially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-2789(00)00157-3 fatcat:p4b4zzntbvf27pzeuwhf52drxe

Dynamical systems game theory II

Eizo Akiyama, Kunihiko Kaneko
2002 Physica D : Non-linear phenomena  
The "social dilemma" is a problem inherent in forming and maintaining cooperation among selfish individuals, and is of fundamental importance in the biological and social sciences.  ...  ) game theory presented in [Physica D 147 (2000) 221], which can naturally deal with the dynamic aspects of games.  ...  This work is supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan (11CE2006; Komaba Complex Systems Life Project; 11837004).  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-2789(02)00402-5 fatcat:64akdbartbgzbeiavgepwhzl3i

Evolutionary game theory: cells as players

Sabine Hummert, Katrin Bohl, David Basanta, Andreas Deutsch, Sarah Werner, Günter Theißen, Anja Schroeter, Stefan Schuster
2014 Molecular Biosystems  
The interaction of living cells can often be described by game theory, for example, in the case of secretion of extracellular enzymes.  ...  In this review we discuss numerous examples of applying game theory to cellular processes.  ...  School of Microbial Communication, and the Virtual Liver Network funded by the BMBF (Germany) is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.1039/c3mb70602h pmid:25270362 fatcat:7up3voypqbe7logsgkzftw5biq

Societies and cities in the age of instant access [chapter]

Harvey J. Miller
2007 Geojournal Library  
Trust emerges because buyers and sellers rate each other, essentially converting a single prisoner's dilemma to an iterated prisoner's dilemma. eBay is an example of an embryonic reputation system; these  ...  People-based accessibility measures are also sensitive to differences in activity schedules and the availability of transportation and ICTs resources among different social groups, age cohorts, cultures  ... 
doi:10.1007/1-4020-5427-0_1 fatcat:5ewhnsj2erevpptht7bgt5oma4

Evolving effective behaviours to interact with tag-based populations

Osman Yucel, Chad Crawford, Sandip Sen
2015 Connection science  
Strategy selection mechanisms developed based on this idea have successfully evolved stable cooperation in games such as the Prisoner's Dilemma game but relies upon payoff sharing and matching methods  ...  This usage of tags can be extended to artificial environments, where agents can significantly reduce cognitive effort spent on appropriate strategy choice and behavior selection by reusing strategies for  ...  The proposed mechanisms are generally developed to be played in iterated stage games of Prisoner's Dilemma or the Anti-Cooperation game.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540091.2015.1031467 fatcat:vjphg45pj5fy7b5r7t7jcjwxxy

Bateman's Principle and Simultaneous Hermaphrodites: A Paradox

J. L. Leonard
2005 Integrative and Comparative Biology  
Probability theory demonstrates that where two strategies have equal mean fitness, which must be the case for male and female function, the strategy with the lower variance in reproductive success must  ...  However, the prediction as to the association of hermaphroditism and low fixed costs is inconsistent with the data.  ...  Gary Griggs and the staff of Long Marine Laboratory at UCSC for providing a pleasant and stimulating work environment.  ... 
doi:10.1093/icb/45.5.856 pmid:21676837 fatcat:utr7gml3ubdyrkdx337azagybe

Organization, learning and cooperation

Jason Barr, Francesco Saraceno
2009 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
The firm plays a repeated Prisoner's Dilemma type game, but must also learn to map environmental signals to demand parameters and to its rival's willingness to cooperate.  ...  This paper models the organization of the firm as a type of artificial neural network in a duopoly setting.  ...  Related Literature There is a rich literature on the issue of cooperation and defection in Prisoner's Dilemma games, of which the Cournot game is a variant.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2008.03.014 fatcat:ij7c4fwisjd3zloitgrqtwaidy

An Agent-Based Model of Institutional Life-Cycles

Manuel Wäckerle, Bernhard Rengs, Wolfgang Radax
2014 Games  
Seemingly, it stands to reason, that institutions are meta-stabilized sets of established and culturally transmitted [10] rules forming the cornerstones of political economy and its evolution.  ...  Games 2014, 5 161 Introduction The central research question of this paper deals with the emergent effects originating from dynamic interdependencies of individual strategies and social structures-see  ...  The authors declare no conflict of interest. Games 2014, 5  ... 
doi:10.3390/g5030160 fatcat:zwa34deerfhs3opztwlmhuz5k4
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