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Page 965 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 41, Issue 3 [page]

2009 Behavior Research Methods  
It may not have been relevant enough to student participants to evoke identification with a crowd of other demonstrators.  ...  than in small crowds.  ... 

Crowd Simulation and Its Applications: Recent Advances

Ming-Liang Xu, Hao Jiang, Xiao-Gang Jin, Zhigang Deng
2014 Journal of Computer Science and Technology  
Finally, we offer our viewpoints on open crowd simulation research challenges and point out potential future directions in this field.  ...  This article surveys the state-of-the-art crowd simulation techniques and their selected applications, with its focus on our recent research advances in this rapidly growing research field.  ...  Influence on Behavior), which could evoke panic automatically under dangerous situations without manual intervention.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11390-014-1469-y fatcat:6fmcxqplxbf5fhn5a3vas2yyuy

Panic, Irrationality, and Herding: Three Ambiguous Terms in Crowd Dynamics Research

Milad Haghani, Emiliano Cristiani, Nikolai W. F. Bode, Maik Boltes, Alessandro Corbetta
2019 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
The three terms "panic", "irrationality", and "herding" are ubiquitous in the crowd dynamics literature and have a strong influence on both modelling and management practices.  ...  (iii) Despite the ambiguity of the definitions and the missing consensus in the literature, these terms are still increasingly and persistently mentioned in crowd evacuation studies.  ...  Studies are revealing several misconceptions about the types of responses that emergencies evoke in people.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/9267643 fatcat:fdhr7xzwpzctthefr3toulf4ta

Interoception and Learning: Import to Understanding and Treating Diseases and Psychopathologies

Rick A. Bevins, Joyce Besheer
2014 ACS Chemical Neuroscience  
In this mini-review, we describe two examples: smoking and panic disorder.  ...  He was waiting to get off a crowded airplane after a long flight. As Walter was standing in the crowd, he felt the plane getting hot and stuffy and his heart started pounding.  ...  Like smoking, exteroceptive stimuli such as speaking in front of an audience or being in a small crowded space (e.g., movie theater or airplane) are clearly important.  ... 
doi:10.1021/cn5001028 pmid:25010473 pmcid:PMC4140586 fatcat:64htxczgfvhzxpjwstno3r7wfa

Cooperation versus competition in a mass emergency evacuation: A new laboratory simulation and a new theoretical model

John Drury, Chris Cocking, Steve Reicher, Andy Burton, Damian Schofield, Andrew Hardwick, Danielle Graham, Paul Langston
2009 Behavior Research Methods  
mass panic models (e.g., McDougall, 1920; 957 Virtual reality technology is argued to be suitable to the simulation study of mass evacuation behavior, because of the practical and ethical constraints  ...  Study 1 was carried out in an immersion laboratory and demonstrated that collective identification in the crowd was enhanced by the (shared) threat embodied in emergency itself.  ...  AUTHOR NOTE The research described in this report was made possible by Grant RES-000-23-0446 from the Economic and Social Research Council awarded to J.D. (  ... 
doi:10.3758/brm.41.3.957 pmid:19587213 fatcat:grkncywg7ndgjpilaat6y632rq

Auditory-visual virtual environment for the treatment of fear of crowds

Marine Taffou, Jan Ondřej, Carol O'Sullivan, Olivier Warusfel, Stéphanie Dubal, Isabelle Viaud-Delmon
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 Virtual Reality International Conference on ZZZ - VRIC '15  
In order to examine the potential interest of auditory-visual virtual reality to treat fear of crowds, we investigated the efficiency of an auditory-visual virtual environment in evoking affective reaction  ...  Fear of crowds is a symptom found in agoraphobia (among others) and which has both visual and auditory relevant components.  ...  Specifically, some studies showed a reduction of fear in patients suffering from panic disorder with agoraphobia after exposure sessions in virtual environments depicting a shopping mall, a bus or a subway  ... 
doi:10.1145/2806173.2806176 dblp:conf/vric/TaffouOOWDV15 fatcat:awznuc5atre27lvwaplelmmyuq

Discrete element crowd model for pedestrian evacuation through an exit

Peng Lin, Jian Ma, Siuming Lo
2016 Chinese Physics B  
A series of accidents caused by crowd within the last decades evoked a lot of scientific interest in modeling the movement of pedestrian crowds.  ...  Based on discrete element method, a granular dynamic model, in which human body is simplified as self-driven sphere, is proposed to simulate the characteristics of crowd flow through an exit.  ...  After study on the crowd incident in the love parade on 24th July 2010, in Duisberg, Germany, Helbing et al. [20] concluded that there was no sign of panic in the crowd flow during the incident.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1674-1056/25/3/034501 fatcat:kfy63xjvuzh6bghn6qia766vv4

Human and social behavior in computational modeling and analysis of egress

Xiaoshan Pan, Charles S. Han, Ken Dauber, Kincho H. Law
2006 Automation in Construction  
Computational tools are now available for the simulation and design of emergency evacuation and egress.  ...  Furthermore, the behaviors are usually incorporated into the computational model in an ad hoc manner.  ...  levels [36] : • Panic theories deal primarily with the factors that may cause panic during emergencies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2005.06.006 fatcat:2wtayci7nza5neqy6e4l446lyi

Crowd Emotion Detection Using Dynamic Probabilistic Models [chapter]

Mirza Waqar Baig, Emilia I. Barakova, Lucio Marcenaro, Matthias Rauterberg, Carlo S. Regazzoni
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The evaluations are performed on simulated data show the proposed algorithm effectively recognizes the emotions of the crowd under specific situations.  ...  The emotions of multiple people constituting a crowd in any surveillance environment are estimated by their social and collective behaviors using sensor signals e.g., a camera, which captures and tracks  ...  This work was supported in part by the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate in Interactive and Cognitive Environments, which is funded by the EACEA Agency of the European Commission under EMJD ICE FPA n 2010  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08864-8_32 fatcat:kgna4i6vjvgazp4hlp6wivfcpa

Emotion-Based Crowd Representation for Abnormality Detection [article]

Hamidreza Rabiee, Javad Haddadnia, Hossein Mousavi, Moin Nabi, Vittorio Murino, Nicu Sebe
2016 arXiv   pre-print
In crowd behavior understanding, a model of crowd behavior need to be trained using the information extracted from video sequences.  ...  Since there is no ground-truth available in crowd datasets except the crowd behavior labels, most of the methods proposed so far are just based on low-level visual features.  ...  Such systems are shown to be effective to capture crowd dynamics for public environments design [25] , simulate crowd behavior for games designing [31] , and group activity [26] and crowd monitoring  ... 
arXiv:1607.07646v1 fatcat:bjaj67726vdlhhl75zdq2ztitu

Internet-delivered multi-patient virtual reality exposure therapy system for the treatment of anxiety disorders

Ni Kang, Willem-Paul Brinkman, M. Birna van Riemsdijk, Mark A. Neerincx
2011 Proceedings of the 29th Annual European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics - ECCE '11  
Motivation -The project is to reduce the therapist's workload in virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) for anxiety disorders and explore cognitive ergonomic factors in the design of an internet-delivered  ...  Second, in what way should a usable internet-delivered VRET system be designed which can treat multiple patients simultaneously?  ...  Crowd simulation An agents-based application is suggested to create autonomous avatars when complex individual behavior is concerned (Thalmann & Musse, 1999) .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2074712.2074760 dblp:conf/ecce/KangBRN11 fatcat:jbdfu5bl6rajpkffxxjx5oybcu

Emotion Contagion Model for Crowds

Amyr Borges Fortes Neto, Soraia Raupp Musse, Catherine Pelachaud
2015 Journal of Interactive Systems  
In this direction, this paper implements an emotion contagion model, within crowd simulation scenarios, in order to create realistic perception of agent behaviors on crowds.  ...  Latest advances in crowd simulation models that attempt to make agents with more realistic human-like behaviors explore heterogeneity of agent behaviors in order to achieve increased overall simulation  ...  , which in turn may be prohibitive in terms of simulation time in certain crowd scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.5753/jis.2015.663 fatcat:2j6sl4nfxng4fe3hs67j7kh7sa

The Psychological Causes of Panic Buying Following a Health Crisis

Kum Fai Yuen, Xueqin Wang, Fei Ma, Kevin X. Li
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Attributed to the recent COVID-19 pandemic, panic buying is now a frequent occurrence in many countries, leading to stockouts and supply chain disruptions.  ...  The aim of this study is to review, identify, and synthesise the psychological causes of panic buying, which is a relatively new and unexplored area in consumer behaviour research.  ...  ., sanctions or communication strategies) in curbing panic buying. The use of factorial experimental design or simulation would be useful for this purpose.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph17103513 pmid:32443427 fatcat:dqmlmr7rxffk7k3uyptqjvtexm

The Characteristics of the Factors That Govern the Preferred Force in the Social Force Model of Pedestrian Movement [article]

Mohammed Mahmod Shuaib, Zarita Zainuddin, Ibtesam M Abu-Sulyman
2010 arXiv   pre-print
Second, Helbing and his co-workers (2000) have incorporated the panic situation into this force by incorporating the panic parameter to account for the panic situations.  ...  In this paper, the authors analyze the most important incorporations into the model regarding the preferred force. They make comparisons between the different factors of these incorporations.  ...  In some occasions, it has resulted in fatalities such as crowd stampede and its related problems. Solutions are urgently needed to prevent more disasters from happening.  ... 
arXiv:1008.0140v1 fatcat:xpgkvbizqjaohna4nylonqrpga

The Characteristics Of The Factors That Govern The Preferred Force In The Social Force Model Of Pedestrian Movement

Zarita Zainuddin, Mohammed Mahmod Shuaib, Ibtesam M. Abu-Sulyman
2010 Zenodo  
Second, Helbing and his co-workers (2000) have incorporated the panic situation into this force by incorporating the panic parameter to account for the panic situations.  ...  In this paper, the authors analyze the most important incorporations into the model regarding the preferred force. They make comparisons between the different factors of these incorporations.  ...  In some occasions, it has resulted in fatalities such as crowd stampede and its related problems. Solutions are urgently needed to prevent more disasters from happening.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1058359 fatcat:xe2s7b2ngrhlbanw2hrl4pg4vy
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