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Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups

Anita Williams Woolley, Christopher F. Chabris, Alex Pentland, Nada Hashmi, Thomas W. Malone
2010 Science  
The pattern of posterror slowing was the same for both sets of trials ( fig. S6) , suggesting that the pattern in Fig. 3A is representative of all trials.  ...  We asked 24 skilled typists (WPM = 70.7 T 16.4) to type 600 words, each of which was followed by a fouralternative explicit report screen. Typists typed 91.8% of the words correctly.  ...  of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.1193147 pmid:20929725 fatcat:7z5kpg737zgj7gkagf2npcc354

Quantifying collective intelligence in human groups

Christoph Riedl, Young Ji Kim, Pranav Gupta, Thomas W. Malone, Anita Williams Woolley
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Our results support the conclusion that a robust CI factor characterizes a group's ability to work together across a diverse set of tasks.  ...  We further show that CI is predicted by the proportion of women in the group, mediated by average social perceptiveness of group members, and that it predicts performance on various out-of-sample criterion  ...  This provides strong evidence that a single-factor CI score computed for any seven of the tasks is a reliable predictor of group performance on the remaining task.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2005737118 pmid:34001598 pmcid:PMC8166150 fatcat:ojuf23dk35c6tag2t6r6522oga

Collective Intelligence in Humans: A Literature Review [article]

Juho Salminen
2012 arXiv   pre-print
A keyword search was performed on the Web of Knowledge and selected papers were reviewed in order to reveal themes relevant to collective intelligence.  ...  This literature review focuses on collective intelligence in humans.  ...  The author also wishes to thank the European Regional Development Fund and the Regional Council of Päijät-Häme for the opportunity of presenting his research at the CI2012 conference.  ... 
arXiv:1204.3401v1 fatcat:liuetvv6lbejrb6ekxxsx36vpm

THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN TRIAGE AT THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT

Rikardo Protrka
2021 International Journal of Integrated Care  
In observing the data collected at the emergency departments, a certain range of derogations in triage decisions is evident.  ...  Combining artificially produced precision, generated from collected and machine learned data, with the human factor based on emotions, empathy and intuition, are a requirement for more uniform and better  ...  In observing the data collected at the emergency departments, a certain range of derogations in triage decisions is evident.  ... 
doi:10.5334/ijic.icic20295 fatcat:fdcqcrzdsjajhiqvvshamxgpfy

Adolescent's Collective Intelligence: Empirical Evidence in Real and Online Classmates Groups

Enrico Imbimbo, Federica Stefanelli, Andrea Guazzini
2020 Future Internet  
Humans create teams to be more successful in a large variety of tasks.  ...  On the contrary, the factors that improve their performances were the average intelligence of the teammates, their levels of neuroticism, and the group heterogeneity in terms of social abilities.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi12050081 fatcat:cqzjwrd3nfcf5aebugmy2wm3fm

Trust-Based Techniques for Collective Intelligence in Social Search Systems [chapter]

Pierpaolo Dondio, Luca Longo
2011 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Trust has been always used by humans as a form of collective intelligence to support effective decision making process.  ...  A key-issue for the effectiveness of collaborative decision support systems is the problem of the trustworthiness of the entities involved in the process.  ...  Trust is a form of collective intelligence used by humans as a powerful tool for the decision making process.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-20344-2_5 fatcat:ioejk6bg7zcalesuqxtxa6bgby

Collective Intelligence as Infrastructure for Reducing Broad Global Catastrophic Risks [article]

Vicky Chuqiao Yang, Anders Sandberg
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Outcomes of many risk situations hinge on the performance of human groups, such as whether democratic governments and scientific communities can work effectively.  ...  CI is a transdisciplinary perspective, whose application involves humans and animal groups, markets, robotic swarms, collections of neurons, and other distributed systems.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Rory Greig for helpful discussions and feedback on an earlier version of the manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:2205.03300v1 fatcat:zb6vs32rpjb4veyh5k3zapurom

A Brief Taxonomy of Hybrid Intelligence

Niccolo Pescetelli
2021 Forecasting  
Hybrid intelligence can be designed in many ways, depending on the role of the human and the algorithm in the hybrid system.  ...  The novelty of the paper lies in the interpretation of recent studies in hybrid intelligence as precursors of a set of algorithms that are expected to be more prominent in the future.  ...  A taxonomy of hybrid intelligence. Biological intelligence spans from individuals in isolation to larger groups and networks performing a task.  ... 
doi:10.3390/forecast3030039 fatcat:23vfb4p7nfayxfbpxnzot6dh7i

Relevance of Emotional Intelligence for Effective Job Performance: An Empirical Study

Priti Suman Mishra, A K Das Mohapatra
2010 Vikalpa The Journal for Decision Makers  
A questionnaire design was used to explore whether there was a relationship between emotional intelligence scores and scores from performance assessment checklist for a sample of 90 males and females from  ...  There is however, currently, little evidence to support the existence of such a relationship.  ...  There is a significant difference in the values of EI factors between these two groups, the more experienced group having higher EI compared to the less experienced group.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0256090920100104 fatcat:gz4f62axt5acbcn6siar2uemry

INTRINSIC HUMAN CAPACITIES OF HIGH AND LOW PERFORMERS OF PUBLIC SECTOR MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN INDIA

SHILPA JAIN, PREETI SINGH
2019 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT  
Public Sector Manufacturing Industry in India has well dominated the culture of satisfactory under-performance in the past, wherein even low performance is seen as satisfactory as a Governmental promotion  ...  Results: Findings suggest that there is significant difference in the overall Intrinsic Human Capacities Scores of high and low performers of public sector  ...  of perception is a key factor in individual behavior.  ... 
doi:10.34218/ijm.10.6.2019.026 fatcat:544zpu3gbremdadrb4m657guve

DISCOURSE ON FAILURE OF INTELLIGENCE: A THEORY OF MIND PERSPECTIVE

Elena Botts
2018 Global Political Review  
This paper further argues that discourse on the failure of intelligence is increased because of a flaw in the epistemic process among intelligence operators and consumers.  ...  This article aims at explicating that can we usefully talk about a failure of intelligence and deliberating the perspective of mind theory into it.  ...  Part I: The Relationship between Collective Intelligence and Theory of Mind In a study by Woolley, " it was shown that the performance of a group at intelligence tasks, referred to as 'collective intelligence  ... 
doi:10.31703/gpr.2018(iii-ii).01 fatcat:6iz32ome2bhtzhn5us67yg75qm

Possible Relationship between the COMT Gene Vel158Met Polymorphism and Psychometric IQ in Girls of the Qinba Region in China

Kejin Zhang, Zijian Zheng, Xiaocai Gao, Jing Li, Fuchang Zhang
2007 Neuropsychobiology  
The quantitative traits of psychometric IQ were calculated by using the Chinese Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.  ...  by Val 158 Met genotypes, neither in boys nor in the total group (p 1 0.05).  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the participants in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000112950 pmid:18182829 fatcat:bp2cy35kd5ddbidvpjb6i74j2i

Collective Sensemaking and Military Coalitions

Paul R. Smart, Katia P. Sycara
2013 IEEE Intelligent Systems  
Sensemaking is a key capability for military coalitions. It lets both individuals and teams make sense of conflicting, ambiguous, and uncertain information.  ...  M ilitary operations must often deal with incomplete, uncertain, ambiguous, conflicting, and inaccurate information-the "fog of war" always confounds attempts at a complete understanding of the battlefield  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and shouldn't be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Army Research Laboratory  ... 
doi:10.1109/mis.2012.87 fatcat:7fymy62jknfehgna5lywypklwq

Reading the Mind in the Eyes or Reading between the Lines? Theory of Mind Predicts Collective Intelligence Equally Well Online and Face-To-Face

David Engel, Anita Williams Woolley, Lisa X. Jing, Christopher F. Chabris, Thomas W. Malone, Marina A. Pavlova
2014 PLoS ONE  
Recent research with face-to-face groups found that a measure of general group effectiveness (called "collective intelligence") predicted a group's performance on a wide range of different tasks.  ...  This provides additional support for the basic result from prior research that there is a single dominant collective intelligence factor for human groups, and that the existence of collective intelligence  ...  [11] , we performed a factor analysis on all the groups' scores on all the tasks. We call the first factor that emerges from this analysis the groups' collective intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115212 pmid:25514387 pmcid:PMC4267836 fatcat:k7afph4mozaovjohv45bkx6zh4

Integrating Hot and Cool Intelligences: Thinking Broadly about Broad Abilities

W. Schneider, John Mayer, Daniel Newman
2016 Journal of Intelligence  
Although results from factor-analytic studies of the broad, second-stratum abilities of human intelligence have been fairly consistent for decades, the list of broad abilities is far from complete, much  ...  We propose criteria by which the list of broad abilities could be amended and envision alternatives for how our understanding of the hot intelligences (abilities involving emotionally-salient information  ...  for the existence of group factors [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/jintelligence4010001 fatcat:miyhyqaomneajmkmsdb6qnk5zi
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