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Evidence for Gradient Salience: What Happens with Competing Non-salient Referents during Pronoun Resolution?

Ralph L. Rose
2006 Australasian Language Technology Association Workshop  
The necessity of a gradient approach to salience ranking of referents introduced in a discourse is evaluated by looking at (unbound) pronoun resolution preferences when there are competing non-salient  ...  Syntactic and semantic prominence effects on pronoun resolution were also compared with results showing that semantic prominence (i.e., agent > patient) determined the salience ranking of competing referents  ...  Acknowledgments I am indebted to Stefan Kaufmann and Michael Dickey for their guidance on this research project and also to Katy Carlson for her help on the experimental portion of this study.  ... 
dblp:conf/acl-alta/Rose06 fatcat:n3nezso73nanbeutj36tz7kg5m

Centering, Anaphora Resolution, and Discourse Structure [article]

Marilyn A. Walker
1997 arXiv   pre-print
Future work should provide additional support for these claims with an examination of a larger corpus of naturally occurring discourses.  ...  The first problem is that centers are often continued over discourse segment boundaries with pronominal referring expressions whose form is identical to those that occur within a discourse segment.  ...  These segments contrast with one another by presenting alternate possible worlds of what might have happened with what did happen.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9708005v1 fatcat:v44fsfifb5gilpja5n7xym567e

Unrestricted Bridging Resolution

Yufang Hou, Katja Markert, Michael Strube
2018 Computational Linguistics  
In recent years, various computational approaches have been developed for bridging resolution.  ...  Katja was always helpful during these years. The problem addressed in this thesis is based on her work during her visiting stay at HITS as a Humboldt scholarship holder.  ...  We propose a joint inference model for bridging anaphora resolution (Chapter 6).  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli_a_00315 fatcat:ezgwhbvbrffi5jgx3edhigvx4a

Great Expectations: Unsupervised Inference of Suspense, Surprise and Salience in Storytelling [article]

David Wilmot
2022 arXiv   pre-print
As such, the thesis's relevance is that applying domain expertise with these systems may be a more productive approach for applying machine learning in many areas of interest.  ...  Other work adapts the models as a planning system for generating original stories. The thesis finds that applying the narrative theory to deep learning models can align with the typical reader.  ...  Salience for the current occurring event is in the context of what the reader already knows and what happens immediately afterwards.  ... 
arXiv:2206.09708v1 fatcat:k4oefywyxvgn5gdtedyvr5mbpi

Grammatical taboos

Ralf Vogel
2019 Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft  
They are subjected to systematic experimental testing in a questionnaire study with gradient rating scales on two salient and two non-salient grammatical taboo phenomena of German.  ...  The paper also introduces the concept of empirical grammaticality as a necessary theoretical cornerstone for empirical linguistics.  ...  I want to thank the audiences of these presentations for very helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1515/zfs-2019-0002 fatcat:53f25lwm4rfopnvx46zv7h4ule

What Are Constructions, and What Else Is Out There? An Associationist Perspective

Vsevolod Kapatsinski
2021 Frontiers in Communication  
This paper critically evaluates the evidence for and against two possible construals of this proposal as a psycholinguistic theory: that direct, bidirectional form-meaning associations play a central role  ...  In particular, there is convincing evidence for productive paradigmatic mappings that are phonologically arbitrary, which cannot be captured by form-meaning mappings alone, without associations between  ...  , during and after the referring form is heard.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2020.575242 fatcat:4ongvizpxrc3zhj2lm6vimhuaq

Pronominal datives: The royal road to argument status

Mira Ariel, Elitzur Dattner, John W. Du Bois, Tal Linzen
2015 Studies in Language  
Thus, it is pronouns that blaze the path from adjunct to argument status.  ...  We then demonstrate a correlation between the degree of grammaticization of the dative as an argument and pronoun/lexical ratios.  ...  Let us briefly consider each of these motivations, along with its implication for the resulting utterance, the opposing forces it competes with, and most importantly, the resolution of the competing motivations  ... 
doi:10.1075/sl.39.2.01ari fatcat:jo2423fs6jh2blfugmkyihbhw4

Grammatical and pragmatic factors in the interpretation of Japanese null and overt pronouns

Mieko Ueno, Andrew Kehler
2016 Linguistics  
Japanese overt pronouns were revealed to pattern closely with English overt pronouns in their sensitivity to pragmatic factors, whereas null pronouns showed a mixed resilience to pragmatic factors.  ...  Topic-marking only showed marginal effects on reference in limited contexts.  ...  We would like to thank Shin Fukuda for helpful discussion and his insights in Japanese syntax; Theres Grüter and colleagues for sharing their Korean data and valuable input; two anonymous reviewers for  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling-2016-0027 fatcat:iezki2afo5ezlgd7njznn46qi4

Gradience and linguistic change [chapter]

David Denison
2001 Current issues in linguistic theory  
What I have attempted above is the merest sketch of some salient characteristics of different approaches, in order to provide a context for what follows: a preliminary survey of some gradient phenomena  ...  Designer A similar process is happening with designer.  ...  For other data sources see the list of references. 8 Scholars disagree on whether semantic gradability can be found in nouns.  ... 
doi:10.1075/cilt.215.10den fatcat:4pgxroagnfhtvgvsaiae2cbcfe

Data at the grammar-pragmatics interface: the case of resumptive pronouns in English

Ronnie Cann, Tami Kaplan, Ruth Kempson
2005 Lingua  
It is argued that undergeneration by some grammar of observed linguistic phenomena such as these is as serious a problem for theoretical frameworks as overgeneration, and that it has consequences for the  ...  This paper explores the relation of grammaticality to acceptability through a discussion of the use of resumptive pronouns in spoken English.  ...  The question is, what happens when we get to the pronoun he? Can we interpret this as 'John' and what happens if we do?  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2004.07.004 fatcat:dwhzjnn7hfa3tcgdr64svc5ds4

Discourse in Statistical Machine Translation

Christian Hardmeier
2012 Discours  
This network jointly performs anaphora resolution and pronoun prediction and is trained on bilingual corpus data only, with no need for manual coreference annotations.  ...  We show that the pronoun prediction network model more adequately represents discourse-level dependencies for less frequent pronouns than a simpler maximum entropy baseline with separate coreference resolution  ...  The coreference resolution system was trained on the ACE02-npaper corpus (Mitchell et al., 2003) and uses separate models for pronouns and non-pronouns in order to increase pronoun-resolution performance  ... 
doi:10.4000/discours.8726 fatcat:gxkpd2ubvzbjna7f7hw62oicg4

Grammatical feature dissimilarities make relative clauses easier: A comprehension study with Italian children

Flavia Adani, Heather K.J. van der Lely, Matteo Forgiarini, Maria Teresa Guasti
2010 Lingua  
We thank Mike Coleman, Jyrky Tuomainen, Emanuela Bricolo and Marcello Galucci for their methodological and statistical advice.  ...  comments and suggestions at various stages of this work and to Isabelle Charnavel for reading a previous version of the manuscript.  ...  These results are amenable with those that De Vincenzi and Di Domenico (1999) and Carminati (2005) have found in antecedent-pronoun resolution in Italian and they can be taken as evidence that asymmetries  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2010.03.018 pmid:21151323 pmcid:PMC2956846 fatcat:2da3v7ltordepotv7mbditgzdi

Most Characteristic Elements of Sign Language Texts Are Intricate Mixtures of Linguistic and Non-linguistic Parts, Aren't They?

Franz Dotter
2018 Colloquium - New Philologies  
A comprehensive typology assumes that every language shows those categories which its users select as the best suited for the chosen modality or modalities. It  ...  language linguists who accept as proven that essential parts of sequential-simultaneous constructions in sign languages (henceforth: SL) are "gestural" and therefore do not have language status, i.e. are "non-linguistic  ...  ) form, e.g. of a personal pronoun of a SpL like "him" as the conventional, and the "non-conventional facts unique to the speech event (e.g. whichever male referent is most salient given our current joint  ... 
doi:10.23963/cnp.2018.3.1.1 fatcat:ukm5vvjohnavbgzgs5mcttccbi

Synchronic and Diachronic Approaches to Linguistic Variation and Change

Dieter Wanner, Thomas J. Walsh
1990 The Modern Language Journal  
agreed to come, many from very long distances, to share the results of their research with us.  ...  Most of you will already have noted, I am sure, the pleasant coincidence that the Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 1988 occurs this year during National Foreign Language Week  ...  Perhaps zeroes are reserved for the most salient entities, and pronouns are used to refer to items that are somewhat less salient.  ... 
doi:10.2307/328159 fatcat:rqh7vaod3rc7hgi3o7xgaabxpa

Great Expectations: Unsupervised inference of suspense, surprise and salience in storytelling [article]

David Wilmot, University Of Edinburgh
Importance is referred to as salience. Inferring suspense, surprise and salience are highly challenging for computational systems.  ...  Other work adapts the models as a planning system for generating new stories. The thesis finds that applying the narrative theory to deep learning models can align with the typical reader.  ...  Salience for the current occurring event is in the context of what the reader already knows and what happens immediately afterwards.  ... 
doi:10.7488/era/2426 fatcat:revj6whctvectezehhkifksj3i
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