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Evidence for Early Morphological Decomposition: Combining Masked Priming with Magnetoencephalography

Minna Lehtonen, Philip J. Monahan, David Poeppel
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Recent masked priming studies support models that assume early decomposition of (potentially) morphologically complex words. The electrophysiological evidence, however, is inconsistent.  ...  We combined masked morphological priming with magneto-encephalography (MEG), a technique particularly adept at indexing processes involved in lexical access.  ...  We are grateful to Kathleen Rastle for supplying the stimulus materials, Alec Marantz for comments on an earlier version of the manuscript, Mathias Scharinger for help with the source analyses, and Jeff  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00035 pmid:21557645 pmcid:PMC4465380 fatcat:ob36xcvhc5h4xhrbqmxhrsaxyu

Morphological decomposition based on the analysis of orthography

Kathleen Rastle, Matthew H. Davis
2008 Language and Cognitive Processes  
RECONCILING EVIDENCE FOR SEMANTICALLY BASED DECOMPOSITION WITH MORPHO-ORTHOGRAPHIC DECOMPOSITION This article has provided evidence for a form of morphological decomposition based on the analysis of orthography  ...  The evidence for this locus is based on masked priming studies conducted by Longtin and Meunier (2005) investigating the decomposition of morphologically structured French pseudowords.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01690960802069730 fatcat:wp3gml2jjfdgbcmxhrv6ee2kpi

Tracking hierarchical processing in morphological decomposition with brain potentials

Aureliu Lavric, Heike Elchlepp, Kathleen Rastle
2012 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance  
This issue has been the subject of intense debate in studies using masked priming but has yet to be resolved unequivocally.  ...  These results provide unambiguous support for a hierarchical model of morphological processing whereby decomposition is based initially on orthographic analysis and is only later constrained by semantic  ...  Although electrophysiological techniques have the temporal resolution needed to capture processes leading up to the behavioral response, their combination with masked priming may not be optimal for examining  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0028960 pmid:22686695 fatcat:y7uvp5emevdmtnjb3acjmnjrsm

A single route, full decomposition model of morphological complexity: MEG evidence

Linnaea Stockall, Alec Marantz
2006 The Mental Lexicon  
Evidence for the model is provided in two MEG priming experiments that measure root activation prior to lexical decision.  ...  These results are incompatible both with connectionist models that treat all morphological relatedness as similarity and with dual mechanism models in which only regular forms involve composition.  ...  The priming effect manifesting itself even in the masked priming paradigm is strong evidence for the effect being specifically morphological in nature, as semantic relatedness is not correlated with a  ... 
doi:10.1075/ml.1.1.07sto fatcat:7mqztvlcp5dzbei3x6oobps4ie

Morphology, language and the brain: the decompositional substrate for language comprehension

W. D Marslen-Wilson, L. K Tyler
2007 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Taking as a starting point the selective deficits for regular inflectional morphology of a group of non-fluent patients with left hemisphere damage, we argue for a core decompositional network linking  ...  These findings are interpreted as evidence for a hidden decompositional substrate to human language processing and related to a functional architecture derived from non-human primate models.  ...  Given the ample evidence for masked priming between inflectionally related pairs (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2091 pmid:17395577 pmcid:PMC2430000 fatcat:yuloz7utvvdp3asidimkdt7p5y

Prefix Stripping Re-Re-Revisited: MEG Investigations of Morphological Decomposition and Recomposition

Linnaea Stockall, Christina Manouilidou, Laura Gwilliams, Kyriaki Neophytou, Alec Marantz
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
the literature for suffixed words, but a very similar post-decomposition profile.  ...  morphological processing in the brain, from early, form-based decomposition, through lexical access, grammatically constrained recomposition, and semantic interpretation.  ...  Evidence for early, automatic, form-based decomposition of all potentially morphologically complex strings from the behavioral and ERP masked priming studies is complemented by a convergent line of evidence  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01964 pmid:31551860 pmcid:PMC6743348 fatcat:czvj5tchszhy5cnfq4vgnfpyhi

Early Form Based Morphological Decomposition in Tagalog: MEG Evidence from Reduplication, Infixation and Circumfixation

Samantha Wray, Linnaea Stockall, Alec Marantz
2021 Neurobiology of Language  
Neuro- and psycholinguistic experimentation supports the early decomposition of morphologically complex words within the ventral processing stream, which MEG has localized to the M170 response in the (  ...  In a lexical decision task with MEG, we find that VWFA activity correlates with stem:word transition probability for circumfixed, infixed and reduplicated words.  ...  In masked priming studies, "teacher" primes "TEACH" but "brother" also primes "BROTH", despite the fact that the orthographic -er is not an affix in that word (Rastle, Davis, and New 2004; Rastle & Davis  ... 
doi:10.1162/nol_a_00062 fatcat:uaqkcr7j5zcpja2q5gafupxgii

Morphological processing in the brain: The good (inflection), the bad (derivation) and the ugly (compounding)

A. Leminen, E. Smolka, J.A. Duñabeitia, C. Pliatsikas
2018 Cortex  
(especially for inflections).  ...  There is considerable behavioral evidence that morphologically complex words such as 'tax-able' and 'kiss-es' are processed and represented combinatorially.  ...  We thank the organizing committee of the International morphological processing conference (MoProc) 2017 (Trieste, Spain) for organizing the conference and for reimbursing our travel expenses.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2018.08.016 pmid:30268324 fatcat:hp2r72jkcbf5na2mpebvdhq5be

Real-time Functional Architecture of Visual Word Recognition

Caroline Whiting, Yury Shtyrov, William Marslen-Wilson
2015 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Here we use magnetoencephalography, supported by a masked priming behavioral study, to address these questions using contrasting sets of simple (walk), complex (swimmer), and pseudo-complex (corner) forms  ...  These results, consistent with morpho-orthographic models based on masked priming data, map out the real-time functional architecture of visual word recognition, establishing basic feedforward processing  ...  Several studies, stimulated by the masked priming results, ask whether there is electrophysiological evidence for early sensitivity to the morphological content of visual word forms, independent of lexical  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00699 pmid:25208741 fatcat:67m7aot6rzh3vhfpi2lamek5lq

Evidence for morphological composition in compound words using MEG

Teon L. Brooks, Daniela Cid de Garcia
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Psycholinguistic and electrophysiological studies of lexical processing show convergent evidence for morpheme-based lexical access for morphologically complex words that involves early decomposition into  ...  Results are in tune with decomposition models for morpheme accessibility early in processing and suggest that semantics play a role in combining the meanings of morphemes when their composition is transparent  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Alec Marantz for his support and guidance with this project.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00215 pmid:25972798 pmcid:PMC4412057 fatcat:ymhg74taubf5vnklfuxv7i277m

Differentiating Morphology, Form, and Meaning: Neural Correlates of Morphological Complexity

Mirjana Bozic, William D. Marslen-Wilson, Emmanuel A. Stamatakis, Matthew H. Davis, Lorraine K. Tyler
2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
These morphologically related pairs were contrasted with identity priming (e.g., mist-mist) and priming for pairs of words that shared only form (e.g., scandal-scan) or meaning (e.g., accuseblame).  ...  One major issue is whether morphological factors provide an independent principle for lexical organization and processing, or whether morphological effects can be reduced to the joint contribution of form  ...  In masked priming studies, pairs like this prime just as well as pairs like happiness-happy, suggesting an early morphological decomposition for all morphologically compositional words, which is blind  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2007.19.9.1464 pmid:17714008 fatcat:3wj4wbsc35ga5a6ohhb3s2bs4q

A visual M170 effect of morphological complexity

Eytan Zweig, Liina Pylkkänen
2009 Language and Cognitive Processes  
We investigated the neural bases of morphological decomposition with magnetoencephalography (MEG).  ...  Recent masked priming studies on visual word recognition have suggested that morphological decomposition is performed prelexically, purely on the basis of the orthographic properties of the word form.  ...  For help with data collection and analysis, we wish to thank Jesse Harris and Andrew Smart.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01690960802180420 fatcat:yqwuhora5jc4riz3vxmstv4zqu

The Form of Morphemes: MEG Evidence From Masked Priming of Two Hebrew Templates

Itamar Kastner, Liina Pylkkänen, Alec Marantz
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Morphological decomposition in Semitic has previously been probed using masked priming, originally developed to investigate concatenative morphology.  ...  These results suggest that masked priming taps into more than just visual forms but reflects morphological content, even if this content is abstract, showing no distinct orthographic or phonological marking  ...  We report here on two masked priming experiments that used magnetoencephalography to investigate what the makeup of the mental lexicon is like based on the morphological processing of a non-concatenative  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02163 pmid:30483184 pmcid:PMC6240614 fatcat:b73zn25ll5dcjecxt7hlqrmtsy

Syntactic and semantic restrictions on morphological recomposition: MEG evidence from Greek

K. Neophytou, C. Manouilidou, L. Stockall, A. Marantz
2018 Brain and Language  
Using magnetoencephalography, we confirm the role of the fusiform gyrus in early, form-based morphological decomposition, we relate the syntactic licensing of stem-suffix combinations to the ventral visual  ...  The purpose of the present study is to investigate the spatiotemporal cortical processing profile of the distinct steps previously reported in the literature, from decomposition to re-composition of morphologically  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Laura Gwilliams and Stephen Politzer-Ahles for their invaluable assistance with the data analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2018.05.003 pmid:29778061 fatcat:tmselw62gjes3g775okvwbmd5e

The Role of Semantic Context in Early Morphological Processing

Caroline M. Whiting, Richard G. Cowley, Mirjana Bozic
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Results showed no masked priming facilitation for opaque forms in the presence of a semantic prime, indicating that context can influence early morphological analysis.  ...  Priming was found for both semantically transparent and opaque forms (farmerfarm, witness-wit) when there was no semantically-related context, consistent with the literature and an account positing early  ...  We would also like to thank members of the Neurolex team for their help with the study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00991 pmid:28674511 pmcid:PMC5475384 fatcat:svry52ug4bfqzehvl42xzl7kem
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