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Evaluation of Land Surface Models in Reproducing Satellite Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models

Alessandro Anav, Guillermo Murray-Tortarolo, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Shilong Piao, Zaichun Zhu
2013 Remote Sensing  
Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the Earth System Models (ESMs) since it strongly affects land-surface boundary conditions and the exchange of matter and energy with the atmosphere.  ...  Keywords: LAI; CMIP5; Earth System Models; leaf phenology; remote sensing of vegetation Introduction The Leaf Area Index (LAI) is defined as one-sided green leaf area per unit ground area in broadleaf  ...  Organization for Earth System Science Portals.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs5083637 fatcat:6ypbybpkdvhgzcb2awrxakxp3e

GFDL's ESM2 Global Coupled Climate–Carbon Earth System Models. Part II: Carbon System Formulation and Baseline Simulation Characteristics*

John P. Dunne, Jasmin G. John, Elena Shevliakova, Ronald J. Stouffer, John P. Krasting, Sergey L. Malyshev, P. C. D. Milly, Lori T. Sentman, Alistair J. Adcroft, William Cooke, Krista A. Dunne, Stephen M. Griffies (+6 others)
2013 Journal of Climate  
The authors describe carbon system formulation and simulation characteristics of two new global coupled carbon-climate Earth System Models (ESM), ESM2M and ESM2G.  ...  The major advantages of ESM2G over ESM2M are improved representation of surface chlorophyll in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and thermocline nutrients and oxygen in the North Pacific.  ...  Discussions with Inez Fung, Scott Doney and Chris Jones helped inform the experimental design of these simulations.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00150.1 fatcat:e3eis2bazrhtvpnx3ytpupcmje

The Canadian Earth System Model version 5 (CanESM5.0.3)

Neil C. Swart, Jason N. S. Cole, Viatcheslav V. Kharin, Mike Lazare, John F. Scinocca, Nathan P. Gillett, James Anstey, Vivek Arora, James R. Christian, Sarah Hanna, Yanjun Jiao, Warren G. Lee (+10 others)
2019 Geoscientific Model Development  
We also document the stability of the model using a long control simulation, quantify the model's ability to reproduce large-scale features of the historical climate, and evaluate the response of the model  ...  The Canadian Earth System Model version 5 (CanESM5) is a global model developed to simulate historical climate change and variability, to make centennial-scale projections of future climate, and to produce  ...  CanESM5 simulations were performed on ECCC's HPC, and CanESM5 data are served via the Earth System Grid Federation. Review statement. This paper was edited by Gerd A.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-12-4823-2019 fatcat:xpt6iif7tffb7jbgupxhblq5yu

Evaluation of vegetation cover and land-surface albedo in MPI-ESM CMIP5 simulations

V. Brovkin, L. Boysen, T. Raddatz, V. Gayler, A. Loew, M. Claussen
2013 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
On a global scale, the correlation between modeled and observed albedos is high during all seasons, whereas the main disagreement occurs in spring in the high northern latitudes.  ...  1] In recent generation Earth system models (ESMs), land-surface grid cells are represented as tiles covered by different plant functional types such as trees or grasses.  ...  This study is contributed to the International Land Model Benchmarking Project (ILAMB). The authors thank Soenke Zaehle and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments.  ... 
doi:10.1029/2012ms000169 fatcat:2sgbl73izvfdbmpivtti44tkae

Modifying a dynamic global vegetation model for simulating large spatial scale land surface water balances

G. Tang, P. J. Bartlein
2012 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
The objectives of this study are to (i) modify a DGVM for simulating land surface water balances; (ii) evaluate the modified model in simulating actual evapotranspiration (ET), soil moisture, and surface  ...  located at mid-to-high latitudes.  ...  We greatly appreciate all developers of the Lund-Potsdam-Jena (LPJ) dynamic global vegetation model, with special thanks to Dieter Gerten for developing the surface-hydrology model embedded in LPJ-DGVM  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-16-2547-2012 fatcat:35xwlam6k5fjxenkdlklncn5ii

Intercomparison of Terrestrial Carbon Fluxes and Carbon Use Efficiency Simulated by CMIP5 Earth System Models

Dongmin Kim, Myong-In Lee, Su-Jong Jeong, Jungho Im, Dong Hyun Cha, Sanggyun Lee
2018 Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences  
50 This study compares historical simulations of the terrestrial carbon cycle produced by 10 51 Earth System Models (ESMs) that participated in the fifth phase of the Coupled Model 52 Intercomparison Project  ...  to 67 improve the terrestrial carbon cycle in terms of ecosystem-level processes. 68 69 Keywords: earth system models, carbon use efficiency, CMIP5, MODIS, GPP, NPP 70 71 72 Biogeosciences Discuss  ...  The fraction of PAR and the leaf area 180 index (LAI) are provided to the model by the MODIS MOD15 products.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13143-017-0066-8 fatcat:cz6w5wnsbbdkjj4c42vuskv6ky

Intercomparison of Terrestrial Carbon Fluxes and Carbon Use Efficiency Simulated by CMIP5 Earth System Models

Dongmin Kim, Myong-In Lee, Su-Jong Jeong, Jungho Im, Dong Hyun Cha, Sanggyun Lee
2016 Biogeosciences Discussions  
This study compares historical simulations of the terrestrial carbon cycle produced by 10 Earth System Models (ESMs) that participated in the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5  ...  The larger model spreads in GPP and NPP compared to those of surface temperature and precipitation suggest that the differences among simulations in terms of the terrestrial carbon cycle are largely due  ...  The fraction of PAR and the leaf area 180 index (LAI) are provided to the model by the MODIS MOD15 products.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-2016-536 fatcat:htrbtnlnynb4rehed6asmyxtaa

Development and evaluation of an Earth-System model – HadGEM2

W. J. Collins, N. Bellouin, M. Doutriaux-Boucher, N. Gedney, P. Halloran, T. Hinton, J. Hughes, C. D. Jones, M. Joshi, S. Liddicoat, G. Martin, F. O'Connor (+6 others)
2011 Geoscientific Model Development  
</strong> We describe here the development and evaluation of an Earth system model suitable for centennial-scale climate prediction.  ...  This spun-up configuration is evaluated against observed data for the Earth system components and is generally found to perform very satisfactorily.  ...  The development of the HadGEM2 family represents the work of a large number of people, to whom the authors are indebted.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-4-1051-2011 fatcat:iyb3wm6qifggfeyfc7dw5lis7e

Earth System Chemistry integrated Modelling (ESCiMo) with the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) version 2.51

Patrick Jöckel, Holger Tost, Andrea Pozzer, Markus Kunze, Oliver Kirner, Carl A. M. Brenninkmeijer, Sabine Brinkop, Duy S. Cai, Christoph Dyroff, Johannes Eckstein, Franziska Frank, Hella Garny (+16 others)
2016 Geoscientific Model Development  
This manuscript is intended to serve as an extensive reference for further analyses of the Earth System Chemistry integrated Modelling (ESCiMo) simulations.</p>  ...  The manuscript summarizes the updates of the model system and details the different model set-ups used, including the on-line calculated diagnostics.  ...  Organization for Earth System Science Portals.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1153-2016 fatcat:3sqqlp5t5bfabi2wx224e4rplu

Earth System Chemistry Integrated Modelling (ESCiMo) with the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy, version 2.51)

P. Jöckel, H. Tost, A. Pozzer, M. Kunze, O. Kirner, C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer, S. Brinkop, D. S. Cai, C. Dyroff, J. Eckstein, F. Frank, H. Garny (+16 others)
2015 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
The manuscript summarises the updates of the model system and details the different model setups used, including the on-line calculated diagnostics.  ...  The on-line calculated sources and sinks of reactive species are quantified and a first evaluation of the simulation results from a global perspective is provided as a quality check of the data.  ...  Organization for Earth System Science Portals.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmdd-8-8635-2015 fatcat:fpsta2l3rfbflbaapnpdmh5ohu

Modeling the vegetation dynamics of northern shrubs and mosses in the ORCHIDEE land surface model

Arsène Druel, Philippe Ciais, Gerhard Krinner, Philippe Peylin
2019 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
global vegetation model in order to improve the representation of high latitude vegetation dynamics.  ...  Plain Language Summary Changes in the northern vegetation exert feedbacks on climate through surface energy and greenhouse gas fluxes.  ...  LAI = leaf area index; K.O.T = Kharp, Obskaya, and Tanlova. 10.1029/2018MS001531 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  ... 
doi:10.1029/2018ms001531 fatcat:d3b6lt23nvdxtogjqdsehv2pui

Evaluations of tropospheric aerosol properties simulated by the community earth system model with a sectional aerosol microphysics scheme

Pengfei Yu, Owen B. Toon, Charles G. Bardeen, Michael J. Mills, Tianyi Fan, Jason M. English, Ryan R. Neely
2015 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
Model. Earth Syst., 7, 865-914, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems PUBLICATIONS affects cloud albedo and precipitation.  ...  Key Points: A sectional aerosol model has been developed and coupled with the community earth system model Model performance is evaluated by comparing simulations with multiple data sets (2015) , Evaluations  ...  Acknowledgments The CESM project was supported by the National Science Foundation and the Office of Science (BER) of the US Department of Energy.  ... 
doi:10.1002/2014ms000421 pmid:27668039 pmcid:PMC5020605 fatcat:hc3djqoulra4fpjugdq5fcc4fq

Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model

J. Eric Nielsen, Steven Pawson, Andrea Molod, Benjamin Auer, Arlindo M. da Silva, Anne R. Douglass, Bryan Duncan, Qing Liang, Michael Manyin, Luke D. Oman, William Putman, Susan E. Strahan (+1 others)
2017 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
Abstract NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model (ESM) is a modular, general circulation model (GCM) and data assimilation system (DAS) that is used to simulate and study the coupled  ...  This manuscript describes the atmospheric chemistry components of GEOS and provides an overview of its Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF)-based software infrastructure, which promotes a rich spectrum  ...  Acknowledgments GEOS and the GMAO are supported by NASA's Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction Program under the direction of Dr. David Considine.  ... 
doi:10.1002/2017ms001011 pmid:29497478 pmcid:PMC5815385 fatcat:exbp4xms75fvjlgxoznoksgr5y

Evaluation of global continental hydrology as simulated by the Land-surface Processes and eXchanges Dynamic Global Vegetation Model

S. J. Murray, P. N. Foster, I. C. Prentice
2010 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions  
The model captures the main features of the geographical distribution of global runoff, but tends to overestimate runoff in much of the Northern Hemisphere (where this can be somewhat accounted for by  ...  The Land-surface Processes and eXchanges Dynamic Global Vegetation Model is a recent development of the Lund-Potsdam-Jena model with improved representation of fire-vegetation interactions.  ...  ) and the European Union Seventh Framework project Comprehensive Modelling of the Earth System for Better Climate Prediction and Projection (COMBINE).  ... 
doi:10.5194/hessd-7-4219-2010 fatcat:bu7x5gzzmjgancah62i7ocdje4

Evaluation of global continental hydrology as simulated by the Land-surface Processes and eXchanges Dynamic Global Vegetation Model

S. J. Murray, P. N. Foster, I. C. Prentice
2011 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
The model captures the main features of the geographical distribution of global runoff, but tends to overestimate runoff in much of the Northern Hemisphere (where this can be somewhat accounted for by  ...  The Land-surface Processes and eXchanges Dynamic Global Vegetation Model is a recent development of the Lund-Potsdam-Jena model with improved representation of fire-vegetation interactions.  ...  ) and the European Union Seventh Framework project Comprehensive Modelling of the Earth System for Better Climate Prediction and Projection (COMBINE).  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-15-91-2011 fatcat:rt5bnygqo5f67ibwi4imuzxdra
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