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Evaluation and Intercomparison of SMOS, Aquarius, and SMAP Sea Surface Salinity Products in the Arctic Ocean

Séverine Fournier, Tong Lee, Wenqing Tang, Michael Steele, Estrella Olmedo
2019 Remote Sensing  
This study presents the first systematic analysis of 6 commonly used sea surface salinity (SSS) products from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Aquarius and Soil Moisture Active  ...  Passive (SMAP) satellites and the European Space Agency (ESA) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission, in terms of their consistency among one another and with in-situ data.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11243043 fatcat:mx6luanrqrfvrpgjzucrlq4nha

A Consistent Combination of Brightness Temperatures from SMOS and SMAP over Polar Oceans for Sea Ice Applications

Amelie Schmitt, Lars Kaleschke
2018 Remote Sensing  
Here, we explore the possibility of combining SMOS and SMAP TBs for sea ice thickness retrieval. First, we compare daily TBs over polar ocean and sea ice regions.  ...  Passive microwave measurements at L-band from ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission can be used to retrieve sea ice thickness of up to 0.5-1.0 m.  ...  We thank Xiangshan Tian-Kunze for pre-processing the SMOS L1C data and Valentin Ludwig for his preparatory work concerning the different fitting methods.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs10040553 fatcat:m5fx5ykc2zacdbkbo4ql3w7w2m

Intercomparison of Salinity Products in the Beaufort Gyre and Arctic Ocean

Sarah B. Hall, Bulusu Subrahmanyam, James H. Morison
2021 Remote Sensing  
satellite observations from Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP), Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS), and Aquarius Optimally Interpolated Sea Surface Salinity (OISSS), and Arctic Ocean models: ECCO  ...  These comparisons identify dissimilarities between salinity products and extend challenges to observations applicable to other areas of the Arctic Ocean.  ...  Research Council (CSIC) and Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), mainly funded by the Acknowledgments: We are thankful for the helpful comments of the two anonymous reviewers, which improved the quality  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14010071 fatcat:f6cis5z3ingq7bgsd4orba2sra

Results of the Dragon 4 Project on New Ocean Remote Sensing Data for Operational Applications

Ferran Gibert, Jacqueline Boutin, Wolfgang Dierking, Alba Granados, Yan Li, Eduard Makhoul, Junmin Meng, Alexandre Supply, Ester Vendrell, Jean-Luc Vergely, Jin Wang, Jungang Yang (+3 others)
2021 Remote Sensing  
This paper provides an overview of the Dragon 4 project dealing with operational monitoring of sea ice and sea surface salinity (SSS) and new product developments for altimetry data.  ...  data over the Yellow Sea; the assessment of sea surface height (SSH), significant wave height (SWH), and wind speed measurements using different altimeters and CFOSAT SWIM; and the fusion of SSH measurements  ...  Level Anomaly SLC Single-Look Complex SMAP Soil Moisture Active Passive SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity SRAL Sentinel-3 Ku/C Radar Altimeter SSH Sea Surface Height SSS Sea Surface Salinity  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13142847 fatcat:jsh2gqsdkzhrhhetjpsw6f3aqi

Interannual Variability of the Lena River Plume Propagation in 1993–2020 during the Ice-Free Period on the Base of Satellite Salinity, Temperature, and Altimetry Measurements

Vladislav R. Zhuk, Arseny Alexandrovich Kubryakov
2021 Remote Sensing  
We use sea surface salinity (SSS), temperature (SST), and altimetry measurements to study features of the Lena plume propagation during 1993–2020.  ...  The Lena River plume significantly affects the thermohaline, optical and chemical properties of the eastern Arctic seas.  ...  Evaluation and intercomparison of SMOS, Aquarius, and SMAP sea surface salinity products in the Arctic Ocean. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 3043. [CrossRef] 38.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13214252 fatcat:ymf263k5krct5klinzci4tysrq

Assessing the Relationship between Freshwater Flux and Sea Surface Salinity

Hao Liu, Zexun Wei, Xunwei Nie
2022 Remote Sensing  
Exploring the relationship between evaporation (E)-minus-precipitation (P) and sea surface salinity (SSS) is vital for understanding global hydrological cycle changes and investigating the salinity budget  ...  Large uncertainty in the FWF-SSS tendency relation associated with spread among products prevents the use of one combination of E, P and SSS from satellite-based products for salinity budget analysis.  ...  Acknowledgments: This research thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (42006005, 41821004, 41806040) for their financial support.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14092149 fatcat:pyfxvqoagbagvn5vs76bjw3xyi

Observing System Evaluation Based on Ocean Data Assimilation and Prediction Systems: On-Going Challenges and a Future Vision for Designing and Supporting Ocean Observational Networks

Yosuke Fujii, Elisabeth Rémy, Hao Zuo, Peter Oke, George Halliwell, Florent Gasparin, Mounir Benkiran, Nora Loose, James Cummings, Jiping Xie, Yan Xue, Shuhei Masuda (+17 others)
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
Multi-system evaluation of the impacts of assimilating satellite sea surface salinity data based on OSEs has been performed to demonstrate the need to continue and enhance satellite salinity missions.  ...  Potential of future satellite missions of wide-swath altimetry and surface ocean currents monitoring is explored through OSSEs and evaluation of Degrees of Freedom for Signal (DFS).  ...  In the framework of the SMOS-Nino15 ESA project 8 , OSEs were designed to explore the potential impact of SMOS, Aquarius and SMAP SSS data assimilation using the ODAP systems of UKMO 9 and Mercator Ocean  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00417 fatcat:q7eyglyqzjgf7f43jfzkcpkdfa

Challenges and Prospects in Ocean Circulation Models

Baylor Fox-Kemper, Alistair Adcroft, Claus W. Böning, Eric P. Chassignet, Enrique Curchitser, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Carsten Eden, Matthew H. England, Rüdiger Gerdes, Richard J. Greatbatch, Stephen M. Griffies, Robert W. Hallberg (+16 others)
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
Our knowledge of SSS is not as extensive as SST, mostly because satellite measurements of SSS are recent (SMOS in 2010 , Aquarius in 2011 , and SMAP in 2015 with coarse coverage (Lee and Gentemann,  ...  In the ocean, variable drag coefficients deepen the mixed layer and alter surface salinity and temperature.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00065 fatcat:o524k75e6vdflfxnvfoxhys4uy

OMIP contribution to CMIP6: experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project

Stephen M. Griffies, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Paul J. Durack, Alistair J. Adcroft, V. Balaji, Claus W. Böning, Eric P. Chassignet, Enrique Curchitser, Julie Deshayes, Helge Drange, Baylor Fox-Kemper, Peter J. Gleckler (+27 others)
2016 Geoscientific Model Development  
</strong> The Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP) is an endorsed project in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6).  ...  It does so by providing a framework for evaluating (including assessment of systematic biases), understanding, and improving ocean, sea-ice, tracer, and biogeochemical components of climate and earth system  ...  This document benefitted from the direct and indirect input of numerous ocean and climate scientists who contributed to the various CORE-II analysis papers (see Sect. 2.1).  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3231-2016 fatcat:ysdeiwobfzcqvawcwhkjhuty4q

Experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP)

Stephen M. Griffies, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Paul J. Durack, Alistair J. Adcroft, V. Balaji, Claus W. Böning, Eric P. Chassignet, Enrique Curchitser, Julie Deshayes, Helge Drange, Baylor Fox-Kemper, Peter J. Gleckler (+25 others)
2016 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
The Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP) aims to provide a framework for evaluating, understanding, and improving the ocean and sea-ice components of global climate and earth system models contributing  ...  Since 2009, CORE-I (Normal Year Forcing) and CORE-II have become the standard method to evaluate global ocean/sea-ice simulations and to examine mechanisms for forced ocean climate variability.  ...  (SSS) 10 • sos Recent remote measures of surface salinity are available from SMOS (Berger et al., 2002) , Aquarius (Lagerloef et al., 2008) and SMAP (Piepmeier et al., 2015) satellites.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-77 fatcat:3wjexm4vhfgfrgdrkz47ie6l3a

Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016–2025

Adrian Simmons, Jean-Louis Fellous, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, Kevin Trenberth, Ghassem Asrar, Magdalena Balmaseda, John P. Burrows, Philippe Ciais, Mark Drinkwater, Pierre Friedlingstein, Nadine Gobron, Eric Guilyardi (+8 others)
2016 Advances in Space Research  
The leader of the study team, Adrian Simmons, prepared the report with the assistance of Jean-Louis Fellous, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy and Kevin Trenberth, who contributed both through provision of text  ...  Acknowledgments This is the report of a study team comprising core members selected by COSPAR, supplemented by members of COSPAR Scientific Commission A and the Executive Director of COSPAR.  ...  Recent, current and future groups of related missions include those measuring soil moisture and/or ocean surface salinity (SMOS, Aquarius/SAC-D and SMAP), sea-ice thickness (CryoSat and the forthcoming  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008 fatcat:onaxevsd5rccdppck3sdpgdvie

State of the Climate in 2014

Jessica Blunden, Derek S. Arndt
2015 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Notable differences in the distribution of near-surface salinities in the Arctic Ocean (see Fig. 5 .16 of Timmermans et al. 2014 ) include fresher surface salinities (~30-31) in the Chukchi Sea compared  ...  Microwave satellites such as the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) of the European Space Agency (ESA) or NASA's Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission launched on 31 January 2015, are able to provide  ... 
doi:10.1175/2015bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:fybwwokhwjaplf3dn7oow64hju

State of the Climate in 2015

Jessica Blunden, Derek S. Arndt
2016 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
opposed to skin) SSS data product that blends in situ SSS data with data from the Aquarius (Le Vine et al. 2014) and SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity; Font et al. 2013 ) satellite missions.  ...  The Aquarius mission ended in June 2015, leaving SMOS as the sole source for satellite SSS for the rest of 2015.  ...  In 2015, large observed anomalies of sea surface height (SSH; Fig. 6 .10a) contributed to variations in the horizontal ocean circulation.  ... 
doi:10.1175/2016bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:fnv5mcatbjgjzi2p2huzykdxne

Harnessing remote sensing to address critical science questions on ocean-atmosphere interactions

Griet Neukermans, Tristan Harmel, Martí Galí, Natalia Rudorff, Jacek Chowdhary, Oleg Dubovik, Chris Hostetler, Yongxiang Hu, Cédric Jamet, Kirk Knobelspiesse, Yoav Lehahn, Pavel Litvinov (+7 others)
2018 Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene  
plan: (1) to what extent does upper-ocean biology affect the composition and radiative properties of the marine boundary layer; and (2) to what extent does upper-ocean turbulence drive fluxes of mass and  ...  energy at the air-sea interface.  ...  et al., 2017) and, in turn, in the evaluation of the role upper-ocean circulation plays in modulating the interfacial turbulence.  ... 
doi:10.1525/elementa.331 fatcat:qdgrkh6gyffb3jymqpd4hulyaq

Current systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system

P. Ciais, A. J. Dolman, A. Bombelli, R. Duren, A. Peregon, P. J. Rayner, C. Miller, N. Gobron, G. Kinderman, G. Marland, N. Gruber, F. Chevallier (+47 others)
2014 Biogeosciences  
In order to establish flux and stock diagnostics over areas such as the southern oceans, tropical forests, and the Arctic, in situ observations will have to be complemented with remote-sensing measurements  ...  emissions, the atmosphere, the ocean, and the terrestrial biosphere.  ...  In the near term, these methods will benefit from the sea surface salinity (SSS) measurement using the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) sensor launched in 2009, and the Aquarius sensor launched in 2011  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-11-3547-2014 fatcat:g7edwet5tvatfez4p6gf5fy6za
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