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Page 338 of Communication Abstracts Vol. 26, Issue 3 [page]

2003 Communication Abstracts  
Communication Abstracts 0766 Feteris, E. T. A pragma-dialectical approach of the analysis and evaluation of prag matic argumentation in a legal context.  ...  The aim of this article is to assess the impact of the forthcoming multimedia con vergence on communications regulation in Europe and to propose an appropriate reg ulatory framework in the digital universe  ... 

Argumentation structures that integrate dialectical and non-dialectical reasoning

2001 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
For example, a variety of logics have been developed to represent argumentation in the context of a dialectical situation such as a dialogue.  ...  Drawing the dialectical/non-dialectical distinction enables the specification of a framework called the generic actual argument model that is expressly non-dialectical.  ...  Arguments for non-dialectical purposes are represented at two levels of abstraction: the generic and the actual level.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888901000248 fatcat:vrj2odfvibaezbjni6wfah6ggq

Argumentation schemes in AI: A literature review. Introduction to the special issue

Fabrizio Macagno
2021 Argument & Computation  
To understand the revolutionary nature of Walton's work on this subject matter, it is necessary to place it in the debate that it continues and contributes to, namely a view of logic that is much broader  ...  Argumentation schemes were proposed as dialectical instruments, in the sense that they represented arguments not only as formal relations, but also as pragmatic inferences, as they at the same time depend  ...  Acknowledgement I would like to thank the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia for the research grants PTDC/FER-FIL/28278/2017 and UIDB/00183/2020 and the CHIST-ERA Programme for the research grant CHIST-ERA  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-210020 fatcat:vnv2vtora5elljzgcyx2ks446y

Before and after Dung: Argumentation in AI and Law

T.J.M. Bench-Capon
2019 Argument & Computation  
Some work on evaluation did go on, however. Arguments were evaluated in [52], although the purpose there was to identify disputed issues rather than make decisions on cases.  ...  We argue that the abstract argumentation frameworks had a unifying effect by offering a means of relating previously diverse work.  ...  This representation of a reasonably substantial body of case law used in teaching property law showed the usefulness of abstract argumentation frameworks for analysing a body of case law so as to identify  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-190477 fatcat:lx3ytn7ldrbjjl5kzv54hodr4q

Artificial argument assistants for defeasible argumentation

Bart Verheij
2003 Artificial Intelligence  
Argument assistants for defeasible argumentation naturally correspond to a view of the application of law as dialectical theory construction.  ...  The experiments provide insights into the design of argument assistants, and show the pros and cons of different ways of representing argumentative data.  ...  The author thanks Jaap Hage, Bram Roth and the editors of this special issue for comments and discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(03)00107-3 fatcat:nafnfjf3xbaxppq5nte6wml6zq

MLIR: A Compiler Infrastructure for the End of Moore's Law [article]

Chris Lattner, Mehdi Amini, Uday Bondhugula, Albert Cohen, Andy Davis, Jacques Pienaar, River Riddle, Tatiana Shpeisman, Nicolas Vasilache, Oleksandr Zinenko
2020 arXiv   pre-print
in design, semantics, optimization specification, system, and engineering. (2) evaluation of MLIR as a generalized infrastructure that reduces the cost of building compilers-describing diverse use-cases  ...  MLIR facilitates the design and implementation of code generators, translators and optimizers at different levels of abstraction and also across application domains, hardware targets and execution environments  ...  TensorFlow graphs While the other discussed representations are familiar to most compiler developments, one of key use cases for MLIR is to support the development of machine learning frameworks.  ... 
arXiv:2002.11054v2 fatcat:vuudltlsljbudbj7r6cc2kf754

Proceedings of the Second Summer School on Argumentation: Computational and Linguistic Perspectives (SSA'16) [article]

Sarah A. Gaggl, Matthias Thimm
2016 arXiv   pre-print
This volume contains the thesis abstracts presented at the Second Summer School on Argumentation: Computational and Linguistic Perspectives (SSA'2016) held on September 8-12 in Potsdam, Germany.  ...  This result is encapsulated either as extensions or labellings in case of Dung-style AFs [2] and models under model semantics in case of Abstract Dialectical Frameworks (ADF) [3] , both of which represent  ...  Abstract Dialectical Frameworks (ADFs) and Bipolar Abstract Dialectical Frameworks (BADFs) are generalizations of Dung-style argumentation frameworks where the acceptance of a truth assertion is dependent  ... 
arXiv:1608.02441v1 fatcat:kknjnshtvnay5orti7e7yb6boa

Explainability of Formal Models of Argumentation Applied to Legal Domain

Michal Araszkiewicz, Grzegorz J. Nalepa
2018 International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems  
This paper deals with the problems of explainability of argumentation models applied to legal domains.  ...  The systems based on the theory of Argumentation Frameworks may be in principle fruitfully applied as explanation tools for AI systems enhanced with Machine Learning mechanisms.  ...  For instance, one can enumerate the following contributions to the state of the art: • application of Abstract Dialectical Frameworks to represent case law [1] • application of ASPIC+ to model reasoning  ... 
dblp:conf/jurix/AraszkiewiczN18 fatcat:clqa7e6kmbgw3al4bs4ghrj7ku

Logical models of argument

Carlos Iván Chesñevar, Ana Gabriela Maguitman, Ronald Prescott Loui
2000 ACM Computing Surveys  
It presents the formal features of a few main approaches to the modeling of argumentation.  ...  in different complex systems for real-world applications, and allows more formal work to be done in different areas, such as AI and Law, case-based reasoning and negotiation among intelligent agents.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We want to thank anonymous referees for suggestions and comments that helped to improve the structure of the first version of this paper. Computación (Oct.) Ciencias de la  ... 
doi:10.1145/371578.371581 fatcat:fcifpsaik5hd7diovit5h67p7e

Argumentation and standards of proof

Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon
2007 Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '07  
In this paper we examine some previous AI and Law attempts to characterise standards of proof, and relate these to the notions of acceptability found in argumentation frameworks, an approach which forms  ...  We distinguish between the justification of facts and the justification of choices relating to the law and its interpretation.  ...  We are also grateful to Tom Gordon for interesting discussions concerning the Carneades framework. Finally, we would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1276318.1276339 dblp:conf/icail/AtkinsonB07 fatcat:f656skbulrbzdlbel7yytxnjnu

The New Dialectic

Douglas Walton
1999 ProtoSociology  
Fulbright Program and the Department of Communication Studies of Northwestern University for funding that helped to support the work in this paper.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank Manfred Kienpointer for comments that enabled me to avoid several errors, and helped me to improve the exposition of many points.  ...  Uses of the New Dialectic The new dialectic offers a practical method of identifying, analyzing and evaluating authentic cases of everyday argumentation that does not require an abstraction form the realities  ... 
doi:10.5840/protosociology1999136 fatcat:js5xtspjebhozanblrpgeep3mm

Argumentation schemes in AI and Law

Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon
2021 Argument & Computation  
In this paper we describe the impact that Walton's conception of argumentation schemes had on AI and Law research.  ...  We will then show how Walton's schemes provided a means of addressing all of those issues, and so supplied a unifying perspective from which to view argumentation in AI and Law.  ...  To attempt to capture some of the dialectical aspects of argumentation, it was proposed by practitioners of this approach that multiple interpretations of the law or, in cases of uncertainty, multiple  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-200543 fatcat:6lsejnj2wnbtphvtar6oz6emqm

Argumentation Frameworks – A Brief Review

Ahmed T. Sadiq, Hasanen S. Abdulah, Adnan Taher Kareem
2022 International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE)  
The main aim of this article is to provide a short review of the most important argumentation frameworks (AFs) systems being used.  ...  It introduces how these systems give acceptable arguments by focused on the argumentation frameworks structures and how to deal with the arguments and the basic rules to give the result.  ...  It has been effectively applied to lawful thinking, which utilizes argumentation standards to plan legitimate cases as arguments [3] .  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijoe.v18i02.28023 fatcat:auoyp7bjfrdwle2qagekeuwn7u

Proof Burdens and Standards [chapter]

Thomas F. Gordon, Douglas Walton
2009 Argumentation in Artificial Intelligence  
The output of this process consists of: 1) a set of claims, 2) the decision to accept or reject each claim, 3) a theory of the generalizations of the domain and the facts of the particular case, and 4)  ...  The goal of the process is to clarify and decide the issues, and produce a justification of the decision which can withstand a critical evaluation by a particular audience.  ...  Acknowledgements We'd like to thank Trevor Bench-Capon and Henry Prakken for their helpful comments on various drafts of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-98197-0_12 fatcat:7xpa2ng6frgpton6n4rcy6inli

Dialectical Thinking: A Proposed Foundation for a Post-modern Psychology

Nikolay Veraksa, Michael Basseches, Angela Brandão
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
The article describes foundations for both ongoing efforts to understand and research the ontogeny of dialectical thinking and for appreciating the scope of dialectical thinking and its relevance for establishing  ...  For the authors, the way from a modern to a post-modern psychology requires dialectical thinking.  ...  The problem was solved in two stages. The first stage was associated with a search for some abstract units to be used for the analysis of dialectical cognition.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.710815 pmid:35769743 pmcid:PMC9235839 fatcat:5ootf7alrragbh3cpy2hmrba5q
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