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Evaluating Reference String Extraction Using Line-Based Conditional Random Fields: A Case Study with German Language Publications [chapter]

Martin Körner, Behnam Ghavimi, Philipp Mayr, Heinrich Hartmann, Steffen Staab
2017 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
By applying line-based conditional random fields rather than constructing the graphical model based on individual words, dependencies and patterns that are typical in reference sections provide strong  ...  We propose a classification model that considers every line in a publication as a potential part of a reference string.  ...  This work has been funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of the project "Extraction of Citations from PDF Documents (EXCITE)" under grant numbers MA 3964/8-1 and STA 572/14-1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67162-8_15 fatcat:krmr24iwmvc35grvf6hiljrs2u

An End-to-End Approach for Extracting and Segmenting High-Variance References from PDF Documents

Zeyd Boukhers, Shriharsh Ambhore, Steffen Staab
2019 2019 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL)  
Additionally, we present in this paper a new challenging dataset of annotated references in German social science publications.  ...  The main purpose of this work is to serve the indexation of missing references by extracting them from challenging publications such as those of German social science.  ...  Acknowledgment: This work has been funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of the project "Extraction of Citations from PDF Documents (EXCITE)" under grant numbers MA 3964/8-1 and STA 572  ... 
doi:10.1109/jcdl.2019.00035 dblp:conf/jcdl/BoukhersAS19 fatcat:72oeuxxm2fghllmrkztfvxvf5u

Field operations [chapter]

2009 PISA 2006 Technical Report  
Corrigenda to OECD publications may be found on line at:  ...  All use of OECD trademarks is prohibited without written permission from the OECD.  ...  However, using a single reference language is likely to give undue importance to the formal characteristics of that language.  ... 
doi:10.1787/9789264048096-7-en fatcat:3lvb2day6zdqjp4wue4l5ftusu

Extraction of References Using Layout and Formatting Information from Scientific Articles

Roman Kern, Stefan Klampfl
2013 D-Lib Magazine  
Markov Models (HMMs) [14] or Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) [12].  ...  We use two different sequence classification algorithms: one is a conditional random field (CRF) [9], which has also been used in the original ParsCit system.  ... 
doi:10.1045/september2013-kern fatcat:7msakl6kanfbbed2jqk7ijb76i

Extraction of semantic biomedical relations from text using conditional random fields

Markus Bundschus, Mathaeus Dejori, Martin Stetter, Volker Tresp, Hans-Peter Kriegel
2008 BMC Bioinformatics  
Our work is based on Conditional Random Fields, which have been applied with much success to the task of named entity recognition. Results: We benchmark our approach on two different tasks.  ...  Conclusion: We extend the framework of Conditional Random Fields towards the annotation of semantic relations from text and apply it to the biomedical domain.  ...  The work presented here was partially funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology (BMWi) under the THESEUS project.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2105-9-207 pmid:18433469 pmcid:PMC2386138 fatcat:xw2ccis23nh3lls2762inr3e5u

Field Linguistics: A Guide to Linguistic Field Work

Anna K. Bennett, William J. Samarin
1967 Man  
In a few cases the names of authors are more complete here than in the works cited.  ...  there is a corpus of "edited" English (English prepared for publication) chosen at random (using a table of random numbers) from preselected categories of literature.  ...  , in any case, can be identified as such in publication.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2798792 fatcat:vjbperbemvbavpdicrmzfjcob4

Does the growing of Bt maize change abundance or ecological function of non-target animals compared to the growing of non-GM maize? A systematic review protocol

Michael Meissle, Steven E Naranjo, Christian Kohl, Judith Riedel, Jörg Romeis
2014 Environmental Evidence  
Selected studies will be evaluated for risks of bias (quality assessment).  ...  Meta-analysis will be conducted using the effect size estimator Hedge's d on a range of comparisons and including sensitivity analysis.  ...  Acknowledgements The project has been funded within the GRACE consortium, a EU-FP7 programme project, Grant Agreement KBBE-2011-6-311957.  ... 
doi:10.1186/2047-2382-3-7 fatcat:giw6k2e4x5fj5kxnf4xxw77uvi

Enhancement of Record Linkage by Using Attributes containing Natural Language Text

Philipp Behnen, Felix Kruse, Jorge Marx Gómez
2021 AAAI Spring Symposia  
This research paper describes a research project on using natural language text attributes applying Machine Learning for entity matching.  ...  The use of natural language text attributes is intended to improve the results of entity matching and, thus, data integration.  ...  Finally, the evaluation will be carried out using the newly developed method to include natural language text attributes within a field study in a real and practice-relevant RL workflow with an industry  ... 
dblp:conf/aaaiss/BehnenKG21 fatcat:7ysegp4bercctlzaihi2qwoxni

Identifying constitutive articles of cumulative dissertation theses by bilingual text similarity. Evaluation of similarity methods on a new short text task

Paul Donner
2021 Quantitative Science Studies  
For studies of publication activity and citation impact of early career researchers it is important to identify these articles and link them to their associated theses.  ...  methods fastText and Random Indexing (RI).  ...  It should therefore be noted that even though we only consider the specific scenario of German and English language publications, the methods studied here can be used for any language combination.  ... 
doi:10.1162/qss_a_00152 fatcat:lq55jrzd2zczxioeipczp6maky

Spherical near field acoustic holography with microphones on a rigid sphere

Finn Jacobsen, Jo/rgen Hald, Efrén Fernandez, Guillermo Moreno
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
There is a strong correlation between the subjective impression of reverberance with EDT and T30 and musical clarity with C80; 2.  ...  The results of the audience and expert scores were then statistically analyzed and correlated with a set of room acoustic indices which had been measured in the same locations.  ...  In the dynamic case when the magnetic field vary in time, around each such a line a supercurrent flows.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2934035 fatcat:57w2rziyfvcmnnyzsxlgg43qxa

JSEALS Special Publication No. 9 Vietnamese Linguistics: State of the Field

Mark Alves, John Phan, Trang Phan
2022 Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society  
This volume contains 10 papers from the workshop "Vietnamese Linguistics, Typology and Language Universals" of the Yenching Institute at Harvard on April 16 to 17, 2021.  ...  We also thank Fangzhi "Frank" Jia for sharing a spreadsheet with Sino-Vietnamese data related to the dissertation. The first author recognizes the support of ERC grant 758605.  ...  We also thank the audience at the conference ISVL-1 for useful feedbacks. We are especially grateful to the reviewer for helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doaj:689ddac9351343daae5b246c5e3e2297 fatcat:awxybqylvbfyxhkdg5jpotmguu

Prediction of Construction Cost for Field Canals Improvement Projects in Egypt [article]

Haytham H. Elmousalami
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Subsequently, the study has developed a parametric cost model based on machine learning methods such as regression methods, artificial neural networks, fuzzy model and case-based reasoning.  ...  The study discovered the most important drivers of FCIPs based on a qualitative approach and a quantitative approach.  ...  Continue: Table. 2 Method / technique Project / Purpose Findings and characteristics Reference Based on 232 public construction projects in Turkey, a multilayer public perceptron (MLP) model and Radial  ... 
arXiv:1905.11804v1 fatcat:rheaecfqircafhatsvjc2dptbu

Context Detection In Spreadsheets Based On Automatically Inferred Table Schema

Alexander Wachtel, Michael T. Franzen, Walter F. Tichy
2016 Zenodo  
In this paper, we describe an Interactive Spreadsheet Processing Module (ISPM), a natural language interface to spreadsheets that allows users to address ranges within the spreadsheet based on inferred  ...  With natural language and end user development methods, programming could become available to everyone.  ...  First, the rows of a spreadsheet are divided into different classes using a conditional random field [13] .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1127889 fatcat:c7smoanix5g45d73fk3uvk4ygi

Basic Building Blocks for Clinical Text Processing [chapter]

Hercules Dalianis
2018 Clinical Text Mining  
Sentence based methods such as part-of-speech tagging, syntactical analysis or parsing, semantic analysis such as named entity recognition, negation detection, relation extraction, temporal processing  ...  Generally, the same building blocks used for regular texts can also be utilised for clinical text processing.  ...  which is based on Conditional Random Fields (CRF) algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-78503-5_7 fatcat:pqwyc2vm2zh2vlky7bzo5da3pa

Methodological limitations in experimental studies on symptom development in individuals with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) – a systematic review

Kristina Schmiedchen, Sarah Driessen, Gunnhild Oftedal
2019 Environmental Health  
Hypersensitivity to electromagnetic fields (EMF) is a controversial condition.  ...  While individuals with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) claim to experience health complaints upon EMF exposure, many experimental studies have found  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to thank three reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions which helped us to substantially improve the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12940-019-0519-x pmid:31640707 pmcid:PMC6805477 fatcat:epi4gzu4b5frnbhu7rax367244
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