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Evaluation of Time Delay of Coping Behaviors with Evacuation Simulator [chapter]

Tomohisa Yamashita, Shunsuke Soeda, Itsuki Noda
2010 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
In order to calculate the damage of chemical attacks in a major rail station, our network model-based pedestrian simulator was applied with hazard prediction systems of indoor gas diffusion.  ...  In this paper, we have built a network model-based pedestrian simulator as a part of the evacuation planning assist system.  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Outline of dataflow of the evacuation planning assist system Fig. 2 . 2 2D model and network model Fig. 3 . 3 3D view of our network-based model pedestrian simulator Fig. 4 . 4 The coefficient  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16098-1_25 fatcat:o7v3saxzmvacfcta3xhnwh7ndm

Exhaustive Analysis with a Pedestrian Simulation Environment for Assistant of Evacuation Planning

Tomohisa Yamashita, Hiroyasu Matsushima, Itsuki Noda
2014 Transportation Research Procedia  
With the pedestrian simulation environment, we verify evacuation plan from the point of view of the number of the evacuees and overlapping of evacuation routes.  ...  The exhaustive analysis is a method for understanding the tendency of behavior of a social system based on massive simulation scenarios.  ...  With this model, it is difficult to simulate the behaviors of a pedestrian who changes the route based on congestion on a road network and a pedestrian who follows others going the opposite way.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.09.047 fatcat:tgthe3crxnbz7gmd73tsbfwkl4

Simulating large-scale evacuation scenarios in commercial shopping districts - methodologies and case study

Manuel D. Rossetti, Qingbiao Ni
2010 Proceedings of the 2010 Winter Simulation Conference  
A base model for background traffic was constructed and validated in order to represent real traffic conditions.  ...  This paper presents microscopic simulation methods for modeling large scale evacuations within the context of a case study involving the evacuation of parking lots within a commercial shopping district  ...  In addition, the base model can be used to assist with the validation of the simulation model by comparing the simulation results with observed data.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wsc.2010.5679038 dblp:conf/wsc/RossettiN10 fatcat:cv4nypirgzhylbiveiy5oz5wge

Page 26 of The Journal of the Operational Research Society Vol. 59, Issue 1 [page]

2008 The Journal of the Operational Research Society  
We report an agent-based modelling and simulation study of the simultaneous and staged evacuation strategies in this paper.  ...  Thus, agent-based simulation modelling assists researchers who investigate how individual behaviours might affect collective behaviours of a group of agents, and how different environmental settings might  ... 

A Survey of Algorithms and Systems for Evacuating People in Confined Spaces

Huibo Bi, Erol Gelenbe
2019 Electronics  
We present a comprehensive review of research on emergency evacuation and wayfinding, focusing on the algorithmic and system design aspects.  ...  The frequency, destruction and costs of natural and human-made disasters in modern highly-populated societies have resulted in research on emergency evacuation and wayfinding, which has drawn considerable  ...  Network Flow-Based Algorithms Network flow-based algorithms consider the evacuation planning problem as a minimum cost network flow problem [105, 106] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8060711 fatcat:i6h2fpkyqrhgfpmjahvels5azu

Implication of Mutual Assistance Evacuation Model to Reduce the Volcanic Risk for Vulnerable Society: Insight from Mount Merapi, Indonesia

Faizul Chasanah, Hiroyuki Sakakibara
2022 Sustainability  
This grouping was simulated using an AnyLogic software with the agent-based model concept. Pedestrians and vehicles played the roles of significant agents in this experiment.  ...  Therefore, the mutual assistance strategy is proposed to support vulnerable people by evacuating them with young people.  ...  Acknowledgments: We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University, and the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Islamic University of Indonesia in conducting  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14138110 fatcat:deg63ec66jbajpyuevs757i72y

Large Scale Pedestrian Multi-Simulation for a Decision Support Tool [article]

Twin Karmakharm, Paul Richmond
2012 Computer Graphics and Visual Computing  
Ability to simulate pedestrian behaviour on a large scale is essential in identifying potential dangers in public spaces during an evacuation.  ...  Preliminary results with our GPU-optimised model have been shown to run at faster than real-time simulation speeds.  ...  Conclusion This paper described the implementation of a prototype pedestrian multi-simulation tool intended for evacuation planning.  ... 
doi:10.2312/localchapterevents/tpcg/tpcg12/041-044 dblp:conf/tpcg/KarmakharmR12 fatcat:v32sr56ttfcevahyek33s4ro7m

Improved Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning for Path Planning based Crowd Simulation

Qingqing Wang, Hong Liu, Kaizhou Gao, Le Zhang
2019 IEEE Access  
The IMARL algorithm is combined with the improved social force model for crowd evacuation simulation.  ...  The combination of multi-agent technology and reinforcement learning methods has been recognized as an effective way which is used in path planning-based crowd simulation.  ...  It is therefore conducive to designing evacuation plans and providing assistance for real evacuation drills. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2920913 fatcat:mei7jlheznbvtdo3jbkt3w4bca

ESCAPE: Exploring by Simulation Cities Awareness on Population Evacuation

Éric Daudé, Kevin Chapuis, Clément Caron, Alexis Drogoul, Benoit Gaudou, Sébastien Rey-Coyrehourcq, Arnaud Saval, Patrick Taillandier, Pierrick Tranouez
2019 International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
Since it is impossible to re-create the conditions of a crisis on the ground to assess such evacuation plans, there is a need for realistic models in order to evaluate them using simulations.  ...  In particular, ESCAPE, which uses the GAMA open-source platform as a core component, provides an agent-based simulation tool that supports simulation of the evacuation of a city's population at fine temporal  ...  ESCAPE: AN AGENT-BASED AND GIS FRAMEWORK TO MODEL MASS EVACUATION The ESCAPE framework is organized around a combination of geographic information systems, agent-based modeling, and simulation exploration  ... 
dblp:conf/iscram/DaudeCCDGRSTT19 fatcat:z4ulrzyvrvgghmkzb3qwbwqn4i

A Comprehensive Study on Pedestrians' Evacuation

Danial Abdulkareem Muhammed, Soran Abubakir Mohammed Saeed, Tarik Ahmed Rashid
2019 International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT  
Furthermore, new models have been developed to cooperate with system evacuation in residential places in case of unexpected events.  ...  Consequently, different typical evacuation pedestrians have been created.  ...  simulation with non-lattice based paths [36] .  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijes.v7i4.11767 fatcat:oq3nqsqdnvdyvazhl2s75phiqu

Intelligent Evacuation Management Systems

Azhar Mohd Ibrahim, Ibrahim Venkat, K. G. Subramanian, Ahamad Tajudin Khader, Philippe De Wilde
2016 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
While the review deals with video and non-video based aspects of crowd monitoring and crowd disaster prediction, evacuation techniques are reviewed via the theme of soft computing, along with a short review  ...  This article is intended to provide a review of intelligent evacuation management systems covering the aspects of crowd monitoring, crowd disaster prediction, evacuation modelling and evacuation path guidelines  ...  Sharma et al. [2012] have proposed an ANN framework in conjunction with genetic algorithms to investigate an agent-based evacuation model which can assist in the planning of emergency evacuations and  ... 
doi:10.1145/2842630 fatcat:excr4puolrauzoz2qn5dkesuom

Robot-Assisted Crowd Evacuation under Emergency Situations: A Survey

Ibraheem Sakour, Huosheng Hu
2017 Robotics  
This paper reviews current state-of-the-art robotic technologies that have been deployed in the simulation of crowd evacuation, including both macroscopic and microscopic models used in simulating a crowd  ...  In the case of emergency situations, robotic systems can play a key role and save human lives in recovery and evacuation operations.  ...  Queuing Model This model describes the environment as a network of walkway nodes. The pedestrian movement in this network can be modeled as a queuing network process.  ... 
doi:10.3390/robotics6020008 fatcat:4woczp3tfjbwxkwgb5hvu36ugi

Improved Social Force Model Based on Emotional Contagion and Evacuation Assistant

Zhiyun Zheng, Guanglei Zhu, Zhenhao Sun, Zhenfei Wang, Lun Li
2020 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS Crowd evacuation simulation, emotional contagion, evacuation assistant, Social Force Model  ...  approach named Improved Social Force Model Based on Emotional Contagion and Evacuation Assistant is proposed.  ...  What's more, ecaSFM comprehensively simulate the impact of emotional contagion and evacuation assistant based on Social Force Model, which not only optimizes the self-driving force of pedestrians in the  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3034348 fatcat:dtnj64l5tnbmffzmsq7tkzpeq4

Method of Bottleneck Identification and Evaluation During Crowd Evacuation Process

J. Ma, S.M. Xu, T. Li, H.L. Mu, C. Wen, W.G. Song, S.M. Lo
2014 Procedia Engineering  
Under such circumstance, the evacuation process for the crowded pedestrians in these infrastructures may be affected by the facility failure, resulting in partially damaged evacuation network, which at  ...  Thus to improve the safety and comfortable level of crowd evacuation in transportation infrastructures, a new method of bottleneck identification and evaluation for evacuation network is proposed.  ...  To simulate the pedestrian flow of this station, a graph based evacuation network should be constructed.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2014.04.065 fatcat:co2ry3vve5edne7zjnk3dzlqja

Simulation of Pedestrian Evacuation in University Canteen Based on Cellular Automata

Yongxing Li, David Z.W. Wang, Meng Meng, Ke Wang
2019 IEEE Access  
Fusing the exit choice model and the route choice model into a cellular automata (CA)based pedestrian simulation model, we simulate the pedestrian evacuation process in university canteen and the results  ...  The simulation result can also assist in determining the optimal number of tray-return spots if maximum evacuation efficient is to be achieved.  ...  Fusing the exit choice model and the route choice model into a CA-based pedestrian simulation model, pedestrian evacuation process without and with tray-return spots in university canteen are simulated  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2939230 fatcat:ira6d4qhevegrct5wnvawrkgwq
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