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Evacuating People with Mobility-Challenges in a Short-Notice Disaster

Aruna Apte, Susan K. Heath, Andres Pico, Yong Hui Ronny Tan
2015 Decision Sciences  
The problem of evacuating mobility-challenged people from their individual locations in a short-notice disaster is a challenging combinatorial optimization problem.  ...  In past disasters, arrangements have been made to evacuate people without their own transportation, requiring them to gather at select locations to be evacuated.  ...  In addition, in a short-notice disaster situation, all evacuations must take place within a limited time window.  ... 
doi:10.1111/deci.12153 fatcat:g5mcllmvhfflxgu7fbrhr7hf3a

Flood Related Injuries and Diseases Occurring in Horses in Louisiana from 2001-2016

Rebecca S. Mcconnico, Mustajab Mirza
2017 Prehospital and Disaster Medicine  
Background: Special medical needs patients with pets present unique challenges when they are evacuated in disasters.  ...  The short-notice evacuation and immediate threat of fire prevented many residents from retrieving companion animals before leaving the city.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1049023x17006173 fatcat:mulb36pxe5emze3mk5rlp7gegu

The Importance of Social Capital in Building Community Resilience [chapter]

Daniel P. Aldrich
2017 Rethinking Resilience, Adaptation and Transformation in a Time of Change  
In these cases social cohesion keeps people from leaving disaster-struck regions, allows for the easy mobilization of groups, and provides informal insurance when normal resource providers are not open  ...  Disasters are, and will continue to be, a challenge for both developed and developing countries everywhere.  ...  For those bedridden, sick, or elderly residents of these coastal times, it was an impossibly short period in which to evacuate safely.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-50171-0_23 fatcat:jtmdk2jjrfakdlqmdqst5vec6y

Polar Regions (2019)

Stefan Kirchner
2021 Yearbook of International Disaster Law  
With more than 1370 persons on board, this quickly became 'the largest public-private helicopter rescue in Norwegian history'10 as six helicopters in 30 flights evacuated almost 500 people in 18 hours.  ...  on short notice.13 This problem also includes a lack of local volunteers.14 The 'EPPR is responsible for maintaining the operational guidelines of the MOSPA Agreement and ensuring implementation of the  ... 
doi:10.1163/26662531_00201_024 fatcat:lhhel52e7fherhwtq3k6g6xfmy

Can Sharing Economy Platforms Increase Social Equity for Vulnerable Populations in Disaster Response and Relief? A Case Study of the 2017 and 2018 California Wildfires

Stephen D. Wong, Jacquelyn C. Broader, Susan A. Shaheen
2020 Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives  
Ensuring social equity in evacuations and disasters remains a critical challenge for many emergency management and transportation agencies.  ...  To explore the social equity implications of the sharing economy in disasters, we conducted four focus groups (n = 37) of vulnerable populations impacted by California wildfires in 2017 or 2018.  ...  Finally, we would like to thank the three anonymous reviewers who provided beneficial and helpful comments in improving this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trip.2020.100131 fatcat:2vkt4e2yrzdohmapyhqrrpvete

Crowd Models for Emergency Evacuation: A Review Targeting Human-Centered Sensing

Jaziar Radianti, Ole-Christoffer Granmo, Noureddine Bouhmala, Parvaneh Sarshar, Anis Yazidi, Jose Gonzalez
2013 2013 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
Emergency evacuation of crowds is a fascinating phenomenon that has attracted researchers from various fields.  ...  In this paper, we provide a survey that describes some widely used crowd models and discuss their advantages and shortages from the angle of human-centered sensing.  ...  The use of mobile sensors and mobile sensing techniques will be an opportunity that allows people to embrace a visual surveillance component for tracking single individuals in a disaster.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2013.155 dblp:conf/hicss/RadiantiGBSYG13 fatcat:wbrezogucranxkfo5nagqra5si

Wireless networks in emergency management

Erol Gelenbe, Gokce Gorbil
2012 Proceedings of the first ACM international workshop on Practical issues and applications in next generation wireless networks - PINGEN '12  
Thus Emergency Management Systems are gaining in importance and they are a major and useful example of Cyber-Physical Systems where ICT, sensing and decision making come together to improve the outcomes  ...  Emergencies of different types, ranging from accidents to natural disasters, are unfortunately becoming increasingly common due to the greater concentration of human populations and the existence of highly  ...  In practice, such users can follow a static evacuation strategy or follow people with functional CNs.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2348714.2348716 fatcat:ikgzrlmji5e5pehfztoh2pdjeq

Assessing Emergency Shelter Demand Using POI Data and Evacuation Simulation

Chen, Fang, Zhai, Wang, Zhang
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
To provide shelter for people within a reasonable evacuation distance under day and night disaster scenarios, we formed an approach for examining the distribution of day and night shelter demand at the  ...  and disaster prevention space organization in future urban planning.  ...  long-term in a short period of time.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9010041 fatcat:3fypczmz7vcanm6bw3gcn7ipvy

What New Orleans' Vulnerability Taught Us About Public Health Preparedness: Vulnerability Has a Face and a Name

Evangeline Franklin, Kevin U. Stephens
2010 Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness  
Strained resources were shared to supply a large number of displaced New Orleans citizens on extremely short notice and with virtually no preplanning.  ...  Later, we learned of people who had died in or near their homes, in their beds, or in their wheelchairs because they could not evacuate.  ... 
doi:10.1001/dmp.2010.5280 pmid:23105030 fatcat:dqxu2tpfqremfp6yadxn4lk3fu

ICDMS: An Intelligent Cloud Based Disaster Management System for Vehicular Networks [chapter]

Zubaida Alazawi, Mohmmad B. Abdljabar, Saleh Altowaijri, Anna Maria Vegni, Rashid Mehmood
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The effectiveness of our system is demonstrated through modelling the impact of a disaster on a real city transport environment and comparing it with the case where our disaster management system was in  ...  Our research is concerned with developing emergency response systems for disasters of various scales with a focus on transportation systems, which exploit ICT developments.  ...  As we can notice, the roads, near the factory, that connect Zone 1 with Zones 3 and 5, and with Evacuation Area 1, all are blocked (depicted by the roads coloured in black).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29667-3_4 fatcat:xkxjji4abrdsfh6a6qa5jpqaea

Rumor Has It: The Role of Social Ties and Misinformation in Evacuation to Nearby Shelters after Disaster

Timothy Fraser, Larissa Morikawa, Daniel P. Aldrich
2021 Climate Risk Management  
sectional (TSCS) dataset of local, short-distance evacuation.  ...  This mixed methods study draws on a new dataset of almost-daily tallies of evacuees at 660 local shelters following Japan's 2018 Eastern Iburi Earthquake in Hokkaido to create a large-N timeseries cross  ...  with minor injuries, all in a town of 4,838 people.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.crm.2021.100320 fatcat:c7ow2yhic5e45d7t5cnjcy3nai

Enhancing Capacity for Emergency Evacuation through Resource Matching and Coordinated Volunteerism

Daniel Baldwin Hess, Brian Conley, Christina Farrell
2014 International Journal of Transportation  
Due to an assortment of potential challenges, a TRC as proposed may not be suitable or sustainable in all geographic or political contexts.  ...  out of a disaster zone.  ...  For instance, if a TRC served an area located along a coast, near critical infrastructure, a border or anywhere with a high concentration of people or industrial activities, no-notice human-induced disasters  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijt.2014.2.3.03 fatcat:2dig7yb54bd37bliarzn4fp2fm

Use of Shared-Mobility Services to Accomplish Emergency Evacuation in Urban Areas via Reduction in Intermediate Trips—Case Study in Xi'an, China

Menghui Li, Jinliang Xu, Xingliang Liu, Chao Sun, Zhihao Duan
2018 Sustainability  
Under no-notice evacuation scenarios with limited time horizons, the effectiveness of evacuation can be negatively impacted by intermediate trips that are made by family members and the identification  ...  The study investigates attitudes of the public, experts, and drivers towards the use of shared-mobility resources during emergency evacuations based on a stated preference survey.  ...  Acknowledgments: This research was made possible through the cooperation of questionnaire respondents and shared-mobility drivers, and the openness and kindness of interviewed experts in giving their time  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10124862 fatcat:ngbishmaybgz5frwku7zezwysm

Mathematical Models in Humanitarian Supply Chain Management: A Systematic Literature Review

Muhammad Salman Habib, Young Hae Lee, Muhammad Saad Memon
2016 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
In the past decade the humanitarian supply chain (HSC) has attracted the attention of researchers due to the increasing frequency of disasters.  ...  The uncertainty in time, location, and severity of disaster during predisaster phase and poor conditions of available infrastructure during postdisaster phase make HSC operations difficult to handle.  ...  (iii) No-notice evacuation and short-notice evacuation: Nonotice and short-notice evacuations have a difference in terms of the predictability of occurrence for the disaster.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/3212095 fatcat:ros3oz56i5fnhituz62iqjk3t4

Mapping Undermined Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Floods

Izza Anwer, Muhammad Irfan Yousuf
2022 Transport and Telecommunication  
The objective was to identify convenient ICTs that people found operational in life cycle of a flood.  ...  , and evacuation related information.  ...  Acknowledgement is also extended to the participants of Head-Marala and York for their precious time to share their views and fill in questionnaires.  ... 
doi:10.2478/ttj-2022-0015 fatcat:r7au7zllszbyvefus6z25xqjjq
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