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Socioeconomic Vulnerability Index and Obesity among Korean Adults

Eunok Park, Young Ko
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Article Socioeconomic Vulnerability Index and Obesity among Korean Adults Eunok Park 1  ...  and Young Ko 2, * 1 College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea; 2 College  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph182413370 pmid:34948979 pmcid:PMC8704761 fatcat:cckjtnwqhzdsvelwy6tbicos7a

Risk estimation of the SARS-CoV-2 acute respiratory disease outbreak outside China

Soyoung Kim, Sunhwa Choi, Youngsuk Ko, Moran Ki, Eunok Jung
2020 Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling  
On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization was alerted to the occurrence of cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, that were caused by an unknown virus, which was later identified as a coronavirus and named the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We aimed to estimate the reproductive number of SARS-CoV-2 in the Hubei Province and evaluate the risk of an acute respiratory coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak outside China by using a mathematical
more » ... model and stochastic simulations. We constructed a mathematical model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics, estimated the rate of transmission, and calculated the reproductive number in Hubei Province by using case-report data from January 11 to February 6, 2020. The possible number of secondary cases outside China was estimated by stochastic simulations in various scenarios of reductions in the duration to quarantine and rate of transmission. The rate of transmission was estimated as 0.8238 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.8095-0.8382), and the basic reproductive number as 4.1192 (95% CI 4.0473-4.1912). Assuming the same rate of transmission as in Hubei Province, the possibility of no local transmission is 54.9% with a 24-h quarantine strategy, and the possibility of more than 20 local transmission cases is 7% outside of China. The reproductive number for SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics is significantly higher compared to that of the previous SARS epidemic in China. This implies that human-to-human transmission is a significant factor for contagion in Hubei Province. Results of the stochastic simulation emphasize the role of quarantine implementation, which is critical to prevent and control the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak outside China.
doi:10.1186/s12976-020-00127-6 pmid:32498721 pmcid:PMC7272210 fatcat:ozaskinbzvbexntntixwgflpoy

Factors Related to Blood Pressure Control in Hypertensive Patients in Jeju Province
제주 지역 고혈압 환자의 혈압조절 관련 요인

Yeong Ju Ko, Eunok Park
2013 Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing  
doi:10.5932/jkphn.2013.27.2.267 fatcat:7gxrhlsiwvc4fms7flcrjq5cby

Effective control measures considering spatial heterogeneity to mitigate the 2016–2017 avian influenza epidemic in the Republic of Korea

Jonggul Lee, Youngsuk Ko, Eunok Jung, Daniel Becker
2019 PLoS ONE  
(CSV) Conceptualization: Jonggul Lee, Eunok Jung. Data curation: Youngsuk Ko. Author Contributions PLOS ONE | June 13, 2019  ...  Project administration: Eunok Jung. Supervision: Eunok Jung. Validation: Jonggul Lee.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0218202 pmid:31194835 pmcid:PMC6564009 fatcat:nnb4b5zqrzhircxwwlcflf2x6m

Trends in Obesity and Obesity-Related Risk Factors among Adolescents in Korea from 2009 to 2019

Eunok Park, Young Ko
2022 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
This study was conducted to identify the trends in obesity prevalence among adolescents and changes in the risk factors related to obesity. The study analyzed secondary data obtained from Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Surveys conducted from 2009 to 2019. The Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey is an annual survey of a nationwide representative sample of enrolled students aged 13–18 years in middle and high schools in Korea. Linear and trend analyses showed that the prevalence of
more » ... besity increased by 0.47% on average annually; this increase was statistically significant. Healthy food intake decreased significantly, but the prevalence of unhealthy food intake and the prevalence of skipping breakfast increased significantly. Vigorous-intensity physical activity, physical activity for over 60 min a day, and muscle-strengthening exercise for more than 3 days a week increased significantly, but so did the adolescents' sedentary time. Therefore, health care providers and public policymakers need to actively manage adolescent obesity, which has been continuously increasing since 2009. In addition, long-term trends in obesity-related risk factors such as physical activity and dietary behaviors need to be considered in the development of obesity management strategies.
doi:10.3390/ijerph19095672 pmid:35565066 pmcid:PMC9103843 fatcat:7nwngtctvrepjev6voxxjxozby

Risk estimation of Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Republic of Korea: using mathematical model and stochastic simulation

Youngsuk Ko, Seokmin Lee, Soyoung Kim, Moran Ki, Eunok Jung
2019 Epidemiology and Health  
Timely and rigorous diagnosis is important to reduce the spreading scale of infection when a new communicable disease is inflowed into Korea. Moreover, it is imperative to strengthen the local surveillance system and diagnostic protocols to avoid missing cases of secondary infection.
doi:10.4178/epih.e2019048 pmid:31801320 pmcid:PMC7005456 fatcat:4d52zupg7vd5lje2rxwulwl2um

The risk of COVID-19 transmission in heterogeneous age groups and effective vaccination strategy in Korea: a mathematical modeling study

Youngsuk Ko, Jacob Lee, Yubin Seo, Eunok Jung
2021 Epidemiology and Health  
This study aims to analyze the possibility and conditions of maintaining an effective reproductive number below 1 using a mathematical model. The total population was divided into five age groups (0-17, 18-29, 30-59, 60-74, and ≥75 years). Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) was used to estimate the transmission rate of each age group. Mathematical model simulation was conducted until December 31, 2021, by establishing various strategies for vaccination and social distancing without considering
more » ... variants. MLE results revealed that the group aged 0-17 years had a lower risk of transmission than other age groups, and the older age group had relatively high risks of infection. If 70% of the population will be vaccinated by the end of 2021, then simulations showed that even if social distancing was eased, the effective reproductive number would remain below 1 near August if it was not at the level of the third re-spreading period. However, if social distancing was eased and it reached the level of the re-spreading period, the effective reproductive number could be below 1 at the end of 2021. Considering both stable and worsened situations, simulation results emphasized that sufficient vaccine supply and control of the epidemic by maintaining social distancing to prevent an outbreak at the level of the re-spreading period are necessary to minimize mortality and maintain the effective reproductive number below 1.
doi:10.4178/epih.e2021059 pmid:34525503 pmcid:PMC8769805 fatcat:3arangepqvdkvhpz5vxrl4dkmu

The impact of social distancing and public behavior changes on COVID-19 transmission dynamics in the Republic of Korea

Soyoung Kim, Youngsuk Ko, Yae-Jean Kim, Eunok Jung, Yury E. Khudyakov
2020 PLoS ONE  
(DOCX) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Eunok Jung. Data curation: Soyoung Kim. Formal analysis: Youngsuk Ko. Fig 5.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0238684 pmid:32970716 fatcat:a4zlorfue5ecvhit3amp66d224

COVID-19 Vaccine Priority Strategy Using a Heterogenous Transmission Model Based on Maximum Likelihood Estimation in the Republic of Korea

Youngsuk Ko, Jacob Lee, Yeonju Kim, Donghyok Kwon, Eunok Jung
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
(Youngsuk Ko); software, Y.K. (Youngsuk Ko); validation, Y.K. (Youngsuk Ko), J.L., Y.K. (Youngsuk Ko), D.K. and Y.K. (Yeonju Kim); formal analysis, Y.K. (Youngsuk Ko); investigation, Y.K.  ...  (Youngsuk Ko), J.L., Y.K. (Yeonju Kim), D.K. and E.J.; visualization, Y.K. (Youngsuk Ko); supervision, E.J.; project administration, E.J.; funding acquisition, E.J.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18126469 fatcat:jfeaom4sirctnjjaomalj54nlq

Keeping Low Reproductive Number Despite the Rebound Population Mobility in Korea, a Country Never under Lockdown during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Soyoung Kim, Yae-Jean Kim, Kyong Ran Peck, Youngsuk Ko, Jonggul Lee, Eunok Jung
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Nonpharmaceutical intervention has been one of the most important strategies to prevent the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 in the communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Korea has a unique experience that we had the first large outbreak during the early pandemic and could flatten the epidemic curve without lockdown. In this study, the effective reproductive numbers were calculated for the entire nation and Seoul (the capital city) Metropolitan Area from February 16–15 July, where 60% of the
more » ... on reside. We compared the changes in population mobility data and reproductive number trends according to the changes in the government's nonpharmaceutical intervention strategy. The total daily mobility decreased when Korea had the first wave of a large outbreak in February–March 2020, which was mainly caused by the decrease of daily noncommuting mobility. However, daily commuting mobility from 16 February to 30 June 2020 was maintained at a similar level since there was no national lockdown for workers who commute between home and work. During the first half-year of 2020, Korea could control the outbreak to a manageable level without a significant decrease in daily public mobility. However, it may be only possible when the public follows personal hygiene principles and social distancing without crisis fatigue or reduced compliance.
doi:10.3390/ijerph17249551 pmid:33419347 fatcat:ooyavwi7kzdxrojtnddlfmqa4y

Physical and Sensory Characteristics of Laver Bugak (Korean Traditional Fried Dishes) During Fermentation of Starch Batter

Jeong-Eun Yang, Ji-Hyeon Lee, Yeong Ok Song, Eunok Choe, Lana Chung
2016 Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture  
발전하고, 소비자들의 건강에 대한 관심이 증대됨 에 따라 다양한 건강 관련 식품들이 등장하고 있으며(Choi et al. 2011), 서구화 식생활에 비해 우수한 우리 전통 식품이 건강식품으로 각광받기 시작하면서 전통식품에 대한 선호도 가 점차 높아지고, 공정 가공 및 저장 방법을 개선함으로써 다양한 전통 식품의 개발하고자 하는 연구들이 진행되고 있 다(Ko  ... 
doi:10.7318/kjfc/2016.31.3.250 fatcat:f4fkt4suzna4pduzbcsfowffsu

What does say these forms as VALGU or ŽINĖJAU, created by foreign speakers

Jogilė Teresa Ramonaitė
2017 Lietuvių Kalba  
Bandant žvelgti į tai, ko nėra, svarbu pastebėti, kad nėra "atvirkščiai" sudarytų formų, pvz., *esau ar *duodau.  ...  (Eunok, interviu) 42) *GAN: ji duodė jam tą sumuštinį kad jis paėmė į darbą.  ... 
doi:10.15388/lk.2017.22551 fatcat:ett3zuvf7rendoghv3srcxqpx4

Challenge for learners of Lithuanian as a second language: variation of pronouns

Jogilė Teresa Ramonaitė
2019 Lietuvių Kalba  
458 *TYR: vyri kos i inės 459 *TYR: ar oteri kos 460 *MAD: no_I_don't_know_like_mixed@en. 461 *TYR: ai tada vyri ka. 462 *TYR: jeigu yra... 463 *TYR: bendrai ir nes yra jie. 464 *MAD: mhm.  ...  Eunok vaikai yra užaugę Lietuvoje ir tarpusavyje kalbasi lietuviškai, net ir namuose, nors tėvai su jais visada bendrauja tik korėjietiškai.  ... 
doi:10.15388/lk.2019.22478 fatcat:ripa2lyd3ref7pnmxohv5emltu

TRIF Mediates Toll-like Receptor 5-induced Signaling in Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Yoon Jeong Choi, Eunok Im, Hyo Kyun Chung, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Sang Hoon Rhee
2010 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Both primary intestinal epithelial cells from TRIF-KO mice and TRIF-silenced NCM460 cells significantly reduced flagellin-induced NFB (p105 and p65), JNK1/2, and ERK1/2 activation compared with control  ...  TRIF-KO intestinal epithelial cells exhibited substantially reduced inflammatory cytokine (keratinocyte-derived cytokine, macrophage inflammatory protein 3␣, and IL-6) expression upon flagellin, whereas  ...  Akira (Osaka University, Japan) for MyD88-KO mice.  ... 
doi:10.1074/jbc.m110.158394 pmid:20855887 pmcid:PMC2988362 fatcat:flubspi7xje6lbpehelc2fv2oi

Substituent Effects on Conformational Changes in (+)-CSA Doped Polyaniline Derivatives

Eung Lee, Eunok Kim
2013 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (Print)  
Jang Myoun Ko (Hanbat Nat'l Univ.) for the kind advice on electrochemical analysis. And the publication cost of this paper was supported by the Korean Chemical Society.  ...  Soc. 2013, Vol. 34, No. 7 Eung Lee and Eunok Kim  ... 
doi:10.5012/bkcs.2013.34.7.2111 fatcat:ffkq526szfbydhmltnhfwfvvam
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