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A Review on Applications of Imaging Synthetic Aperture Radar with a Special Focus on Cryospheric Studies

Shridhar D. Jawak, Tushar G. Bidawe, Alvarinho J. Luis
2015 Advances in Remote Sensing  
The paper also summarizes both the operational and climate change research by using SAR for sea ice parameter detection.  ...  Snow and ice are the main constituents of the cryosphere and may be found in different states, such as snow, freshwater ice, sea ice, permafrost, and continental ice masses in the form of glaciers and  ...  Rajan, Director, NCAOR for his encouragement and motivation of this research. We  ... 
doi:10.4236/ars.2015.42014 fatcat:lpdaxa3zdjan5fkko7k6uxmqpm

Satellite SAR Data-based Sea Ice Classification: An Overview

Natalia Zakhvatkina, Vladimir Smirnov, Irina Bychkova
2019 Geosciences  
Satellite data are the main and very often only information source for sea ice classification and charting in the remote arctic regions.  ...  The main techniques used for ice classification and ice charting in several national ice services are considered.  ...  However, regular monitoring of the sea ice in the high latitude Arctic in a combination of space-borne SAR and visual spectral range data is limited by the polar night when the sea ice monitoring is highly  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences9040152 fatcat:k6jz4kkixfhmjjxozlna6mzvj4

Cryosphere Applications [chapter]

I. Hajnsek, G. Parrella, A. Marino, T. Eltoft, M. Necsoiu, L. Eriksson, M. Watanabe
2021 Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing  
For each application, the used (model-based) decomposition and polarimetric parameters are critically described, and real data results from relevant airborne campaigns and space borne acquisitions are  ...  After presenting these applications, the Chapter proceeds by reviewing applications of SAR polarimetry to sea ice for the classification of different ice types, the estimation of thickness, and the characterisation  ...  thickness of thin sea ice was developed in L-and X-band.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-56504-6_4 fatcat:ow3rsmxbcvhardh7gy3qcktera

Arctic Sea Ice Characterization Using Spaceborne Fully Polarimetric L-, C-, and X-Band SAR With Validation by Airborne Measurements

Suman Singha, Malin Johansson, Nicholas Hughes, Sine Munk Hvidegaard, Henriette Skourup
2018 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
General rights Copyright and moral rights for the publications made accessible in the public portal are retained by the authors and/or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing publications  ...  that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights.  Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal for the purpose of private study  ...  Arctic Sea Ice Characterization Using Spaceborne Fully Polarimetric L-, C-, and X-Band SAR With Validation by Airborne Measurements I.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2018.2809504 fatcat:tu7sjelogfgsnlonsrs4lp362e

Retrieval of the thickness of undeformed sea ice from simulated C-band compact polarimetric SAR images

Xi Zhang, Wolfgang Dierking, Jie Zhang, Junmin Meng, Haitao Lang
2016 The Cryosphere  
C-band SAR data acquired over the Labrador Sea in circular transmit and linear receive (CTLR) mode were generated from RADARSAT-2 quad-polarization images.  ...  </strong> In this paper we introduce a parameter for the retrieval of the thickness of undeformed first-year sea ice that is specifically adapted to compact polarimetric (CP) synthetic aperture radar (  ...  providing valuable snow and sea ice field data.  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-10-1529-2016 fatcat:juvj2hvetzg3zia473axrgs4ai

X-, C-, and L-band SAR signatures of newly formed sea ice in Arctic leads during winter and spring

A. Malin Johansson, Camilla Brekke, Gunnar Spreen, Jennifer A. King
2018 Remote Sensing of Environment  
We therefore conclude that dual-polarization (HH and VV) X-band scenes can be directly used to complement quad-polarimetric C-and L-band scenes for studies of newly formed sea ice.  ...  The regular coverage of the Arctic Ocean with Cband SAR means that such scenes should to be included in any automatic monitoring, however, X-and L-band SAR can, based on their difference in penetration  ...  Arctic University of Norway and the Norwegian Polar Institute who made the co-located satellite image acquisitions and AEM surveys possible; in particular we recognise the efforts of Max König, Marius  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.10.032 fatcat:p5tntrn4ujcnreongjvyhq5xmi

Signature of Arctic first-year ice melt pond fraction in X-band SAR imagery

Ane S. Fors, Dmitry V. Divine, Anthony P. Doulgeris, Angelika H. H. Renner, Sebastian Gerland
2016 The Cryosphere Discussions  
In this paper we investigate the potential of melt pond fraction retrieval from X-band polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) on drifting first-year sea ice.  ...  Compared to previous studies in C-band, limitations concerning wind speed and noise floor set stricter constraints on melt pond fraction retrieval in X-band.  ...  The project was supported financially by Regional Differensiert Arbeidsgiveravgift (RDA) Troms County; by the project "Sea Ice in the Arctic Ocean, Technology and Systems of Agreements" ("Arctic Ocean"  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-2016-125 fatcat:mx44zxnucjerblfie6qy2tjyty

Signature of Arctic first-year ice melt pond fraction in X-band SAR imagery

Ane S. Fors, Dmitry V. Divine, Anthony P. Doulgeris, Angelika H. H. Renner, Sebastian Gerland
2017 The Cryosphere  
</strong> In this paper we investigate the potential of melt pond fraction retrieval from X-band polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) on drifting first-year sea ice.  ...  Compared to previous studies in C-band, limitations concerning wind speed and noise floor set stricter constraints on melt pond fraction retrieval in X-band.  ...  The project was supported financially by Regional Differensiert Arbeidsgiveravgift (RDA) Troms County; by the project "Sea Ice in the Arctic Ocean, Technology and Systems of Agreements" ("Arctic Ocean"  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-11-755-2017 fatcat:4vr2odu7krb4bd4voghgfrg65y

Polarimetric Characteristics of sea ice in the sea of Okhotsk observed by airborne L-band SAR

H. Wakabayashi, T. Matsuoka, K. Nakamura, F. Nishio
2004 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
In order to confirm the ability of L-band polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) to investigate sea ice before the ALOS launch, we conducted a field experiment using an airborne Polarimetric and Interferometric  ...  SAR (Pi-SAR) in the Sea of Okhotsk in 1999.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are grateful to all JAXA and NICT members who conducted the Pi-SAR flights for acquiring the valuable L-band polarimetric data and providing them to us.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2004.836259 fatcat:5t7o7wu46ndglfxocmvpdjwgg4

Winter Sea-ice mapping from multi-parameter synthetic-aperture radar data

Eric Rignot, Mark R. Drinkwater
1994 Journal of Glaciology  
Ice-type maps are generated using multi-channel, air-borne SAR observations of winter sea ice in the Beaufort Sea to identify six ice conditions: (1) multi-year sea ice; (2) compressed first-year ice;  ...  The limitations of current and immediate future single-frequency, single-polarization, space-borne SARs for winter sea-ice mapping are quantitatively examined, and improvements are suggested by combining  ...  COMPARISON OF ICE-FRACTION ESTIMATES Ice maps generated from SAR data yield estimates of the old ice fraction used for multisensor comparisons and for evaluation of the quantity of sea ice that survives  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022143000003774 fatcat:rnba7kstize3labgqiqovvypsy

Winter Sea-ice mapping from multi-parameter synthetic-aperture radar data

Eric Rignot, Mark R. Drinkwater
1994 Journal of Glaciology  
Ice-type maps are generated using multi-channel, air-borne SAR observations of winter sea ice in the Beaufort Sea to identify six ice conditions: (1) multi-year sea ice; (2) compressed first-year ice;  ...  The limitations of current and immediate future single-frequency, single-polarization, space-borne SARs for winter sea-ice mapping are quantitatively examined, and improvements are suggested by combining  ...  COMPARISON OF ICE-FRACTION ESTIMATES Ice maps generated from SAR data yield estimates of the old ice fraction used for multisensor comparisons and for evaluation of the quantity of sea ice that survives  ... 
doi:10.3189/s0022143000003774 fatcat:livjxtu4wffjvey2vo2omhvb3e

ICESat observations of Arctic sea ice: A first look

Ron Kwok
2004 Geophysical Research Letters  
In this study, we approach the problem of ice thickness retrieval by using L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).  ...  Although it is known that satellite data are useful for obtaining ice thickness distribution for perennial sea ice or in stable thin sea ice areas, it is still an unresolved issue for the seasonal sea  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors express their sincere thanks to all the crew and scientists onboard P/V SOYA for their kind cooperation during the cruise. The Pi-SAR observation in the Sea of  ... 
doi:10.1029/2004gl020309 fatcat:zcx7js5bw5a2dgur53jwfr4vdy

Observations of SAR polarimetric parameters of lake and fast sea ice during the early growth phase

Mohammed Shokr, Mohammed Dabboor
2020 Remote Sensing of Environment  
Atwood et al. (2015) used Ku-and X-band polarimetric scatterometer data to explore the scattering mechanism from shallow lakes in the Arctic and confirmed the dominance of the singlebounce scattering mechanism  ...  A B S T R A C T This study examines links between two sets of parameters obtained from Radarsat-2 Quad-pol data and geophysical information of lake ice and landfast sea ice in the Resolute Bay area, Nunavut  ...  Wayne Davidson of the Upper Air Network, Meteorological Service of Canada in Resolute Bay provided information on the lake and the sea ice status during the study period. Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2020.111910 fatcat:cibz45jxybafbmcoyneq4fwtti

Ku-, X- and C-Band Microwave Backscatter Indices from Saline Snow Covers on Arctic First-Year Sea Ice

2017 Remote Sensing  
A Ku-, X-and C-band surface-borne polarimetric microwave scatterometer system was used to measure fully-polarimetric backscatter from the three snow covers, near-coincident with corresponding in situ snow  ...  In this study, we inter-compared observed Ku-, X-and C-band microwave backscatter from saline 14 cm, 8 cm, and 4 cm snow covers on smooth first-year sea ice.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs9070757 fatcat:gufcmyabpjedrmp7ji4qhzmy7i

Surface-based Ku- and Ka-band polarimetric radar for sea ice studies

Julienne Stroeve, Vishnu Nandan, Rosemary Willatt, Rasmus Tonboe, Stefan Hendricks, Robert Ricker, James Mead, Robbie Mallett, Marcus Huntemann, Polona Itkin, Martin Schneebeli, Daniela Krampe (+5 others)
2020 The Cryosphere  
Data gathered in the altimeter mode will be used to investigate the potential for estimating snow depth as the difference between dominant radar scattering horizons in the Ka- and Ku-band data.  ...  for combining dual frequencies to simultaneously map snow depth and sea ice thickness, a new, surface-based, fully polarimetric Ku- and Ka-band radar (KuKa radar) was built and deployed during the 2019  ...  Data used in this paper were produced as part of the international Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC): MO-SAiC20192020 and AWI_PS122_00.  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-14-4405-2020 fatcat:6p4om2qhpvedvgkzgepnpxqsia
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