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Quantifying defence cascade responses as indicators of pig affect and welfare using computer vision methods

Poppy Statham, Sion Hannuna, Samantha Jones, Neill Campbell, G. Robert Colborne, William J. Browne, Elizabeth S. Paul, Michael Mendl
2020 Scientific Reports  
startle magnitude and freeze duration which were also estimated by (i) sparse feature tracking computer vision image analysis of 200 Hz video, (ii) load platform, (iii) Kinect depth camera, and (iv) Kinematic  ...  Here we evaluate whether DC responses can be quantified in pigs using computer vision. 280 video clips of induced DC responses made by 12 pigs were analysed by eye to provide 'ground truth' measures of  ...  During this time, the pig's behaviour was observed live by PS and a 'relaxed-tense' score given using the rating scale shown in Table S1 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-65954-6 pmid:32488058 fatcat:rrwksvrxrrbfvkgfmjwpqjhg5a

Accurate 3D shape recovery of live cattle with three depth cameras

A N Ruchay, K A Dorofeev, V V Kalschikov, V I Kolpakov, K M Dzhulamanov
2019 IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment  
In this work we propose a prototype of non-intrusive scanning system for recovery of live cattle 3D shape with three depth cameras.  ...  The measured animal 3D shape can be used, for instance, for automatic and precise estimation of body dimensions of live animals and for predicting the body weight of individual cattle as well as for daily  ...  J P and Wilkins J F 2017 Live animal assessments of rump fat and muscle score in Angus cows and steers using 3-dimensional imaging1 J. of Animal Sci. 95 1847-57 [15] Guo H, Ma X, Ma Q, Wang K, Su W and  ... 
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/341/1/012147 fatcat:ff4y76zs6vgbdezxfxfz6wtnli

Implementation of machine vision for detecting behaviour of cattle and pigs

Abozar Nasirahmadi, Sandra A. Edwards, Barbara Sturm
2017 Livestock Science  
Cameras are a crucial 90 element in machine vision applications, however, each type of camera offers different 91 information on parameters of the image.  ...  Section 3 79 and its subsections illustrate the use of image processing for individual physical 80 characterization of cattle and pigs.  ...  Furthermore, approaches for pig live 174 weight estimation by means of a Kinect camera have utilized infrared depth map images 175 (Kongsro, 2014; Zhu et al., 2015). 169 170 172 173 176 Table  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2017.05.014 fatcat:2mojkhabhzdwxnx2olanoilufu

Assessing the Feasibility of Using Kinect 3D Images to Predict Light Lamb Carcasses Composition from Leg Volume

Severiano R. Silva, Mariana Almeida, Isabella Condotta, André Arantes, Cristina Guedes, Virgínia Santos
2021 Animals  
The leg volume was acquired by two different methodologies: 3D image reconstruction using a Microsoft Kinect sensor and Archimedes principle.  ...  Furthermore, the model, which includes the Kinect leg volume, explained 85% of its variation for the carcass muscle.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani11123595 pmid:34944370 pmcid:PMC8698004 fatcat:nitd3c7hazgdfmv4oxgifteepi

A Feasibility Study on the Use of a Structured Light Depth-Camera for Three-Dimensional Body Measurements of Dairy Cows in Free-Stall Barns

Andrea Pezzuolo, Marcella Guarino, Luigi Sartori, Francesco Marinello
2018 Sensors  
The innovative system is based on multiple acquisitions from a low cost Structured Light Depth-Camera (Microsoft Kinect™ v1).  ...  The paper reports application of the depth camera for extraction of different body parameters. Expanded uncertainty ranging between 3 and 15 mm is reported in the case of ten repeated measurements.  ...  Giovanni Rotta, for Acknowledgments: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support provided by Giovanni Rotta, for execution of manual measurements on animals.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18020673 pmid:29495290 pmcid:PMC5856155 fatcat:jgczs3yv2fhi5m3jph4uxcmgne

Image Analysis and Computer Vision Applications in Animal Sciences: An Overview

Arthur Francisco Araújo Fernandes, João Ricardo Rebouças Dórea, Guilherme Jordão de Magalhães Rosa
2020 Frontiers in Veterinary Science  
score, and gait.  ...  Also, many other sensors have appeared, such as infrared cameras, stereo imaging, time of flight sensors, satellite, and hyperspectral imaging.  ...  (142-AAC7939), and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.551269 pmid:33195522 pmcid:PMC7609414 fatcat:zcxwjdglorfmzjow5fg7wh7ldm

Precision Livestock Farming in Swine Welfare: A Review for Swine Practitioners

Madonna Benjamin, Steven Yik
2019 Animals  
While swine practitioners' skills include translation of pig data entry into pig health and well-being indices, many do not yet have enough familiarity to advise their clients on the adoption of precision  ...  Swine practitioners, by virtue of their animal and client advocacy roles, interpretation of benchmarking data, and stewardship in regulatory and traceability programs, can play a broader role as advisors  ...  Image analysis research using two-dimensional (2D) cameras, provided digital information such that researchers were able to monitor and estimate pig growth rates within 1 kg [33, 34] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani9040133 pmid:30935123 pmcid:PMC6523486 fatcat:dx5u4l3v25cejkh34z5liajpve

Precision Technologies to Address Dairy Cattle Welfare: Focus on Lameness, Mastitis and Body Condition

Severiano R. Silva, José P. Araujo, Cristina Guedes, Flávio Silva, Mariana Almeida, Joaquim L. Cerqueira
2021 Animals  
Finally, a discussion is presented on the possibility of integrating the information obtained by PLF into a welfare assessment framework.  ...  Specific animal-based indicators that can be used to predict animal welfare have been the core of protocols for assessing the welfare of farm animals, such as those produced by the Welfare Quality project  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank and acknowledge the University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani11082253 pmid:34438712 pmcid:PMC8388461 fatcat:35ms5pr7cvaj3gf5zqjonwx3ra

Non-Contact Body Measurement for Qinchuan Cattle with LiDAR Sensor

Lvwen Huang, Shuqin Li, Anqi Zhu, Xinyun Fan, Chenyang Zhang, Hongyan Wang
2018 Sensors  
This paper presents a novel approach for three-dimensional digital modeling of live adult Qinchuan cattle for body size measurement.  ...  On the basis of capturing the original point data series of live cattle by a Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) sensor, the conditional, statistical outliers and voxel grid filtering methods are fused  ...  ) breeds [37] , assessments of rump fat and muscle score in Angus cows and steers [38] and so on.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18093014 pmid:30205607 pmcid:PMC6164280 fatcat:y5yfzfxcjzhkrlileizudxp3wy

Cutting Pose Prediction from Point Clouds

Mark P. Philipsen, Thomas B. B. Moeslund
2020 Sensors  
We present a method, based on the successful PointNet architecture, for learning to regress correct tool placement from human demonstrations, using virtual reality.  ...  A live experiment is conducted in order to unveil issues and begin to understand the required accuracy. Eleven cuts are rated by an expert, with 8 / 11 being rated as acceptable.  ...  Abbreviations The following abbreviations are used in this manuscript:  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20061563 pmid:32168888 pmcid:PMC7146437 fatcat:s2ec34hgxjd5xl6nkpy4rbrktu

WEIGHT AND VOLUME ESTIMATION OF POULTRY AND PRODUCTS BASED ON COMPUTER VISION SYSTEMS: A REVIEW

Innocent Nyalala, Cedric Okinda, Chen Kunjie, Tchalla Korohou, Luke Nyalala, Qi Chao
2021 Poultry Science  
A comprehensive presentation of the application of computer vision-based systems for assessing poultry meat and eggs was provided, that is, weight and volume estimation, sorting, and classification.  ...  Finally, the challenges and potential future trends in size, weight, and volume estimation of poultry products are reported.  ...  In another study, Chan et al. (2018) used the Microsoft Kinect 3D camera to develop a system for measuring an egg's volume.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psj.2021.101072 pmid:33752071 fatcat:ztpanbeutzf7dhp4hatjao4ruq

Large-Scale Phenotyping of Livestock Welfare in Commercial Production Systems: A New Frontier in Animal Breeding

Luiz F. Brito, Hinayah R. Oliveira, Betty R. McConn, Allan P. Schinckel, Aitor Arrazola, Jeremy N. Marchant-Forde, Jay S. Johnson
2020 Frontiers in Genetics  
Such improvement has been accompanied by the intensification of production systems, use of a wider range of precision technologies in routine management practices, and high-throughput phenotyping.  ...  A wide variety of novel welfare indicator traits can be derived from information captured by modern technology such as sensors, automatic feeding systems, milking robots, activity monitors, video cameras  ...  version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fgene.2020.00793 pmid:32849798 pmcid:PMC7411239 fatcat:azvt7vkoirayvldsmvkyrltdem

Proceedings_of_Measuring_Behavior_2014.pdf [article]

Andrew Spink, Egon Van Den Broek, Leanne Loijens, Marta Woloszynowska-Fraser, Lucas P. J. J. Noldus
2020 Figshare  
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research  ...  This study is the first step towards using sound analysis as a tool for dairy cattle management.  ...  Welfare, health and growth of young cattle is strongly influenced by stress [2, 4]. With the use of sound detectors, management of these problems will become more easy.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.11708187 fatcat:62o74kbgczf2tp2dk64jeszxr4

Abstracts from the 32nd Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production (ASAP)

2018 Animal Production Science  
While more data are required to more accurately estimate of the genetic relationship between health and growth, health should be included as a breeding objective trait in pig breeding programs.  ...  Sellier P, Maignel L, Bidanel JP (2010) Genetic parameters for tissue and fatty acid composition of backfat, perirenal fat and longissimus muscle in Large White and Landrace pigs. animal 4, 497-504.  ...  A Microsoft Kinect V2 depth camera was used to collect images which were then analysed using machine learning techniques to predict condition score.  ... 
doi:10.1071/anv58n8abs fatcat:eq2yzh3k2rah5dh6pc5akrmaae

Review: Precision nutrition of ruminants: approaches, challenges and potential gains

L. A. González, I. Kyriazakis, L. O. Tedeschi
2018 Animal  
A plethora of sensors and information technologies with applications to the precision nutrition of herbivores have been developed and continue to be developed.  ...  However, this approach may need re-evaluating or performing new empirical research in both fields of animal nutrition and simulation modelling to accommodate a new type of data provided by the sensor technologies  ...  projects used in the present review.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1751731118002288 pmid:30277175 fatcat:hhexkqpzsvdorn22vn7te5vx2y
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