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Retrieval of 3-D Water Vapor Field Using a Network of Scanning Compact Microwave Radiometers

Sharmila Padmanabhan, Steven C. Reising, Jothiram Vivekanandan
2008 IGARSS 2008 - 2008 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium  
Measurements using a network of multi-frequency microwave radiometers can provide the necessary information to retrieve the 3-D distribution of water vapor in the troposphere.  ...  This can be achieved using a network of remote sensors to retrieve the water vapor field with high spatial and temporal resolution.  ...  (OSSE) was performed to demonstrate the retrieval of the 3-D distribution of water vapor in the troposphere using measurements from a network of scanning microwave radiometers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2008.4778924 dblp:conf/igarss/PadmanabhanRV08 fatcat:cn2gy4hn2baj5eqbuol3cdvf3i

Retrieval of Atmospheric Water Vapor Density With Fine Spatial Resolution Using Three-Dimensional Tomographic Inversion of Microwave Brightness Temperatures Measured by a Network of Scanning Compact Radiometers

S. Padmanabhan, S.C. Reising, J. Vivekanandan, F. Iturbide-Sanchez
2009 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Three-dimensional water vapor fields can be retrieved with improved spatial coverage from measurements obtained using a network of scanning microwave radiometers.  ...  Results using these network measurements demonstrated the first retrieval of the 3-D water vapor field in the troposphere at fine spatial and temporal resolutions.  ...  Sahoo for their support of the deployment of the threeradiometer network in Oklahoma. The authors would also like to thank Prof. R.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2009.2031107 fatcat:novuq5vudzfird4kdaatx5gn2i

Error Correction of Water Vapor Radiometers for VLBI Observations in Deep-Space Networks

Houcai Chen, Junxiang Ge, Qingde Kong, Zhenwei Zhao, Qinglin Zhu
2021 Atmosphere  
In this paper, we present the design and implementation tests of a water vapor radiometer (WVR) suitable for very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observation.  ...  This results in an oblique path wet delay measurement accuracy of the water vapor radiometer reaching 20 mm (within one month).  ...  Acknowledgments: Thanks to Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences for their supports and suggestions in improving the stability of the water vapor radiometer.  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos12121601 fatcat:r66bcdcq6vfa7pl3rwflae32q4

High-Resolution Urban Observation Network for a User-Specific Meteorological Information Service in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, Korea

Moon-Soo Park, Sung-Hwa Park, Jung-Hoon Chae, Min-Hyeok Choi, Yunyoung Song, Minsoo Kang
2016 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
The 3D system, composed of wind lidar, a microwave radiometer, an aerosol lidar, or a ceilometer, produces vertical profiles of backscatter by aerosols or water vapor, cloud height, wind speed and direction  ...  The network incorporates 14 surface energy balance (EB) systems, 7 surface-based 3-dimensional meteorological observation (3D) systems, and applied meteorological observation (AP) systems, as well as the  ...  All data used in this study were also produced under the WISE Program.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-2016-278 fatcat:fnrsu4zphrbz7lg4gk6olohjta

Progress towards the remote sensing of aircraft icing hazards

Andrew Reehorst, David Brinker, Marcia Politovich, David Serke, Charles Ryerson, Andrew Pazmany, Frederick Solheim, Wayne F. Feltz, John J. Murray
2008 Remote Sensing Applications for Aviation Weather Hazard Detection and Decision Support  
The icing environment is currently remotely measured from the ground with a system fusing radar, lidar, and multifrequency microwave radiometer sensors.  ...  Two current airborne concepts are based upon the use of either multifrequency radiometers or multifrequency radar.  ...  The use of a small, low speed, vertical icing tunnel under development at Glenn is planned to calibrate the probe.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.795154 fatcat:5aisrg4kcnc5lprxvrtpy45tki

High-resolution urban observation network for user-specific meteorological information service in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, South Korea

Moon-Soo Park, Sung-Hwa Park, Jung-Hoon Chae, Min-Hyeok Choi, Yunyoung Song, Minsoo Kang, Joon-Woo Roh
2017 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
The 3-D system, composed of a wind lidar, microwave radiometer, aerosol lidar, or ceilometer, produces the cloud height, vertical profiles of backscatter by aerosols, wind speed and direction, temperature  ...  The standardized metadata for networks and stations are documented and renewed periodically to provide a detailed observation environment.  ...  All data used in this study were produced under the WISE Program. Edited by: D. Ruffieux Reviewed by: two anonymous referees  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-10-1575-2017 fatcat:o2de5kx4szdrvhfbrix3t25wfa

On the accuracy of integrated water vapor observations and the potential for mitigating electromagnetic path delay error in InSAR

D. Cimini, N. Pierdicca, E. Pichelli, R. Ferretti, V. Mattioli, S. Bonafoni, M. Montopoli, D. Perissin
2012 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
Space Agency (ESA) to investigate the accuracy of currently available sources of atmospheric columnar integrated water vapor measurements.  ...  </strong> A field campaign was carried out in the framework of the Mitigation of Electromagnetic Transmission errors induced by Atmospheric Water Vapour Effects (METAWAVE) project sponsored by the European  ...  station used to gather RAOB data at DIESAP.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-5-1015-2012 fatcat:zgiyi4c3lrf6nhxm5go4a2cc2y

The quasi 16-day wave in mesospheric water vapor during boreal winter 2011/2012

D. Scheiben, B. Tschanz, K. Hocke, N. Kämpfer, S. Ka, J. J. Oh
2013 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
This study investigates the characteristics of the quasi 16-day wave in the mesosphere during boreal winter 2011/2012 using observations of water vapor from ground-based microwave radiometers and satellite  ...  The strongest relative wave amplitudes 15 in water vapor during the investigated time period are approximately 15 %. The wave activity varies strongly along a latitude circle.  ...  We thank the team of the Finnish Weather Service for their hospitability and support during the campaign.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-29007-2013 fatcat:vehmdocj4vhndbzqzn6nl3phf4

Interference from 24-GHz automotive radars to passive microwave earth remote sensing satellites

M. Younis, J. Maurer, J. Fortuny-Guasch, R. Schneider, W. Wiesbeck, A.J. Gasiewski
2004 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
SSRs are intended to observe the full azimuthal space cover around a vehicle using up to eight sensors. The sensors would operate in an ultrawideband (UWB) mode, occupying 3-5 GHz of bandwidth.  ...  Interference from SRR transmitters with passive microwave remote sensing satellites used for weather and climate monitoring could occur as the result of several coupling mechanisms, including direct coupling  ...  A three-dimensional (3-D) vector dataset of a part of the city of Karlsruhe, Germany, is used as input for the simulations in an urban environment. Fig. 8(a) shows the scenario.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2004.830633 fatcat:26x3k3psrfdxvosnd2g6rxki2i

Water vapor mixing ratio and temperature inter-comparison results in the framework of the Hydrological Cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment—Special Observation Period 1

Paolo Di Girolamo, Benedetto De Rosa, Cyrille Flamant, Donato Summa, Olivier Bousquet, Patrick Chazette, Julien Totems, Marco Cacciani
2020 Bulletin of Atmospheric Science and Technology  
Comparisons of the microwave radiometer with the radiosondes indicate bias and bias values of 0.13 g kg −1 (or 0.83%) and 0.20 g kg −1 (or 17.75%), respectively, for water vapor mixing ratio, and a value  ...  and temperature sensors (radiosondes, aircraft in situ sensors, and a microwave radiometer).  ...  . safire.fr), which is a joint entity of CNRS, Météo-France, and CNES.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42865-020-00008-3 fatcat:hn765z4tdrdabpfun4o2i5afny

THE BALTEX BRIDGE CAMPAIGN: An Integrated Approach for a Better Understanding of Clouds

S. Crewell, H. Bloemink, A. Feijt, S. G. García, D. Jolivet, O. A. Krasnov, A. van Lammeren, U. Löhnert, E. van Meijgaard, J. Meywerk, M. Quante, K. Pfeilsticker (+8 others)
2004 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The BBC was made possible by contributions from the European Union (EVK2CT-1999-00007), the German Research Ministry (BMBF) as part of the 4D-CLOUDS project, the Coordinated Access to Aircraft for Transnational  ...  During BBC, AVHRR was used to obtain spatial distributions of LWP at the time of the satellite overpass to complement the network ground-based microwave radiometers that give a high-resolution time series  ...  Microwave radiometers receive atmospheric radiation originating from water vapor, oxygen, and cloud droplets.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-85-10-1565 fatcat:pbavjdhsjzakloplijqookbdcq

Diurnal variations in middle atmospheric water vapor by ground-based microwave radiometry

D. Scheiben, A. Schanz, B. Tschanz, N. Kämpfer
2013 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
This work has been funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation under grant 200020-146388 and MeteoSwiss in the frame of the project MIMAH.  ...  The a priori water vapor profile required by OEM is a monthly climatology of water vapor profiles from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) onboard NASA's Aura satellite.  ...  The other instrument, MIAWARA-C, was built in 2008, has a very compact design and is used for measurement campaigns.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-3859-2013 fatcat:r75copw3vfgsjh7j3brwd7diei

Hailstorm Detection by Satellite Microwave Radiometers

Sante Laviola, Vincenzo Levizzani, Ralph R. Ferraro, James Beauchamp
2020 Remote Sensing  
The flexibility of the method allowed its experimental application to other microwave radiometers equipped with MHS-like frequency channels revealing a high level of portability.  ...  Passive microwave measurements from satellites have been used to identify the signature of hail in intense thunderstorms.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Abbreviations  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12040621 fatcat:limalsmojngupeghpus32fsuvy

Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results

T. Leblanc, T. D. Walsh, I. S. McDermid, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Haines, W. G. Read, B. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. N. Whiteman (+21 others)
2011 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
The main objectives of the campaign were to (1) validate the water vapor measurements of several instruments, including, three Raman lidars, two microwave radiometers, two Fourier-Transform spectrometers  ...  Non negligible differences in the readings between the two radiosonde types used (Vaisala RS92 and InterMet iMet-1) made a small, but measurable impact on the derivation of water vapor mixing ratio by  ...  MIAWARA-C is a compact 22-GHz microwave radiometer for profile measurements of middle atmospheric water vapor specifically designed for the use in measurement campaigns.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amtd-4-3277-2011 fatcat:ezcxb653cjhllb3qdet6eh3cru

Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results

T. Leblanc, T. D. Walsh, I. S. McDermid, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Haines, W. G. Read, B. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. N. Whiteman (+21 others)
2011 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
The main objectives of the campaign were to (1) validate the water vapor measurements of several instruments, including, three Raman lidars, two microwave radiometers, two Fourier-Transform spectrometers  ...  Non negligible differences in the readings between the two radiosonde types used (Vaisala RS92 and InterMet iMet-1) made a small, but measurable impact on the derivation of water vapor mixing ratio by  ...  MIAWARA-C is a compact 22-GHz microwave radiometer for profile measurements of middle atmospheric water vapor specifically designed for the use in measurement campaigns.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-4-2579-2011 fatcat:mt7zgu3xvnbwdhhngnac3mu6g4
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