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Page 1653 of Hydrological Processes Vol. 14, Issue 9 [page]

2000 Hydrological Processes  
These parameters can be used to estimate, in the absence of more complete information, the net mass balance Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Hydrol. Process. 14, 1641-1666 (2000)  ...  Snowline detection using SAR imagery is accomplished by minimizing the topographically induced radiometric and geometric distortions inherent in SAR imagery and then delineating the wet snow, glacier ice  ... 

Page 70 of Geographical Analysis Vol. 11, Issue 1 [page]

1979 Geographical Analysis  
Alternatively, if the surface lithology is also known, thermal imagery can be used to locate areas of high geothermal heat flow [9, 48].  ...  Therefore the term “topographic surface,” as used hence, refers to a digitized grid, consisting of a finite number of points.  ... 

Comparative Analysis of Hyperspectral and Multispectral Data for Mapping Snow Cover and Snow Grain Size

M. Anul Haq
2014 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
Snow grain size was estimated using the snow grain index and compared with the asymptotic radiative transfer (ART) theory method.  ...  The snow cover maps were produced using Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI). Snow cover maps were also produced using ASTER imagery for the same area and compared with Hyperion snow cover maps.  ...  An attempt has been made to estimate snow grain size using Landsat-8 and ASTER imagery. The snow cover maps were also produced using NDSI method.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-xl-8-499-2014 fatcat:untjki2xcbbjvgm56vwd2ryqn4

Applications of remote sensing, GIS and GPS in glaciology: a review

Jay Gao, Yansui Liu
2001 Progress in physical geography  
The traditional visible light/infrared remote sensing of two-dimensional glacier distribution has been extended to three-dimensional volume estimation and dynamic monitoring using radar imagery and GPS  ...  Digital image processing (e.g., image enhancement, spectral ratioing and automatic classification) improves the ease and accuracy of mapping these parameters.  ...  The accuracy of estimating ELA varies with the accuracy of the reference digital elevation information.  ... 
doi:10.1177/030913330102500404 fatcat:opq6ew5etfhtpi6vaxa7fctxum

Applications of remote sensing, GIS and GPS in glaciology: a review

J. Gao, Y. Liu
2001 Progress in physical geography  
The traditional visible light/infrared remote sensing of two-dimensional glacier distribution has been extended to three-dimensional volume estimation and dynamic monitoring using radar imagery and GPS  ...  Digital image processing (e.g., image enhancement, spectral ratioing and automatic classification) improves the ease and accuracy of mapping these parameters.  ...  The accuracy of estimating ELA varies with the accuracy of the reference digital elevation information.  ... 
doi:10.1191/030913301701543172 fatcat:usb5kpegnvasvewfcryoflanee

Remote Sensing of Cryosphere [chapter]

Shrinidhi Ambinakudige, Kabindra Joshi
2012 Remote Sensing - Applications  
Digital elevation models in glacier mapping Debris-covered glaciers can be mapped effectively by using morphometric parameters derived from DEM and thermal bands (Ranzi et al., 2004) .  ...  Digital elevation models (DEM) created using SAR images are useful in measuring glacier mass balance, glacier velocity, and snow density.  ... 
doi:10.5772/35194 fatcat:v3xfmhetrbduzhg4weglgf4e3u

Automatic Extraction of Glacial Outlines, Contours and Volume of Ice from Satellite Imageries (Use of Open Source GIS Software - QGIS)

Daljit Singh
2018 International Journal of Emerging Research in Management and Technology  
The present paper highlights how QGIS, open source GIS software can be used to extract glaciers from satellite imageries.  ...  The high cost of the software's used to apply these technologies to geographical data did not allow expansion of its use in India except in the projects which are financed by some funding agencies.  ...  ESTIMATION OF ICE VOLUME IN A GLACIER There are various methods used by different scholars to estimate the ice volume of a glacier ice.  ... 
doi:10.23956/ijermt.v6i9.98 fatcat:66ganpvv3rfsfbuhza3ek63zke

Estimation of snow cover distribution in Beas basin, Indian Himalaya using satellite data and ground measurements

H. S. Negi, A. V. Kulkarni, B. S. Semwal
2009 Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences  
The proposed methodology for snow cover mapping uses the NDSI (estimated using planetary reflectance), NIR band reflectance and forest/vegetation cover information.  ...  The satellite estimated snow or non-snow pixel information using proposed methodology was validated with the snow cover information collected at three observatory locations and it was found that the algorithm  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to the Director, Snow & Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE) for providing facilities to carry out this study and constant motivation during the investigation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12040-009-0039-0 fatcat:h7fc4ghacnbntjmg4lum2hg5hm

Optical Remote Sensing of Glacier Characteristics: A Review with Focus on the Himalaya

Adina Racoviteanu, Mark Williams, Roger Barry
2008 Sensors  
This paper reviews advances in the use of visible and infrared remote sensing combined with field methods for estimating glacier parameters, with emphasis on volume/area changes and glacier mass balance  ...  of changes in glacier parameters over large areas.  ...  A recent inventory for the Lahaul-Spiti region in Western Indian Himalayas was constructed using manual digitization from 2002 ASTER imagery [78] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/s8053355 pmid:27879883 pmcid:PMC3675549 fatcat:goy73fi76jhnzf4bjqblralcnq

Challenges and recommendations in mapping of glacier parameters from space: results of the 2008 Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) workshop, Boulder, Colorado, USA

Adina E. Racoviteanu, Frank Paul, Bruce Raup, Siri Jodha Singh Khalsa, Richard Armstrong
2009 Annals of Glaciology  
On 16–18 June 2008 the US National Snow and Ice Data Center held a GLIMS workshop in Boulder, CO, USA, focusing on formulating procedures and best practices for operational glacier mapping using satellite  ...  imagery.  ...  Racoviteanu's research is supported by a US National Science Foundation (NSF) doctoral dissertation improvement award (NSF DDRI award BCS 0728075) and a NASA Earth System Science Fellowship (NNX06AF66H  ... 
doi:10.3189/172756410790595804 fatcat:52u4wzhconc45i3fxgomehvume

Quantifying uncertainties in snow depth mapping from structure from motion photogrammetry in an alpine area

Jason Goetz, Alexander Brenning
2019 Water Resources Research  
Recently, the use of structure-from-motion multiview stereo 3-D reconstruction (or SFM photogrammetry) to derive high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) has become popular for mapping snow depth  ...  A spatially varying snow depth precision estimate was determined using an error propagation model based on the precision of the acquired SFM DEMs, which was obtained from repeated unmanned aerial vehicle  ...  Bubble plots of Global Navigation Satellite System measured digital elevation model (DEM) errors and orthomosaics obtained from unmanned aerial vehicle imagery (a,b).  ... 
doi:10.1029/2019wr025251 fatcat:bjitb7wtfngn5l4vkapiqllfhq

Recent trends on glacier area retreat over the group of Nevados Caullaraju-Pastoruri (Cordillera Blanca, Peru) using Landsat imagery

Claudio Durán-Alarcón, Caroline M. Gevaert, Cristian Mattar, Juan C. Jiménez-Muñoz, José J. Pasapera-Gonzales, José A. Sobrino, Yamina Silvia-Vidal, Octavio Fashé-Raymundo, Tulio W. Chavez-Espiritu, Nelson Santillan-Portilla
2015 Journal of South American Earth Sciences  
The extent of clean glacier ice was estimated using Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) thresholds.  ...  Area estimations derived from Landsat imagery were compared to the glacier ground-truth data in 1975 and 2010.  ...  We thank the USGS for providing the Landsat imagery.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2015.01.006 fatcat:2ey66sur65esbplkqgsftti3di

Monitoring snow depth change across a range of landscapes with ephemeral snowpacks using structure from motion applied to lightweight unmanned aerial vehicle videos

Richard Fernandes, Christian Prevost, Francis Canisius, Sylvain G. Leblanc, Matt Maloley, Sarah Oakes, Kiyomi Holman, Anders Knudby
2018 The Cryosphere  
</strong> Differencing of digital surface models derived from structure from motion (SfM) processing of airborne imagery has been used to produce snow depth (SD) maps with between <span class="inline-formula  ...  aerial vehicle (UAV) systems can be adequately modelled using conventional photogrammetric theory and (ii) that SD change can be more accurately estimated by differencing snow-covered elevation surfaces  ...  Differencing of digital surface models derived from structure from motion (SfM) processing of airborne imagery has been used to produce snow depth (SD) maps with between ∼ 2 and ∼ 15 cm horizontal resolution  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-12-3535-2018 fatcat:vsitaskvt5bkljpe7yhr2qodym

Explorative Study on Mapping Surface Facies of Selected Glaciers from Chandra Basin, Himalaya Using WorldView-2 Data

Shridhar D. Jawak, Sagar F. Wankhede, Alvarinho J. Luis
2019 Remote Sensing  
-2 imagery.  ...  Some of the most commonly reported surface facies in the Himalayas are snow, ice, ice mixed debris, and debris.  ...  Hence, manual digitization was used to mask shadowed areas.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11101207 fatcat:aheaiebk7nbe7hqp2cawr7tfou

Hypsometrical Change of Gangotri Glacier since 1968 using Multitemporal DEM's

Mohd AnulHaq, Kamal Jain, K. P. R. Menon
2013 International Journal of Computer Applications  
Current investigation derived the change in Gangotri glacier extent along with elevation classes using multitemporal digital elevation models (DEM's) extracted from Corona 1968 and ASTER 2010 imagery.  ...  Precise estimate of glaciers, directly or indirectly influence most of the glaciological studies like ice extent, terminus position, mass balance studies, etc, thus mapping of snow and ice covered areas  ...  Outlines of Gangotri glacier and digital elevation models (DEM's) were combined, both extracted from Corona Imagery of 1968 and ASTER data of 2010, to estimate change in ice extent with respect to hypsography  ... 
doi:10.5120/10456-5164 fatcat:vgdb7momlnbt7apfct5qwpuohm
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