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Blockchain: A Coordination Mechanism

Leslaw Pietrewicz
2019 Social Science Research Network  
The model is intended to inform debates on the prospects for the blockchain technology and can be further used to integrate coordination and contract scholarship.  ...  Blockchain technology is firmly established in the public awareness as a revolutionary new technology underpinning cryptocurrency.  ...  Given space limitations, we focus more on substantiating the need for and indicating the place of the new approach to studying blockchains among the established perspectives than on detailing how individual  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3490168 fatcat:3wlt75fubjb6vfuipuex5o7if4

Application of Blockchain in Trusted Digital Vaccination Certificates

Zixiong Zhao, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, Jiaqi Ma
2022 China CDC Weekly  
SVCs were designed for COVID-19 vaccines, but the aim is to establish a basic consensus mechanism applicable to other vaccines in the future.  ...  Following the guidance, in this work we propose a technical route for the application of blockchain, the underlying technology of Bitcoin, in trusted DVCs.  ...  Acknowledgements: All participants of the standard "Baseline for vaccine traceability blockchain application".  ... 
doi:10.46234/ccdcw2022.021 pmid:35186380 pmcid:PMC8844518 fatcat:sgjqykg5rbbwzofac3voonfjja

Trust Model Concept for IoT Blockchain Applications as Part of the Digital Transformation of Metrology

Kruno Miličević, Luka Omrčen, Mirko Kohler, Ivica Lukić
2022 Sensors  
Conclusively, for practical implementations, it will be necessary to analyze blockchain properties and applicability with a view to the standard requirements, as shown for WELMEC.  ...  This is also valid for possible IoT blockchain applications.  ...  Acknowledgments: Research is supported by the project Metrology infrastructure for support of the intelligent power grid (financed by Croatian Science Foundation-HRZZ, IP-2019-04-7354).  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22134708 pmid:35808204 pmcid:PMC9269435 fatcat:vcaso32b5feftpoznuzifnxzwa

Blockchains And Consensus Protocols: Snake Oil Warning

Christian Cachin
2017 Zenodo  
Consensus protocols for tolerating Byzantine faults have received renewed attention because they also address blockchain systems.  ...  All nodes validate the information to be appended to the blockchain, and a consensus protocol ensures that the nodes agree on a unique order in which entries are appended.  ...  Acknowledgments This talk is based on a forthcoming survey of blockchain consensus protocols, jointly authored with Marko Vukolić.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1343483 fatcat:sogugbr3vjg3xpizuftpgycyo4

A Future History of International Blockchain Standards

David Wood
2018 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
This article will argue the opposite by summarizing some existing international standards work related to blockchains and propose directions for additional standards development that could meaningfully  ...  It may therefore seem far too early to meaningfully discuss the creation of international blockchain standards.  ...  Apparently fertile areas for standardization would include those efforts that would assist with interoperability between blockchain implementations and between blockchains and established enterprise information  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-1-1-(11)2018 fatcat:ogfque7ux5c5bp5eqc74z4lkai

Security Assessment of Blockchain in Chinese Classified Protection of Cybersecurity

Di Wang, Yan Zhu, Yi Zhang, Guowei Liu
2020 IEEE Access  
The CPC 2.0 standard was re-established and developed on the basis of CPC 1.0.  ...  CONSENSUS MECHANISM ASSESSMENT The consensus mechanism [29] , [30] is a way for the member nodes of blockchain system to agree on the operation of blockchain (e.g., building blocks, transaction verification  ...  His research interests include big data, security system, security management and standard. VOLUME 4, 2016  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3036004 fatcat:vlppirpzzjau5lgewvw43alkza

Research and Application of Electronic Invoice Based on Blockchain

Xidong Liu, Yansong Wang
2018 MATEC Web of Conferences  
This paper discusses the feasibility of applying blockchain technology to electronic invoices, and designs the overall structure of the electronic invoice blockchain.  ...  Moreover, in the paper, it is proposed to establish an electronic invoice alliance chain, and realize the research ideas of various transactions within the alliance through intelligent contracts.  ...  Therefore, the research and application of electronic invoices based on blockchain will have a profound impact on the existing fiscal and taxation system.  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201823204012 fatcat:aotmkqh4tvgbzhbuco335qprye

Trustworthiness Evaluation for Permissioned Blockchain-Enabled Applications

Shi-Cho Cha, Chuang-Ming Shiung, Wen-Wei Li, Chun-Neng Peng, Yi-Hsuan Hung, Kuo-Hui Yeh
2022 Computers Materials & Continua  
Therefore, this study proposes a rigorous security risk management framework for permissioned blockchain-enabled applications.  ...  As permissioned blockchain becomes a common foundation of blockchain-based circumstances for current organizations, related stakeholders need a means to assess the trustworthiness of the applications involved  ...  Acknowledgement: We thank for the handling editor and anonymous reviewers' comments for making this manuscript better.  ... 
doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.029161 fatcat:ig5aroftrrgfrc3t4rrt4iqz54

Blockchain-based IoT device identification and management in 5G smart grid

Dong Wang, Huanjuan Wang, Yuchen Fu
2021 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
In this paper, we propose a hybrid blockchain mechanism based on 5G MEC smart grid, where both public blockchain and private blockchain are deployed on the MEC gateway/server.  ...  After that, we study the typical consensus algorithms in the blockchain such as PoW, PoS, DPoS, PDFT, and discuss their feasibility in the hybrid blockchain.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the anonymous reviewers and editors for their efforts in valuable comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13638-021-01966-8 fatcat:w4ospfz6hbhvtl6potyzbe7npe

Research on the Application of Blockchain Technology in the Management of Financial Transfer Payment

Zhang Jiangen, Xing Shuxia, Qi meng, K.H.M. Mansur, Y. Fu
2021 E3S Web of Conferences  
of financial transfer payment informatization, tries to establish a financial transfer payment system based on blockchain technology, describes the advantages of blockchain technology in supporting the  ...  management of financial transfer payment, and puts forward suggestions on the possible problems.  ...  On the basis that all participants are open and transparent, consensus algorithms based on Byzantine fault tolerance [5] , Kafka [6] , RAFT or PAXOS [7] can be introduced.  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202125101065 fatcat:i6vgsrwuvjgfrbbdyvqijwkhiu

Research on Legal Regulations of Blockchain

Mohong Liu
2021 Advances in Social Behavior Research  
To prevent blockchain risks requires to establish scientific algorithm rules, improve blockchain legislation, innovate regulatory measures, and establish a blockchain global governance system.  ...  As a new technology, the risks and challenges brought by blockchain include but are not limited to: algorithm security, convenience for crime, difficulty in determining jurisdiction, and inability to guarantee  ...  Through experience exchange, institutional negotiation and technology sharing to promote the reaching of international regulatory consensus, a unified international industry regulatory standard for blockchain-related  ... 
doi:10.54254/asbr.2021005 fatcat:4gebxa6erjan5fztbskm3pysca

Establishing a Security Control Framework for Blockchain Technology

Maitha Al Ketbi, Khaled Shuaib, Ezedin Barka, Marton Gergely
2021 Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management  
Recommendations for Practitioners: The performed risk assessment on the blockchain use cases herein demonstrates that blockchain can involve security risks that require the establishment of certain measures  ...  This is mainly due to the lack of a solid national and international standards for managing and mitigating risks associated with such technology.  ...  Control: All entities shall establish and agree on the architecture and procedure for the Hardware Security Module (HSM) implementation for securing the blockchain identity keys.  ... 
doi:10.28945/4837 fatcat:s3hkhtlsjnbhtejju6l72ooyxe

Different types of government and governance in the blockchain

Jersain Zadamig Llamas Covarrubias, Irving Norehem Llamas Covarrubias
2021 Journal of Governance and Regulation  
Governance and commercial models were addressed, based on standardization of data and legal frameworks.  ...  On the other hand, it showed how operational governance causes consequences in business models, whether with transactions, multi-signature, forks, consensus mechanism, smart contracts, tokenization, online  ...  Operational governance This model includes establishing information security and other standards using blockchain technology.  ... 
doi:10.22495/jgrv10i1art1 fatcat:pilwbvwacvgdtckwt4vbe4bkrq

Construction of Chinese Smart Water Conservancy Platform Based on the Blockchain: Technology Integration and Innovation Application

Ying Zhang, Wenwen Luo, Feifei Yu
2020 Sustainability  
sharing platform is established.  ...  Although there may be some questions and challenges related to smart water conservancy and blockchain technology, this paper can provide a reference for the sustainable development of the smart water conservancy  ...  of standard models. (4) Third-party maintenance The trust foundation of the multicentralized alliance chain is a consensus mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12208306 fatcat:mjtxgbcsfrd5zgejp6j5ihhw6i

Blockchain-based multi-organization taxonomy for smart cities

Ekleen Kaur, Anshul Oza
2020 SN Applied Sciences  
based on recycled wastewater.  ...  Issuing and earning of these token credits rely on aggregate hazardous waste released into water as a by-product and careful monitoring of water quality standards (after treatment) using IOT sensors.  ...  Our research on multi-organization blockchain taxonomy establishes proof for practical implementation of smart contracts over permissioned blockchain network and a profit formula for anticipating quality  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42452-020-2187-4 fatcat:p5e55n523vcm7cla5oewng2w3i
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