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Misconceived Causal Explanations for Emergent Processes

Michelene T. H. Chi, Rod D. Roscoe, James D. Slotta, Marguerite Roy, Catherine C. Chase
2011 Cognitive Science  
being caused by controlling agents with intentional goals, as well as express a variety of many other misconceived notions.  ...  In this article, we provide a hypothesis for what constitutes a misconceived explanation; why misconceived explanations are so prevalent, robust, and resistant to instruction; and offer one approach of  ...  In addition, we would like to acknowledge the contribution of several individuals over a span of several years in the development of this project.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01207.x pmid:22050726 fatcat:dlw22xfqqffw5er2dd2wbj6hgi

IoT-based Emergency Evacuation Systems [article]

Mahyar Tourchi Moghaddam
2020 arXiv   pre-print
; iv) Developing a network flow algorithm that facilitates minimizing the time necessary to evacuate people from a scene of a disaster; v) Modeling various social agents and their interactions during an  ...  Fires, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, overcrowding, or and even pandemic viruses endanger human lives.  ...  All agents use the Belief-Desire-Intention agent architecture: • Belief -All agents believe that a disaster is unfolding and must somehow escape. • Desire -All agents have the basic desire or goal to reach  ... 
arXiv:2005.13374v1 fatcat:oe4aawcej5csvflidcjawd6zca

A Methodology of Workshops to Explore Mutual Assistance Activities for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation

Kazuki Karashima, Akira Ohgai
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
This study aims to develop a methodology of workshops for making CDMPs by using the developed support tool by the authors to explore and promote mutual assistance activities.  ...  Through the demonstration and examination of a Community Disaster Management Plan on actual districts, the findings mentioned in this article were obtained.  ...  Informed Consent Statement: Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18073814 pmid:33917397 fatcat:hjmqetoyfvag5ay2a2f5gs5ei4

Welcome message from the General Chairs

Giovanni Giambene, Boon Sain Yeo
2009 2009 International Workshop on Satellite and Space Communications  
This year we received a total of 153 high-quality papers from more than 20 countries. Many papers demonstrated notable systems with good analytical and/or empirical analyses.  ...  All accepted papers will be included in the Proceeding of Adaptation, Learning and Optimization Series published by Springer-Verlag.  ...  In this paper, we use two negotiation protocols to generalize the interaction behaviors between agents in multi-agent environments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwssc.2009.5286448 fatcat:wcu4uzasizhzjmdkzyekynnqwi

Emergency preparedness in industrial plants: an industry 4.0 driven training solution

Antonio Padovano, Franco Furgiuele, Francesco Longo
Dottorato di Ricerca in Ingegneria Civile ed Industriale, Ciclo XXXI  ...  For example, Wagner & Agrawal (2014) use agentbased modeling to simulate crowd evacuation in the presence of a fire accident, or Wang et al. (2015) propose a multi-agent based congestion evacuation  ...  (Zheng et al., 2009) , a multi agent-based and social force human behavior modeling approach has been developed and implemented.  ... 
doi:10.13126/ fatcat:usrq6m46g5f5haqvkorrtalwki

AGEING@WORK Requirements and use cases

Luaces Frades Cesar, Carretón Rosa, Claassen GC, Dubielzig Markus, Gómez MJ, Görlich JG, Johnson RJ, Rita RM, Loeck Maria, Cabrera-Umpiérrez María Fernanda, Montalvá Juan Bautista, Lombroni Ivana (+1 others)
2019 Zenodo  
This activity focuses on the detailed analysis of the users' needs and specifications, alongside with the industry requirements, and the use cases, in order to establish the user requirements for the smart  ...  Factory production preliminary use cases PUC Simulated ergonomic user models Tool to design the workplace and processes by simulation and testing in a 3D industrial hall simulator Workshop evaluation  ...  signals, like e.g. emergency buttons and escape routes.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6322483 fatcat:hl7gicm7e5dhfibfe2qotgzmzu

The new dynamics of strategy: sense-making in a complex and complicated world

C.F. Kurtz, D.J. Snowden
2003 IEEE Engineering Management Review  
This implies that an understanding of the causal links in past behavior allows us to define "best practice" for future behavior.  ...  We begin by questioning the universality of three basic assumptions that pervade the practice and to a lesser degree the theory of decision-making and policy formulation in organizations.  ...  In a sense, because we have not seen these issues addressed as fully as we would like, we put them forth as challenges to agent-based simulation of human behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1109/emr.2003.24944 fatcat:2ssxorbywrga3p4gyl56auw5ca

The new dynamics of strategy: Sense-making in a complex and complicated world

C. F. Kurtz, D. J. Snowden
2003 IBM Systems Journal  
This implies that an understanding of the causal links in past behavior allows us to define "best practice" for future behavior.  ...  We begin by questioning the universality of three basic assumptions that pervade the practice and to a lesser degree the theory of decision-making and policy formulation in organizations.  ...  In a sense, because we have not seen these issues addressed as fully as we would like, we put them forth as challenges to agent-based simulation of human behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1147/sj.423.0462 fatcat:x4wpmqh37bautlreotihyo4ida

Terraforming cyberspace

J.M. Bradshaw, N. Suri, A.J. Canas, R. Davis, K. Ford, R. Hoffman, R. Jeffers, T. Reichherzer
2001 Computer  
Designed to support the emerging "Semantic Web," DAML is the latest in a succession of Web markup languages [2] .  ...  We expect these models to be mostly represented in the form of policies [7] . The power of general-purpose teamwork models in multi-agent systems usually comes at a high price.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.933503 fatcat:fup74dhw65bghksaypta3my7ta

Satisfactory System Architecture

2016 Zenodo  
The extracted detailed occupancy schedule for the building spaces (multi-agent based activity building simulation) along with the enterprise energy profile models feed the Building Performance Simulation  ...  from the Agent-based Simulation Module and from the Occupancy Prediction Module, and generates a spatiotemporal model of building space utilization by users.  Building performance simulation module:  ...  Training tools make use of all functionalities already implemented in the AR In-Factory Platform Tools, both for the creation and for the presentation of the procedures.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1005088 fatcat:vm5kxaaglvaujgr6lxbpuwehqe

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2015 Zenodo  
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) FY2016 amounted to $2.868 billion in the President's request to support high-risk, high-reward research.  ...  In addition, providing a modeling and simulation (M&S) environment to assess complex systems will enable greater utility of emerging system technologies, since they can be assessed in near-real-world simulations  ...  -Develop an initial mathematical modeling framework for predicting the emergence of quantum behavior in complex systems.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215366 fatcat:cqn5tyfixjanzp5x3tgfkpedri

The thermodynamic roots of synergy and its impact on society [article]

Klaus Jaffe
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Synergy arises from positive reciprocal complementary and synchronized feedback loops in a network of diverse actors that exchange information, energy and matter.  ...  Its effect is to increase in a non-linear way (greater than the sum of the parts) useful work (free energy) and order (decrease entropy) of the system After an extensive exploration of synergy and from  ...  Acknowledgments Innumerable persons contributed ideas, discussions, criticism and knowledge during my life, which allowed me to crystallize the arguments and ideas presented in this book.  ... 
arXiv:1707.06662v11 fatcat:tfhwsmtiknhxzbnw5ytoo3m7yq

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2014 Zenodo  
Included in this category is the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) efforts to reengineer drug discovery and development in collaboration with industry, academia, the Food and  ...  post-traumatic brain injury, stress, or loss of memory (i.e. the Restoring Active Memory (RAM) funding opportunity), as well as new neurotechnology-based capabilities (e.g. the Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging  ...  -Initiate development of a new hierarchical framework for modeling and simulating structure, function and emergent behavior in complex biological systems and bionetworks.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215345 fatcat:fjzhmynqjbaafk67q2ckcblj2m

Evolution of functional specialization in a morphologically homogeneous robot

Joshua Auerbach, Josh C. Bongard
2009 Proceedings of the 11th Annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation - GECCO '09  
How robot morphology and training order affect the learning of multiple behaviors.  ...  CITATIONS Material from this dissertation has been published in the following form: Auerbach, J. E. and J. C. Bongard. (2009).  ...  when generating behaviors for simpler agents.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1569901.1569915 dblp:conf/gecco/AuerbachB09 fatcat:pj7filcoufc7tb23ux3agpra5u

Volume 56, Number 1 (January 2003)

Editorial Board
2003 Journal of range management  
Johnson, and a third reviewer. However, any interpretations and conclusions represented above obviously remain those of the authors. Manuscript accepted 20 Oct. 2002.  ...  randomized block design, with a factorial arrangement of treatments.  ...  Litter depth was shown to drastically affect emergence and emergence rate. All of the understory species used in the investigation had a reduction in emergence as litter depth increased.  ... 
doi:10.2458/azu_jrm_v56i1_board fatcat:of67uuzdjfae5bybokfmh6252e
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