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Epistemic supererogation and its implications

Trevor Hedberg
2014 Synthese  
Acknowledgments Acknowledgments removed for blind review.  ...  Finally, I consider how the existence of ESAs might impact the contemporary study of epistemology, particularly with regard to our conceptions of epistemic duties.  ...  Thus, Jones' beliefs about the merits of his research are unjustified because they are maintained in part by a behavior (i.e., willfully ignoring criticism) that is epistemically irresponsible.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-014-0483-5 fatcat:hnmwoztcvbatrkhtfzcq3by5uu

The Epistemic Side-Effect Effect

2010 Mind & Language  
and others have demonstrated the surprising fact that the valence of a side-effect action can affect intuitions about whether that action was performed intentionally.  ...  It is further argued that these findings, while preliminary, have important implications for recent debates within epistemology about the relationship between knowledge and action.  ...  Conclusions and Future Research Consider the following, widely endorsed theses: (i) Whether a true belief counts as knowledge depends only upon epistemic factors such as evidence or reliability.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-0017.2010.01398.x fatcat:a4fursaorzhm3aryzvmk2pul7u

Epistemic justification and psychological realism

James E. Taylor
1990 Synthese  
Information about a concept can resist recall when additional information about the concept is acquired.  ...  Non-scientific methods include introspection and informal observation of others' behavior outside of the context of a controlled experiment.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00484792 fatcat:aqfzi3umpjcyfmvg7tmzp4ywgq

Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions

Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols, Stephen Stich
2001 Philosophical Topics  
These speculations led to: Hypothesis 3: Epistemic intuitions vary as a function of how many philosophy courses a person has had.  ...  A central goal of epistemology, Goldman argues, is to develop a theory that will specify which of our beliefs are epistemically justified and which are not, and a fundamental step in constructing such  ... 
doi:10.5840/philtopics2001291/217 fatcat:q2xvq7yprjcpdky4loawrwzclu

Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions [chapter]

Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols, Stephen Stich
2012 Collected Papers, Volume 2  
These speculations led to: Hypothesis 3: Epistemic intuitions vary as a function of how many philosophy courses a person has had.  ...  A central goal of epistemology, Goldman argues, is to develop a theory that will specify which of our beliefs are epistemically justified and which are not, and a fundamental step in constructing such  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0008 fatcat:sjcmn2xsefg57c666xiu2v55de

Examining Undergraduate Students' Conceptions of Inquiry in Terms of Epistemic Belief Differences

Dawit Asrat Getahun, Alenoush Saroyan, Mark Aulls
2016 Canadian Journal of Higher Education  
The purpose of the study was to examine undergraduate students' conceptions of inquiry and the relationship of inquiry conceptions to epistemic beliefs.  ...  The study in general indicated the presence of a relationship between epistemic beliefs and inquiry conceptions, implying that any practical effort to change the way students conceptualize a phenomenon  ...  person), compared to students with naïve epistemic beliefs, who demonstrate quantitative conceptions of learning (e.g., learning as an increase in knowledge, and the memorization of information).  ... 
doi:10.47678/cjhe.v46i2.185500 fatcat:6s7ossum7jekvho37xlpuhh72u

EFL Teachers' Moral Dilemma and Epistemic Beliefs

Amin Karimnia, Meisam Jamadi
2019 Journal of Language and Cultural Education  
This study investigated the relationship between English teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral dilemma.  ...  Besides, significant differences were found among different stages of moral development as assessed by the EFL teachers and also in terms of the impact of different moral reasoning schemas on the participants  ...  Research shows that people's epistemic beliefs affect their motivational beliefs including the way they employ learning strategies, regulate their academic performance, and show consistent behaviors in  ... 
doi:10.2478/jolace-2019-0002 fatcat:h44mmes4knbe3pe2nkmuxjqfa4

Recovering Responsibility

Guy Axtell
2011 Logos & Episteme: An International Journal of Epistemology  
) evaluations of agents and their beliefs, the nature and sources of epistemic normativity, and the advantages versus the costs of the evidentialists' reductionism about sources of epistemic normativity  ...  This is primarily a debate between evidentialists and character epistemologists, and key issues of contention that the paper treats include the divergent functions of synchronic and diachronic (longitudinal  ...  or informative as one invoking person-level motivation and/or habits of inquiry.  ... 
doi:10.5840/logos-episteme20112324 fatcat:dia7flgse5ecxll3kcf7bzddai


Karen Frost-Arnold
2013 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
I show that accountability mechanisms can undermine both the dissemination of true beliefs and the detection of error.  ...  This paper provides a veritistic argument that accountability mechanisms can cause significant epistemic problems for internet encyclopedias and social media communities.  ...  Accordingly, this paper evaluates the impact of epistemic systems on the formation and dissemination of true beliefs within the community as a whole.  ... 
doi:10.1017/epi.2013.43 fatcat:4lqhdyl4urh2xkx3cn7sdww3k4


C. Thi Nguyen
2018 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
Members of epistemic bubbles lack exposure to relevant information and arguments. Members of echo chambers, on the other hand, have been brought to systematically distrust all outside sources.  ...  ABSTRACTDiscussion of the phenomena of post-truth and fake news often implicates the closed epistemic networks of social media.  ...  So long as the disciplines repeat anything Guru Jane says -so long as they are mere conduits for information, rather than sources of information -they are simply another sort of copy.  ... 
doi:10.1017/epi.2018.32 fatcat:ogdaffytkvdwfk4gmnqveqty6m

Agency Ascriptions in Ethics and Epistemology: Or, Navigating Intersections, Narrow and Broad [chapter]

Guy Axtell
2011 Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic  
In this article, the logic and functions of character-trait ascriptions in ethics and epistemology is compared, and two major problems, the "generality problem" for virtue epistemologies and the "global  ...  In virtue theories informed by inquiry pragmatism, the agential habits and abilities deemed salient in explanations/evaluations of agents in particular cases, and the determination of the relevant domains  ...  ''Virtue and Vice: Moral and Epistemic'' conference participants, June 26-27, 2008, for helpful discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781444391398.ch5 fatcat:d56syhg55rhxvducqrn56f6hjq

Epistemic Trust and Liberal Justification*

2012 The Journal of Political Philosophy  
As a result, the members of Group A engage in obfuscation, misrepresentation, or dogmatic behavior in support of epistemic considerations that favor its values.  ...  Institutional endorsements of competence that reflect the judgments of large groups of epistemic peers -such as university degrees, professional awards and certifications, and peer-reviewed publication  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9760.2012.00415.x fatcat:uxg5eayjvrbvhkqqueyqyipdp4

Epistemic Goals and Epistemic Values

2008 Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  
And Socrates, more notably, could think of no greater compliment to pay his dialogue partners than that they entered the discussion only for the sake of truth.  ...  1 A justified true belief that it is raining is not more true than an unjustified 1 For more on the so-called "value problem" in epistemology see, for example, De-Truth acquisition is often desired and  ...  According to Alvin Goldman (e.g., 1999, ch. 1; 2002) and William Alston (e.g., 2005) , for example, our concepts of epistemic appraisal are teleologically oriented because what it means for a belief  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1933-1592.2008.00217.x fatcat:rdyf7y4phjbzhfisw22fsq4wka

Prejudice in Testimonial Justification: A Hinge Account

Anna Boncompagni
2021 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
According to the hinge account, prejudices share a fundamental feature with hinges: they work as norms of evidential significance, and as such, they determine what can and cannot count as evidence for  ...  I propose a hinge account of prejudice, based on the recent perspective of hinge epistemology, to help clarify these aspects.  ...  In this first phase, however, the epistemic status of a hinge is still normative, as it still regulates our judgment and behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1017/epi.2021.40 fatcat:wvphenwgqzbx7iweklqa5nb24q

The effect of self epistemic authority on compliance with expert recommendations

Katarzyna Stasiuk, Renata Maksymiuk, Yoram Bar-Tal
2016 Polish Psychological Bulletin  
The study examines the interaction effect between source epistemic authority (EA) and self epistemic authority (SEA) on the intention to follow the source's recommendation.  ...  The results are discussed using the Lay Epistemology framework.  ...  The concept of epistemic authority (EA) addresses the extent to which an individual is inclined to treat a source's information as incontrovertible evidence for her or his judgment (for a review see:  ... 
doi:10.1515/ppb-2016-0020 fatcat:nynj3mr4wjafbhjk5wuryeqbdi
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