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An Epistemic View of Quantum Communication [article]

Subhash Kak
2016 arXiv   pre-print
The notion of information obtained in such a communication is a property associated with the observers and while dependent on the nature of the physical system its fundamental basis is epistemic.  ...  This paper presents an epistemological perspective on quantum communication between parties that highlights the choices that must be made in order to send and obtain information.  ...  Next we examine the question of information in classical and quantum settings highlighting how its definition in the framework of ensembles requires an epistemic basis.  ... 
arXiv:1607.06080v1 fatcat:bpacoqjsffadhoepqbemfq6fsu

On the Classification Between $$\psi$$-Ontic and $$\psi$$-Epistemic Ontological Models

Andrea Oldofredi, Cristian López
2020 Foundations of physics  
In particular, we will show that, since in the statistical interpretation ontic states describe ensembles rather than individuals, such a view cannot be considered ψ -epistemic.  ...  Moreover, they claimed that Einstein-who was a supporter of the statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics-endorsed an epistemic view of ψ .  ...  Therefore, as a simple logical consequence of the authors' classification, the ensemble view must be a -incomplete model which is also -epistemic.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10701-020-00377-x pmid:33268906 pmcid:PMC7677158 fatcat:afpflgugfvgq5l5pq7cfc3mfhe

On the Classification between ψ-Ontic and ψ-Epistemic Ontological Models [article]

Andrea Oldofredi, Cristian Lopez
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, we will show that, since in the statistical interpretation ontic states describe ensembles rather than individuals, such a view cannot be considered psi-epistemic.  ...  Moreover, they claimed that Einstein - who was a supporter of the statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics - endorsed an epistemic view of ψ.  ...  Therefore, as a simple logical consequence of the authors' classification, the ensemble view must be a ψ−incomplete model which is also ψ−epistemic.  ... 
arXiv:2006.05853v3 fatcat:hdrsgjm5arbx5gvfviwbelircm

Estimation independence as an axiom for quantum uncertainty

Agung Budiyono
2020 Physical Review A  
Here we work within a general epistemic framework for a class of nonclassical theories, introducing an epistemic restriction to an otherwise classical theory, so that the distributions of positions are  ...  In the present work, we show that a plausible principle of estimation independence, which requires that the estimation of momentum of one system must be independent of the position of another system independently  ...  causal-logical informational structure.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreva.101.022102 fatcat:y22q3kasr5copbkdjmn7twffjq

Comprehensive Multi-Agent Epistemic Planning

Francesco Fabiano
2021 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
In particular, we aim to achieve such goal by defining a new action-based language for multi-agent epistemic planning and to implement an epistemic planner based on it.  ...  In particular, this manuscript is focused on a specialized kind of planning known as Multi-agent Epistemic Planning (MEP).  ...  Epistemic Logic Dynamic Epistemic Logic is, clearly, connected to epistemic logic: that is the logic that allows to reason on the knowledge/belief of agents in static domains.  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.345.41 fatcat:uixwzozq4zhg7mgh7etcndzonq

The wave-function as a true ensemble [article]

J.R. Hance, S. Hossenfelder
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We argue that the ψ-ontic/epistemic distinction fails to properly identify ensemble interpretations and propose a more useful definition.  ...  In quantum mechanics, the wave-function only predicts probabilities of measurement outcomes, not individual outcomes.  ...  DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ψ-ENSEMBLE AND ψ-EPISTEMIC The introduction of the ψ-ensemble in the previous section sounds superficially very similar to the definition of a ψepistemic model introduced by Harrigan  ... 
arXiv:2109.02676v2 fatcat:waballfzvfg4dnrg62lvwqphci

Management, Visualization And Comparison Of Multiple Hazards And Risk Using Free Software: The Bymur Tool

Paolo Perfetti, Roberto Tonini, Jacopo Selva, Licia Faenza, Anita Grezio, Laura Sandri
2018 Zenodo  
Acknowledgements The work has been supported by "ByMuR: Bayesian Multi-Risk Assessment: a case study for natural risks in the city of Naples" (http://bymur.bo.ingv.it, Ref.  ...  No data computation logic is implemented here, just queries and visualization logic.  ...  Such newly created ensemble hazard models are then stored in the database and can be later visualized in the maps.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1283838 fatcat:gu5n32wwqbh4xm2d5w6isipevq

Page 3756 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 80J [page]

1980 Mathematical Reviews  
McLane, Earl On the possibility of epistemic logic. Notre Dame J. Formal Logic 20 (1979), no. 3, 559-574. The author defends J. Hintikka’s epistemic logic [Knowledge and belief, Cornell Univ.  ...  The discussion treats only propositional epistemic logic; difficulties raised by identity and quantification are not considered.  ... 

Page 1511 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 82, Issue 4 [page]

1995 Psychological Abstracts  
It is shown how Cleverness may be weakened by using logics which restrict the Rule of Epistemization, and Cloisteredness by using default logic or autoepistemic logic. 12290.  ...  (U Oxford, Inst of Economics & Statistics, England) The epistemic structure of a theory of a game. Special Issue: Logic and the epistemic foundations of game theory.  ... 

E-PDDL: A Standardized Way of Defining Epistemic Planning Problems [article]

Francesco Fabiano, Biplav Srivastava, Jonathan Lenchner, Lior Horesh, Francesca Rossi, Marianna Bergamaschi Ganapini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This work is also useful in building more general epistemic planning environments where we envision a meta-cognitive module that takes a planning problem in E-PDDL, identifies and assesses some of its  ...  Epistemic Planning (EP) refers to an automated planning setting where the agent reasons in the space of knowledge states and tries to find a plan to reach a desirable state from the current state.  ...  This means that if the initial conditions do not comply with a finitary S5 logic the planners that construct the initial epistemic state from the given specification may not work.  ... 
arXiv:2107.08739v1 fatcat:hzzd7ovfbna2la5fvc3aboxwxa

Testing for ontological errors in probabilistic forecasting models of natural systems

W. Marzocchi, T. H. Jordan
2014 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Probabilistic forecasting models describe the aleatory variability of natural systems as well as our epistemic uncertainty about how the systems work.  ...  Testing a model against observations exposes ontological errors in the representation of a system and its uncertainties.  ...  Therefore, in common practice, the model ensemble {H m } is organized as branches of a logic tree, and the branch weights {π m }, which may depend on the hazard level x, are assigned according to expert  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1410183111 pmid:25097265 pmcid:PMC4143071 fatcat:le2riveerjbcjgwknynou5225e

Ontological Models in Quantum Mechanics: What do they tell us? [article]

Leslie Ballentine
2014 arXiv   pre-print
"Maximally ψ-epistemic" is shown to be equivalent to the conjunction of two other conditions, each of which can be realized in Hilbert spaces of arbitrary dimension, but which cannot occur together for  ...  A new condition, called "functionally ψ-epistemic", is introduced, which, were it to be excluded, would signal the exclusion of epistemic interpretations.  ...  But the case of ψ-ontic-supplemented also yields an ensemble description, so an ensemble interpretation can be either epistemic or ontic.  ... 
arXiv:1402.5689v1 fatcat:2gwfaphlvrclri5q6gx5p7bsbq

A unified probabilistic framework for volcanic hazard and eruption forecasting

Warner Marzocchi, Jacopo Selva, Thomas H. Jordan
2021 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Within this framework, an eruption forecasting or a volcanic hazard model is said to be complete only if it (a) fully characterizes the epistemic uncertainties in the model's representation of aleatory  ...  our knowledge of how volcanic systems operate and evolve, often represented as subjective probabilities based on expert opinion (epistemic uncertainty); and (3) the possibility that our forecasts are  ...  The terms ensemble modeling and ensemble forecasts have been used in many disciplines in different ways since the early 1970s (e.g., Leith, 1974) .  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-21-3509-2021 fatcat:5inbqa5m6fcpjcw2jtxskc5rt4

Quantum Probability and Randomness

Andrei Khrennikov, Karl Svozil
2019 Entropy  
The recent quantum information revolution has stimulated interest in the quantum foundations by perceiving and re-evaluating the theory from a novel information-theoretical viewpoint [...]  ...  [25] in the paper entitled Probabilities and Epistemic Operations in the Logics of Quantum Computation.  ...  The individual systems S1, . . . , SN of our ensemble can be in different states, so that the ensemble [S1, . . . , SN] is defined by their relative frequencies.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e21010035 pmid:33266751 fatcat:cj7ufkrj35dzzgh443owypkcbm

The Epistemic Schism of Statistical Mechanics

Javier Anta
2021 THEORIA : an International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science  
Particularly, I defend that this theoretical split must be philosophically understood as a separation of epistemic functions within this physical domain: while Boltzmannians are able to generate powerful  ...  explanations of thermal phenomena from molecular dynamics, Gibbsians can statistically predict observable values in a highly effective way.  ...  (BIAP) and the research project 'Laws, explanation and realism in physical and biomedical sciences' (FFI2016-76799-P).  ... 
doi:10.1387/theoria.22134 fatcat:drggjcajlzf75kizcdhropdiji
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