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Micro-scale Mineralogy and Imaging Reveal Polymorph Variance in Microbially Precipitated Calcium Carbonate

Neerja Zambare, Alice Dohnalkova, Robin Gerlach
2021 Microscopy and Microanalysis  
These studies contribute to the understanding of the role of organics in polymorph selection, which can be used as an engineering parameter in application environments to optimize a desired polymorph.  ...  Precipitates formed by MICP can be used in a variety of environmental applications such as sealing leakage pathways of geologically stored carbon dioxide and reducing the spread of heavy metal / radionuclide  ...  These studies contribute to the understanding of the role of organics in polymorph selection, which can be used as an engineering parameter in application environments to optimize a desired polymorph.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1431927621001549 fatcat:kerslha7uzbdzials3xacxjay4

Polymorphic self-* agents for stigmergic fault mitigation in large-scale real-time embedded systems

Derek Messie, Jae C. Oh
2005 Proceedings of the fourth international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '05  
This paper presents polymorphic self-* agents that evolve a core set of roles and behavior based on environmental cues.  ...  Results obtained using a SWARM simulation of the BTeV environment demonstrate the polymorphic character of the agents, and show how this design exceeds performance and reliability metrics obtained from  ...  This paper introduces polymorphic self-* agents that are capable of multiple roles as directed by the environment.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1082473.1082560 dblp:conf/atal/MessieO05 fatcat:syda7oc3dnfkvhi74e7irqourm

Polymorphic Self-* Agents for Stigmergic Fault Mitigation in Large-Scale Real-Time Embedded Systems [article]

Derek Messie
2005 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents polymorphic self-* agents that evolve a core set of roles and behavior based on environmental cues.  ...  Results obtained using a SWARM simulation of the BTeV environment demonstrate the polymorphic character of the agents, and show how this design exceeds performance and reliability metrics obtained from  ...  This paper introduces polymorphic self-* agents that are capable of multiple roles as directed by the environment.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0508032v1 fatcat:yqi5ke4kj5awrbwsm36ouey5aa

Editorial: Immuno-Epigenetic Markers for Infectious Diseases

Eduardo José Melo dos Santos, Glen N. Barber, Ricardo Ishak, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto
2019 Frontiers in Immunology  
This cross-talk among genes, pathways, and environment, that is carried out mainly by epigenetic actors can be used as biomarkers to predict disease progression and prognosis.  ...  In the center of these challenging diseases is the plasticity of the immune response, along with a myriad of environmental factors.  ...  In the center of these challenging diseases is the plasticity of the immune response, along with a myriad of environmental factors.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.02719 pmid:31824503 pmcid:PMC6882277 fatcat:toyqvdqfrzdvndzbsjyy5mc6ru

A way forward with eco evo devo: an extended theory of resource polymorphism with postglacial fishes as model systems

Skúli Skúlason, Kevin J. Parsons, Richard Svanbäck, Katja Räsänen, Moira M. Ferguson, Colin E. Adams, Per-Arne Amundsen, Pia Bartels, Colin W. Bean, Janette W. Boughman, Göran Englund, Jóhannes Guðbrandsson (+10 others)
2019 Biological Reviews  
simultaneously determining the development of the phenotype and the nature of the selective environment, and how organisms in turn affect the environment through eco evo and eco devo feedbacks.  ...  To illustrate the usefulness of an integrated eco evo devo perspective, we connect it with the theory of resource polymorphism (i.e. the phenotypic and genetic diversification that occurs in response to  ...  We thank all those that helped to organize and conduct the workshop and/or participated in one way or other to the ideas behind this paper and made comments on earlier drafts of the manuscript, especially  ... 
doi:10.1111/brv.12534 pmid:31215138 pmcid:PMC6852119 fatcat:j2ki6jd3fvaptlulcmldm2gy5i

Gene-environment interactions in sarcoidosis: challenge and opportunity

Daniel A. Culver, Lee S. Newman, Mani S. Kavuru
2007 Clinics in Dermatology  
It also describes the limited current understanding of the role of environmental influences on sarcoidosis susceptibility genes.  ...  Environmental exposure can modify the effects of a polymorphism, either by providing a necessary substrate for development of human disease or because the effects of a given exposure modulate the effects  ...  Vitamin D receptor activity has multiple potential roles in granulomatous disease, including activation of macrophages, inhibition of intracellular organisms, and regulation of interferon gamma activity  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2007.03.005 pmid:17560304 pmcid:PMC1920704 fatcat:u4xg4tdarjfutgqsiwgcbsdjpm

Bacterial polymorphisms and disease in humans

Martin J. Blaser, James M. Musser
2001 Journal of Clinical Investigation  
For most chronic diseases of humans, both heritable and environmental factors play etiologic roles.  ...  Although most biomedical research now is focused on host polymorphisms in disease causation, in fact, environmental factors play the larger role in nearly every form of cancer (4).  ... 
doi:10.1172/jci11993 pmid:11181636 pmcid:PMC199278 fatcat:gbwlopft7bh4voqphjezfddfua

Comparative Hepatotoxicity of Aflatoxin B1 among Workers Exposed to Different Organic Dust with Emphasis on Polymorphism Role of Glutathione S-Transferase Gene

Amal Saad-Hussein, Eman M. Shahy, Weam Shaheen, Mona M. Taha, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Khadiga S. Ibrahim, Salwa F. Hafez, Nevein N. Fadl, Karima A. El-Shamy
2016 Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences  
AIM: The study aimed to investigate effects of organic dust exposure from different sources on aflatoxin B1-albumin adducts (AFB1/Alb), and role of glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphism in  ...  role in susceptibility to hepatic parenchymal cell injury; except in workers with GSTT1&GSTM1 null genotype, gene susceptibility seemed to have little role and the main role was for environmental exposures  ...  seemed to have little role and the main role was for environmental exposures.  ... 
doi:10.3889/oamjms.2016.051 pmid:27335608 pmcid:PMC4908753 fatcat:nwe42p3djnhlrn3nyfgz7gdozi

DUSP8: A gatekeeper in hypothalamic control of glucose metabolism in males

Keizo Kaneko, Hideki Katagiri
2021 Journal of Diabetes Investigation  
Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial chronic disease triggered by genetic and/or environmental factors. Insulin resistance in peripheral organs is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes.  ...  The brain organizes whole-body metabolism connecting tightly with the periphery.  ...  Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial chronic disease triggered by genetic and/ or environmental factors. Insulin resistance in peripheral organs is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jdi.13561 pmid:33943029 pmcid:PMC8264402 fatcat:bppbxgu55ndjhjxcijw7uq47vq

Environmental and genetic cues in the evolution of phenotypic polymorphism

Olof Leimar
2007 Evolutionary Ecology  
Second, from the point of view of adaptation, genetic cues in the form of allelic variation at polymorphic loci can play similar roles as environmental cues in providing information to the developmental  ...  Phenotypic polymorphism is a consequence of developmental plasticity, in which the trajectories of developing organisms diverge under the influence of cues.  ...  use of environmental cues.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10682-007-9194-4 fatcat:2lxe4kmaf5ccjhrz37arook7iy

Glutathione S-transferases M1-1 and T1-1 as risk modifiers for renal cell cancer associated with occupational exposure to chemicals

L Buzio
2003 Occupational and Environmental Medicine  
The polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase M1-1 (GSTM1) and T1-1 (GSTT1) were investigated by PCR; occupational history was collected by a structured questionnaire.  ...  Conclusions: Results support the hypothesis that GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms can interact with several occupational exposures to significantly modify the risk of RCC among exposed subjects.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Supported in part by the Italian Ministry of Health through a grant from ISPESL (Istituto Superiore per la Prevenzione e la Sicurezza del Lavoro, Rome, Italy).  ... 
doi:10.1136/oem.60.10.789 pmid:14504370 pmcid:PMC1740386 fatcat:7o24s4vg5nerxdfgqcnk6odgx4

Phenotypic plasticity in development and evolution: facts and concepts

G. Fusco, A. Minelli
2010 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
life cycles and the role of developmental plasticity.  ...  This theme issue pursues an exploration of the potential of taking into account the environmental sensitivity of development to explaining the evolution of metazoan life cycles, with special focus on complex  ...  We also thank a number of authors who, in addition to contributing an article, also served as reviewers and D. Maruzzo who helped us to edit the manuscripts.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0267 pmid:20083631 pmcid:PMC2817147 fatcat:nrey7cu4grcnzex43z223amtsy

Community structure and metabolism through reconstruction of microbial genomes from the environment

Gene W. Tyson, Jarrod Chapman, Philip Hugenholtz, Eric E. Allen, Rachna J. Ram, Paul M. Richardson, Victor V. Solovyev, Edward M. Rubin, Daniel S. Rokhsar, Jillian F. Banfield
2004 Nature  
Analysis of the gene complement for each organism revealed the pathways for carbon and nitrogen fixation and energy generation, and provided insights into survival strategies in an extreme environment.  ...  Here, using random shotgun sequencing of DNA from a natural acidophilic biofilm, we report reconstruction of near-complete genomes of Leptospirillum group II and Ferroplasma type II, and partial recovery  ...  of community-essential roles.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nature02340 pmid:14961025 fatcat:dmbpv6idsnattjjszkvqi6acam

Host-environment medicine

Peter M. Rabinowitz, Alex Poljak
2003 Journal of general internal medicine  
Because most diseases result from host±environment interactions, however, primary care providers will need to avoid the trap of biological determinism by examining the important role of environmental factors  ...  This article discusses the application of host±environment concepts to recent developments in the areas of genomics and proteomics.  ...  There is a need for clearer guidelines for the ethical and medico-legal use of such information. 36 At the same time, testing for gene polymorphisms that have variable penetrance and play a limited role  ... 
doi:10.1046/j.1525-1497.2003.11101.x pmid:12648255 pmcid:PMC1494830 fatcat:hmwummi3ebchtfzhcvxilfdahm

Unravelling gene-by-environment effects in asthma and allergy: the glutathione pathway as an early success story

A. Rogers, S. Bunyavanich
2011 Clinical and Experimental Allergy  
oxidative stress (such as exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, intra-uterine smoke, or ozone).  ...  The role of GSTM1 in asthma and lung disease has been studied in no fewer than 25 populations and summarized in several meta-analyses.  ...  Integration of gene-by-environment approaches will improve our ability to analyze atopic disorders, given the critical role that environmental exposures such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, and microbial  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2011.03844.x pmid:22093009 pmcid:PMC5297891 fatcat:bkl3z7w7u5aszgkxw6isu5bv4q
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