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Software Metrics Evaluation Based on Entropy [article]

R.Selvarani, T.R.Gopalakrishnan Nair, Muthu Ramachandran, Kamakshi Prasad
2010 arXiv   pre-print
We have also proposed the design complexity of object-oriented software with Weighted Methods per Class metric (WMC-CK metric) expressed in terms of Shannon entropy, and error proneness.  ...  Recent research has shown some of the OO design metrics are useful for predicting fault-proneness of classes.  ...  We believe that this entropy degradation metric with OO design metrics thresholds may be useful in evaluating OO software, specifically large Java and C++ systems.  ... 
arXiv:1001.3473v1 fatcat:eizoo4mfsjbxjo77o2mdzfq3ma

Measuring and evaluation of Reusable quality and extensible quality for XML schema documents

Tin Zar Thaw
2011 2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development  
The design of XML schema document (XSD) needs to be quantified with software with the reusable nature of XSD.  ...  This paper proposes a metric Entropy Measure of Complexity (EMC), which is intended to measure the reusable quality of XML schema documents.  ...  In the software development process, when considering a Web service design, XML Schema components should be carefully designed for easy reuse for the purpose of software maintainability, the usage of memory  ... 
doi:10.1109/scored.2011.6148786 fatcat:22ojydbibfbcxijblz4ilvrp74

AUTOCORRELATION WEIGHTED SUM ENTROPY BASED SOFTWARE QUALITY MANAGEMENT FOR OPEN SOURCE APPLICATION

R. Chennappan
2017 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science  
Software metrics is used to evaluate software systems quality and to improve the software reliability.  ...  Recently, few researches have been developed for enhancing the quality of open source software using Software metrics.  ...  RELATED WORKS In [11] , the impact of different software metrics designed for evaluating software quality was analyzed to improve the reliability of software system.  ... 
doi:10.26483/ijarcs.v8i8.4835 fatcat:56bdqng6q5atdmryq6ifg2fdba

Selection of Test Case Features Using Fuzzy Entropy Measure and Random Forest

Sankaranarayanan Murugan, Govindarajan Kulanthaivel, Venugopal Ulagamuthalvi
2019 Ingénierie des Systèmes d'Information  
A Fuzzy based evaluation of features using the Entropy measure and Hurwicz criterion has been carried on the code and design metrics for different test cases.  ...  Faults are extracted from the source code, from the pre -processed metrics and the related fault data.  ...  The experiment is a carried out using Fuzzy Entropy measure and Random Forest approach. The metrics considered for the evaluation process are code and design metrics.  ... 
doi:10.18280/isi.240306 fatcat:7zphz5citfdqrjesrs63uynjv4

Preliminary Measurements in Identifying Design Flaws

Camelia Șerban, Andreea Vescan, Horia F. Pop
2017 Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai: Series Informatica  
Software metrics are of great importance in object-oriented design assessment. They quantify various aspects of design entities and play an important role in predicting design quality.  ...  A new metric, Design Flaw Entropy which measures the distribution of design flaws into the analyzed system is introduced. To validate the proposed approach, a case study was also proposed.  ...  For future work, we intend to focus our research in the following directions: • to apply the proposed evaluation framework on more case studies; • to repeat the evaluation for a new version of the software  ... 
doi:10.24193/subbi.2017.1.05 fatcat:xefi6r3g7jgt3k7qwdwwjmjp4e

Metrics suite for maintainability of eXtensible Markup Language web services

D. Baski, S. Misra
2011 IET Software  
Maintainability, one of the important factors, which affects the quality of XML web services, can be controlled by the proper software metrics that are specifically designed and developed for it.  ...  The present suite of metrics includes: data weight of a web service description language, distinct message ratio metric, message entropy metric and message repetition scale metric.  ...  Maintainability, one of the important factors, which affects the quality of XML web services, can be controlled by the proper software metrics that are specifically designed and developed for it.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-sen.2010.0089 fatcat:f4tv6lffknhwzei2z6goj7ttyu

A Novel Method of Complexity Metric for Object-Oriented Software

Tong Yi, Chun Fang
2018 International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting  
In order to calculate the complicated situation and fuzziness of software quality, this paper introduced a software quality evaluation model based on the fuzzy matter element by using a method known as  ...  With the rapid development and wide application of multimedia technology, the demand for the actual development of multimedia software in many industries is increasing.  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been supported by the Science and Technology Foundation of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education (Project Name: Research on Software Complexity Measurement Based  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/7624768 fatcat:tdagzh4f2nglvkde3olis6tfom

Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network Language Model: Cross Entropy Churn Metrics for Defect Prediction Modelling

2019 International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology  
The probability of language model and metric set Cross-Entropy with Abstract Syntax Tree (CE-AST) metric is used to evaluate the defect proneness and set as a metric label.  ...  Many existing research studies are based on software traditional metric sets and defect prediction models are built in machine language to detect the bug for limited source code line.  ...  B) DIFFERENT SOFTWARE TRADITIONAL METRIC SETS WITH CROSS-ENTROPY CHURN METRIC COMPARISON The contribution of five different software traditional metric set is compared with cross-entropy and to evaluate  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijeat.f8859.088619 fatcat:34sj4v6zazh35h6unp7pcxvuuq

Calculating the Wasserstein Metric-Based Boltzmann Entropy of a Landscape Mosaic

Hong Zhang, Zhiwei Wu, Tian Lan, Yanyu Chen, Peichao Gao
2020 Entropy  
This study developed a new software tool for conveniently calculating the Wasserstein metric-based Boltzmann entropy. The tool provides a user-friendly human–computer interface and many functions.  ...  Therefore, Boltzmann entropy was revisited, and methods have been developed for its calculation with landscape patterns. The latest method was developed based on the Wasserstein metric.  ...  Entropy 2020, 22, 381  ... 
doi:10.3390/e22040381 pmid:33286154 fatcat:n5neui5nynb5petzkxxthusbj4

Cognitive and Usability Perspectives in Software Platform Libraries

Anestis A. Toptsis, Jensen Emilrazan
2010 Journal of Next Generation Information Technology  
Software metrics has been an area of interest in both academy and industry for more than three decades.  ...  In this vein, using metrics that could typically be used to evaluate complexities of software artifacts, we discuss aspects of some core libraries common to two major platforms, .NET and Java, in terms  ...  Entropy has been used on multiple occasions in the past as a metric for a variety of software artifacts. Example works are [11] and [12] .  ... 
doi:10.4156/jnit.vol1.issue2.3 fatcat:lixnfhfg3vatdkpeuvsv533qiy

Measuring Qualities of XML Schema Documents

Tin Zar Thaw, Mie Mie Khin
2013 Journal of Software Engineering and Applications  
The base attributes are selected according to XML Quality Assurance Design Guidelines. These metrics are formulated based on Binary Entropy Function and Rank Order Centroid method.  ...  The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is becoming a de-facto standard for exchanging information among the web applications.  ...  metrics for other software language.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jsea.2013.69056 fatcat:2gvd2di3krgnvga77t5avsvuua

Using Cross-Entropy Value of Code for Better Defect Prediction

Xian Zhang
2018 International Journal of Performability Engineering  
Many software features are designed for defect prediction models to identify potential bugs, but no one feature set can perform well in most cases yet.  ...  To evaluate the effectiveness of CE-AST, we first investigate its discrimination for defect-proneness.  ...  Hence, we attempt to use the cross-entropy feature of software instances for defect prediction.  ... 
doi:10.23940/ijpe.18.09.p19.21052115 fatcat:bhftih7xcbc6xgahd5traae5bi

MTD, Where Art Thou? A Systematic Review of Moving Target Defense Techniques for IoT

Renzo E. Navas, Frederic Cuppens, Nora Boulahia Cuppens, Laurent Toutain, Georgios Z. Papadopoulos
2020 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
Data, Software, Runtime Environment, Platform, Network. Metrics: -Evaluate MP Shannon entropy metric (See Sec. III-A). -Evaluate MP qualitative metrics (Defined in Sec.  ...  Software Data Platform Fig. 6: Taxonomy distribution of general MTD techniques TABLE II : II MTD for IoT Techniques Metrics* Cryptography Impl. Evaluation Ref.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2020.3040358 fatcat:wc2yrtliavafbgy4tupsc4qbvu

Entropy Churn Metrics for Fault Prediction in Software Systems

Arvinder Kaur, Deepti Chopra
2018 Entropy  
With an aim to contribute towards building new approaches for fault prediction, this paper proposes Entropy Churn Metrics (ECM) based on History Complexity Metrics (HCM) and Churn of Source Code Metrics  ...  The performance of both these metrics is compared for 14 subsystems of 5different software projects: Android, Eclipse, Apache Http Server, Eclipse C/C++ Development Tooling (CDT), and Mozilla Firefox.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the Visvesaraviya PhD scheme of Ministry of IT and Electronics, Government of India for providing scholarship for facilitating the research work of the  ... 
doi:10.3390/e20120963 pmid:33266687 fatcat:z6pvhvbhxvb6phh6tmcsymxrgu

Software Fault Prediction at Design Phase

Pradeep Singh, Shrish Verma, O.P. Vyas
2014 Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology  
Various software metrics related to modules level fault data have been successfully used for prediction of fault-prone modules.  ...  Goal of this research is to predict the faulty modules at design phase using design metrics of modules and faults related to modules.  ...  In this paper we developed models for faulty module prediction at design phase by using design time software metrics. For this purpose we have extracted design metrics from 11 projects.  ... 
doi:10.5370/jeet.2014.9.5.1739 fatcat:naqcgafryvdelpt34vy3se5sji
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