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Entities and Surrogates in Knowledge Representation [chapter]

Michel Chein
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
UNA is a fundamental property assumed in classical databases and also usually assumed in knowledge representation (e.g., in Description Logics [] or in Conceptual Graphs []).  ...  These individual entities are represented by elements in the model and these elements are represented by special symbols called surrogates in the knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14197-3_1 fatcat:mh6hzanlrjg45if5f62sgwrsle

A Space of Transition: Rethinking Surrogates

Hope A. Olson, Lynne C. Howarth
2013 NASKO  
The surrogate brings together the thing and the knowledge organization system (KOS). Therefore, we decided to focus on the surrogate and its role in the process of representation.  ...  A knowledge organization professional (KOP) selects what aspects of the thing to include in the representation.  ...  She is likewise grateful to those who participated in the study.  ... 
doi:10.7152/nasko.v4i1.14655 fatcat:ktpxx66ntvc37naywze66xuokm

Concept-Oriented Deep Learning [article]

Daniel T Chang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Concepts are the foundation of human deep learning, understanding, and knowledge integration and transfer.  ...  We discuss the major aspects of CODL including concept graph, concept representations, concept exemplars, and concept representation learning systems supporting incremental and continual learning.  ...  11 in real-world scenarios, concepts and their associated data are almost always collected in an incremental manner, a good concept representation learning system must support incremental and continual  ... 
arXiv:1806.01756v1 fatcat:ao34w6lqm5bmhcloprte7nvyru

Mapping Spatial Pattern in Biodiversity for Regional Conservation Planning: Where to from Here?

Simon Ferrier, Vicki Funk
2002 Systematic Biology  
predictive modeling, with increased emphasis on modeling collective properties of biodiversity rather than individual entities; (2) making more rigorous use of remotely mapped surrogates in conservation  ...  planning by incorporating knowledge of heterogeneity within land-classes, and of varying levels of distinctiveness between classes, into measures of conservation priority and achievement; and (3) using  ...  In reality, our knowledge of the distribution of individual biodiversity entities is far from complete.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10635150252899806 pmid:12028736 fatcat:yqkpuh7kwnan7hx3nsxfe5yk3i

The cooked and the raw

Robert Hammarberg
1981 Journal of information science  
representational in nature, and thus losing their status of being raw, brute, facts.  ...  Foundationalism fails, however, because if these data are really different in kind from information and knowledge, then no comparisons are possible between the former and the latter, and the notion of  ...  Farradane is clearly wrong in taking language to be a surrogate for knowledge. First, language is not a surrogate for anything, and second, all information is certainly not knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1177/016555158100300603 fatcat:5sxnzyjsuvd3xpecnsavus67nq

The cooked and the raw

Robert Hammarberg
1982 Journal of information science  
representational in nature, and thus losing their status of being raw, brute, facts.  ...  Foundationalism fails, however, because if these data are really different in kind from information and knowledge, then no comparisons are possible between the former and the latter, and the notion of  ...  Farradane is clearly wrong in taking language to be a surrogate for knowledge. First, language is not a surrogate for anything, and second, all information is certainly not knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1177/016555158200400506 fatcat:epmuriirjfaxnepjpa4lkdrqgy

Entity Reference Resolution via Spreading Activation on RDF-Graphs [chapter]

Joachim Kleb, Andreas Abecker
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We propose a novel method to resolve entity references under the aspect of ambiguity which explores only formal background knowledge represented in RDF graph structures.  ...  Here homonymy and synonymy are the main cause of ambiguity in perceiving which concrete unique ontology element ought to be referenced by a specific natural language identifier describing an entity.  ...  The paper concludes with a summary and outlook in Sect. 7. Background Representation of Names in the Semantic Web.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13486-9_11 fatcat:t2hk4ivbyfhlteiln64rgcciie

Pathways: augmenting interoperability across scholarly repositories

Simeon Warner, Jeroen Bekaert, Carl Lagoze, Xiaoming Liu, Sandy Payette, Herbert Van de Warner
2007 International Journal on Digital Libraries  
Cross-repository interoperability must be augmented to support the many workflows and value-chains involved in scholarly communication.  ...  In the emerging eScience environment, repositories of papers, datasets, software, etc., should be the foundation of a global and natively-digital scholarly communications system.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Rob Tansley for implementing the Pathways Core data model and associated dissemination services in DSpace; Chris Wilper for work on Fedora, including the put interface; and Lyudmila  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00799-007-0016-7 fatcat:bh5ml56jyzhpjcaca7noojjgta

Representing Roles in a Biology Textbook

Vinay K. Chaudhri, Nikhil Dinesh, Stijn Heymans
2014 Formal Ontology in Information Systems  
The primary contribution of this work is in applying the representation of roles to a complex and challenging domain, in giving definitions that can be applied by biologists, and in collecting several  ...  We consider our solutions to several conceptual modeling problems for roles as we have used them in representing the knowledge contained in a biology textbook.  ...  Acknowledgments Vulcan Inc. and SRI International funded this work. We thank Debbie Frazier for her contributions to this work.  ... 
dblp:conf/fois/ChaudhriDH14a fatcat:vrfjy2b245gn5lvkglyjmzhbea

Deep collective matrix factorization for augmented multi-view learning

Ragunathan Mariappan, Vaibhav Rajan
2019 Machine Learning  
Classical CMF methods assume linearity in the interaction of latent factors which can be restrictive and fails to capture complex non-linear interactions.  ...  We address optimization challenges that arise due to dependencies between shared representations through multi-task Bayesian optimization and design an acquisition function adapted for collective learning  ...  Results Conclusion We present dCMF, a neural architecture for CMF, that, to our knowledge, is the first deep augmented multi-view learning technique. dCMF effectively learns latent entity representations  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10994-019-05801-6 fatcat:kzlppceeqnfplc347i2rx52u4m

Improving rare disease classification using imperfect knowledge graph

Xuedong Li, Yue Wang, Dongwu Wang, Walter Yuan, Dezhong Peng, Qiaozhu Mei
2019 BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making  
Accurately recognizing rare diseases based on symptom description is an important task in patient triage, early risk stratification, and target therapies.  ...  On the other hand, medical knowledge in automatically constructed knowledge graphs (KGs) has the potential to compensate the lack of labeled training examples.  ...  About this supplement Availability of data and materials Not applicable.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12911-019-0938-1 pmid:31801534 pmcid:PMC6894101 fatcat:xfznwewbyjeotjik7feiamdqya

Deep Collective Matrix Factorization for Augmented Multi-View Learning [article]

Ragunathan Mariappan, Vaibhav Rajan
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Classical CMF methods assume linearity in the interaction of latent factors which can be restrictive and fails to capture complex non-linear interactions.  ...  We address optimization challenges that arise due to dependencies between shared representations through Multi-Task Bayesian Optimization and design an acquisition function adapted for collective learning  ...  Conclusion We present dCMF, a neural architecture for CMF, that, to our knowledge, is the first deep augmented multi-view learning technique. dCMF effectively learns latent entity representations, shared  ... 
arXiv:1811.11427v2 fatcat:pzgtvjyafjd7bfxghnhalwagka

Towards Identity Conditions for Digital Documents

Allen Renear, David Dubin
2003 International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications  
Our results complement and extend discussions of the IFLA/FRBR entities (particularly "expression" and "manifestation") taking place in the cataloguing communityt discussions of "resource" taking place  ...  in the W3C and Dublin Core communities, and the analysis of similar notions in ontology development for digital libraries, museums and archives.  ...  We also thank Pat Lawton, Kevin Hawkins and other members of the GSLIS Electronic Publishing Research Group for help on this particular paper. Errors and confusions are ours alone.  ... 
dblp:conf/dc/RenearD03 fatcat:b5cap2bhdrfylinx6jg2be7uay

Distinction between effective pattern-based and selection-based biodiversity surrogates is essential: caveats for managers

S Andréfouët, MA Hamel, M Dalleau
2012 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
The use and meaning of the 'surrogate' concept in ecology and conservation planning contexts is a typical example.  ...  We call for more clarity from authors on the context in which effective surrogates have to be used, and more caution from managers when surrogates are to be used in conservation plans.  ...  Payri provided the macroalgae data used in Figs. 3 & 4.  ... 
doi:10.3354/meps09655 fatcat:5cbb6si44bgbdpz7mzcqsldbdm

Representation patterns for cultural heritage resources

Richard J. Urban
2013 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Existing schemas are optimized for use in the library, archive, or museum domains and to fit the needs of shared services and applications.  ...  In other domains, design patterns are used to clearly articulate problems, their contexts, and available solutions.  ...  knowledge. ). • Use edm:ProvidedCHO for original resources and edm:webResource for surrogates. • CCO: Clearly distinguish between Work Records and Image Records (Baca, Harpring, Lanzi, & Whitside, 2006  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.14505001123 fatcat:gtnjbs2sbrcj5h6azw6t46csra
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