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Terrestrial ecosystem model studies and their contributions to AsiaFlux

Akihiko ITO, Kazuhito ICHII
2021 Journal of Agricultural Meteorology  
A wide variety of models have been developed and used in studies of land-atmosphere interactions and the carbon cycle, with aims of data integration, sensitivity analysis, interpolation, and extrapolation  ...  Process-based biogeochemical models have been developed to simulate the carbon cycle, and their accuracy has been verified by comparing with carbon dioxide flux data.  ...  This work is a contribution of the AsiaFlux 20th Anniversary, and the authors express their gratitude to all flux researchers whose work is discussed in this review. export flows: a global model assessment  ... 
doi:10.2480/agrmet.d-20-00024 fatcat:wbytwszntrhnlf2ooovyhsvpcm

Recent progress in understanding climate thresholds

Peter Good, Jonathan Bamber, Kate Halladay, Anna B Harper, Laura C Jackson, Gillian Kay, Bart Kruijt, Jason A Lowe, Oliver L Phillips, Jeff Ridley, Meric Srokosz, Carol Turley (+1 others)
2018 Progress in physical geography  
The ecological and socio-economic impacts of ocean acidification are expected to greatly increase over the range from today's annual value of around 400, up to 650 ppm CO 2 in the atmosphere (reached around  ...  The focus is on advances since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5).  ...  Other studies have concentrated on impacts over Europe.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0309133317751843 fatcat:6ifxwjjwkzbpliabshpqsqqe7i

The Community Land Model version 5: Description of new features, benchmarking, and impact of forcing uncertainty

David M. Lawrence, Rosie A. Fisher, Charles D. Koven, Keith W. Oleson, Sean C. Swenson, Gordon Bonan, Nathan Collier, Bardan Ghimire, Leo Kampenhout, Daniel Kennedy, Erik Kluzek, Peter J. Lawrence (+44 others)
2019 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
interactions and their influence on the long-term trajectory of the terrestrial carbon sink;  ...  Nonetheless, CLM5 is increasingly suited for research into a broad range of societally relevant scientific questions related to the terrestrial system. • improved understanding of carbon and nitrogen cycle  ...  L. was supported in part by the RUBISCO Scientific Focus Area (SFA), which is sponsored by the Regional and Global Climate Modeling  ... 
doi:10.1029/2018ms001583 fatcat:6qekskeos5b2piemtx2u76sxbu

Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016–2025

Adrian Simmons, Jean-Louis Fellous, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, Kevin Trenberth, Ghassem Asrar, Magdalena Balmaseda, John P. Burrows, Philippe Ciais, Mark Drinkwater, Pierre Friedlingstein, Nadine Gobron, Eric Guilyardi (+8 others)
2016 Advances in Space Research  
The report draws on textual inputs by other team members, and on subsequent comments provided by team members, community and journal reviewers and the journal editor.  ...  The leader of the study team, Adrian Simmons, prepared the report with the assistance of Jean-Louis Fellous, Venkatachalam Ramaswamy and Kevin Trenberth, who contributed both through provision of text  ...  The carbon cycle The global carbon cycle as considered here describes the cycling of carbon through the atmosphere, ocean and terrestrial biosphere.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008 fatcat:onaxevsd5rccdppck3sdpgdvie

State of the Climate in 2020

J. Blunden, T. Boyer
2021 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
AbstractEditors note: For easy download the posted pdf of the State of the Climate in 2020 is a very low-resolution file. A high-resolution copy of the report is available by clicking here.  ...  Please be patient as it may take a few minutes for the high-resolution file to download.  ...  Winter was very warm in all of Europe with anomalies from +1° to +3°C on the Iberian Peninsula to +5°C and above in the northeast of the region (Fig. 7.39) .  ... 
doi:10.1175/2021bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:2fmwtvqkknbtfoh6ffxlnehe7i

ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation

Christoph Heinze, Veronika Eyring, Pierre Friedlingstein, Colin Jones, Yves Balkanski, William Collins, Thierry Fichefet, Shuang Gao, Alex Hall, Detelina Ivanova, Wolfgang Knorr, Reto Knutti (+8 others)
2019 Earth System Dynamics  
We present an outlook for promising approaches that can help to quantify and to constrain the large number of feedbacks in ESMs in the future.  ...  Uncertainties in feedback quantification arise from the interdependencies of biogeochemical matter fluxes and physical properties, the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of processes, and the lack of long-term  ...  Remote sensing provides various types of rather direct information on terrestrial carbon cycling.  ... 
doi:10.5194/esd-10-379-2019 fatcat:3mg7gm4ctvdhpcljwexc4asu6q

The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought Toward an Integrated Global Assessment

Ephraim Nkonya, Nicolas Gerber, Philipp Baumgartner, Joachim von Braun, Alex De Pinto, Valerie Graw, Edward Kato, Julia Kloos, Teresa Walter
2011 Social Science Research Network  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are grateful to Rattan Lal, professor  ...  Consequently, the water cycle is affected irreversibly. Poverty The debate over the impact of poverty on land degradation remains inconclusive.  ...  Loss of yield productivity was larger in developing countries than in Europe or North America, thus showing the severe impact of land degradation on crop productivity and its variability across regions  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1890668 fatcat:e5pyldc23rgvvh3un3ydp63dw4

Resistance and Resilience of A Stream Salamander To Supraseasonal Drought

Steven J. Price, Robert A. Browne, Michael E. Dorcas
2012 Herpetologica  
This drought contributed to the estimated 30% reduction in gross primary production of terrestrial ecosystems over Europe (Ciais et al., 2005) .  ...  Carbon cycle The term used to describe the flow of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) through the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere and lithosphere.  ...  leading to fast changes in the carbon cycle.  ... 
doi:10.1655/herpetologica-d-11-00084.1 fatcat:utef5ar3prh5tleynfkbkensqy

State of the Climate in 2015

Jessica Blunden, Derek S. Arndt
2016 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Kim Runoff is one of the key components of the terrestrial water cycle.  ...  A 58-year (1958-2015) terrestrial hydrologic simulation is performed by the ensemble land surface estimator (ELSE; Kim et al. 2009 ).  ...  Instead, the focus is on sea level averaged over this strip (Hogg et al. 2015) . Figure 6 .10d reveals that recent years have shown a resumption of the steady rise in sea level in this region.  ... 
doi:10.1175/2016bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:fnv5mcatbjgjzi2p2huzykdxne

Interactions of Asian mineral dust with Indian summer monsoon: Recent advances and challenges

Qinjian Jin, Jiangfeng Wei, William K.M. Lau, Bing Pu, Chien Wang
2021 Earth-Science Reviews  
Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research as part of the Regional and Global Modeling and Analysis Program under Grant Award #300426-00001 to U. of Maryland from  ...  Acknowledgments CW thanks the support provided by L'Agence National de la Recherche (ANR) of France under the "Programme d'Investissements d'Avenir" (ANR-18-MPGA-003 EUROACE).  ...  In the future, the impacts of local dust aerosols on the moist static energy in sub-cloud layer needs to be addressed and compared with the impacts of black carbon.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103562 fatcat:lcqbx4koorevhou3bxelme7rz4

State of the Climate in 2019

J. Blunden, D. S. Arndt
2020 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Editors note: For easy download the posted pdf of the State of the Climate in 2019 is a very low-resolution file. A high-resolution copy of the report is available by clicking here.  ...  Please be patient as it may take a few minutes for the high-resolution file to download.  ...  A negative NAO phase is often related to a meridional circulation pattern over Europe, causing the advection of cold continental air to eastern Europe, while a positive NAO is generally related to a more  ... 
doi:10.1175/2020bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:sk6dhlx7kjdaplhmyoa4c764zi

Advances in understanding large-scale responses of the water cycle to climate change

Richard P. Allan, Mathew Barlow, Michael P. Byrne, Annalisa Cherchi, Hervé Douville, Hayley J. Fowler, Thian Y. Gan, Angeline G. Pendergrass, Daniel Rosenfeld, Abigail L. S. Swann, Laura J. Wilcox, Olga Zolina
2020 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
Moreover, the direct impact of human activities on the water cycle through water abstraction, irrigation, and land use change is already a significant component of regional water cycle change and is expected  ...  Precipitation increases with warming are expected to be smaller over land than ocean due to limitations on moisture convergence, exacerbated by feedbacks and affected by rapid adjustments.  ...  Depending on their responses, plants may either amplify 112 or ameliorate 113 warming impacts on drought at the surface.  ... 
doi:10.1111/nyas.14337 pmid:32246848 fatcat:mvmmm66tfrd47ppu7kxcqem7ke

Recent Changes in Amazon Forest Biomass and Dynamics [chapter]

Oliver L. Phillips, Simon L. Lewis, Niro Higuchi, Tim Baker
2016 Ecological Studies  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity would like to thank all the authors for their contribution and revisions of the papers presented here.  ...  Betty Moore Foundation (grant number 5349) which has been influential in the development of the ideas presented in this manuscript.  ...  the impact of climate change on phenological cycles.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-49902-3_10 fatcat:qfzdpaoigvechdybhvmkfq4knu

State of the Climate in 2014

Jessica Blunden, Derek S. Arndt
2015 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
A 57-year (1958-2014) terrestrial hydrologic simulation is compiled using the Ensemble Land Surface Estimator (ELSE; Kim et al. 2009 ).  ...  Data gaps occur in months when the satellites were powered down during parts of the orbital cycle to conserve battery life, but they have no impact on instrument performance or calibration.  ... 
doi:10.1175/2015bamsstateoftheclimate.1 fatcat:fybwwokhwjaplf3dn7oow64hju

Explaining Extreme Events of 2017 from a Climate Perspective

Stephanie C. Herring, Nikolaos Christidis, Andrew Hoell, Martin P. Hoerling, Peter A. Stott
2019 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Chunlüe Zhou dedicates this in loving memory of his kind father and his heartwarming encouragement forever.  ...  Considerable gratitude is owed to several working teams, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA) and the University of Colorado's Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental  ...  On land, analyses of drought events continues to illustrate the nuanced way in which climate change can impact the drivers of an extreme event.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-explainingextremeevents2017.1 fatcat:b4isk66hvvb55ooxz64brbfssq
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