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Grasping Metaphors: Lexical Semantics in Metaphor Analysis [chapter]

Enrico Mensa, Aureliano Porporato, Daniele P. Radicioni
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Dealing with metaphors has relevant consequences on our ability to build agents and systems that understand Natural Language and text documents: annotating metaphoric constructions by linking the metaphor  ...  elements to existing resources is a crucial step to make text documents more easily accessible by machines.  ...  as, e.g., conversational agents underlying chat bots, automatic summarization systems, and in general for extracting information from text documents and in making text documents machine readable.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-98192-5_36 fatcat:qeiwojee6bf47kf4i2ymivv6g4

Special issue on knowledge representation

Ronald J. Brachman, Brian C. Smith
1980 ACM SIGART Bulletin  
the realm of cognitive linguistics with special reference to the role of metaphor and other cognitive operations in meaning construction.  ...  Many of the contributions that are presented here are examples of the integration and collaboration between linguistics and other diverse fields such as Natural Language Processing (NLP), semantic memory  ...  Accordingly, the paper "Automatic domainspecific learning: towards a methodology for ontology enrichment" presents a method for the automatic expansion of ontologies developed by Pedro Ureña Gómez-Moreno  ... 
doi:10.1145/1056751.1056752 fatcat:u2zp3rc2vzgxxnl5suk766uus4

Catching Idiomatic Expressions in EFL Essays

Michael Flor, Beata Beigman Klebanov
2018 Proceedings of the Workshop on Figurative Language Processing  
We describe a computational search procedure for automatic detection of idiom-candidate phrases in essay texts.  ...  The study used a corpus of essays written during a standardized examination of English language proficiency. Automatically-flagged candidate expressions were manually annotated for idiomaticity.  ...  metaphors, see Gibbs et al. (1997) of metaphorically used words in an essay and the writing quality score.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0905 dblp:conf/acl-figlang/FlorK18 fatcat:qxu3voxoifc2fe3vsemjpag3qi

Metaphor Generation with Conceptual Mappings [article]

Kevin Stowe, Tuhin Chakrabarty, Nanyun Peng, Smaranda Muresan, Iryna Gurevych
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We assess our methods through automatic and human evaluation for basic metaphoricity and conceptual metaphor presence.  ...  We show that the unsupervised CM-Lex model is competitive with recent deep learning metaphor generation systems, and CM-BART outperforms all other models both in automatic and human evaluations.  ...  These methods involve tagging raw corpora using automatic FrameNet parsing and then inputting some combination of the original text and the FrameNet information into standard embedding algorithms.  ... 
arXiv:2106.01228v1 fatcat:wcgtjha755akvbfpyu3hrjy5ca

A Check on Annotation in Sentiment Research

2019 International journal of recent technology and engineering  
In this area of research, there are still many that need to be explored, such as the use of semi-automatic annotation method that is still very rarely used by researchers.  ...  As for the dataset, there are still many uses of English language taken from social media such as Twitter.  ...  For the tools used, GATE can be used for two types of annotations: manual and automatic, while Domeo can be used by automatic and semi-automatic annotations.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijrte.b1065.0882s819 fatcat:7s7rodboynd25bjkxcmjosggzq

Detecting Figurative Word Occurrences Using Recurrent Neural Networks

Agnieszka Mykowiecka, Aleksander Wawer, Malgorzata Marciniak
2018 Proceedings of the Workshop on Figurative Language Processing  
The paper addresses the detection of figurative usage of words in English text. The chosen method was to use neural nets fed by pre-trained word embeddings.  ...  The obtained results show that simple solutions, based on word embeddings only, are comparable to complex solutions, using additional information as a result of taggers or a psycholinguistic database.  ...  Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0916 dblp:conf/acl-figlang/MykowieckaWM18 fatcat:z2pva6rljzg6nflifkjgpiwbqu

Rhetorically Controlled Encoder-Decoder for Modern Chinese Poetry Generation

Zhiqiang Liu, Zuohui Fu, Jie Cao, Gerard de Melo, Yik-Cheung Tam, Cheng Niu, Jie Zhou
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
For metaphor and personification, an automated evaluation shows that our model outperforms state-of-the-art baselines by a substantial margin, while a human evaluation shows that our model generates better  ...  However, to date, it has not been considered in research on automatic poetry generation. In this paper, we propose a rhetorically controlled encoder-decoder for modern Chinese poetry generation.  ...  In particular, the use of metaphor and personification, both frequently used forms of rhetoric, are able to enrich the emotional impact of a poem.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-1192 dblp:conf/acl/LiuFCMTNZ19 fatcat:did5hlb6xrh4totzh7oyhmdomi

Page 1620 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 27, Issue 3 [page]

1993 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
comprehension, content role; verbal tasks; kindergartners, 3rd graders; 9305135 metaphor comprehension; Test of Language Competence; adults/ adolescents with traumatic brain damage/language learning disabil  ...  LR(0) parser use critique; 9307051  ... 

A Tiered Approach to the Recognition of Metaphor [chapter]

David B. Bracewell, Marc T. Tomlinson, Michael Mohler, Bryan Rink
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The first tier is made up of highly precise expert-driven lexico-syntactic patterns which are automatically expended on in the second tier using lexical and dependency transformations.  ...  The final tier utilizes an SVM classifier using a variety of syntactic, semantic, and psycholinguistic features to determine if an expression is metaphoric.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is supported by the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) via Department of Defense US Army Research Laboratory contract number W911NF-12-C-0025.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-54906-9_33 fatcat:4ke56bewlbb6phjsp7hbl2xgym

Bigrams and BiLSTMs Two Neural Networks for Sequential Metaphor Detection

Yuri Bizzoni, Mehdi Ghanimifard
2018 Proceedings of the Workshop on Figurative Language Processing  
We present and compare two alternative deep neural architectures to perform word-level metaphor detection on text: a bi-LSTM model and a new structure based on recursive feedforward concatenation of the  ...  We discuss different versions of such models and the effect that input manipulation -specifically, reducing the length of sentences and introducing concreteness scores for words -have on their performance  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to our colleagues in the Centre for Linguistic Theory and Studies in Probability (CLASP), FLoV, at the University of Gothenburg for useful discussion of some of the ideas  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-0911 dblp:conf/acl-figlang/BizzoniG18 fatcat:reimswft6jhm5imrrbxvhfuahm

Interactive Semantic Enrichment of 3D Cultural Heritage Collections [article]

Sebastian Peña Serna, Hendrik Schmedt, Martin Ritz, Andre Stork
2012 VAST: International Symposium on Virtual Reality  
We illustrate the capabilities of our tool in the context of the Saalburg fort, during Roman times (2nd century AD), for the protection of the Limes on the Taunus hills in Germany.  ...  In this paper, we present the first interactive semantic enrichment tool for 3D CH collections that is fully based on the CIDOC-CRM schema and that fully supports its sophisticated annotation model.  ...  We especially thank the project partners FORTH-ICS, TU Graz, CNR-ISTI and the Victoria and Albert Museum for the fruitful collaboration, as well as the Saalburg Museum for allowing us to access their CH  ... 
doi:10.2312/vast/vast12/033-040 fatcat:2h3uxx2w2nbyhp7zuhz4fhgnfu

Page 1785 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

1995 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
and Interpreting Metaphors, \M Computers and the Humanities, 1994-1995, 28, 6, 383-392. 1 A program called NETMET generates metaphors & produces partial literal interpretations of metaphors, based on  ...  Statistical structure of texts is discussed, & strata in modeling message generation & message perception & analysis are shown pictorially.  ... 

Enriched video semantic metadata: Authorization, integration, and presentation

Xiangming Mu, Gary Marchionini
2005 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
An enriched video metadata framework including video authorization using VAST, metadata integration, and user level applications is presented.  ...  Results from user studies and field experiments using the VAST metadata demonstrated that the enriched metadata were seamlessly incorporated into application level programs such as the Interactive Shared  ...  Barbara Wildurmth provided help in the study design and preparation of the IRB forms.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.1450400139 fatcat:h4yhedgqaba7lgterdft2ibmhq

Conceptual Metaphors and Proverbs as Interactive Communicative Strategies in a XVII-century Ballad

Daniele Borgogni
2015 JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS  
The use of CMs in the text and their interplay with proverbs and popular wisdom produce some unpredictable perlocutionary effects, which are not only significant indicators of the speakers⟠ideology and  ...  The article analyzes the presence of Conceptual Metaphors (CMs) in a XVII-century ballad in their interaction with popular proverbs as supplementary symbolizing patterns.  ...  a high level of generalization) to complex metaphors (representing the lowest level of generalization), which means that a metaphoric linguistic expression may actually be made up of a complex metaphor  ... 
doi:10.24297/jal.v6i3.4667 fatcat:hz6knwekqfgedetxb7voux53li

Beyond text theory: Understanding literary response

David S. Miall, Don Kuiken
1994 Discourse Processes  
Approaches to text comprehension that focus on propositional, inferential, and elaborative processes have often been considered capable of extension in principle to literary texts, such as stories or poems  ...  literary response are not addressed by current text theories.  ...  Perhaps the most common stylistic feature of literary texts is metaphor.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01638539409544873 fatcat:g67cm6oo3bcy7ptovm7kyfxkqa
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