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Hurricanes vs. Nor'easters: The Effects of Storm Type on Perceived Severity and Protective Actions

Cara L. Cuite, Rebecca E. Morss, Julie L. Demuth, William K. Hallman
2021 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Participants were told that their area was under an evacuation order due to either a predicted hurricane or nor'easter.  ...  Additional analysis demonstrated that the effect of storm type on evacuation likelihood is mediated, at least in part, by perceived severity.  ...  Acknowledgements This manuscript was prepared by the authors using Federal funds from projects  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0043.1 fatcat:izvhan5fwraczg4bypg7pdyd6q

Neural vulnerability and hurricane-related media predict posttraumatic stress in youth [article]

Anthony Steven Dick, Karin Silva, Raul Gonzalez, Matthew T. Sutherland, Angela R Laird, Wesley K Thompson, Susan F Tapert, Lindsay M Squeglia, Kevin M Gray, Sara Jo Nixon, Linda B Cottler, Annette M La Greca (+2 others)
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
We show that "dose" of Irma-related media exposure predicted Irma-related PTS, even among children dwelling thousands of kilometers away from the hurricane.  ...  Furthermore, we show, using pre-hurricane functional magnetic resonance imaging data, that neural responses in brain regions associated with anxiety and stress confer particular vulnerability to media  ...  Data used in the preparation of this article were obtained from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study (https://abcdstudy.org), held in the NIMH Data Archive Author contributions statement  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.08.27.271056 fatcat:4s6nrb47v5g6riqw767oz5q6km

Leveraging Informal Learning Pedagogies to Empower Coastal Communities for Disaster Preparedness

Piyush Pradhananga, Amal Elawady, Mohamed ElZomor
2022 Frontiers in Built Environment  
With the increasing frequency and intensity of hurricanes, people and communities within hurricane-prone zones are often overwhelmed and lack effective preparedness in terms of social connectivity critical  ...  enhancing the resilience capacity of coastal communities.  ...  Therefore, the model may not be the only representation of the factors, which influence evacuation during hurricanes.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbuil.2022.883198 doaj:08f49d27d2224464bdf987b552aa452e fatcat:t7m2lmq2gnaktjuoijecthbbge

Evacuation Departure Timing during Hurricane Matthew

Erika O. Pham, Christopher T. Emrich, Zhenlong Li, Jamie Mitchem, Susan L. Cutter
2019 Weather, Climate, and Society  
This study investigates evacuation behaviors associated with Hurricane Matthew in October of 2016.  ...  Depending on the day, other variables of interest include number of household vehicles, previous hurricane experience, and receipt of an evacuation order.  ...  We thank the surveyed residents of Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina for taking the time to respond to our questionnaire. This study would not be possible without them.  ... 
doi:10.1175/wcas-d-19-0030.1 fatcat:opzxnh7ignf6zepsryzfgex43y

Optimization of Evacuation Warnings Prior to a Hurricane Disaster

Dian Sun, Jee Kang, Rajan Batta, Yan Song
2017 Sustainability  
The warning optimization model is applied to a case study of Hurricane Sandy using the study region of Brooklyn.  ...  We first develop a model for shelter assignment and then use this outcome to model hurricane evacuation warning optimization, which prescribes an evacuation plan that maximizes the number of evacuees.  ...  Acknowledgments: The study was supported by the Chinese National Nature Science Foundation (Grant No. 71771061) and the Major Strategic Research Plan of Harbin Engineering University (Grant No.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su9112152 fatcat:hr6tfs42qjgdxm2avvxuogol4a

The anatomy of natural disasters on online media: hurricanes and wildfires

Nicole Olynk Widmar, Kendra Rash, Courtney Bir, Benjamin Bir, Jinho Jung
2021 Natural Hazards  
Social media content, in sheer volume, related to hurricanes was larger than that devoted to fires.  ...  This analysis quantifies and compares online and social media attention to hurricanes and wildfires over time and geographic space.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank McKenna Clifford for participating in the fruitful discussions that led to the eventual construct of this study.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11069-021-04975-4 pmid:34462620 pmcid:PMC8387670 fatcat:6ymvloh4ujakfeyiufgqcpd5za

The Effects of Past Hurricane Experiences on Evacuation Intentions through Risk Perception and Efficacy Beliefs: A Mediation Analysis

Julie L. Demuth, Rebecca E. Morss, Jeffrey K. Lazo, Craig Trumbo
2016 Weather, Climate, and Society  
Then, it draws on risk theories of behavioral responses to explore how these different experiences influence people's evacuation intentions for a hypothetical hurricane as mediated through multiple dimensions  ...  Some of these processes enhanced intentions; for instance, experience with evacuation, financial loss, or emotional impacts heightened negative affective risk perceptions, which increased evacuation intentions  ...  Views and opinions in this paper are those of the authors.  ... 
doi:10.1175/wcas-d-15-0074.1 fatcat:hgbj4wlqqzbnfczoehokdknqhq

Risk communication of terrorist acts, natural disasters, and criminal violence: Comparing the processes of understanding and responding

Kirk Heilbrun, Melinda Wolbransky, Sanjay Shah, Rebecca Kelly
2010 Behavioral sciences & the law  
of risk communication in new areas by using evidence from other, more established domains.  ...  For instance, Glik (2007) reviewed the research in four areas of risk communication: (a) environmental risk communication, (b) disaster management, (c) health promotion and communication, and (d) media  ...  The limitations of communication for reasons such as lack of information, nonuniform media coverage, or the rarity of terrorist attacks may lead to affect-motivated behavior (Finukane, Alhakami, Slovic  ... 
doi:10.1002/bsl.940 pmid:21110391 fatcat:3hwp4psrb5e5rhltmwgoda2mhu

Hurricane risk perceptions among Florida's single family homeowners

Walter Gillis Peacock, Samuel David Brody, Wes Highfield
2005 Landscape and Urban Planning  
Second, we examine the influence of location on shaping homeowner perceptions along with other factors, such as knowledge of hurricanes, previous hurricane experience, and socio-economic and demographic  ...  Hurricane risk perception has been found to be an important predictor of storm preparation, evacuation, and hazard adjustment undertaken by households, such as shutter usage.  ...  and Behavioral Sciences at the International Hurricane Research Center and Ricardo Alvarez, the deputy director of the International Hurricane Research Center at FIU for their input and support.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.11.004 fatcat:nfk3qgebhjexbltdqrxei64yc4

Psychological Processes and Personality Factors for an Appropriate Tsunami Evacuation

Motoaki Sugiura, Shosuke Sato, Rui Nouchi, Akio Honda, Ryo Ishibashi, Tsuneyuki Abe, Toshiaki Muramoto, Fumihiko Imamura
2019 Geosciences  
Although various factors related to the environment (perception of earthquake and warning) and knowledge (oral history and scientific knowledge) affect individual differences in evacuation behavior before  ...  Overall, these results seem to indicate the need for formulating two independent targets when developing measures to enhance appropriate tsunami evacuation.  ...  Concerning social amplification or attenuation of risk perception [28, 29] , despite some studies on media coverage [30] , the effects of social information [31, 32] and the gap between experts and  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences9080326 fatcat:oiltvcjj3zckplrdhzsrvbjcaa

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Trust in Government

Keith Nicholls, J. Steven Picou
2012 Social Science Quarterly  
Negative experiences during and after Hurricane Katrina are correlated with low levels of political trust.  ...  For this initial exploration, bivariate analysis is used to elaborate relationships between measures of trust in government and the experiences and attitudes of survey respondents. Results.  ...  and political behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-6237.2012.00932.x fatcat:yzh7lcuamvaojnuqppvhqawpau

How Individuals With Chronic Illnesses Manage Health-Related Concerns During Disasters: Development of a Theoretical Framework

Jacqueline K. Owens
2011 Western Journal of Nursing Research  
Useful models. Several models demonstrated usefulness as a framework with which to study chronic illnesses and/or develop interventions to encourage selfmanagement behaviors.  ...  Another study (Kleinpeter, 2009 ) indicated that collaboration with dialysis providers that evacuees used during Hurricane Katrina allowed use of these same providers in subsequent evacuations, enhancing  ...  Appendix K Demographic Data Sheet Chronic Illness and Disaster Preparedness Study Participant #_______________ Please fill out the following information to help me have an overall idea of what types of  ... 
doi:10.1177/0193945910378814 fatcat:vtm3p364mndl7nupdoh43sn3km

News Images, Race, and Attribution in the Wake of Hurricane Katrina

Eran N. Ben-Porath, Lee K. Shaker
2010 Journal of Communication  
In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, race played a defining role in the public reckoning of the disaster.  ...  News coverage is at the core of this discussion because it is the primary source of information that people have as distant events unfold.  ...  Studying the media coverage of Hurricane Katrina, Belle (2006) concludes: "The vivid, episodic coverage of Hurricane Katrina, its victims most often Black, may well have had such an effect" (p.155).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01493.x fatcat:exrfaztwrveqjliy4yxuufggbq

Research Methods in Child Disaster Studies: A Review of Studies Generated by the September 11, 2001, Terrorist Attacks; the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami; and Hurricane Katrina

Betty Pfefferbaum, Carl F. Weems, Brandon G. Scott, Pascal Nitiéma, Mary A. Noffsinger, Rose L. Pfefferbaum, Vandana Varma, Amarsha Chakraburtty
2013 Child and Youth Care Forum  
Advancing an understanding of the roles of exposure and various individual, family, and social factors depends upon the extent to which measures and assessment techniques are valid and reliable, as well  ...  Objective-To identify the methodological approaches used to study children's reactions to three recent major disasters-the September 11, 2001, attacks; the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami; and Hurricane Katrina  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded in part by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Nursing Research, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (5  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10566-013-9211-4 pmid:24443635 pmcid:PMC3892998 fatcat:5qrvra3zb5bzle3h4rnxlehepq

Disaster Preparedness Information Needs of Individuals Attending an Adult Literacy Center : An Exploratory Study

Daniela B. Friedman, Manju Tanwar, Jane Richter, Deborah Yoho
2010 Community Literacy Journal  
Thematic analysis of interviews was conducted using NVivo7. Mean NVS was 3.11/6.00 implying limited health literacy.  ...  This exploratory, mixed methods study assessed disaster informationseeking behaviors and comprehension of public health disaster preparedness resources by individuals at an adult literacy center.  ...  U90-CCU424245-03 Association of Schools of Public Health, through the University of South Carolina Center for Public Health Preparedness. Works Cited  ... 
doi:10.25148/clj.4.2.009442 fatcat:hxp7kqamonhyda73z2wbkdz7ea
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