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Role of Artificial Intelligence in Kidney Disease

Qiongjing Yuan, Haixia Zhang, Tianci Deng, Shumei Tang, Xiangning Yuan, Wenbin Tang, Yanyun Xie, Huipeng Ge, Xiufen Wang, Qiaoling Zhou, Xiangcheng Xiao
2020 International Journal of Medical Sciences  
Owing to the huge number of patients, kidney disease remains a global health problem. Challenges remain in its diagnosis and treatment.  ...  Although the number of studies related to AI applications in kidney disease is small, the potential of AI in the management of kidney disease is well recognized by clinicians; AI will greatly enhance clinicians  ...  (SVM), neural network classifier, and deep learning, to train AKI prediction models.  ... 
doi:10.7150/ijms.42078 pmid:32308551 pmcid:PMC7163364 fatcat:bh5zsn5sbjdgxnrejxb53p6wui

Initial management for acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding

Tomonori Aoki, Yoshihiro Hirata, Atsuo Yamada, Kazuhiko Koike
2019 World Journal of Gastroenterology  
In a retrospective cohort study of 342 patients with LGIB, the HR of NSAID use for recurrence was 2.0 (95%CI: 1.2-3.3) [11] .  ...  in the first 4 h Charlson comorbidity index > 2 Das et al [22] Rebleeding (19 factors) 0.92 Prospective cohort (n = 142) (n = 120) Need for intervention Age 0.93 Artificial neural network  ... 
doi:10.3748/wjg.v25.i1.69 fatcat:jpi4bbms7jctbnwpsm2n57elie

Artificial Intelligence in Pharmacoepidemiology: A Systematic Review. Part 1—Overview of Knowledge Discovery Techniques in Artificial Intelligence

Maurizio Sessa, Abdul Rauf Khan, David Liang, Morten Andersen, Murat Kulahci
2020 Frontiers in Pharmacology  
The top three used techniques were artificial neural networks, random forest, and support vector machines models.  ...  To perform a systematic review on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) based knowledge discovery techniques in pharmacoepidemiology.  ...  All authors drafted the paper, revised it for important intellectual content, and approved the final version of the manuscript to be published. MS and MA developed the concept and designed the study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fphar.2020.01028 pmid:32765261 pmcid:PMC7378532 fatcat:mk7vvat5e5cqjizfbbgqq6pgsq

S: Haemodialysis (technique, adequacy, outcome, complications)

1999 Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation  
AIM: We compared the RIBA TM HCV serotyping SIA vs. genotyping by RT-PCR in a large (n=107) cohort of HCV-infected patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) in the greater Los Angeles area in view of the high  ...  All patients tested anti-HCV positive by ELISA 2.0 assay and by RIBA TM HCV 2.0 SIA. We successfully serotyped 79 (74%) of 107 HD patients.  ...  NEURAL NETWORKS MODEL FOR STUDYING UREA KINETICS AND PREDICTION OF THE TIME OF HEMODIALYSIS SESSION IN CHRONIC HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS. A. Akl 1, M. Sobh 1, Y. Enab 2, J.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ndt/14.9.a162 fatcat:mnxfmqvqzvhyho2itxkkhwjzke

2010 CUA Abstracts

2010 Canadian Urological Association Journal  
The overall effect of standard or extended node dissection on prostate cancer survival outcomes are complicated by variation in patient populations and study outcomes in most retrospective reviews.  ...  The technique has been associated with significant morbidity in a small proportion of patients.  ...  Mean age of this cohort was 52.9 yrs and none in this group received adjunctive hormono-, chemo-or radiotherapy.  ... 
pmid:20514297 pmcid:PMC2875917 fatcat:tcmrrnev3rfofe4xkvmiwti3ha

3rd International Congress of the Vascular Access Society (VAS)

Joaquim Barbosa, Maria José Ferreira
2003 Blood Purification  
The Scandinavian Study [30] evaluated 293 hemodialysis patients randomised to reach a normal hemoglobin of 13.5-16.0 g/dL (n ϭ 157) or a subnormal hemoglobin of 9.0-12.0 g/dL (n ϭ 136).  ...  Results: An effective hemodialysis was achieved in all of the patients in a mean duration of 34.4 hours (16-48) . Five episodes of thrombosis were utilized with thrombectomy in 2 patients.  ...  La Princesa, Madrid, Spain We have analysed 9 months of vascular access follow-up by ultrasound-dilution technique (Krivitski) in 511 vascular access in 499 HD patients, (59.1%) males with a mean age 64.23  ... 
doi:10.1159/000073445 fatcat:ecaqk5ivgvhlvfxym64jnug77q

Posters. pp 159–202

2009 Pathophysiology of Haemostasis and Thrombosis  
A cross-sectional cohort was formed at 18 months of follow-up, by selecting all patients that had a VTE recurrence before 18 months (cases) together with all those patients without a VTE recurrence before  ...  With a mean follow-up of (32.7±19.6) (2~81) months (cumulative follow-up was 191.8 patient-years), 47 cases from the whole cohort have a complete data set of CTPA and isotope perfusion / ventilation scan  ...  The only significant difference in the 3 parameters regarding etiology of the events was a lower prevalence of FXIa in patients with small vessel disease compared with the remainder (16.4% vs 29.6%, p=  ... 
doi:10.1159/000318096 fatcat:mjki65gxvrdarldo4akgbl2pti

Abstract Book

2016 Annals of Vascular Diseases  
Results A total of 43 patients were included in the study cohort. The mean age was 51.8 ± 14.9 years old (range 21 to 72).  ...  We report a case of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) extended to inferior vena cava (IVC) caused by large left iliac artery aneurysm.  ...  They analyzed a total of 702 cases involving patients without a history of CAD who received preoperative cardiac risk assessment by radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and underwent CEA over  ... 
doi:10.3400/avd.sup.16-00001 fatcat:s6hson7z3nhnrpykp4lybvknsu

Abstract Book

2019 Annals of Vascular Diseases  
In group A, 11 patients contained and there mean primary patency is 273 days. Group B contains 14 patients, and there mean primary patency is 249 days.  ...  A total of 97 veins, 64 great saphenous vein (GSV) and 33 small saphenous vein were analyzed in the study.  ...  leak detection system in digital subtraction angiography (DSA) studies, based on convolutional neural networks (CNN).  ... 
doi:10.3400/avd.sup.19-00001 fatcat:73ikuiafjnfy5jdqwyjenriuzq

Southern Regional Meeting, New Orleans, February 18–20, 2016

2016 Journal of Investigative Medicine  
Abstract 482 Figure 1 Covariate-adjusted means of HR in adults by birth weight quartiles 686 J Investig Med 2016;64:488-726  ...  Methods Used A retrospective analysis of 500 patients (P.) seen at the cardiology clinic of the University of Puerto Rico were analyzed. Emphasis was done to the first visit.  ...  Surprisingly there was presence of elevated hemoglobin F. Patient had a transient improvement of hemoglobin levels but after a period of obervation he had recurrance of anemia.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jim-2015-000035.483 fatcat:fu3i2vitnfckrbqgkiwjent22a

2022 Guideline for the Management of Patients With Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association

Steven M. Greenberg, Wendy C. Ziai, Charlotte Cordonnier, Dar Dowlatshahi, Brandon Francis, Joshua N. Goldstein, J. Claude Hemphill, Ronda Johnson, Kiffon M. Keigher, William J. Mack, J. Mocco, Eileena J. Newton (+8 others)
2022 Stroke  
Guidelines are written and presented in a modular knowledge chunk format; each chunk includes a table of recommendations, a brief synopsis, recommendation-specific supportive text, and, when appropriate  ...  Beginning in 2017, numerous modifications to AHA/ ASA guidelines have been implemented to make guidelines shorter and enhance user-friendliness.  ...  RRT in the form of hemodialysis (intermittent hemodialysis in 10 patients, continuous veno-veno hemodialysis in1 patient) was effective at reducing dabigatran concentrations.  ... 
doi:10.1161/str.0000000000000407 pmid:35579034 fatcat:36w3kqk2ojd4pfhi7ldztsxm4y

AASLD Abstracts 443-675

2008 Hepatology  
In this study, we tried to develop non-invasive markers to predict hepatocarcinogenesis in patients with chronic HCV infection, using a large cohort with a long observation period.  ...  Methods: We examine the ability of an artificial neural network (ANN) to determine survival in the post-liver transplant period.  ...  The prevalence was calculated from the observed incidence by taking into account the average life expectancy, which was assessed from a cohort of 378 French patients followed up from 1990 to 2005.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hep.22642 fatcat:cqfin6allrf6dpreixj6qro6oy

Transgenic Expression of IL15 Improves Antiglioma Activity of IL13Rα2-CAR T Cells but Results in Antigen Loss Variants

Giedre Krenciute, Brooke L. Prinzing, Zhongzhen Yi, Meng-Fen Wu, Hao Liu, Gianpietro Dotti, Irina V. Balyasnikova, Stephen Gottschalk
2017 Cancer immunology research  
Objectives: We describe the occurrence of a large desmoid tumor in the abdominal wall of a patient with the very severe form of VLCADD. Design/Method: Case Report.  ...  It resulted in avoidance of a large number of face-to-face consultations, and was very well rated by PCPs. The consultation topics identified areas for continuing medical education.  ...  Head CT demonstrated multiple enhancing masses in both hemispheres and cerebellum, a large mass (2.1 x 2.8 cm) in the left frontal lobe with significant surrounding edema, and 5 mm rightward midline shift  ... 
doi:10.1158/2326-6066.cir-16-0376 pmid:28550091 pmcid:PMC5746871 fatcat:pptxshofvjepzoo2f7qgm4zk5y

Abstracts From the 2010 International Stroke Conference: Poster Presentations

2010 Stroke  
The ability to monitor statewide trends in stroke is hampered by a shortage of adequate statewide clinical data, due in part to the lack of a common database.  ...  Quality improvement initiatives in stroke care tend to be organized on a hospital-by-hospital basis.  ...  Sch. of Med, Baltimore, MD; Veena A Nair, Univ of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI; Argye E Hillis, Johns Hopkins Univ.  ... 
doi:10.1161/01.str.0000366115.56266.0a fatcat:ifl42fqawraxxfqufopwld3bua

Reinforcement Learning in Healthcare: A Survey [article]

Chao Yu, Jiming Liu, Shamim Nemati
2020 arXiv   pre-print
by a prolonged and sequential procedure.  ...  As a subfield of machine learning, reinforcement learning (RL) aims at empowering one's capabilities in behavioural decision making by using interaction experience with the world and an evaluative feedback  ...  By performing a retrospective study of a cohort of 209 hemodialysis patients, Malof and Gaweda [138] adopted the batch FQI method to achieve dosing strategies that were superior to a standard AMP.  ... 
arXiv:1908.08796v4 fatcat:iqqe3jifqvfntmxr6cakl4p2fy
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