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Towards symbiosis in knowledge representation and natural language processing for structuring clinical practice guidelines

Chunhua Weng, Philip R O Payne, Mark Velez, Stephen B Johnson, Suzanne Bakken
2014 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
Then we discuss the strengths and limitations of interweaving KA and NLP for KR purposes and important considerations for achieving the symbiosis of KR and NLP for structuring CPGs to achieve evidence-based  ...  In response to this challenge, this vision paper discusses the value and feasibility of supporting symbiosis in text-based knowledge acquisition (KA) and KR.  ...  These approaches share the common idea of maximizing the support for text-based knowledge engineering for guideline KRs through the use of NLP.  ... 
pmid:24943582 pmcid:PMC4445724 fatcat:niaymecnlzepldlyfmzjnj7s24

Formalization and Knowledge Representation in Advanced Engineering Informatics

Mohammad Biglarbegian
2022 Journal of Computing and Natural Science  
expertise and to substantiate whether a specialized conceptual model can support engineers with their challenging operations.  ...  The constructs of epistemology, rationality, and context are used to communicate various alternative data analysis techniques and practices that expert can use to institutionalize intricate engineering  ...  Other methods for validating conceptual modeling structures include the development of a technology demonstrator of a computational analysis that enforces the depiction.  ... 
doi:10.53759/181x/jcns202202002 fatcat:3pmferojnbchnedl64nhbv4j6i

Ontology: A Case for Disease and Drug Knowledge Discovery

Onuiri Ernest, Oyindolapo Komolafe, Shade O., Awodele Oludele
2016 Communications on Applied Electronics  
Communications on Applied Electronics (CAE) -ISSN : 2394-4714 Foundation of Computer Science FCS, New York, USA Volume 5 -No.9, September 2016 -www.caeaccess.org  ...  In addition, KR researchers and engineers contributed to the creation of a plethora of software based on KR technology in education systems (intelligent tutoring), quality assurance, medical imaging and  ...  form that can be used by the expert system), system engineer (the one who builds the user interface, designs the declarative format of the knowledge-base and implements the inference engine) and the user  ... 
doi:10.5120/cae2016652362 fatcat:rlxq4rjg6jdkfosyirwwwfrspi

Knowledge Acquisition and Representation for High-Performance Building Design: A Review for Defining Requirements for Developing a Design Expert System

Seung-Yeoun Choi, Sean-Hay Kim
2021 Sustainability  
system based on the literature review.  ...  This is due to the lack of resources and time for designers to execute performance evaluation and analysis of alternatives by themselves, even if they have sufficient experience on the HPB.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13094640 fatcat:dbcobpl54fglheqst34botahra

Model-based definition design in the product lifecycle management scenario

M. Alemanni, F. Destefanis, E. Vezzetti
2010 The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology  
Model Based Definition (MBD) is a new strategy of PLM based on CAD models transition from simple gatherers of geometrical data to comprehensive sources of information for the overall product life cycle  ...  MBD aims are suppression of redundant documents and drawings, better data consistency, better product/process virtualization, better support for all CAx tasks under Engineering and Manufacturing disciplines  ...  Model Based Definition (MBD) Model Based Definition (MBD) is a new way of managing engineering and business processes using 3D models as complete sources of information for design, production, distribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00170-010-2699-y fatcat:rkc2c5j7fje23il3wgp64jwily

Class library implementation of an open architecture knowledge support system

Brian R. Gaines
1994 International Journal of Human-Computer Studies  
Examples are given of group writing, multimedia and knowledge-based systems which are based on combining these functionalities.  ...  Object-oriented class libraries offer the potential for individual researchers to manage the large bodies of code generated in the experimental development of complex interactive systems.  ...  I am grateful to Mildred Shaw and to the anonymous referees for detailed suggestions that greatly improved the presentation of the KRS-related material, and to Hermann Kaindl for his support and encouragement  ... 
doi:10.1006/ijhc.1994.1053 fatcat:oobb3cnpkjfe3h4wfi3nowouwq

Biomedical knowledge engineering approaches driven by processing the primary experimental literature

Ingulfsen Tommy
2008 Frontiers in Neuroinformatics  
We are grateful to Alan Watts and Arshad Khan for their support in developing the basic ideas of the KE-f-ED model, as well as many of our colleagues at ISI and USC for their ongoing contributions and  ...  Acknowledgements: This work was funded by grant R01 GM-083871 from NIGMS and support from the Center for Health Informatics (CHI) at ISI.  ...  Here we present an approach for the construction of knowledge bases from the biomedical literature based on a relatively-simple, generally-applicable KR for scientific observations called 'Knowledge Engineering  ... 
doi:10.3389/conf.neuro.11.2008.01.011 fatcat:mqtyr7mbonhgpljwcy34zwggfu

Conceptual Graphs for Semantic Web Applications [chapter]

Rose Dieng-Kuntz, Olivier Corby
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We describe the RDF(S)-dedicated semantic search engine, CORESE, based on a correspondence between RDF(S) and Conceptual Graphs, and we illustrate the interest of Conceptual Graphs through the analysis  ...  In this paper, we aim at showing the advantages of Conceptual Graph formalism for the Semantic Web through several real-world applications in the framework of Corporate Semantic Webs.  ...  Our objective is to show that in the framework of Semantic Web, Conceptual Graphs have enough expressivity for KR and enough reasoning capabilities for real-world applications.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11524564_2 fatcat:pzdonqct5vekzmj5wzlri7deaq

Challenges and Solutions for Designing and Managing pHealth Ecosystems

Bernd Blobel
2019 Frontiers in Medicine  
For correctly modeling such systems and their behavior, a system-oriented, architecture-centric, ontology-based, policy-driven approach is inevitable, thereby following established Good Modeling Best Practices  ...  For improving quality and safety of healthcare as well as efficiency and efficacy of care processes, health systems turn toward personalized, preventive, predictive, participative precision medicine.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author is indebted to thank his colleagues from HL7, ISO/TC215, and CEN/TC251 for their kind and constructive support and cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmed.2019.00083 pmid:31058157 pmcid:PMC6482232 fatcat:vulaefyecnairlj47kmij5giyy

Why Interoperability at Data Level Is Not Sufficient for Enabling pHealth?

Bernd Blobel, Pekka Ruotsalainen, Frank Oemig
2020 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
The paper addresses the different aspects or levels of knowledge representation (KR) and management (KM) from cognitive theories (theories of knowledge) and modeling processes through notation up to processing  ...  Multidisciplinary and highly dynamic pHealth ecosystems according to the 5P Medicine paradigm require careful consideration of systems integration and interoperability within the domains knowledge space  ...  Mathias Brochhausen, University of Florida, College of Medicine, for valuable comments and constructive recommendations.  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti200611 pmid:33087589 fatcat:ocvgmjw52va7tngkddrykpi2hm

Ontology-Based Knowledge Representation in Robotic Systems: A Survey Oriented toward Applications

Sumaira Manzoor, Yuri Goncalves Rocha, Sung-Hyeon Joo, Sang-Hyeon Bae, Eun-Jin Kim, Kyeong-Jin Joo, Tae-Yong Kuc
2021 Applied Sciences  
application, idea, development tools, architecture, ontology scope, reasoning scope, and limitations; (iii) to pin-down lessons learned from the review of existing knowledge-based systems for designing  ...  in ontology-based knowledge representation systems that have led to the effective solutions of real-world robotic applications; (ii) to review the selected knowledge-based systems in seven dimensions:  ...  The ontology-based conceptual model of OASys provided the support for both the description and generic development of the engineering process.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11104324 fatcat:6jb3pmzhjnhcxpwvgf4ttkmyga

A data/knowledge paradigm for the modeling and design of operations support systems

V.K. Vaishnavi, G.C. Buchanan, W.L. Kuechler
1997 IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering  
Index Terms-Operations support systems, modeling control abstractions, knowledge bases, databases, object model, semantic data model, production system model. ----------3 ----------1.  ...  This paper develops the Smart Object paradigm and its instantiation, which provide a new conceptualization for the modeling, design, and development of an important but little researched class of information  ...  Vaishnavi was partially supported by a grant from the Research Program Committee of the College of Business Administration, Georgia State University, Atlanta, and a grant from the Georgia Research Alliance  ... 
doi:10.1109/69.591452 fatcat:suatxbdqojg5lhxo4ake6bajae

Knowledge Representation for Algorithmic Audits

P Di Maio
2020 Zenodo  
Applying KR constructs and good practices to Algorithmic Auditing  ...  in Knowledge Modeling and Knowledge Engineering applied to systems development KR as artifacts -Knowledge encoded and implemented as a product of KR activities (for example a graph, an ontology or an  ...  1 Criteria for Auditing KR The body of knowledge of KR in AI is vast, providing innumerable computational techniques and methods for the modelling of Knowledge in intelligent systems, yet the fundamental  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3978806 fatcat:w3y22udd3jdtpch5oo5wc527vm

Solving the Modeling Dilemma as a Foundation for Interoperability

Bernd Blobel, Frank Oemig
2018 European Journal for Biomedical Informatics  
This results in special challenges for modeling health systems.  ...  cases has to be supported by allowing specific methodologies, terminologies, and ontologies to enable analysis, design, implementation, deployment, maintenance, and evaluation of systems within their  ...  Modeling Health Systems Conceptual Model of Architectural Descriptions ANSI/IEEE 1471-2000 -IEEE Recommended Practice for Architectural Description for Software-Intensive Systems considers aspects and  ... 
doi:10.24105/ejbi.2018.14.3.2 fatcat:rzv2toseqffbvdnmcjpgnhxlg4

Knowledge Retrieval (KR)

Yiyu Yao, Yi Zeng, Ning Zhong, Xiangji Huang
2007 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI'07)  
Basic issues of knowledge retrieval systems are examined and a conceptual framework of such systems is proposed.  ...  Traditional data and information retrieval systems that support the current web are no longer adequate for knowledge seeking tasks.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported in part by research grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wi.2007.4427181 fatcat:xk6ym2k3nbbg7lk745omyzpo7i
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