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Energy-Efficient Respiratory Anomaly Detection in Premature Newborn Infants [article]

Ankita Paul, Md. Abu Saleh Tajin, Anup Das, William M. Mongan, Kapil R. Dandekar
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Precise monitoring of respiratory rate in premature infants is essential to initiate medical interventions as required. Wired technologies can be invasive and obtrusive to the patients.  ...  We propose a Deep Learning enabled wearable monitoring system for premature newborn infants, where respiratory cessation is predicted using signals that are collected wirelessly from a non-invasive wearable  ...  Precise respiratory monitoring is often necessary to detect AOP and NRDS in premature newborn infants and initiate medical interventions as required [3] .  ... 
arXiv:2202.10570v1 fatcat:pg4ykvlzbnblzejuqr7qtcp4xm

Energy-Efficient Respiratory Anomaly Detection in Premature Newborn Infants

Ankita Paul, Md. Abu Saleh Tajin, Anup Das, William M. Mongan, Kapil R. Dandekar
2022 Electronics  
Precise monitoring of respiratory rate in premature newborn infants is essential to initiating medical interventions as required. Wired technologies can be invasive and obtrusive to the patients.  ...  We propose a deep-learning-enabled wearable monitoring system for premature newborn infants, where respiratory cessation is predicted using signals that are collected wirelessly from a non-invasive wearable  ...  Precise respiratory monitoring is often necessary to detect AOP and NRDS in premature newborn infants and initiate medical interventions as required [3] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11050682 fatcat:jdztc4lbebbbzo6rmyhsq2i754

Respiratory muscle function in the newborn: a narrative review

Theodore Dassios, Aggeliki Vervenioti, Gabriel Dimitriou
2021 Pediatric Research  
Impact Respiratory muscle function is impaired in prematurely born neonates and infants with congenital anomalies, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia.  ...  Prolonged mechanical ventilation, hypercapnia and hypoxia, congenital anomalies and systemic or respiratory infection can negatively impact respiratory muscle function in the newborn, while caffeine and  ...  anomalies.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41390-021-01529-z pmid:33875805 pmcid:PMC8053897 fatcat:4eqihaetqjdlbnizwt6lvuy6w4

Management of neonatal hazards in intensive care units: a review

Amany K. A. Khalifa
2015 International Journal of Scientific Reports  
</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Keywords: </strong>Neonatal hazards, High-risk infants, Neonatal management</p>  ...  The critical situation of high-risk infants, including preterm or within serious medical conditions, has been highlighted and elaborated.  ...  Congenital anomalies of the heart have the highest risk of death in infancy, accounting for 28% of infant deaths due to congenital anomaly, while chromosomal anomalies and respiratory anomalies each account  ... 
doi:10.18203/issn.2454-2156.intjscirep20150195 fatcat:p62kdkr6ujfefmr7p64l7oqaie

Ventilation Efficiency and Respiratory Muscle Function at Different Levels of CPAP in Intubated Prematurely Born Infants

Theodore Dassios, Paul Dixon, Anne Greenough
2018 Respiratory care  
Key words: continuous positive airway pressure; ventilation efficiency; respiratory muscle function; respiratory muscle rate of relaxation; newborn infants; premature. [Respir Care 2019;64(3):285-291.  ...  CONCLUSIONS: Increasing the level of CPAP from 4 to 6 cm H 2 O was associated with enhanced ventilation efficiency and respiratory muscle function in convalescent premature infants on ventilation, but  ...  VENTILATION EFFICIENCY AND RESPIRATORY MUSCLE FUNCTION IN PREMATURE INFANTS RESPIRATORY CARE • MARCH 2019 VOL 64 NO 3 pendent variables.  ... 
doi:10.4187/respcare.06354 pmid:30401757 fatcat:km4gdfhucnb2feqtalkyczcrk4

Current Strategies to Optimize Nutrition and Growth in Newborns and Infants with Congenital Heart Disease: A Narrative Review

Guglielmo Salvatori, Domenico Umberto De Rose, Anna Claudia Massolo, Neil Patel, Irma Capolupo, Paola Giliberti, Melania Evangelisti, Pasquale Parisi, Alessandra Toscano, Andrea Dotta, Giovanni Di Nardo
2022 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
energy intake and sub-optimal growth, increased morbidity and mortality. (4) Conclusions: To optimize nutrition and growth in newborn infants with CHD, standardized protocols should be implemented.  ...  (1) Objective: This review aims to identify the clinical and practical barriers to optimizing nutrition in newborn infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to describe updated evidence-based recommendations  ...  Target energy intake and growth aims in newborn infants with congenital heart diseases.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jcm11071841 pmid:35407451 pmcid:PMC8999967 fatcat:4kizwdymf5csjfmruye62mpw5e

Individualizing Oral Feeding Assessment and Therapies in the Newborn

Dara Azuma, Jill L Maron
2020 Research and Reports in Neonatology  
Specific challenges faced by individual newborns are often unique, and delays in development in any one of the many systems involved in oral feeding can lead to prolonged oral feeding maturation.  ...  Oral feeding competency is a milestone most infants must achieve prior to discharge.  ...  While feeding challenges are nearly universal in the premature neonatal population, specific challenges faced by individual newborns are often unique.  ... 
doi:10.2147/rrn.s223472 fatcat:cfwvjrsoobhuzklt2dollqlh2y

Body Weight Gain Status during the Incubator Weaning Process in Very Low Birth Weight Premature Infants

Chung-Wei Lin, Hsiang-Yun Ko, Chih-Chi Huang, Chiu-Yu Yeh, Yen-Chun Chiu, Hsiu-Lin Chen
2022 Children  
Incubator care is essential for premature infants during early hospitalization. As the infants' conditions improve, incubator weaning becomes necessary.  ...  This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of body weight gain and status of intake-calorie gain on the incubator weaning process for very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants.  ...  Acknowledgments: We want to thank the nursing staff of the neonatal intensive care unit in Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital for their dedication to premature infants' care.  ... 
doi:10.3390/children9070985 pmid:35883969 pmcid:PMC9323975 fatcat:wnupywkrzbatvoqudokkoh5h5u

Ending Neonatal Deaths From Hypothermia in Sub-Saharan Africa: Call for Essential Technologies Tailored to the Context

Giorgia Brambilla Pisoni, Christine Gaulis, Silvan Suter, Michel A. Rochat, Solomzi Makohliso, Matthias Roth-Kleiner, Michiko Kyokan, Riccardo E. Pfister, Klaus Schönenberger
2022 Frontiers in Public Health  
Neonatal death represents a major burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where the main conditions triggering mortality, such as prematurity, labor complications, infections, and respiratory distress syndrome  ...  We aim to provide a picture that underlines the essential need for infant incubators in SSA.  ...  Moreover, they have high energy consumption requiring a constant and efficient electric energy supply (38) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpubh.2022.851739 pmid:35462801 pmcid:PMC9022947 fatcat:ldkpa65bbjee7ckwuh5npbgkbi

Pathogenesis and Prevention of Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury [chapter]

Andrew Macnab
2020 Advancement and New Understanding in Brain Injury [Working Title]  
However, newborn infants, especially those born prematurely, remain at risk from situations that can cause or worsen brain injury.  ...  developing fetus and newborn infant.  ...  Genetic screening can detect anomalies linked to brain defects; termination of pregnancy is a care option when a fetus is known to have a major anomaly.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.93840 fatcat:v6ucy53mlzfvblxj7genipcaoa

Soothability and Growth in Preterm Infants

Holly J. Diesel, Patrick M. Ercole
2011 Journal of Holistic Nursing  
Infants in the treatment group had decreases in heart rate, respiratory rate and pain scores significantly greater than infants in the control group.  ...  Thousands of premature infants are born every year in the United States, and the numbers are increasing. Prematurity is the leading cause of mortality in infants.  ...  The premature infant is exposed to painful stimuli. Pain causes the newborn to divert energy from growth and weight gain.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0898010111417875 pmid:21997881 fatcat:fj3joyvzejaa7g4as2khh4w3ui

Factors Related to Birth Transition Success of Late Preterm Infants

Karen Wright, Jacqueline Fowler Byers, Anne E. Norris
2012 Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews  
Problem: Identifying the factors effecting birth transition success of late preterm infants may improve early recognition of newborn compromise.  ...  Male preterm infants were nearly twice as likely to fail transition as females in this population.  ...  Considering physiological immaturity, the efficiency and thermal adaptive processes in late-preterm infants is inadequate.  ... 
doi:10.1053/j.nainr.2012.03.009 fatcat:lt2dyhowxbahbbcycpg24wafsy

Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain); November 23rd-25th 2016; Session "Neonatology and NICU clinical care and practices"

--- Various Authors
2016 Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine  
THE EFFECT OF THYROID HORMONES ON NICU ADMISSION DUE TO TRANSIENT TACHYPNEA OF NEWBORN IN LATE PRETERM AND TERM INFANTS • T. Gursoy, S. Ercin, P. Kayiran, B. Gurakan ABS 6.  ...  THE PREVALENCE OF HEREDITARY HEARING LOSS IN 41,152 NEWBORNS DURING THE PERIOD 2011-2015 • S.T. Hsu, C.C. Hung, Y.N. Su, C.Y. Chen, H.C. Chou, W.S. Hsieh, C.C. Wu, P.N. Tsao ABS 10.  ...  Nevertheless, predicting the evolution of the liver injury in neonates is still a challenge and makes the therapeutics strategy more difficult.  ... 
doi:10.7363/060101 doaj:67abcd5af4a04fdd9b71092ab0884d23 fatcat:g4v6jhsdufgurmetnqtinyasoi

Thermal protection of the newborn in resource-limited environments

K Lunze, D H Hamer
2012 Journal of Perinatology  
In newborns, optimal temperature ranges are narrow and thermoregulatory mechanisms easily overwhelmed, particularly in premature and low-birth weight infants.  ...  Neonatal thermoregulation is a critical function for newborn survival, regulated in the hypothalamus and mediated by endocrine pathways.  ...  , a device Thermal protection of the newborn K Lunze and DH Hamer for the care of a premature infant.  ... 
doi:10.1038/jp.2012.11 pmid:22382859 fatcat:za3vb7zg6nhnvfr4jmh63rqvqq

The Etiology and Evolution of Fetal Brain Injury [chapter]

Andrew Macnab
2012 Brain Damage - Bridging Between Basic Research and Clinics  
newborn period, and an apparent increase in the incidence of prematurity (Lattimore et al 2005) .  ...  NIRS is an established non-invasive optical technology using energy from the NIR spectrum to monitor changes in local blood flow and hemodynamics non-invasively within the microcirculation, and detect  ...  "Brain Damage -Bridging Between Basic Research and Clinics" represents a collection of papers in an attempt to provide an up-to-date approach to the fascinating topic of brain damage in different pathological  ... 
doi:10.5772/38441 fatcat:ikkqv264p5chrhov7mjbxkjlim
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