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Control Problems in Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

P. Vysoký
2012 Transactions on Transport Sciences  
The new approach requires energy management for the hybrid vehicles. Specific control is necessary for battery management.  ...  The new method of vehicle propulsion for hybrid and electric vehicles involves solving new problems with their control, primarily the control of electrical propulsion units.  ...  Figure 1 : 1 "Scalar" control of induction motor. Figure 2 : 2 Vector control of induction motor. Figure 3 : 3 Efficiency map for IC engine. Figure 4 : 4 Efficiency map for electrical motor.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10158-012-0004-5 fatcat:lvclfztkgremzohn7oekhzgbui

Design of Optimized Energy Management Strategy for All-Wheel-Drive Electric Vehicles

Haishi Dou, Youtong Zhang, Likang Fan
2021 Applied Sciences  
The performance of the all-wheel-drive electric vehicle is inseparable from the energy management strategy (EMS).  ...  By incorporating the thought of a basis of rules, the DPCS determines the torque of each motor that confirm the motor working in an efficient range that incorporates the mind of dynamic programming.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11178218 fatcat:o6w2ui5zvnduvjaokwkqtjdge4

Real-Time Control Strategy of Elman Neural Network for the Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle

Ruijun Liu, Dapai Shi, Chao Ma
2014 Journal of Applied Mathematics  
The contribution of the paper is that the trained Elman neural network control strategy can reduce the simulation time by 96% and improve the real-time performance of energy control, which also ensures  ...  , deduced the optimal control objective function of instantaneous equivalent consumption, established the instantaneous optimal control model, and designs the Elman neural network controller.  ...  Conflict of Interests The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Journal of Applied Mathematics  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/596326 fatcat:gyqlim2mobevjdfvp6kyy4hqpe

Optimal Velocity Control for a Battery Electric Vehicle Driven by Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

Dongbin Lu, Minggao Ouyang, Jing Gu, Jianqiu Li
2014 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
In the electric vehicle (EV) application, the PMSM efficiency model, combined with the EV and road load system model, is used to study the optimal energy-saving control strategy, which is significant for  ...  The permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) has high efficiency and high torque density. Field oriented control (FOC) is usually used in the motor to achieve maximum efficiency control.  ...  In this paper, the optimal control algorithm for the system is proposed and used in a battery electric vehicle (EV), especially in automatic cruise conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/193960 fatcat:6md2uzgxyvcibcv3laqhlqhbea

2020 Index IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification Vol. 6

2020 IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification  
Optimization of Electric Vehicle Charging for Battery Maintenance and Degradation Management.  ...  ., +, TTE June 2020 453-463 Optimization of Electric Vehicle Charging for Battery Maintenance and Degradation Management.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tte.2020.3043921 fatcat:ly7v6whbdzbmpfhqiwrbz4itx4

A Causal and Real-Time Capable Power Management Algorithm for Off-Highway Hybrid Propulsion Systems

Johannes Schalk, Harald Aschemann
2016 Energies  
The algorithm optimizes the power split to achieve the maximum power supply efficiency and, thereby, considers the energy cost for maintaining the battery charge.  ...  In this paper, a causal optimization-based power management algorithm is introduced to control the power split between engine and electric machine in a hybrid powertrain.  ...  The computation of the power supply efficiency uses an energy-cost-equivalent charge factor, which accounts for the energy consumption to charge the battery.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en10010010 fatcat:zdosojemxney5ghkkpi27hfyci

A Dynamic Control Strategy for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Based on Parameter Optimization for Multiple Driving Cycles and Driving Pattern Recognition

Zhenzhen Lei, Dong Cheng, Yonggang Liu, Datong Qin, Yi Zhang, Qingbo Xie
2017 Energies  
The driving pattern has an important influence on the parameter optimization of the energy management strategy (EMS) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).  ...  A new algorithm using simulated annealing particle swarm optimization (SA-PSO) is proposed for parameter optimization of both the power system and control strategy of HEVs based on multiple driving cycles  ...  Acknowledgments: The work presented in this paper is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en10010054 fatcat:5bhigmhxcrglzefhpcxpvyjwgq

Improving the Efficiency of HEV Electronic Applications Using CAN-BUS Communication

A. George Ansfer, M. Marsaline Beno
2022 Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing  
A new energy management technique with aid of Controller Area Network (CAN) bus for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is proposed in this research.  ...  To accurately distribute power from one of the battery sources, the Energy Management System determines the reference speed for the electric motor drive and the internal combustion engine.  ...  Funding Statement: The authors received no specific funding for this study. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to report regarding the present study.  ... 
doi:10.32604/iasc.2022.023058 fatcat:u2e5hbfgrneffkaghytp7iytk4

Determination and Application of Maximum Efficiency Curve of Crawler Electric Tractor Motors

Jing Liu, Changgao Xia, Donglin Jiang, Gaogao Shang, Jiangyi Han, Yan Sun, Min Ye
2021 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Because the control improves operating efficiency, battery energy consumption is reduced and continuous operation time is extended; hence, the control achieves its purpose.  ...  The motor is the core component of an electric tractor's drive system. Its characteristics and control directly affect a tractor's operating efficiency, operating quality, and energy consumption.  ...  Zhou, “Design of a load torque based control strategy for improving electric tractor motor energy conversion efficiency,” Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2016, Article ID 2548967  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/1310926 fatcat:7434xaabwfcyle3ecn7sqrziwy

Research on IPMSM Drive System Control Technology for Electric Vehicle Energy Consumption

Lifu Li, Qin Liu
2019 IEEE Access  
Hence, a motor drive system control strategy for electric vehicle energy consumption is proposed in this paper.  ...  Combining the electric vehicle driving state with the control of interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM), the maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control strategy of electric vehicle IPMSM based  ...  the efficiency of the transmission system; η V is the efficiency of the inverter; η m is the efficiency of the electric motor, According to (7) , the electric vehicle energy consumption per kilometer  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2958944 fatcat:ujjsux4ar5buvgsszqvbdgeoci

Adaptive Torque Distribution Control for Light Duty Parallel Hybrid Truck by Using Neural Network

Masahiro SUZUKI, Nobutaka SUZUKI, Tomohiko ARAKI, Seiichi YAMAGUCHI, Pongsathorn RAKSINCHAROENSAK, Masao NAGAI
2010 Journal of Mechanical Systems for Transportation and Logistics  
This control system analyzes the current driving conditions in real time on an on-board electric control unit and calculates the optimal torque distribution for fuel efficiency accordingly.  ...  In this paper, we report the development of an adaptive torque distribution control system for a light duty truck with a parallel hybrid system powered by a diesel engine and an electric motor.  ...  for optimal fuel efficiency.  ... 
doi:10.1299/jmtl.3.493 fatcat:x755tksr5feepa2lvfiu4tpasm

Comparison on Energy Economy and Vibration Characteristics of Electric and Hydraulic in-Wheel Drive Vehicles

Shilei Zhou, Paul Walker, Yang Tian, Cong Thanh Nguyen, Nong Zhang
2021 Energies  
The dynamic programming (DP) algorithm is used to explore the optimal energy consumption of each vehicle.  ...  This paper compares the energy economy and vertical vibration characteristics of in-wheel drive electric vehicles (IEVs), in-wheel drive electric hydraulic hybrid vehicles (IHVs) and centralized drive  ...  The vehicle handling and stability performance are significantly improved by the torque vector control based on the quick torque response and outstanding controllability of electric motors [12, 13] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14082290 fatcat:6rt3sfr6bbgz5dcdjn2maeuw6i

Space Vector Modulation Technique For Electric Drive Vehicle

S. Sree Priya
2018 Zenodo  
This paper uses a space vector modulation technique to improve the controllability and efficiency of an inverter used in Field oriented control of Induction Motor of Electric Vehicle.  ...  The system is modeled and simulated in Matlab simulink and results are satisfied with the electric vehicle index.  ...  ELECTRIC MOTOR AND BATTERY FOR EV Electric Motor Drive The selection of right electric motor is very necessary for the matched performance of the vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1452281 fatcat:fq5lxrqimbcjbayokganbflbku

A Comprehensive Review of Advanced Traction Motor Control Techniques Suitable for Electric Vehicle Applications

Matthew L. De Klerk, Akshay K. Saha
2021 IEEE Access  
As a result, optimization of the electric vehicle powertrain is a key area, with the traction motor control mechanism forming a major component of the powertrain.  ...  While efforts are still being carried out in these areas for electric vehicle applications, it was found that there has been a large emphasis placed on powertrain efficiency improvement through optimization  ...  Prior to the design and implementation of the proposed LPV controller-observer, the authors indicate the impact of higher temperature on the speed performance of an IM. It is indicated that when full  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3110736 fatcat:4ntrsw455bb4de34epfk3yk3ee

Global Optimal Energy Management Strategy Research for a Plug-In Series-Parallel Hybrid Electric Bus by Using Dynamic Programming

Hongwen He, Henglu Tang, Ximing Wang
2013 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Energy management strategy influences the power performance and fuel economy of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles greatly.  ...  Then the torque and speed of engine and the torque of motor were selected as the control variables, and the battery state of charge (SOC) was selected as the state variables.  ...  In the PHEVs, in order to make full use of the electricity energy stored in batteries, it is preferred that the battery energy drops to its minimum when the vehicle arrives at the destination.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/708261 fatcat:dypy3mzptzhazcdokkhaq2yu54
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