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SDL - The IoT Language [chapter]

Edel Sherratt, Ileana Ober, Emmanuel Gaudin, Pau Fonseca i Casas, Finn Kristoffersen
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The potential for SDL to enhance reliability and safety is explored with respect to existing smart things below.  ...  Moreover, awareness of the potential benefits of SDL must be raised if those benefits are to be realized in the current and future Internet of Things.  ...  SDL does not interface directly with CAD systems. For the future, it would be good to extract models of the implied SDL agent from designs of new devices.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24912-4_3 fatcat:34scml7l6jepjlogewafr67zaq

Using Specification and Description Language for Life Cycle Assesment in Buildings

Pau Fonseca i Casas, Antoni Fonseca i Casas
2017 Sustainability  
optimization systems into urban design [23] , which consider several aspects when creating an energy optimization system.  ...  The use of formal languages, such as Discrete Event System Specification (DEVS) [24], Specification and Description Language (SDL) [25, 26] , or Petri nets [27] , is without a doubt one of the best solutions  ...  Introduction Currently, there is worldwide awareness of the global increase in energy consumption and the limited amount of resources available to provide energy to citizens and enterprises.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su9061004 fatcat:ebcdzotpafhs7g5ghkqha7mnke

Optimal Buildings' Energy Consumption Calculus through a Distributed Experiment Execution

Pau Fonseca i Casas, Antoni Fonseca i Casas, Nuria Garrido-Soriano, Joana Ortiz, Josep Casanovas, Jaume Salom
2015 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
The calculus of building energy consumption is a demanding task because multiple factors must be considered during experimentation.  ...  This methodology has been applied to the energy consumption calculation, but it can also be applied to other modeling problems that usually require a considerable amount of resources by reducing the amount  ...  Acknowledgments Many thanks are due to the InLab FIB of Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech and their generous help during this project by providing the authors with the machines and with  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/267974 fatcat:v2huexzoq5drdieo4glvy46vti

Designing Multichannel Value Propositions to Enhance Value-Cocreation Phenomenon

Vittorio Cesarotti, Alessio Giuiusa, Stephen K. Kwan, Vito Introna, Jim Spohrer
2014 International Journal of Service Science Management Engineering and Technology  
Service Science introduced the abstraction of service systems, which while jointly interacting can cocreate value. The term "cocreation" captures the collaborative nature of value creation.  ...  Whilst value, between two or more service entities, is always cocreated, value-cocreation is rarely considered in designing a service even though this is a main design driver that leads to successful construction  ...  INTRODUCTION We interact daily with complex service systems for a plethora of reasons (e.g., transportation to reach our office, energy, telecommunications, etc.).  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijssmet.2014010102 fatcat:fdovxny3sfed3mnthmasllxafu

Energy modelling in sensor networks

D. Schmidt, M. Krämer, T. Kuhn, N. Wehn
2007 Advances in Radio Science  
Energy resources for sensor nodes are very scarce. A key challenge is the design of energy efficient communication protocols.  ...  The models were integrated in a simulation environment as well as in a SDL runtime framework of a model driven design process.  ...  With our models of the MICAz we have extended the scheduler of the specification language SDL to optimize energy. SDL is a reactive language with additional timers.  ... 
doi:10.5194/ars-5-347-2007 fatcat:3nffur2a2bepnfrd243tbcp64m

Self-directed Learning in L2 Acquisition: A Review of Theory, Practice, and Research

Fatemeh Giveh, Mehdi Ghobadi, Zahra Zamani
2018 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
The review is presented with respect to both theoretical underpinnings and research of self-directed L2 learning.  ...  As L2 teaching is concerned, teachers are now more preoccupied with facilitating the process of L2 learning rather than 'teaching' in its traditional sense of the term.  ...  Thus, metacognitive strategies would help the learner raise his awareness of how an L2 should be learned and how much energy, time, and other resources should be invested in the endeavor so that the optimal  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.0906.24 fatcat:bcuylsaznbgkfeqsteq7xmkm54

Exploring constrained rates of adoption of total cost of ownership models: A service-dominant logic analysis

Jörg Freiling, Kathrin Dressel
2015 International Small Business Journal  
Method Research design Nine propositions have been developed from the modified open system view.  ...  The researchers were aware of biases that may have occurred, and used data triangulation as well as meta-interviews with industry experts to cope with this problem.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0266242613519118 fatcat:76iwzy2cd5ghlehn23tl22oy24

Combining scalability and resource awareness in Wireless Sensor Network localization

Ralf Behnke, Alexander Born, Jakob Salzmann, Dirk Timmermann, Ralf Bill
2011 2011 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS)  
This newly introduced algorithm has been compared to its sDLS counterpart by use of a WSN simulator with real world channel model.  ...  On the other hand, Resource Aware Localization Algorithm (RAL) simplified calculation and improved accuracy by use of a different linearization approach.  ...  Due to limitations in terms of size, financial cost and energy consumption, local positioning within the network is preferred over utilizing Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs) like GPS [4] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/infcomw.2011.5928871 fatcat:6irpoqgtijd6jnkfegzpmpehsi

Data-Centric Architecture for Self-Driving Laboratories with Autonomous Discovery of New Nanomaterials

Maria A. Butakova, Andrey V. Chernov, Oleg O. Kartashov, Alexander V. Soldatov
2021 Nanomaterials  
Self-driving laboratories help automate and intellectualize processes involved in discovering nanomaterials with required parameters that are difficult to transfer to AI-driven systems straightforwardly  ...  It is not easy to find a suitable design method for self-driving laboratory implementation.  ...  The founding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nano12010012 pmid:35009962 pmcid:PMC8746699 fatcat:gwplcxrxlbgj5fgusfzwgeuoie

Sink-oriented Dynamic Location Service Protocol for Mobile Sinks with an Energy Efficient Grid-Based Approach

Hyeonjae Jeon, Kwangjin Park, Dae-Joon Hwang, Hyunseung Choo
2009 Sensors  
In SDLS, we propose an Eight-Direction Anchor (EDA) system that acts as a location service server.  ...  EDA prevents intensive energy consumption at the border sensor nodes and thus provides energy balancing to all the sensor nodes.  ...  However, both SDLS and ALS find node locations using global grid nodes with low energy consumption. The anchor system of ALS concentrates location information on border nodes.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s90301433 pmid:22573964 pmcid:PMC3345838 fatcat:w6yhvmhn55d6jelg4kyvkhqs2m

Assessment: The driving force behind self-directed learning in English teacher training [chapter]

Marike Annandale, North-West University, Elizabeth M. Reyneke, North-West University
2021 NWU Self-Directed Learning Series  
The manuscript was subjected to rigorous two-step peer review before publication, with the identities of the reviewers not revealed to the author(s).  ...  The first section explores a comprehensive metaliteracy digital badging system that is designed to advance SDL, with a focus on how the self-directed unit from this system was adapted for use in an open  ...  The proposed system is interactive and is designed to grow with the needs of the participating students.  ... 
doi:10.4102/aosis.2021.bk280.08 fatcat:xixrptuixzhubntue3hhe3zzvy

Investigating Possibilities of Developing Self-Directed Learning in Architecture Students Using Design Thinking

Stanislav Avsec, Magdalena Jagiełło-Kowalczyk
2021 Sustainability  
The findings suggest that design thinking is strongly connected with self-directed learning, and as shown in the resulting model, all components of self-directed learning are strongly explained by design  ...  This study revealed the special agency that architecture and built environment have in shaping our social, economic, and natural environment using system and design thinking.  ...  Figure 3 . 3 Students' SDL scores on SRSSDL subscales with 95% confidence intervals. Figure 4 . 4 Relationships between design thinking and SDL in metacognitive design thinking model.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13084369 fatcat:iaucbgzdmnhijop5kfjt3oa5zu

New Complementary Points of Cyber Security Schemes for Critical Digital Assets at Nuclear Power Plants (June 2019)

JunYoung Son, JongGyun Choi, Hyunsoo Yoon
2019 IEEE Access  
It is necessary to apply nuclear cyber security technology effectively in accordance with the operation, assurance, and system development process of a nuclear facility.  ...  It is essential to analyze and research how to effectively apply nuclear cyber security requirements and what complementary factors are present in the overall process for a nuclear security technology system  ...  Security awareness was not enough and not considered at the time SDL was developed. Thus, the SDLs in the past are not effective as security systems against security threats.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2922335 fatcat:ujnuypaoyjds5arla2blxqjrqu

Teachers' position regarding their curriculum as praxis: A self-directed learning capability perspective [chapter]

Marisa Verster, North-West University, Elsa Mentz, Charlene du Toit-Brits, North-West University, North-West University
2020 NWU Self-Directed Learning Series  
In terms of this awareness, Knowles (1975:103 ) made a remarkable statement when introducing the pioneering work on SDL, that '[t] he individual is an energy system with modifiable intelligence, and  ...  following formula: Marble = 10 kJ energy Pasta = 4 kJ energy Bean = 3 kJ energy Other seed = 1 kJ energy · In order to survive, a bird needs 20 kJ of energy.  ...  Some of the chapters clearly have a more narrative conceptual focus while others are substantiating notions on SDL with empirical material.  ... 
doi:10.4102/aosis.2020.bk206.06 fatcat:s2n7azexbjeopcwafgmilitywu

Experiential Learning Environments: Do They Prepare Our Students to be Self-Directed, Life-Long Learners?

S. Jiusto, D. DiBiasio
2006 Journal of Engineering Education  
methods: a nationally recognized course evaluation system called the Individual Development and Educational Assessment system (IDEA); an internal student project quality assessment protocol; and the Self-Directed  ...  The SDLRS also showed a positive, but less emphatic increase in SDL readiness among a Global Studies Program cohort.  ...  Finally, results from the SDLRS research instrument designed to measure SDL readiness most comprehensively and directly also show students benefiting from the program, but less dramatically and with greater  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.2168-9830.2006.tb00892.x fatcat:kvygipe7mjdyrmfhuzf7zwqjna
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