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Enabling complex analysis of large-scale digital collections: humanities research, high-performance computing, and transforming access to British Library digital collections

Melissa Terras, James Baker, James Hetherington, David Beavan, Martin Zaltz Austwick, Anne Welsh, Helen O'Neill, Will Finley, Oliver Duke-Williams, Adam Farquhar
2017 Digital Scholarship in the Humanities  
This article reports on a pilot project at University College London, working in collaboration with the British Library, to scope out how best high-performance computing facilities can be used to facilitate  ...  of support from research computing and library services, we can best support humanities scholars in developing methods and approaches to take advantage of these research opportunities.  ...  analysis for individual humanities scholars, and Scott B.  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/fqx020 dblp:journals/lalc/TerrasBHBAWOFDF18 fatcat:7z4grepupjeq7nfwnniwrkb4ve

Position Statements --- Always Already Computational: Collections as Data [article]

Jefferson Bailey, Alexandra Chassanoff, Tanya Clement, Gabrielle P. Foreman, Labanya Mookerjee, Dan Fowler, Harriett Green, Jennifer Guiliano, Juliet L. Hardesty, Christina Harlow, Greg Jansen, Richard Marciano (+16 others)
2019 Zenodo  
Participants at Always Already Computational: Collections as Data Forum 1 (March 1-3, 2017) were asked to respond to the following prompt: Leading up to the forum, [we] ask that you write a brief position  ...  statement derived from direct or related experience salient to the scope of work described in Always Already Computational.  ...  The challenges of large-scale collection access appear to be technological and, as is often the case for libraries and the digital humanities, budgetary.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3066160 fatcat:loxxdkbqwfcqjcgjyymkb73uqy

Final Report --- Always Already Computational: Collections as Data [article]

Thomas Padilla, Laurie Allen, Hannah Frost, Sarah Potvin, Elizabeth Russey Roke, Stewart Varner
2019 Zenodo  
research and teaching.  ...  From 2016-2018 Always Already Computational: Collections as Data documented, iterated on, and shared current and potential approaches to developing cultural heritage collections that support computationally-driven  ...  Acknowledgements The project team would like to acknowledge the Institute of Museum and Library Services, whose support made this project possible.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3152934 fatcat:4plw2tw3tzha3bt6qwvhrqcyrq

Mining Oral History Collections Using Music Information Retrieval Methods

Sharon Webb, Chris Kiefer, Ben Jackson, James Baker, Alice Eldridge
2017 Music Reference Services Quarterly  
Recent work at the Sussex Humanities Lab, a digital humanities research program at the University of Sussex, has sought to address an identified gap in the provision and use of audio feature analysis for  ...  This paper describes the application of audio analysis techniques and methods to spoken word collections.  ...  interpreters and high performance tools for parallel computing.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10588167.2017.1404307 fatcat:uz7simnftnf3jdyhnz7ygxfwme

The Fralin Numismatic Collection: Ten Years Later [article]

Ethan Gruber
2022 Zenodo  
Today, the Fralin contributes data and images to a wide variety of large-scale aggregation projects, both numismatic in scope and more broadly related to ancient geography.  ...  The development of this database contributed to later work at the American Numismatic Society (2011-present), and the Fralin digital collection continued to adapt as numismatic data standards have evolved  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to acknowledge Prof. John Dobbins, first and foremost, for the inspiration and support for the digitization of the Fralin collection.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5846256 fatcat:m7mbesfhc5bl5jkglcc3276asm

Digitization of Heritage Collections as Indicator of Innovation

Karol Jan Borowiecki, Trilce Navarrete
2015 Social Science Research Network  
We find that organizations respond positively to an environment of high consumer digital literacy and sustainable resource allocation that enables slack, skilled staff and long-term strategic planning.  ...  We analyse the macro, meso and micro conditions of heritage organizations across Europe to identify the key determinants that foster soft innovation as reflected by the share of collection digitization  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Marco de Niet and David Fricker, participants at an invited talk at the University of the Basque Country and to two anonymous referees for invaluable comments.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2654167 fatcat:uf2jqv2fzrb4zmtc4jul7ubae4

Digitization of heritage collections as indicator of innovation

Karol J. Borowiecki, Trilce Navarrete
2016 Economics of Innovation and New Technology  
We find that organizations respond positively to an environment of high consumer digital literacy and sustainable resource allocation that enables slack, skilled staff and long-term strategic planning.  ...  We analyse the macro, meso and micro conditions of heritage organizations across Europe to identify the key determinants that foster soft innovation as reflected by the share of collection digitization  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Marco de Niet and David Fricker, participants at an invited talk at the University of the Basque Country and to two anonymous referees for invaluable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10438599.2016.1164488 fatcat:eol2megnbnddxho3t7mxeprb3q

Your Paintings Tagger: Crowdsourcing Descriptive Metadata for a National Virtual Collection [chapter]

2016 Crowdsourcing our Cultural Heritage  
Digital technologies are becoming increasingly important to arts and humanities research, expanding the horizons of research methods in all aspects of data capture, investigation, analysis, modelling,  ...  The series will be critical reading for experts in digital humanities and technology issues, and it will also be of wide interest to all scholars working in humanities and arts research.  ...  She is particularly interested in the use of ICT tools and methods for the analysis of large-scale digital crowdsourcing of our cultural heritage collections, and in research collaborations between humanities  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315575162-16 fatcat:2zu5ynh3mnajzpqsfklfu34s2u

Documentary Provenance and Digitized Collections: Concepts and Problems

Mats Dalstrom, Joacim Hansson
2019 Proceedings from the Document Academy  
Provenance research in digitized memory institution collections is mainly devoted to documenting and mapping the trajectories of the physical source documents across time, place and contexts, primarily  ...  , access to various states of the digital images, exhaustive metadata for the reproduction, and not least paradata documenting the digitization process, including conversion, editing, curation, and decisions  ...  Significant resources are being invested in digitization in the US as well in Europe, and a whole range of humanities research depends on having these digitized collections available.  ... 
doi:10.35492/docam/6/1/8 fatcat:wgjrefzx3nh7vpo56rpo5igmoy

Google Books as a General Research Collection

Edgar Jones
2010 Library resources & technical services  
A random sample of 398 entries was drawn from the Catalogue of the Library of the Boston Athenaeum, 1807-1871, and searched against Google Books and the online catalogs of the two control collections to  ...  collection the catalog of a major nineteenth-century research library and using as control collections-against which the reference catalog also would be searched-the online catalogs of two other major  ...  One side effect of indiscriminately digitizing great swathes of the print collections of large research libraries is an increasing rate of duplication as more collections are digitized, and a decreasing  ... 
doi:10.5860/lrts.54n2.77 fatcat:6xglwpwitva2jezevu53iynkmm

Exploring Variety in Digital Collections and the Implications for Digital Preservation

MacKenzie Smith
2005 Library Trends  
Acknowledgements I would like to thank Deborah Woodyard-Robinson not only for inviting me to contribute to this special issue of Library Trends but also for the valuable advice she gave me while writing  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the offi cial policies, either expressed or implied, of the National Science  ...  It will bring us closer to recognizing the scale of digital preservation solutions available and enable each of us to fi nd our own balance. Notes 1.  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2006.0009 fatcat:i2lreou2mze2jmwokasauxueza

Automated geoparsing and georeferencing of Malesian collection locality data
English

Reed Beaman, Barry Conn
2003 Telopea  
Natural language processing of digital data significantly reduces the time required to database and georeference a specimen.  ...  The prospect of databasing large herbarium collections is now reality, but the task of manually georeferencing each specimen would be enormous.  ...  Paul Goia (Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia) kindly reviewed this paper for us. One of us (R.S.B.  ... 
doi:10.7751/telopea20035604 fatcat:pl4ztnmdhbe6jk6h2swi3tglf4

A data-driven approach to studying changing vocabularies in historical newspaper collections

Simon Hengchen, Ruben Ros, Jani Marjanen, Mikko Tolonen
2021 Digital Scholarship in the Humanities  
To our knowledge, thus far there have been no large-scale comparative studies of this kind that purport to grasp long-term developments in as many as four different languages in a data-driven way.  ...  A particular strength of the method we describe in this article is that, by design, it is not limited to the study of nationhood, but rather expands beyond it to other research questions and is reusable  ...  Ma ¨kela ¨, Krister Linde ´n, Gale Cengage, our reviewers, and the Helsinki Computational History (COMHIS) group.  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/fqab032 fatcat:fntcznqlcnd3bjdpwdjtyu4aie

defoe: A Spark-Based Toolbox for Analysing Digital Historical Textual Data

Rosa Filgueira, Mariona Coll Ardanuy, Giovanni Colavizza, James Hetherington, Melissa Terras, Michael Jackson, Anna Roubickova, Amrey Krause, Ruth Ahnert, Tessa Hauswedell, Julianne Nyhan, David Beavan (+1 others)
2019 2019 15th International Conference on eScience (eScience)  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was funded by Scottish Enterprise as part of the Alan Turing Institute-Scottish Enterprise Data Engineering Programme, and by AHRC as part of the Living with Machines via the  ...  Additionally, the humanities community has limited capacity and/or skills to use High-Performance Computing (HPC) environments and analytic frameworks to create applications to mine large-scale digital  ...  This work focuses on removing some these obstacles by enabling complex analysis of digital datasets at scale.  ... 
doi:10.1109/escience.2019.00033 dblp:conf/eScience/FilgueiraACHTJR19 fatcat:sbw5w5dv55dzlkoccet3wgvbbq

A data-driven approach to studying changing vocabularies in historical newspaper collections

Simon Hengchen, Ruben Ros, Jani Marjanen, Mikko Tolonen
2021 Zenodo  
To our knowledge, thus far there have been no large-scale comparative studies of this kind that purport to grasp long-term developments in as many as four different languages in a data-driven way.  ...  A particular strength of the method we describe in this article is that, by design, it is not limited to the study of nationhood, but rather expands beyond it to other research questions and is reusable  ...  Ma ¨kela ¨, Krister Linde ´n, Gale Cengage, our reviewers, and the Helsinki Computational History (COMHIS) group.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5783069 fatcat:xmtfvua55rettiwwteoulw26zq
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