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Enabling Practical Backscatter Communication for On-body Sensors

PENGYU ZHANG, Mohammad Rostami, Pan Hu, Deepak Ganesan
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 conference on ACM SIGCOMM 2016 Conference - SIGCOMM '16  
In this paper, we look at making backscatter practical for ultra-low power on-body sensors by leveraging radios on existing smartphones and wearables (e.g. WiFi and Bluetooth).  ...  Our results show that FS-Backscatter is practical in typical mobile and static on-body sensing scenarios while only using commodity radios and antennas.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the shepherd Suman Banerjee and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments. This research was partially funded by NSF grants CNS-1218586 and CNS-1217606.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2934872.2934901 dblp:conf/sigcomm/ZhangRHG16 fatcat:vcdiva4ouvgn7n7uaxqgloqxli

Underwater backscatter networking

Junsu Jang, Fadel Adib
2019 Proceedings of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication - SIGCOMM '19  
PAB relies on the piezoelectric effect to enable underwater communication and sensing at near-zero power.  ...  We present Piezo-Acoustic Backscatter (PAB), the first technology that enables backscatter networking in underwater environments.  ...  We thank Ali Fayed and Vivian Huang for help with the transducer fabrication and sensor integration.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3341302.3342091 dblp:conf/sigcomm/JangA19 fatcat:tk55aeh4k5fqrhpafsouctlx3q

Feasibility of backscatter RFID systems on the human body

Jasmin Grosinger
2013 EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems  
The measured channel transfer functions allow to evaluate if enough power is available for a reliable backscatter communication.  ...  In this contribution, the author examines the feasibility of on-body backscatter radio frequency identification (RFID) systems in the ultra high frequency range.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was performed as part of the project "MAS-Nanoelectronics for Mobile Ambient Assisted Living-Systems" which is funded by "ENIAC Joint Undertaking" and Austria's "Österreichische  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-3963-2013-2 fatcat:nuk5wunm7vecriern43odn2ioe

Long Range Battery-Less PV-Powered RFID Tag Sensors

Sai Nithin R. Kantateddy, Ian Mathews, Rahul Bhattacharyya, Ian Marius Peters, Tonio Buonassisi, Sanjay E. Sarma
2019 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
We provide this extra-energy to the RFID integrated circuit (IC) using minimum additional electronics yet enabling persistent sensor-data acquisition.  ...  Purely passive RFID tags power up by harvesting the limited RF energy transmitted by the interrogator, and communicate by backscattering the incident signal.  ...  Alliance for Research and Technology's "Low energy electronic systems (LEES)" IRG.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2019.2913403 fatcat:ty36kmicc5dgraxaeiz652to3a

Enabling deep-tissue networking for miniature medical devices

Yunfei Ma, Zhihong Luo, Christoph Steiger, Giovanni Traverso, Fadel Adib
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication - SIGCOMM '18  
We thank Siddartha Tamang, Joy Collins, and Alison Hayward from the MIT animal facility and the MIT Koch Institute for their support with the animal trials.  ...  We also thank our shepherd, Haitham Hassanieh, and the anonymous SIGCOMM reviewers for their feedback and insights. This research is partially supported by the MIT Media Lab, the NSF, and the NIH.  ...  For example, if IVN underestimates the attenuation, then it might not be able to deliver sufficient power to excite the sensor. In practice, one may extend CIB into a two-stage design.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3230543.3230566 dblp:conf/sigcomm/MaLSTA18 fatcat:asclekag2na3dmj4zokr7vcbzq

Backscatter Communications: Inception of the Battery-Free Era—A Comprehensive Survey

Mudasar Memon, Navrati Saxena, Abhishek Roy, Dong Shin
2019 Electronics  
The objective of this article is to review BackCom as a solution to the limited battery life problem and enable future battery-free communications for combating the energy issues for devices in emerging  ...  Backscatter communication (BackCom) makes it possible to harvest energy from incident RF signals and reflect back parts of the same signals while modulating the data.  ...  Enabling BackCom for on-body sensors allow communication on the principle of backscattering, between body-mounted sensing tags and commercial WiFi and Bluetooth radios [138] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8020129 fatcat:m7vootfm5fh77omdwjcbj5alvq

Next generation backscatter communication: systems, techniques, and applications

Wanchun Liu, Kaibin Huang, Xiangyun Zhou, Salman Durrani
2019 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
The low-power and low-complexity backscatter communications (BackCom), which simply relies on passive reflection and modulation of an incident radio-frequency (RF) wave, has emerged to be a promising technology  ...  One of the major open challenges for IoT is the limited network lifetime due to massive IoT devices being powered by batteries with finite capacities.  ...  Then the sensor is able to modulate its data on the unintended signal and backscatters the signal to the AP.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13638-019-1391-7 fatcat:xwwjdn64lfgyfdt32tjwpbksuy

Only skin deep: Inkjet-printed zero-power sensors for large-scale RFID-integrated smart skins

Ben S. Cook, T. Le, S. Palacios, A. Traille, M.M. Tentzeris
2013 IEEE Microwave Magazine  
vegetables on the supermarket shelf are still fresh and being kept at the correct temperature and humidity level, these sensors and sensor networks have the ability to greatly improve cognitive intelligence  ...  Current methods for deploying large-scale sensor networks involve miles of cabling that source power and collect data, or battery operated wireless sensors, which pose a serious environmental risk with  ...  However, one of the major issues with wearable skins is that on-body wireless communication suffers from the appreciable RF losses due to the high permittivity and loss of body tissues [28] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmm.2013.2240855 fatcat:m4qg3ri3vrcgzd5luckm3eliam

Next Generation Backscatter Communication: Systems, Techniques and Applications [article]

Wanchun Liu, Kaibin Huang, Xiangyun Zhou, Salman Durrani
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The low-power and low-complexity backscatter communications (BackCom), which simply relies on passive reflection and modulation of an incident radio-frequency (RF) wave, has emerged to be a promising technology  ...  One of the major open challenges for IoT is the limited network lifetime due to massive IoT devices being powered by batteries with finite capacities.  ...  Then the sensor is able to modulate its data on the unintended signal and backscatters the signal to the AP.  ... 
arXiv:1701.07588v4 fatcat:6trzoomup5cvpfqv2udjzs22wi

Large-Scale Wireless-Powered Networks with Backscatter Communications – A Comprehensive Survey

Fatemeh Rezaei, Chintha Tellambura, Sanjeewa Herath
2020 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
Recently, wireless-powered networks with backscatter communications (WPN-BCs) has been emerged as a most prominent technology for enabling large-scale self-sustainable wireless networks with the capabilities  ...  Therefore, backscatter communication is a key facilitator for low-rate, low-power and large-scale wireless communication systems with EH.  ...  Therefore, the integration of EH methods and low-power backscattering communication enables passive IoT deployment at a flexible location or even an in-body implantation [8] . A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2020.3012466 fatcat:jlsmjscegzcb5kutdh4lna6khu

Authenticating On-Body Backscatter by Exploiting Propagation Signatures [article]

Zhiqing Luo, Wei Wang, Jiang Xiao, Qianyi Huang, Tao Jiang, Qian Zhang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The vision of battery-free communication has made backscatter a compelling technology for on-body wearable and implantable devices.  ...  Recent advances have facilitated the communication between backscatter tags and on-body smart devices.  ...  The latest advances in backscatter communications [11, 43] have made it practical to enable an on-body backscatter to reflect transmissions of an on-body link, e.g., a link between a smart watch and  ... 
arXiv:1808.06322v1 fatcat:xcznqplh2jhopkdsv4eq4ckbfe

2020 Index IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification Vol. 4

2020 IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification  
., JRFID June 2020 73-82 Low power electronics A Framework for a Low Power on Body Real-Time Sensor System Using UHF RFID.  ...  ., +, JRFID Sept. 2020 212-221 Microcontrollers A Framework for a Low Power on Body Real-Time Sensor System Using UHF RFID.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jrfid.2020.3040922 fatcat:cyb42wfc7zfanlmxna2gn2ubke

Smart Face Mask with an Integrated Heat Flux Sensor for Fast and Remote People's Healthcare Monitoring

Marc Lazaro, Antonio Lazaro, Ramon Villarino, David Girbau
2021 Sensors  
The system communicates by means of long-range (LoRa) backscattering, leading to a reduction in average power consumption.  ...  Body temperature is measured by a non-invasive dual-heat-flux system, consisting of four sensors separated from each other with an insulating material.  ...  This figure shows signal reception on the shifted channels when the backscatter modulation is enabled.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21227472 pmid:34833547 pmcid:PMC8623048 fatcat:uoy2ruyf4fbbjjhegjbmhsyszq

BLINK

Pengyu Zhang, Jeremy Gummeson, Deepak Ganesan
2012 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services - MobiSys '12  
While backscatter communication has largely been used for extremely small amounts of data transfer (e.g. a 12 byte EPC identifier from an RFID tag), sensors need to use backscatter for continuous and high-volume  ...  sensor data transfer.  ...  Thus, backscatter communication offers a considerably more energy-efficient and increasingly practical alternative to active radio circuits on existing sensor systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2307636.2307646 dblp:conf/mobisys/ZhangGG12 fatcat:wgquv5xdvrcxjdep7wwptxmkde

Batteryless, Miniaturized Implantable Glucose Sensor Using a Fluorescent Hydrogel

Hyeonkeon Lee, Jongheon Lee, Honghyeon Park, Mi Song Nam, Yun Jung Heo, Sanghoek Kim
2021 Sensors  
We here present a mm sized wireless system with backscattered frequency-modulation communication that enables a low-power operation to read the glucose level from a fluorescent hydrogel sensor.  ...  We propose a biomedical sensor system for continuous monitoring of glucose concentration.  ...  ., the coil at the implanted sensor) in order to provide sufficient power to operate the circuits and enable the backscattered communication despite the small size of a device.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21248464 pmid:34960558 pmcid:PMC8704986 fatcat:jq2czl3xsngi5k6445c2xpf2iq
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