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Empirical Evaluation of PRNU Fingerprint Variation for Mismatched Imaging Pipelines [article]

Sharad Joshi, Pawel Korus, Nitin Khanna, Nasir Memon
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We assess the variability of PRNU-based camera fingerprints with mismatched imaging pipelines (e.g., different camera ISP or digital darkroom software).  ...  We show that camera fingerprints exhibit non-negligible variations in this setup, which may lead to unexpected degradation of detection statistics in real-world use-cases.  ...  In this work, we empirically assess the sensitivity of PRNU fingerprints to mismatched imaging pipelines.  ... 
arXiv:2004.01929v2 fatcat:7od44hjclfac5jpv6ckjlwk7g4

Information Forensics: An Overview of the First Decade

Matthew C. Stamm, Min Wu, K. J. Ray Liu
2013 IEEE Access  
for legitimate purposes, and to be able to forensically prove with high confidence when otherwise.  ...  In recent decades, we have witnessed the evolution of information technologies from the development of VLSI technologies, to communication and networking infrastructure, to the standardization of multimedia  ...  Since the overwhelming majority of consumer level digital cameras employ CFAs in their image processing pipeline, unaltered camera images should contain CFA interpolation fingerprints.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2013.2260814 fatcat:l3hs7vh2nzakpkihwmkubh24dy

Multimedia Forensics Before the Deep Learning Era [chapter]

Davide Cozzolino, Luisa Verdoliva
2022 Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  
We will focus on methods that rely on the extraction of a camera fingerprint and need some prior information on pristine data, for example, through a collection of images taken from the camera of interest  ...  Using such conventional signal processing methods, it is possible to modify images and videos obtaining very realistic results.  ...  Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-87664-7_3 fatcat:zj25humyyzbqxa6qntz25wvvse

Media Forensics and DeepFakes: an overview [article]

Luisa Verdoliva
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This review paper aims to present an analysis of the methods for visual media integrity verification, that is, the detection of manipulated images and videos.  ...  Therefore, there is an urgent need for automated tools capable of detecting false multimedia content and avoiding the spread of dangerous false information.  ...  All images acquired by a given camera bear traces of its PRNU pattern, which can be therefore regarded as a sort of camera fingerprint.  ... 
arXiv:2001.06564v1 fatcat:b3izh3hcmrae5frbd2bv3tmlgu

Image Forgery Detection and Localization via a Reliability Fusion Map

Hongwei Yao, Ming Xu, Tong Qiao, Yiming Wu, Ning Zheng
2020 Sensors  
On the basis of fingerprints acquired by images from different camera models, the goal of this paper is to design an effective detector capable of completing image forgery detection and localization.  ...  The extensive results from our empirical experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed RFM-based detector, and its better performance than other competing approaches.  ...  Thus, it is proposed to enhance the effectiveness of the CNN equipped with pre-processing stage for capturing image intrinsic fingerprints.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20226668 pmid:33233380 fatcat:n4uopzdo5nduvdlhyjzr3tgjm4

Deep Metric Color Embeddings for Splicing Localization in Severely Degraded Images [article]

Benjamin Hadwiger, Christian Riess
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In our evaluation, we show that the proposed embedding space outperforms the state of the art on images that have been subject to strong compression and downsampling.  ...  Our proposal is to model the color formation of an image.  ...  Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon.  ... 
arXiv:2206.10737v1 fatcat:xjklwkjdvfanbm34ubcrh6ur6y

Digital image forensics: a booklet for beginners

Judith A. Redi, Wiem Taktak, Jean-Luc Dugelay
2010 Multimedia tools and applications  
Digital visual media represent nowadays one of the principal means for communication.  ...  Two main problems are addressed: the identification of the imaging device that captured the image, and the detection of traces of forgeries.  ...  Detection of PRNU for single images is then formulated as a Neyman-Pearson hypothesis testing problem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-010-0620-1 fatcat:47qhse4ucrdezkxqvulmv53gui

Application of DenseNet in Camera Model Identification and Post-processing Detection [article]

Abdul Muntakim Rafi, Uday Kamal, Rakibul Hoque, Abid Abrar, Sowmitra Das, Robert Laganière, Md. Kamrul Hasan
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In addition, we demonstrate that the proposed pipeline is suitable for other image-forensic classification tasks, such as, detecting the type of post-processing applied to an image with an accuracy of  ...  In this paper, we present a DenseNet pipeline to solve the problem of identifying the source camera-model of an image.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT A major portion of this work is done as part of a submission for the IEEE Signal Processing Cup 2018.  ... 
arXiv:1809.00576v2 fatcat:yssdvyfcbve6rnec7uelfgwd5i

Vision of the unseen

Anderson Rocha, Walter Scheirer, Terrance Boult, Siome Goldenstein
2011 ACM Computing Surveys  
One drawback of PRNU noise when used for camera and sensor fingerprinting is that its detection is sensitive to appropriate synchronization.  ...  In general, we treat digital image acquisition as a pipeline of stages.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1978802.1978805 fatcat:fdd6lebl5zcvlk46ose57uuyja

Counter-Forensics: Attacking Image Forensics [chapter]

Rainer Böhme, Matthias Kirchner
2012 Digital Image Forensics  
traces of authenticity, including examples and brief evaluations.  ...  , and the role of image models with regard to the epistemic underpinning of the forensic decision problem.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks are due to Gang Cao, Thomas Gloe, and Miroslav Goljan for sharing the data of their original research papers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-0757-7_12 fatcat:amg3sagivbd7ho4fgmg5yehwha

2021 Index IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement Vol. 70

2021 IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  
The Author Index contains the primary entry for each item, listed under the first author's name.  ...  The primary entry includes the coauthors' names, the title of the paper or other item, and its location, specified by the publication abbreviation, year, and article number.  ...  ., +, TIM 2021 3527213 CMOS image sensors PRNU Estimation of Linear CMOS Image Sensors That Allows Nonuniform Illumination.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tim.2022.3156705 fatcat:dmqderzenrcopoyipv3v4vh4ry

On digitized forensics : novel acquisition and analysis techniques for latent fingerprints based on signal porcessing and pattern recognition [article]

Mario Hildebrandt, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Jana Dittmann
The introduction of novel sensors and processing techniques is a growing research field as such techniques allow for analyzing new details of traces, allow for reducing the impact on other traces or increasing  ...  In the example of the U.S. supreme court level this assessment is governed by the Federal Rules of Evidence, in particular Rule 702 addressing the expert testimony, and the Daubert challenge for scientific  ...  matched using any evaluated image, second fingerprint of the depletion series  ... 
doi:10.25673/34885 fatcat:f5ndfcbg75hffobea4m7cethee

Statistical pattern recognition for audio-forensics - empirical investigations on the application scenarios audio steganalysis and microphone forensics [article]

Christian Krätzer, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität, Jana Dittmann
(yet for a PhD thesis unrealistic) goal of providing audio forensic solutions acceptable for court proceedings. iv Deutschsprachige Version des Abstract Medienforensik ist ein derzeit schnell wachsendes  ...  In the substantial empirical investigations performed in audio steganalysis, detection performances similar to those presented in the state-of-the-art in specialised audio steganalysis solutions are achieved  ...  with the evaluated setup for the SPR pipeline.  ... 
doi:10.25673/3967 fatcat:ai6kr7s52rd5ddlyoxddnb4dhm