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Supporting cognition in systems biology analysis: findings on users' processes and design implications

Barbara Mirel
2009 Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration  
Current usability studies of bioinformatics tools suggest that tools for exploratory analysis support some tasks related to finding relationships of interest but not the deep causal insights necessary  ...  for formulating plausible and credible hypotheses.  ...  I would like to thank Ben Keller, Fan Meng, Weijian Xuan, and Magesh Jayapandian for their critical reviews of or collaborative contributions to the design implications of findings.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1747-5333-4-2 pmid:19216777 pmcid:PMC2649900 fatcat:zgi75ipuorgstltuxbiph4nshm

Thinking forensics: Cognitive science for forensic practitioners

Gary Edmond, Alice Towler, Bethany Growns, Gianni Ribeiro, Bryan Found, David White, Kaye Ballantyne, Rachel A. Searston, Matthew B. Thompson, Jason M. Tangen, Richard I. Kemp, Kristy Martire
2017 Science & justice  
Doing so will reduce the divide between forensic practitioners and research scientists as well as improve the value and utility of forensic science evidence.  ...  The aim of this article is to sensitise forensic practitioners (and lawyers and judges) to a range of potentially significant issues, and encourage them to engage with research in these domains so that  ...  This reinforces the need for robust, objective, and independent measures and demonstration of genuine expert performance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scijus.2016.11.005 pmid:28284440 fatcat:6leoewwvhzhe3mny7s26eqaom4

The weirdest people in the world?

Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine, Ara Norenzayan
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The domains reviewed include visual perception, fairness, cooperation, spatial reasoning, categorization and inferential induction, moral reasoning, reasoning styles (holistic vs. analytic), self-concepts  ...  Overall, these empirical patterns suggests that we need to be less cavalier in addressing questions of human nature on the basis of data drawn from this particularly thin, and rather unusual, slice of  ...  Analytic thought involves a detachment of the object from its context, a tendency to focus on attributes of the object, and a preference for using rules about the categories to explain and predict the  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0999152x pmid:20550733 fatcat:o2jqij3yuzdsbdo2voxfvsham4

Decision-Making Under Uncertainty in Research Synthesis: Designing for the Garden of Forking Paths [article]

Alex Kale, Matthew Kay, Jessica Hullman
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We conducted a qualitative analysis identifying 480 analytical decisions made by researchers throughout the scientific process.  ...  of which has the potential to influence findings.  ...  and attention for the review, limited control of research objectives, or limited alternatives to the chosen analysis path.  ... 
arXiv:1901.02957v2 fatcat:s47yggo6ebgh5l3rfixpfpkhia

Ex Machina: Analytical platforms, Law and the Challenges of Computational Legal Science

Nicola Lettieri, Antonio Altamura, Rosalba Giugno, Alfonso Guarino, Delfina Malandrino, Alfredo Pulvirenti, Francesco Vicidomini, Rocco Zaccagnino
2018 Future Internet  
After a general introduction to the impact of computational methods on both natural and social sciences, we describe the concept and the features of an analytical platform exploring innovative cross-methodological  ...  approaches to the academic and investigative study of crime.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors are truly thankful to Margherita Vestoso for the help given in proofreading of the article.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi10050037 fatcat:r3y5uqk5zrbybfgmlwzdu3yh6i

The US Department of Justice stumbles on visual perception

Thomas D. Albright
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
A large and highly valuable category of forensic evidence consists of patterned impressions created during the perpetration of a crime.  ...  By means of this "forensic feature comparison," the observer makes a judgment about whether the evidence and the model are sufficiently similar to support common origin.  ...  All of the opinions expressed herein are my own and not necessarily representative of the relevant advisory bodies on which I have served, including the National Commission on Forensic Science and the  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2102702118 pmid:34031260 pmcid:PMC8214698 fatcat:toswnyduobatpefe5hsxq4cxde

The six identities of marketing: a vector quantization of research approaches

Nikolaus Franke, Josef A. Mazanec
2006 European Journal of Marketing  
of groups of marketing scholars who share common beliefs about the role of science and the logic of scientific discovery.  ...  Comparing the sub-samples of German-speaking and US respondents shows cross-cultural differences. Value: The study enhances our understanding of the current scientific orientation(s) of marketing.  ...  "Realist" "A much more thoroughly validated measuring instrument is required for a comprehensive analysis of the belief systems of empirical researchers."  ... 
doi:10.1108/03090560610657877 fatcat:pjaqwbcd3zaybnn63z2ouz5tua

Rethinking Intensive Quantities via Guided Mediated Abduction

Dor Abrahamson
2012 The Journal of the Learning Sciences  
However, the formal expression of these quantities uses a/b analytic metrics; for example, the slope of a line is the quotient of its rise and run.  ...  The analysis highlights a form of reasoning called abduction and suggests that sociocognitive processes can guide and mediate students' abductive reasoning.  ...  become volatile impressions warranting inferential support; the mathematical machinery that spurs this doubting and repositioning of intuitive judgment in turn takes on the role of supporting the judgment  ... 
doi:10.1080/10508406.2011.633838 fatcat:buqktldquvfw7aldw2jlx6ddpe

Linguistic Context and Social Perception

Laura ter Doest, Gün R. Semin, Steven J. Sherman
2002 Journal of Language and Social Psychology  
This article considers the role of linguistic context in social memory and social judgment.  ...  Based on the linguistic category model, together with prior empirical findings in psychology and linguistics, traits as compared with behavioral descriptions of a social target were hypothesized to elicit  ...  outcomes in the domains of inconsistency processing and social judgment.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0261927x02021003001 fatcat:ar3jrhzdzbdkrpedl22bzvjwje

Images Are Not the (Only) Truth: Brain Mapping, Visual Knowledge, and Iconoclasm

Anne Beaulieu
2002 Science, Technology and Human Values  
This article therefore considers a love-hate relationship between scientists and their object: the case of the iconoclastic imager.  ...  This approach provides insight into the current demarcation of imaging and reflects on features of visual knowledge.  ...  into the domain of the visual" (Marshall 1990, in Terry and Urla 1995) . 17.  ... 
doi:10.1177/016224390202700103 fatcat:obk7hl7hvna6bmny4qrj5ccg6e

New directions in behavioral process research: Implications for social psychology

Jacob Jacoby, James Jaccard, Alfred Kuss, Tracy Troutman, David Mazursky
1987 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Current theories of social judgment and social decision making emphasize dynamic process perspectives, but the methods used to investigate these processes have been relatively static and limited in scope  ...  theory, attitude formation, impression formation,  ...  Impression Formation A major methodological paradigm in impression formation research is to describe hypothetical individuals to subjects and then to obtain judgments of the extent to which the subject  ... 
doi:10.1016/0022-1031(87)90029-1 fatcat:e4j27rltivfhvnr3bwenhprp3a

Space, time and visual analytics

Gennady Andrienko, Natalia Andrienko, Urska Demsar, Doris Dransch, Jason Dykes, Sara Irina Fabrikant, Mikael Jern, Menno-Jan Kraak, Heidrun Schumann, Christian Tominski
2010 International Journal of Geographical Information Science  
Visual analytics aims to combine the strengths of human and electronic data processing.  ...  Researchers should find approaches to deal with the complexities of the current data and problems and find ways to make analytical tools accessible and usable for the broad community of potential users  ...  We are very grateful to Piotr Jankowski, André Skupin, and Jim Thomas for their valuable comments on the draft of the paper. Short biographical notes on all contributors  ... 
doi:10.1080/13658816.2010.508043 fatcat:nh3bxfmjivgkzeu7cgefxxyvuu

Meaning and Aesthetic Judgment in Kant

Eli Friedlander
2006 Philosophical Topics  
the theoretical and the practical domains.  ...  Experience should not be identified with the perceptual impressions through which objects are given to us but rather with the empirical judgments we make on the basis of these perceptual impressions.  ... 
doi:10.5840/philtopics2006341/22 fatcat:ezq46m3birdate3gbusnl2ibga

What May Visualization Processes Optimize?

Min Chen, Amos Golan
2016 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
To demonstrate the validity of this measure, we examined a number of successful visualization processes in the literature, and showed that the information-theoretic measure can mathematically explain the  ...  , observational, analytical and model-developmental visualization.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Both authors are members of Info-Metrics Institute and would like to thank the Institute for providing a stimulating environment and financial support for this interdisciplinary research  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2015.2513410 pmid:26731770 fatcat:66chdhclnvftbpkuc6a562xqr4

Interaction criticism: An introduction to the practice

Jeffrey Bardzell
2011 Interacting with computers  
in visual languages and culture and (b) the user experience, including the meanings, behaviors, perceptions, affects, insights, and social sensibilities that arise in the context of interaction and its  ...  In this article I offer a synthesis of practices of criticism derived from analytic philosophy of aesthetics and critical theory, including the introduction of five core claims from this literature; I  ...  Acknowledgments This article is the culmination of several years of research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intcom.2011.07.001 fatcat:e45per44vzdl7bbd6g5z6bs4wy
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