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Emergencies do not stop at night: Advanced analysis of displacement based on satellite-derived nighttime light observations

Markus Enenkel, Ranjay M. Shrestha, Eleanor Stokes, Miguel Roman, Zhuosen Wang, Maria Teresa Miranda Espinosa, Ivana Hajzmanova, Justin Ginnetti, Patrick Vinck
2019 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
In addition to applications of the Black Marble dataset, his publications cover disaster risk management and remote sensing applications in the area of climate services, tropical storms, drought, and food  ...  His research interests include the added-value of remote sensing for humanitarian decision-support and related financial instruments.  ...  While the use of daytime Earth observation in disaster situations is more established, satellite-based nighttime light (NTL) observations, and their use in the humanitarian domain, specifically to understand  ... 
doi:10.1147/jrd.2019.2954404 fatcat:yxizhbzsqzaz5mutvyg7pcfucy

Mobile Phone Location Data for Disasters: A Review from Natural Hazards and Epidemics [article]

Takahiro Yabe, Nicholas K W Jones, P Suresh C Rao, Marta C Gonzalez, Satish V Ukkusuri
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Mobile phone location data have enabled us to observe, estimate, and model human mobility dynamics at an unprecedented spatio-temporal granularity and scale.  ...  However, there is a lack of a comprehensive review that synthesizes the last decade of work leveraging mobile phone location data and case studies of natural hazards and epidemics.  ...  Acknowledgements The work of T.Y. and S. V.  ... 
arXiv:2108.02849v1 fatcat:6yqdxwjmxbcd3djng6yymq7vh4

Knowledge Extracted from Copernicus Satellite Data

Dumitru Octavian, Schwarz Gottfried, Eltoft Torbjørn, Kræmer Thomas, Wagner Penelope, Hughes Nick, Arthus David, Fleming Andrew, Koubarakis Manolis, Datcu Mihai
2019 Zenodo  
By applying an already established active learning approach based on a Support Vector Machine with relevance feedback [2], we can limit ourselves to a limited number of typical satellite images to extract  ...  During the development of deep learning algorithms, a key activity is to establish a large amount of referenced Earth Observation data.  ...  Collaborative platform focus on research team communication and collaboration. Popularization platform focus on network popularization of investigation knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3941573 fatcat:zzifwgljifck5bpjnboetsftfu

WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans (+15 others)
1993 Journal of Geophysical Research  
The WIND imaging interferometer (WINDID was launched on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) on September 12, 1991.  ...  The process of data analysis, including the inversion of apparent quantities to vertical profiles, is described.  ...  While all the industries with a major involvement are represented by the coauthors, there are a very large number of individuals in those organizations whose names do not appear. One of these is T.  ... 
doi:10.1029/93jd00227 fatcat:7eptiljgh5hjdfg4um4mbfyc4m

Remote sensing of glacier- and permafrost-related hazards in high mountains: an overview

A. Kääb, C. Huggel, L. Fischer, S. Guex, F. Paul, I. Roer, N. Salzmann, S. Schlaefli, K. Schmutz, D. Schneider, T. Strozzi, Y. Weidmann
2005 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Multitemporal data can be used to derive surface displacements on glaciers, permafrost and landslides.  ...  Fusion of satellite stereo-derived DTMs with the DTM from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is a promising way to combine the advantages of both technologies.  ...  Here, we do not cover terrestrial remote sensing methods since the focus of our contribution is on remote areas.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-5-527-2005 fatcat:vtalbwj3prew7jturxmhpabm7i

Multi sensor validation and error characteristics of Arctic satellite sea surface temperature observations

Jacob L. Høyer, Ioanna Karagali, Gorm Dybkjær, Rasmus Tonboe
2012 Remote Sensing of Environment  
Acknowledgement This study was supported by the project "Research for the Meteorological Observation Technology and Its Application" at National Institute of Meteorological Research, KMA.  ...  the results of a preliminary investigation using MODIS measurements.  ...  and release of a 23 year global SST re-analysis, based on the OSTIA analysis system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2012.01.013 fatcat:e64zv2bspzh7pkiaqqx76humiu

Resurrecting the Ecological Underpinnings of Ocean Plankton Blooms

Michael J. Behrenfeld, Emmanuel S. Boss
2014 Annual Review of Marine Science  
The annual global procession of ocean plankton blooms thus represents a report on the recent history of predator-prey interactions modulated by physical processes that, almost coincidentally, also control  ...  Nutrient and light conditions control phytoplankton division rates in the surface ocean and, it is commonly believed, dictate when and where high concentrations, or blooms, of plankton occur.  ...  We also thank the Annual Review of Marine Science for the opportunity to provide this review, and NASA and the NSF for multiple grants supporting our research on phytoplankton productivity.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-052913-021325 pmid:24079309 fatcat:fn2r32ema5ax5iwlm2jueqjejq

Meteorology and Oceanography

1952 Physics today  
Greene for their helpful discussion on the issue of error analysis. We would also like to acknowledge our colleague F. Weng for his interest and involvement in this project.  ...  On Satellite Meteor. And Oceanography, 28 Jan -2 Feb, Atlanta, GA, Amer. Meteor. SOC. , 54-59. Gird, R.S., J. Hell, A. Noel and J.  ...  As the majority of the analysis methods of satellite observations of clouds, the "ERB & clouds" algorithm is based on two basic steps: the cloud detection phase and the cloud properties derivation phase  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.3067492 fatcat:gpzkh2et5ndj5lcss2jsmgxbiy

Big Data for Social Sciences: Measuring patterns of human behavior through large-scale mobile phone data [article]

Pål Sundsøy
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The intention is to identify displaced people faster, cheaper and more accurately than existing survey-based methods. 2.  ...  Further, the dissertation demonstrates how mobile phone data can be used to better understand human behaviour during large shocks in society, exemplified by an analysis of data from the terror attack in  ...  Acknowledgement This thesis is based on 7 (out of 21) selected papers related to the analysis of human behaviour using large mobile phone datasets.  ... 
arXiv:1702.08349v1 fatcat:q73dimeqtvdkbpsjjzwed57zqu

Hydrology of malaria: Model development and application to a Sahelian village

Arne Bomblies, Jean-Bernard Duchemin, Elfatih A. B. Eltahir
2008 Water Resources Research  
Through a dependence of aquatic-stage mosquito development and adult emergence on pool persistence, we model small-scale hydrology as a dominant control of mosquito abundance.  ...  Future developments of the presented model can be used in the evaluation of impacts of climate change on malaria, as well as the a priori evaluation of environmental management-based interventions.  ...  and lab analysis of mosquito specimens.  ... 
doi:10.1029/2008wr006917 fatcat:42pxyksl5fh7piwkcsgcrvo6bq

Measuring and modelling night sky brightness - the impact of light pollution

Stefan Wallner
2020 unpublished
In summary, the thesis presented considers the quantification of light pollution from two angles, on the one hand by measurement approaches with especially ground-based observations being highlighted,  ...  This thesis investigates various approaches in measuring and modelling of the global phenomenon of light pollution, artificial light at night which is misdirected, over-illuminated and/or makes use of  ...  Acknowledgements AC K N OW L E D G E M E N T S Acknowledgements There are numerous people I want to thank, and I hope to forget not one. At first, I want to thank my family.  ... 
doi:10.25365/thesis.64594 fatcat:zp23kljo2jathliuaegkzjxhmy

An overview of MATISSE-v2.0

Luc Labarre, Karine Caillault, Sandrine Fauqueux, Claire Malherbe, Antoine Roblin, Bernard Rosier, Pierre Simoneau, Karin Stein, John D. Gonglewski
2010 Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII  
This Programme is based on commitments received up to the time of publication and is subject to change without notice.  ...  The symposium, like our other conferences and activities, would not be possible without the dedicated contribution of our participants and members.  ...  We discuss this influence based on one and two photon polarized light microscopy and local ellipsometric analysis of the two photon fluorescence emission.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.868183 fatcat:5anlqspzzzcftfufaxvlr45zve

Tagging through the stages: technical and ecological challenges in observing life histories through biologging

GL Shillinger, H Bailey, SJ Bograd, EL Hazen, M Hamann, P Gaspar, BJ Godley, RP Wilson, JR Spotila
2012 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
In this Theme Section, we highlight novel uses of biologging data on juvenile animals, including reviews of tagging efforts on multiple lifehistory stages and the integration of oceanographic data in tagging  ...  Technological advances have enabled attachment of smaller tags to young animals, although equipment limitations, access to and capture/handling of animals, and equipment and data recovery pose additional  ...  We are also grateful to the organizers of the Biologging IV Symposium for selecting our workshop to be part of this event. Acknowledgements. We especially thank M.  ... 
doi:10.3354/meps09816 fatcat:g6zb4msnfrbn3d4e76kxfohqpi

A model-independent algorithm for ionospheric tomography: 1. Theory and tests

G. C. Fehmers, L. P. J. Kamp, F. W. Sluijter, T. A. T. Spoelstra
1998 Radio Science  
guess should be based on a priori information. 2. Stop the iteration long before the final solution is rea.ched.  ...  At even greater altitudes, the geostationary satellites provide another set of beacons. Because these satellites do not pass at all, they provide a very limited set of line integrals.  ...  Such a TEC database, based on many years of NNSS satellite observation, exists in Graz, Austria (Leitinger, private communication) .  ... 
doi:10.1029/97rs03007 fatcat:votnijxpj5gtlazbjpbqc4dmym

Processes culminating in the 2015 phreatic explosion at Lascar volcano, Chile, evidenced by multiparametric data

Ayleen Gaete, Thomas R. Walter, Stefan Bredemeyer, Martin Zimmer, Christian Kujawa, Luis Franco Marin, Juan San Martin, Claudia Bucarey Parra
2020 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Continuous carbon dioxide (CO2) and temperature measurements conducted at a fumarole on the southern rim of the Lascar crater revealed a pronounced change in the trend of the relationship between the CO2  ...  Steam-driven explosions also occur frequently (once every 2–5 years on average) at Lascar volcano, Chile, where they are often spontaneous and lack any identifiable precursor activity.  ...  (Fig. 5) , which was still observable on the night of 2 November according to the kymographic analysis (Fig.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-20-377-2020 fatcat:6r7wuz4eu5emfmwf2ysq4afdjq
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