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Emergence and Cognition: Towards a Synthetic Paradigm in AI and Cognitive Science [chapter]

Cristiano Castelfranchi
1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Will the "representational paradigm" -that characterised Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Cognitive Science (CS) from their very birth -be eliminated in the 21th century?  ...  I claim that the major scientific challenge of the first part of the century will precisely be the construction of a new "synthetic" paradigm: a paradigm that puts together, in a principled and noneclectic  ...  Thus in the (formal and experimental) elaboration of this synthetic paradigm a major role will be played by AI, in particular by its agent-based and socially oriented approach to intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-49795-1_2 fatcat:hbgoxkhx3va6tpt2n6obtn6phm

Indispensability of Computational Modeling in Cognitive Science

Igor Farkaš
2012 Journal of Cognitive Science  
The concept of computation remains a frequently discussed topic in cognitive science, but there is no consensus about its meaning and the role in this field.  ...  Connectionism also benefits from the emerging field of cognitive developmental robotics that aims at designing autonomous cognitive robots using the synthetic bottom-up approach.  ...  , including the artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive science.  ... 
doi:10.17791/jcs.2012.13.4.401 fatcat:fxr4sbkcbbhijmfecyo2tgvps4

Cognitive computational neuroscience [article]

Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Pamela K. Douglas
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Here we review recent work in the intersection of cognitive science, computational neuroscience, and artificial intelligence.  ...  To learn how cognition is implemented in the brain, we must build computational models that can perform cognitive tasks, and test such models with brain and behavioral experiments.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper benefited from discussions in the context of the new conference Cognitive Computational Neuroscience, which had its inaugural meeting in New York City in September 2017. 194  ... 
arXiv:1807.11819v1 fatcat:pzzyqaj4qraslnku243fhyqanu

Architectural Cognition Sociology

Tarkko Oksala, Susanna Toivanen, Aino Oksala
2018 Sociology and Anthropology  
The aim of this paper is to promote Architectural Sociology keeping cognition in focus. Firstly architecture, cognition and society are considered in their relationships.  ...  Secondly associations promoting cognition, its study and extensions of architectural cognition are discussed.  ...  The same holds true in the side of cognitional studies in the case of Cognitonics 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2017 chaired by professors Vladimir A. Fomichow and Olga S. Fomichova.  ... 
doi:10.13189/sa.2018.060703 fatcat:w2avasgg6bapdmseki5g2gyqvm

Strong Cognitive Symbiosis: Cognitive Computing for Humans

Csaba Veres
2017 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
Cognitive Computing" has become somewhat of a rallying call in the technology world, with the promise of new smart services offered by industry giants like IBM and Microsoft.  ...  On the contrary, our simple examples from language processing demonstrate that present day cognitive computing still struggles with fundamental, long-standing problems in AI.  ...  However, Licklider felt that the emergence of something like strong AI was not imminent, and there would be an interim period of "between 10 and 500 years" in which humans and computers would exist in  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc1010006 fatcat:u3snsalujvf5fgyinzjxwl5c6a

Embodied Cognitive Science: Concepts, Methods and Implications for Psychology [chapter]

Wolfgang Tschacher, Christian Scheier
2001 Integrative Systems Approaches to Natural and Social Dynamics  
Since the "cognitive shift" of psychology, a close association between psychology and the advances in computer technology and artificial intelligence research has evolved.  ...  Within this context, the cognitive system is conceived as a complex system comprising numerous sensorimotor loops; coherent and adaptive perceptionaction processes emerge from the influence of affordances  ...  The synthetic methodology of AI has been enhanced by this new approach, in that it now not only incorporates computer simulation -as is the case in symbolic AI and in the subsymbolic connectionist paradigm  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-56585-4_35 fatcat:fcxlbwzigvb5ndypsr2aleiyp4

Culture and Cognitive Science

Michael Cole
2003 Outlines : Critical Social Studies  
the founding of Cognitive Science in the early 1970's and subsequently became a member of the Cognitive Science Program at UCSD in the early 1980's, arguably one of the pioneering efforts to institutionalize  ...  I was initially motivated to write about this topic when invited to give a talk to a Cognitive Science department at a sister university in California a few years ago.  ...  Cogni- tion is a process occurring in individual heads and the basic stimulus-response paradigm remains in place.  ... 
doi:10.7146/ocps.v5i1.2159 fatcat:kxkav6v2wjbfjmtu72np2qm3ny

Guest Editorial: Thematic Section on Applications of Emerging Computing Technologies in Smart Manufacturing and Industry 4.0

Daniele Jahier Pagliari, Frank Schirrmeister, Nader Bagherzadeh, Enrico Macii
2022 IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing  
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and in particular Machine Learning (ML) algorithms constitute the core components of cognitive DTs.  ...  In a similar effort towards generalizing and standardizing DT implementations, "Key-Components for Digital Twin Modeling With 2 Granularity: Use Case Car-as-a-Service", by Harles Steinmetz, Greyce N.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tetc.2022.3146784 fatcat:33jn4imzvzg75ikhvyvsbgw4hi

A Hybrid Approach to Cognition in Radars

M. Justin Sagayaraj, Jithesh V., J.B. Singh, Dange Roshani, K.G. Srinivasa
2018 Defence Science Journal  
The proposed architecture is based on the artificial cognitive systems concepts and provides a basis for addressing cognition in radars, which is inadequately explored for radar systems.  ...  In many engineering domains, cognition is emerging to play vital role. Cognition will play crucial role in radar engineering as well for the development of next generation radars.  ...  In this study, an LSTM-RNN was used in predicting the update rates. First, we trained the network with simulated update rate data and then tested it with a synthetic scenario.  ... 
doi:10.14429/dsj.68.12228 fatcat:t27pgkgck5anvf2zltajc5qkgm

40 years of cognitive architectures: core cognitive abilities and practical applications

Iuliia Kotseruba, John K. Tsotsos
2018 Artificial Intelligence Review  
In this survey we aim to provide a more inclusive and highlevel overview of the research on cognitive architectures.  ...  In addition to summarizing the current state-of-the-art in the cognitive architecture research, this survey describes a variety of methods and ideas that have been tried and their relative success in modeling  ...  For these reasons, logical inference in a traditional sense becomes problematic (although not impossible) in emergent architectures. Naturally, each paradigm has its strengths and weaknesses.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10462-018-9646-y fatcat:5nt2k4rn6vc7tf6sl73fwhzjc4

Anticipation: Beyond synthetic biology and cognitive robotics

Slawomir J. Nasuto, Yoshikatsu Hayashi
2016 Biosystems (Amsterdam. Print)  
It argues that anticipation is an emerging concept that can provide a bridge between both the deepest philosophical theories about the nature of life and cognition and the empirical biological and cognitive  ...  A careful progression, mindful to the deep philosophical concerns but also respecting empirical evidence, will ultimately lead towards unifying theoretical and empirical biological sciences and may offer  ...  in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biosystems.2016.07.011 pmid:27496574 fatcat:mlize5aoobgqrbb6en3qffjioi

A Review of 40 Years of Cognitive Architecture Research: Core Cognitive Abilities and Practical Applications [article]

Iuliia Kotseruba, John K. Tsotsos
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Thus, in this survey we wanted to shift the focus towards a more inclusive and high-level overview of the research on cognitive architectures.  ...  In addition to summarizing the current state-of-the-art in the cognitive architecture research, this survey describes a variety of methods and ideas that have been tried and their relative success in modeling  ...  Reasoning Reasoning, originally a major research topic in philosophy and epistemology, in the past decades has become one of the focal points in psychology and cognitive sciences as well.  ... 
arXiv:1610.08602v3 fatcat:2fwvii767bg5vkocfsmzpoaexi

Towards a scientific foundation for engineering Cognitive Systems – A European research agenda, its rationale and perspectives

Hans-Georg Stork
2012 Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures  
For more than ten years, beginning in the early 2000s, the European Commission has been supporting targeted research in the fields of Cognitive Systems and Robotics.  ...  In this note we discuss the rationale of the underlying research agenda (including its relevance to the BICA challenge), structure the large set of funded projects, and outline perspectives for future  ...  projects I came in contact with, on many discussions (on various occasions) with workers in pertinent fields and, last but not least, with my colleagues in the Cognition Unit of the European Commission's  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bica.2012.04.002 fatcat:cfghnjvdqvfvzibzmhckkwpkxu

The epsilon-knowledge: an emerging complement of Machlup's types of disciplinary knowledge

Imre Horváth
2022 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
Machlup used the words alpha, beta, and gamma to identify humanities, science, and social science as three distinct fields of academic learning and knowing, in addition to general knowledge.  ...  Since the time of these road-paving works, a lot has changed. In the last two decades, various concepts and manifestations of intellectualized engineered systems have appeared.  ...  The author feels himself obliged to express his appreciation of and gratefulness to the three anonymous peer reviewers for their insightful, constructive, and useful comments, questions, and proposals.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s089006042200004x fatcat:m77xfadyyjezfmapeg53wzhdgi

Intuition as Emergence: Bridging Psychology, Philosophy and Organizational Science

Paola Adinolfi, Francesca Loia
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
Drawing on the complexity paradigm, it then proposes a conceptualization of intuition as emergence. Finally, it explores the theoretical and practical implications.  ...  Not surprisingly, there is no integrated interdisciplinary framework suitable for a rich account of intuition, contemplating how affect and cognition intertwine in the intuitive process, and how intuition  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS Both authors wrote, reviewed, and commented on the manuscript, read, and approved the final manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.787428 pmid:35185690 pmcid:PMC8850267 fatcat:34igwxof4nbgzgvq2hyteemjqy
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