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Life in-between Screens

Zhang Zhen, Jiang Jiehong, Ellen Y. Chang
<span title="2021-01-01">2021</span> <i title="University of California Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dqy4v5gnmbh57pdtwqxtrp3rra" style="color: black;">Feminist Media Histories</a> </i> &nbsp;
Zhang Zhen and Jiang Jiehong—professors at Tisch School of the Arts, New York University, and Birmingham City University, UK, respectively—discuss the human rights movement prompted by state-sanctioned  ...  Jiang Jiehong: We have been doing remote teaching and learning for a few months as well, and it remains uncertain if schools will reopen in September.  ...  The conversation that follows between Zhang Zhen, associate professor and director of the Asian Film and Media Initiative at Tisch School of the Arts, New York University, and Jiang Jiehong, professor  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1525/fmh.2021.7.1.61">doi:10.1525/fmh.2021.7.1.61</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/u54o354nara33pqj6azsyzdeny">fatcat:u54o354nara33pqj6azsyzdeny</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210209230420/https://watermark.silverchair.com/fmh.2021.7.1.61.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAqQwggKgBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggKRMIICjQIBADCCAoYGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMz2xno34BuTlpCvNHAgEQgIICV1Z2jgZvF-xXz2Gyur_NfQdh6Cqa_ix8ebOuwZaM3bKatct7wEHh3fDOgBWgivL1QOA_mHVyT87N-m5oE38p9hjrwswzezEsexsToerSDk7dK_GHmRtELfyNtE3Z5a6tfxEFfzkbf3q7Lrs25f2eT6VR2xGgpSkDWN0vfgEmZhigzvQLksqDJDM4MQt5u9ZYagUk58EerBVRytMqHb-b6DMS2PIWMBN4PhW49v5rJU9wkDIPnxtzEIC8uWR0vbU44hPHoO16dPoXbawVhbuX61A6Gq_SRLLgMVE97ML2ZzFWZ0h5dx5R1OqiKTL6UGzohXdu4k0pAlTAQtbf5LGIWcTvZaerypduEVMJ8oyWKIkhiCEMyxYgWePv2y9eazy_mUqPx8P9qSqXD07qtz1XFqu4s41wlAnnhvNlRVPR7UQMexsg0yBU7Brgg-3nn-dsgORg_T0vZ31VYsSG4i0PtjP9q7_wwJDuTBONbagsLSdvmzzdWuS4qepxoMoEiULomHsEThScbiDyH3hYwu4x769sE8kM0Z2-CeYmZJW3L15xkvMKO6J19IYVdobfNgBCdkluqPvhbn_O5X5VO2aan9jE6UjnV5mmhdykggrnVDUuapEj8wYc-tJJPlIcMu6nraJM8zrTrqCbgnO8PNtN2mYUnB7eSF6P4o7-4l-fhaZirEtsZXQZDIw1PU7ngkkn9cL7zSdyQQPd93G9v6LtJsJxeefr7uXwHrv6bJVG_b44kgKmWBOEW5lufe52v_ziWHVu45n4EFu_n0HrywbP2FuKYaQpiLT1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5d/91/5d9199de5928e05ae1be3b12f045d0f79cc8fab5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1525/fmh.2021.7.1.61"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

PromptChainer: Chaining Large Language Model Prompts through Visual Programming [article]

Tongshuang Wu, Ellen Jiang, Aaron Donsbach, Jeff Gray, Alejandra Molina, Michael Terry, Carrie J Cai
<span title="2022-03-13">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
While LLMs can effectively help prototype single ML functionalities, many real-world applications involve complex tasks that cannot be easily handled via a single run of an LLM. Recent work has found that chaining multiple LLM runs together (with the output of one step being the input to the next) can help users accomplish these more complex tasks, and in a way that is perceived to be more transparent and controllable. However, it remains unknown what users need when authoring their own LLM
more &raquo; ... ns -- a key step for lowering the barriers for non-AI-experts to prototype AI-infused applications. In this work, we explore the LLM chain authoring process. We conclude from pilot studies find that chaining requires careful scaffolding for transforming intermediate node outputs, as well as debugging the chain at multiple granularities; to help with these needs, we designed PromptChainer, an interactive interface for visually programming chains. Through case studies with four people, we show that PromptChainer supports building prototypes for a range of applications, and conclude with open questions on scaling chains to complex tasks, and supporting low-fi chain prototyping.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.06566v1">arXiv:2203.06566v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zadbhzdcrzd4bbxik3un52ahvy">fatcat:zadbhzdcrzd4bbxik3un52ahvy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220321021717/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2203.06566v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0f/73/0f733817e82026f7c29909a51cb4df7d2685f0e7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.06566v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Program Synthesis with Large Language Models [article]

Jacob Austin, Augustus Odena, Maxwell Nye, Maarten Bosma, Henryk Michalewski, David Dohan, Ellen Jiang, Carrie Cai, Michael Terry, Quoc Le, Charles Sutton
<span title="2021-08-16">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Ellen Jiang helped with early experiments, provided guidance, and performed qualitative analysis of model outputs. Carrie Cai provided guidance and qualitative analysis of model outputs.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.07732v1">arXiv:2108.07732v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ynefbmkupfhftnbulnm72ufzyq">fatcat:ynefbmkupfhftnbulnm72ufzyq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210829040224/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2108.07732v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a3/8e/a38e0f993e4805ba8a9beae4c275c91ffcec01df.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.07732v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Characterization of Four Novel CAG Repeat-Containing cDNAs

JIN-XING JIANG, RONALD H. LEKANNEDEPREZ, ELLEN C. ZWARTHOFF, PETER H.J. RIEGMAN
<span title="">1995</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/z3egmghp4rdu7dxxr3ldohtkma" style="color: black;">Genomics</a> </i> &nbsp;
the alternative triplets play a role in the stabiliza-Stretches of CAG nucleotides coding for the amino tion of the repeat (1). Only for SBMA, in which the acid glutamine are an important feature of many tran-CAG repeat in the gene encoding the androgen rescription factors and genes that are involved in neuroceptor is affected, is a clearcut function for the gene degenerative disorders. In an attempt to isolate CAG causing the disease known. However, since over 80% repeat-containing cDNAs
more &raquo; ... sed in nervous tissue, of the proteins containing glutamine stretches are we screened a human fetal brain cDNA library with a transcription factors (2) , it is most likely that this probe containing a CAG repeat. Five different clones will also be the case for at least some of the other were characterized and found to contain CAG repeats. genes. Sequence data revealed that four of these cDNAs were In an attempt to isolate additional genes conderived from novel genes. These cDNAs were desigtaining CAG repeats, we screened a human fetal nated CAG6, CAG12, CAG24, and CAG40 and were brain cDNA library (Stratagene 936206) with a 0.5found to correspond to transcripts of 5.0, 7.5, 4.4, and kb, CAG repeat-containing, PstI fragment from the 15 kb, respectively. The genes encoding CAG6, CAG12, human MN1 gene (6). From these five unique cDNAs CAG24, and CAG40 were assigned to chromosomes 12, were selected for further characterization. These 16, X, and 12, respectively. For the 5th gene, CAG26/ cDNAs were designated CAG6, CAG12, CAG24, pRHpA, a localization on two different chromosomes CAG26, and CAG40. The clones were sequenced over was established: 16 and X. None of the repeats showed the CAG repeat (see Fig. 1 ). Four of the five cDNAs any length polymorphisms in human DNA. ᭧ 1995 showed no significant homology apart from the re-Academic Press, Inc.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1006/geno.1995.0015">doi:10.1006/geno.1995.0015</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8595911">pmid:8595911</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wrllqdxjzrdmjc2t2rltfdg35u">fatcat:wrllqdxjzrdmjc2t2rltfdg35u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170706152901/https://repub.eur.nl/pub/55173/REPUB_55173_OA.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1b/4c/1b4c4af28ef688b1d8bae495ab00d0985e637a46.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1006/geno.1995.0015"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

SONICC: A Novel Nonlinear Optical Detection Technique for 2D Celluar Crystallography

Fei Guo, Ellen Gualtieri, Garth Simpson, Wen Jiang
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dez2wau7t5aqvklzwrcsreuwq4" style="color: black;">Biophysical Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Gualtieri, Garth Simpson, Wen Jiang.  ...  should be able to achieve atomic resolution within a week from data collection to image analysis. 1988-Pos SONICC: A Novel Nonlinear Optical Detection Technique for 2D Celluar Crystallography Fei Guo, Ellen  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2009.12.2074">doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2009.12.2074</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/m25r7vgxyrfubkecmdvy2m4bru">fatcat:m25r7vgxyrfubkecmdvy2m4bru</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190330004524/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/81960726.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8f/7a/8f7ab27b4f14297648eaf3b5e02568b22beb3c6f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2009.12.2074"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum: clinical phenotypes, molecular genetics and putative pathomechanisms

Qiaoli Li, Qiujie Jiang, Ellen Pfendner, András Váradi, Jouni Uitto
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fy7scf42grarhfbic2utfcfbeu" style="color: black;">Experimental Dermatology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), a prototype of heritable multi-system disorders, is characterized by pathologic mineralization of connective tissues, with primary clinical manifestations in the skin, eyes and the cardiovascular system. The causative gene was initially identified as ABCC6 which encodes an ABC transporter protein (ABCC6) expressed primarily in the liver and the kidneys. The critical role of ABCC6 in ectopic mineralization has been confirmed by the development of Abcc6 -/knock-out
more &raquo; ... mice which recapitulate the features of connective tissue mineralization characteristic of PXE. Over 200 distinct loss-of-function mutations representative of over 1000 mutant alleles in ABCC6 have been identified by streamlined mutation detection strategies in this autosomal recessive disease. More recently, missense mutations in the GGCX gene, either in compound heterozygous state or digenic with a recurrent ABCC6 nonsense mutation (p.R1141X), have been identified in patients with PXE-like cutaneous findings and vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor deficiency. GGCX encodes a carboxylase which catalyzes γ-glutamyl carboxylation of coagulation factors as well as of matrix gla protein (MGP) which in fully carboxylated form serves as a systemic inhibitor of pathologic mineralization. Collectively, these observations suggest the hypothesis that a consequence of lossof-function mutations in the ABCC6 gene is the reduced vitamin K-dependent γ-glutamyl carboxylation of MGP, with subsequent connective tissue mineralization. Further progress in understanding the detailed pathomechanisms of PXE should provide novel strategies to counteract, and perhaps cure, this complex heritable disorder at the genome-environment interface.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0625.2008.00795.x">doi:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2008.00795.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19054062">pmid:19054062</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3349969/">pmcid:PMC3349969</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lg6bolvjene5pjtajabz7befvm">fatcat:lg6bolvjene5pjtajabz7befvm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200210042935/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3349969&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/07/df/07dfc5b7b3738564e109339556b1e7ef517365df.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0625.2008.00795.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3349969" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Hybrid Energy System with Optimized Storage for Improvement of Sustainability in a Small Town

Fengchang Jiang, Haiyan Xie, Oliver Ellen
<span title="2018-06-15">2018</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/oglosmy3gbhuzobyjit4qalakq" style="color: black;">Sustainability</a> </i> &nbsp;
With the rise of renewable energy comes significant challenges and benefits. The current studies on the incorporation of renewable-energy policies and energy-storage technologies attempt to address the optimization of hybrid energy systems (HESs). However, there is a gap between the currents needs of HES in small towns for energy independence and the understanding of integrated optimization approaches for employing the technology. The purpose of this research is to determine the technical,
more &raquo; ... matic and financial requirements needed to allow a city or community to become independent of the utilization of traditional energy and develop a reliable program for a clean and environment-friendly energy supply. This paper presents the sensitivity analysis and Bayesian prediction (SABP) method for the optimized design of a hybrid photo-voltaic wind energy system. This method uses the actual data to analyze and compare the main, optimized and desired scenarios of HES designs. The results show that optimized design can minimize the cost of the energy generated while reliably matching local electricity demand. The SABP system helps to eliminate the dependence on traditional energy resources, reduce transition costs by purchasing electricity, and decrease the financial burden of a small city. documents the system analyses and decision-making-processes in a city with a population of less than 100,000. The research identifies the determinant factors for the success of implementation, which are community characterization, energy demand, and proposed technical solution. According to "Sustainable Development Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all" among the Sustainable Development Goals SDG2015-2030, to switch to sustainable energy the world should triple its investment in sustainable energy infrastructure annually until 2030, which requires an increase from approximately $400 billion in 2015 to $1.25 trillion by 2030. The goal encourages countries and businesses to accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy system and maintain and protect ecosystems. It suggests businesses pledge to source 100% of effective electricity requirements from renewable sources [4] . The significance of this work is that the HES design innovatively created an energy utilization program for a small town and optimized its configuration. The analysis results show the system's capability to solve the sustainable-development obstacles faced by small towns and communities. The practical advantages of this designed configuration include strong reliability and substantial reduction of the costs for generating energy. The research can broadly impact multiple administrative and energy supply divisions in the process of sustainable management for renewable energy globally. Literature Review Recently, researchers have paid increased attention to alternative and renewable power-generation methods that are effective, such as wind, hydropower, solar, geothermal, and bio energy [5-10]. Renewable energy is often used to displace conventional fuels in four areas: electricity generation, hot water/space heating, transportation, and rural (off-grid) energy services [11, 12] . Even though renewable energy sources have multiple benefits for the environment, economy, and health, there is considerable debate criticizing the deployment of renewable technology. The emerging technology includes: (1) enhanced geothermal systems (EGS); (2) cellulosic ethanol; (3) marine energy (or ocean energy); (4) wind power; and (5) solar energy. The EGSs are independent of natural convective hydrothermal resources and obtain geothermal energy in dry and non-porous rock [13] . These geothermal reservoirs have limited availabilities in only certain areas, which usually are adjacent to tectonic zones with active or semi-active volcanos. The EGS overcomes the restriction and has potential for wide implementation [14] . EGS technology is able to produce power continuously and is feasible for most areas in the world. However, the technology depends on the economic limits of drill depth [13, 14] . Cellulosic ethanol technology processes biomass, which is turned into ethanol in refineries. Its commercialization process relies on enzymes and might offer opportunities for farmers and biotechnology firms [9, 15] . Ocean waves, tides, salinity, and the difference in ocean temperature can create marine energy satisfying a substantial amount of needs around the world [16] . Marine energy conversion (MEC) technology is at a blossoming stage of development [17] . Derived by wind turbines, wind energy is one of the fastest-growing energy sources and offers many advantages, including effective cost, job creation, industrial growth, increased viability, clean fuel resources, a domestic source of energy, sustainable systems, and easy installation for rural areas [18] . The organization of wind turbines focuses on prearranged operations and maintenance strategies to ensure safety, profitability and cost-effectiveness [2] . To avoid price volatility and reduce the difference between supply and demand, the day-ahead energy market allows market participants to commit towards buying or selling wholesale electricity one day before the operation, which is an important step toward the financial stability of wind power production [19, 20] . Researchers noticed that the fickle nature of forecast errors frequently compromised a wind farm operator from holding a well-founded production commitment [20, 21] . The development of solar energy technologies displays diversity [22] . The electricity generation of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems converts a temperature difference between dissimilar materials into an electric current using thermoelectric (or thermo-voltaic) devices [23] . After the establishment of the first commercial CPV plant in the 1980s, the number of grid-connected CPV systems has grown to the millions [24] [25] [26] . The capacity
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/su10062034">doi:10.3390/su10062034</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/utl7psjxwrhblolubjtxp6mv5y">fatcat:utl7psjxwrhblolubjtxp6mv5y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728042119/https://res.mdpi.com/def502001459d602d8ab5eee212252d8e6c2cb1103e4dcd3897e181bc9c638aa7cc150395c81b0ea5b7b74d0ffdf4c1001f79fad003cc771df8f0bbd7396d8ba3057cb035e1f09ff33e9c2202eb3309f26d10e6f2cd29c9394476d0c8c058dafa7ed230ddd056a8de04373b908f56f0c29d4409b01d29d4142cc64021eef2a4e6b46e3cb323305c7e3322968a2255253c53ba96a549097687b1ab199567d0ff1f486d425c0?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/51/86/51869c6a985d2ae2f20a7dbf9e8d4a86ae2c4a31.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/su10062034"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Onset of Step Antibanding Instability due to Surface Electromigration

Konrad Thürmer, Da-Jiang Liu, Ellen D. Williams, John D. Weeks
<span title="1999-12-27">1999</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pkmpevvs3bgkhal5dvrmsu5mvq" style="color: black;">Physical Review Letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
Heating by a direct electric current can produce step bunches on vicinal semiconductor surfaces. Under extreme conditions, steps crossing from one bunch to another bend sufficiently to create bands of steps of the opposite sign (antibands). Unusual large scale scanning tunneling microscopy images reveal a mechanism where field-induced concentration gradients produce a spatially variable step velocity that drives the antiband formation. A continuum step model allows quantitative analysis of
more &raquo; ... ing step shapes, yielding an effective charge for the diffusing adatoms of q eff 0.13 electron units at 1270 ± C.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.83.5531">doi:10.1103/physrevlett.83.5531</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/flmpnctqa5dnxlkifavtii54qe">fatcat:flmpnctqa5dnxlkifavtii54qe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100620103039/http://terpconnect.umd.edu/~jdw/prl835531.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/36/fe/36fe7e73987132bef8bde660de832c862cf9adee.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.83.5531"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

Learning Prototypical Goal Activities for Locations

Tianyu Jiang, Ellen Riloff
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Association for Computational Linguistics"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5n6volmnonf5tn6xputi5f2t3e" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 56th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)</a> </i> &nbsp;
People go to different places to engage in activities that reflect their goals. For example, people go to restaurants to eat, libraries to study, and churches to pray. We refer to an activity that represents a common reason why people typically go to a location as a prototypical goal activity (goal-act). Our research aims to learn goal-acts for specific locations using a text corpus and semi-supervised learning. First, we extract activities and locations that co-occur in goal-oriented syntactic
more &raquo; ... patterns. Next, we create an activity profile matrix and apply a semi-supervised label propagation algorithm to iteratively revise the activity strengths for different locations using a small set of labeled data. We show that this approach outperforms several baseline methods when judged against goal-acts identified by human annotators.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/p18-1120">doi:10.18653/v1/p18-1120</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/acl/RiloffJ18.html">dblp:conf/acl/RiloffJ18</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/t6wibsreb5az5eziyahj5jzk3m">fatcat:t6wibsreb5az5eziyahj5jzk3m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200507194024/https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/P18-1120.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c1/c8/c1c81b49d56f837afdb15098f1cc722a8b0d1655.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/p18-1120"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Interhemispheric visual competition after multisensory reversal of hemianopia

Alexander S. Dakos, Ellen M. Walker, Huai Jiang, Barry E. Stein, Benjamin A. Rowland
<span title="2019-08-20">2019</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zxr4nls4g5h57osoxavrqwra7y" style="color: black;">European Journal of Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
| Rapid sensory assay/ screening procedure A rapid assay was first used to determine the suitability of the animals for these experiments (Jiang et al., 2009 (Jiang et al., , 2015 .  ...  These animals were used in a previous study (Dakos, Jiang, Stein, & Rowland, 2019 ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14554">doi:10.1111/ejn.14554</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31430406">pmid:31430406</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6928431/">pmcid:PMC6928431</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2fzlar7ptjewhoyxbxefegbdxu">fatcat:2fzlar7ptjewhoyxbxefegbdxu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200502055607/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC6928431&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0d/21/0d211adba34618bb92390a8ae7aaa76935901257.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14554"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6928431" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Two-dimensional facet nucleation and growth on Si(111)

Da-Jiang Liu, John D. Weeks, M. D. Johnson, Ellen D. Williams
<span title="1997-03-15">1997</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gl6rguei5vfpfbkttgvre6hjsu" style="color: black;">Physical Review B (Condensed Matter)</a> </i> &nbsp;
The lateral growth of an isolated nucleated facet is studied using a simple two-dimensional step model. An effective Hamiltonian that causes a planar surface to phase separate into facets and step bunches is proposed. The motions of the steps are determined by the relaxational dynamics of the effective Hamiltonian with and without a local conservation requirement. An even simpler mean-field-like model is used to illustrate the mechanism of the experimentally observed constant-velocity facet tip
more &raquo; ... propagation. Numerical calculations using thermodynamic and transport coefficients previously measured give good agreement with experiments under the local conservation requirement. ͓S0163-1829͑97͒02808-7͔
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.55.7653">doi:10.1103/physrevb.55.7653</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6w2ea54wdnhhvpdu6f65sdwlfq">fatcat:6w2ea54wdnhhvpdu6f65sdwlfq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160222102403/http://terpconnect.umd.edu:80/~jdw/PRB07653.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c9/51/c9510f49bbeec749e62de9096ceed6da8fa3f3c8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.55.7653"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

The Language Interpretability Tool: Extensible, Interactive Visualizations and Analysis for NLP Models [article]

Ian Tenney, James Wexler, Jasmijn Bastings, Tolga Bolukbasi, Andy Coenen, Sebastian Gehrmann, Ellen Jiang, Mahima Pushkarna, Carey Radebaugh, Emily Reif, Ann Yuan
<span title="2020-08-12">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We present the Language Interpretability Tool (LIT), an open-source platform for visualization and understanding of NLP models. We focus on core questions about model behavior: Why did my model make this prediction? When does it perform poorly? What happens under a controlled change in the input? LIT integrates local explanations, aggregate analysis, and counterfactual generation into a streamlined, browser-based interface to enable rapid exploration and error analysis. We include case studies
more &raquo; ... or a diverse set of workflows, including exploring counterfactuals for sentiment analysis, measuring gender bias in coreference systems, and exploring local behavior in text generation. LIT supports a wide range of models--including classification, seq2seq, and structured prediction--and is highly extensible through a declarative, framework-agnostic API. LIT is under active development, with code and full documentation available at https://github.com/pair-code/lit.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.05122v1">arXiv:2008.05122v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3psi3vbxafhjvcpwph3jqkgsmm">fatcat:3psi3vbxafhjvcpwph3jqkgsmm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200815084805/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2008.05122v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8d/ce/8dce62b18bdea587c07cb4769a05ca0a816d09ba.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.05122v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

TIG3: a regulator of type I transglutaminase activity in epidermis

Richard L. Eckert, Michael T. Sturniolo, Ralph Jans, Catherine A. Kraft, Haibing Jiang, Ellen A. Rorke
<span title="2008-07-09">2008</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/spfkqu35dnd7rjl5ooxt2ihb4q" style="color: black;">Amino Acids</a> </i> &nbsp;
This study and several additional studies indicate that TIG3 is retinoid-regulated (Higuchi et al. 2003; Huang et al. 2000; Jiang et al. 2005) .  ...  Tazarotene-induced gene 3 (DiSepio et al. 1998), also called RIG1 (Jiang et al. 2005 ) and Hrev 107-2 (Lotz et al. 2005) , displays homology to the human, mouse and rat forms of H-rev 107.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-008-0123-9">doi:10.1007/s00726-008-0123-9</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18612777">pmid:18612777</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3124850/">pmcid:PMC3124850</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/peuoa6ribfedtewalpoacmxuca">fatcat:peuoa6ribfedtewalpoacmxuca</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200428065253/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3124850&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f5/5a/f55a39d8821c1ef0609c9f730d4e62efe443cb81.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-008-0123-9"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3124850" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Video-based method of quantifying performance and instrument motion during simulated phonosurgery

Ellen Conroy, Ketan Surender, Zhixian Geng, Ting Chen, Seth Dailey, Jack Jiang
<span title="2014-06-26">2014</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b2qupchjdzgetndqdcbl6oshka" style="color: black;">The Laryngoscope</a> </i> &nbsp;
Objectives/Hypothesis-To investigate the use of the Video-Based Phonomicrosurgery Instrument Tracking System to collect instrument position data during simulated phonomicrosurgery and calculate motion metrics using these data. We used this system to determine if novice subject motion metrics improved over 1 week of training. Study Design-Prospective cohort study. Methods-Ten subjects performed simulated surgical tasks once per day for 5 days. Instrument position data were collected and used to
more &raquo; ... ompute motion metrics (path length, depth perception, and motion smoothness). Data were analyzed to determine if motion metrics improved with practice time. Task outcome was also determined each day, and relationships between task outcome and motion metrics were used to evaluate the validity of motion metrics as indicators of surgical performance. Results-Significant decreases over time were observed for path length (P <.001), depth perception (P <.001), and task outcome (P <.001). No significant change was observed for motion smoothness. Significant relationships were observed between task outcome and path length (P <. 001), depth perception (P <.001), and motion smoothness (P <.001). Conclusions-Our system can estimate instrument trajectory and provide quantitative descriptions of surgical performance. It may be useful for evaluating phonomicrosurgery performance. Path length and depth perception may be particularly useful indicators.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.24724">doi:10.1002/lary.24724</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24737286">pmid:24737286</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4578870/">pmcid:PMC4578870</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x6hsetzafjguvmqwqqey2yzu5a">fatcat:x6hsetzafjguvmqwqqey2yzu5a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200211134207/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC4578870&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/51/fe/51febdd92ff2559ce290cb3eeea546dc606bab2e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.24724"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> wiley.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4578870" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Molecular Detection of Rickettsia amblyommii in Amblyomma americanum Parasitizing Humans

Ju Jiang, Tamasin Yarina, Melissa K. Miller, Ellen Y. Stromdahl, Allen L. Richards
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Mary Ann Liebert Inc"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mrsrd2pj35evnltnpbztjkw2c4" style="color: black;">Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases</a> </i> &nbsp;
JIANG ET AL. americanum ticks were pooled together, approximately five individuals per test tube. of Defense Human Tick Test Kit Program in 2002 and 2003.  ...  DNA integrity was assured for the specificity panel of nucleic acid preparations by successfully performing 16s rRNA gene detection on all DNA preparations by PCR (Jiang et a!. 2004 ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2009.0061">doi:10.1089/vbz.2009.0061</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19877809">pmid:19877809</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c32oxo3zirgthirlchdelfn5ry">fatcat:c32oxo3zirgthirlchdelfn5ry</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190303071218/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b174/6504f82c11066574977e355b4dd115eeb671.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b1/74/b1746504f82c11066574977e355b4dd115eeb671.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2009.0061"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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