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Generalizability Appraisal of a Code-switching Scale in the Iranian ELT and Psychology Context: Examining the Role of Gender, Age, Proficiency and Educational Levels

Zahra Mohammadi Salari, Fazlolah Samimi, Shahram Afraz, Department of English, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran, Department of English, Bandar-Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar-Abbas, Iran, Department of English, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran
2021 Iranian Evolutionary Educational Psychology Journal  
In addition, the findings showed that a tool for augmenting understanding was the most and teacher code switching as a barrier to learning and communication was the least influential factor of CS.  ...  This quantitative study was an endeavor to generalize the findings of a qualitatively-oriented inquiry of code switching (CS).  ...  Conflict of interest: The authors state no conflict of interest in the study.  ... 
doi:10.52547/ieepj.3.1.26 fatcat:csppayrmhnhyxerul7kuqywnem

Computational Thinking Equity in Elementary Classrooms: What Third-Grade Students Know and Can Do

Yune Tran
2018 Journal of educational computing research  
Thus, the study highlights the importance of leveraging CS access in diverse elementary classrooms to promote young students' computational thinking; motivation in CS topics; and the learning of essential  ...  Interviews from participants included examples of CS connections to everyday life and interdisciplinary studies at school.  ...  The hybrid environment with curricular hands-on activities were ideal methods to motivate and scaffold elementary-aged students' understanding of introductory CS concepts, thus, promoting CT and enabling  ... 
doi:10.1177/0735633117743918 fatcat:d3m2j2prnveo5doioxaoh2yfsm

Instructional Practices for Addressing Computer Science Standards: Using Computer Kits in Preservice Teacher Education

Gamze Ozogul, Michael Karlin, Anne Ottenbreit-Leftwich, Ai-Chu Elisha Ding, Yin-Chan Liao, Meize Guo
2019 Research on Education and Media  
Limitations to the instructional practices included a lack of transfer to subject areas outside of CS and a lack of focus on the integration between hardware and software.  ...  This article examines the instructional practices used to teach the computer science (CS) standard of computer devices and systems to undergraduate preservice teachers (PSTs).  ...  In terms of learning the hardware and systems aspects of CS, PSTs expressed a preference towards Piper more often as it was perceived "easier to use". Characteristics of Future Learners.  ... 
doi:10.2478/rem-2019-0004 fatcat:ne5lsssagzg7rk2qxe6ogdrmxi

Examining equity in an elementary school computer science intervention using component-based research

Kaitlyn Ferris, Jeanne Century, Huifang Zuo
2021 International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools  
This article reports on implementation of a problem-based learning intervention developed with the intention of finding time for computer science (CS) in the elementary school day.  ...  Using hierarchical linear modeling, this study draws from a sample of 16 elementary schools with 321 teachers and 5791 students in Broward County, Florida, the sixth largest school system in the United  ...  Their support allowed us to bring Time4CS to BCPS' elementary teachers and students.  ... 
doi:10.21585/ijcses.v5i1.121 fatcat:cp3q3nfasfhjbo73vum27vw3sq

Designing offline computer science activities for the korean elementary school curriculum

Sook Kyoung Choi, Tim Bell, Soo Jin Jun, Won Gyu Lee
2008 ACM SIGCSE Bulletin  
This raises the question of which CS topics can be taught effectively at elementary level, taking into account the generalist role of elementary teachers and the need for assessment.  ...  This paper reports on evaluations of offline activities for teaching CS to elementary school children in Korea.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are grateful to Yeum YongChul and the children at SeGok elementary school in Seoul, and education students from Korean University (Computer Science Education) and GyeongIn National  ... 
doi:10.1145/1597849.1384380 fatcat:3jgnztjoprgtfitk56mdpafide

Finding time for computer science in the elementary school day: a quasi-experimental study of a transdisciplinary problem-based learning approach

Jeanne Century, Kaitlyn A. Ferris, Huifang Zuo
2020 International Journal of STEM Education  
As the number of computer science (CS) jobs become increasingly available in this country and computing skills become essential tools for managing all aspects of our personal lives, CS is quickly becoming  ...  Additionally, higher amounts of interdisciplinary teaching practices were associated with higher student achievement, specifically students' state assessment ELA scores.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of their Broward County Public School Colleagues, Lisa Milenkovic, Annmargareth Marousky, and Kelly Thomas  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40594-020-00218-3 fatcat:fbkxck7mfne6tcl3c2u474263q

An Examination of Abstraction in K-12 Computer Science Education

Christine Liebe, Tracy Camp
2019 Proceedings of the 19th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research - Koli Calling '19  
Teachers' understanding of abstraction ranged from very little knowledge to very knowledgeable. The majority of teachers did not actively assess abstraction.  ...  All teachers in the study were unsure what student abstraction abilities should be according to grade level.  ...  And in understanding other areas in CS, nonprogramming areas of CS, too."  ... 
doi:10.1145/3364510.3364526 fatcat:4ftenubpv5da3c7efhbvsxr57m

Prospective Elementary Teacher Understandings Of Pest-Related Science And Agricultural Education Benchmarks

Cary J. Trexler, Kirk L. Heinze
2001 Journal of Agricultural Education  
The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the understandings of pest-related concepts by prospective elementary teachers.  ...  Informants lacked language to accurately articulate an understanding of the pest-related benchmarks. Most informants lacked understanding of the positive and negative impacts of pesticide use.  ...  environmental contamination • • • • • • • (d) lack of sustainable practices Coding CS CS CS CS CS CS CS CS •-indicates informant understanding of subconcepts Codings: ø--No evidence  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2001.01082 fatcat:ja6kafe2srapzb5bx7bm3yqs74

Computer Programming Effects in Elementary: Perceptions and Career Aspirations in STEM

Yune Tran
2018 Technology, Knowledge and Learning  
The main purpose of this mixed-method study was to examine elementary-aged students' (N = 132) perceptions of STEM, career choices, and effects from pre-to post-test intervention of CS lessons (N = 183  ...  The development of elementary-aged students' STEM and computer science (CS) literacy is critical in this evolving technological landscape, thus, promoting success for college, career, and STEM/CS professional  ...  elementary classrooms helps increase the quality and quantity of students in the STEM/CS pipeline.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10758-018-9358-z fatcat:h32yj2aq5jclxneew7bv2aia7q

A Qualitative Study Of Prospective Elementary Teachers' Grasp Of Agricultural And Science Educational Benchmarks For Agricultural Technology

Cary J. Trexler, Deanna Meischen
2002 Journal of Agricultural Education  
Prospective teachers in this study did not possess requisite understandings to help elementary students gain knowledge and understandings of, or concern for the trade-offs found in the use of agricultural  ...  The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the level of understanding that prospective elementary teachers possess about biotechnology in agriculture.  ...  This supports, Trexler's (2001) conclusion that understanding of subconcepts was necessary for elementary students to comprehend the complexities of other agri-food system concepts.  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2002.02068 fatcat:f2uaq2yjnray5n3mq6ollpfymm

Early Programming Education and Career Orientation

Efthimia Aivaloglou, Felienne Hermans
2019 Proceedings of the 50th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education - SIGCSE '19  
Programming education currently begins at the elementary school age. In this paper we are exploring what affects the learning performance of young students in programming classes.  ...  For female students only, we also find CS career orientation to be strongly correlated with their self-efficacy.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the teachers and students of the schools involved in this research. We are grateful for your support in organizing and giving the lessons.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3287324.3287358 dblp:conf/sigcse/AivaloglouH20 fatcat:xz26zxkjfjgapffonq5lpu3gju

A Qualitative Study of Agricultural Literacy in Urban Youth: Understanding for Democratic Participation in Renewing the Agri–food System

Alexander Hess, Cary Trexler
2011 Journal of Agricultural Education  
Students failed to convey an understanding of the types and variety of farms, the purpose of farms, or the cultural practices dominating conventional farming.  ...  Using Piaget's theories of schemata development, this study compared students' understanding of agriculture to grade-specific benchmarks for agricultural literacy to uncover relationships between students  ...  Purpose and Objectives This study sought to determine elementary students' understandings of agri-food system concepts.  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2011.02151 fatcat:2d46yk7qgjf5fe42dwukvworzi


Tatsuhiro Tamaki, Harumi Hashimoto, Atsushi Onishi, Yasuo Uchida
2021 International Journal of Modern Education  
In the programming education for beginners that we are implementing at a college of technology, there is a considerable percentage of students who feel they are not up to programming.  ...  Based on experience, transcription learning is regarded as effective for mastering programming, but we have conducted a trial to further improve efficiency and deepen understanding, and here we provide  ...  Figure 1: Practice of "Counting Numbers (Binary Number)" As a term we define independently, we will call the realization of CS Unplugged Activity using a computer "CS Plugged ".  ... 
doi:10.35631/ijmoe.310003 fatcat:sdzbwcwzwrcvzfi2jd6mpnpc5m

Code-switching in Iranian Elementary EFL Classrooms: An Exploratory Investigation

Ehsan Rezvani, Abbass Rasekh
2011 English Language Teaching  
This paper presents the results of a small-scale exploratory investigation of code-switching (CS) between English and Farsi by 4 Iranian English foreign language (EFL) teachers in elementary level EFL  ...  Moreover, it was found that EFL teachers in this study tended to use the learners' L1 (i.e., Farsi) to serve a number of pedagogic and social functions, which contributed to better teacher-student classroom  ...  Future studies may also aim at investigating the effects of CS on students' learning in EFL contexts.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v4n1p18 fatcat:sic26fyj3ranpcguiu2ddotsqu

Page 116 of Mathematics Teacher Vol. 43, Issue 3 [page]

1950 Mathematics Teacher  
- sized in terms of the level of maturity and experience of the children to be taught.  ...  of the college student.  ... 
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