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Modelling Agent Institutions [chapter]

Nicoletta Fornara, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Pablo Noriega, Eugénio Oliveira, Charalampos Tampitsikas, Michael I. Schumacher
2012 Agreement Technologies  
Everyday uses of the notion of institution and some typical institutions have been studied and formalized by economists and philosophers.  ...  Borrowing from these everyday understandings, and influenced by their formalizations, the notion of institution has been used within the agents community to model and implement a variety of socio-technical  ...  Its main aim is to assist software agents in the task of negotiating and establishing electronic contracts.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5583-3_18 fatcat:pzgbbbj3lbfshii7vqhnv2s7fy

Editorial

Lou Goble, John-Jules Ch. Meyer
2008 Journal of Applied Logic  
agents), it is necessary to establish some constraints or norms that the agents should abide by.  ...  On the other hand, one can also imagine more advanced agents that may decide their actions on their own, and if they violate any norms, the system (or rather a part of it, called an electronic institution  ...  This framework is applied to explain Castelfranchi's notion of mutual empowerment and also how agents are delegated normative goals from a system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jal.2007.06.004 fatcat:iv5lw3hmhjb6bifmto5ro36bpa

Using MAS Technologies for Intelligent Organizations: A Report of Bottom-Up Results [chapter]

Armando Robles, Pablo Noriega, Michael Luck, Francisco J. Cantú
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We discuss our experience of implementing different types of server agents and a rudimentary organization engine for two industrial-scale information systems now in operation.  ...  These server agents govern knowledge repositories and user interactions according to workflow scripts that are interpreted by the organization engine.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is partially funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (MEC) through the Web-i-2 project (TIC-2003-08763-C02-00) and by private funds of the TCA Research Group  ... 
doi:10.1007/11925231_107 fatcat:yhursqiqtjftlfinbd5pb64pki

Page 144 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 20, Issue 1 [page]

1994 Computational Linguistics  
The explo- sion of LISTSERVs and news groups dedicated to themes or issues in the humanities, and the widespread distribution of electronic texts over the network, challenges the notion of publication.  ...  Alan McKenzie summaries the statelessness of the docuverse: Electronic texts, having been rendered independent of ink, paper, agent, and human memory, are always already in a state of excitement.  ... 

Computational Institutions for Modelling Norm-Regulated MAS: An Approach Based on Coordination Artifacts [chapter]

Rossella Rubino, Andrea Omicini, Enrico Denti
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
As agent autonomy emphasises the need of norms for governing agent interactions, increasing attention is being devoted to (electronic) institutions for modelling organisations governed by norms.  ...  Moving from the concepts of role (with its normative consequences, i.e. obligations, permissions and prohibitions), norms (both regulative and constitutive), and normative agents, we first introduce the  ...  Both electronic institutions and normative systems adopt a notion of agent which emphasises agent autonomy: their agents can decide to violate a norm to achieve their goals, or to change their goals so  ... 
doi:10.1007/11775331_9 fatcat:dmdobzw2eff55lgb4ja453lo7a

Mean field equilibria of multiarmed bandit games

Ramakrishna Gummadi, Ramesh Johari, Jia Yuan Yu
2012 Proceedings of the 13th ACM Conference on Electronic Commerce - EC '12  
In particular, we establish that if the number of agents grows large, then the dynamics of the finite agent system converge to the dynamics of the mean field model.  ...  We introduce a general model of MAB games, and study a notion of equilibrium inspired by a large system approximation known as mean field equilibrium.  ...  In particular, we establish that if the number of agents grows large, then the dynamics of the finite agent system converge to the dynamics of the mean field model. Authors' addresses: R.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2229012.2229060 dblp:conf/sigecom/GummadiJY12 fatcat:wv5q4755tnfsvl7qdvmvlktpeu

Virtual Permanent Establishment: An Approach to the Taxation of Electronic Commerce Transactions

Ángela Carolina Vaca Bohórquez
2016 Revista de Derecho Fiscal  
This article approaches to permanent establishment, the rules, and the taxation of electronic commerce transactions as a new "practice" in different countries around the world.  ...  The concept invited "to reconsider the "physical presences" as unique way to represent an enterprise.  ...  (ii) A so-called "virtual agency" (i.e. an electronic equivalent of the dependent agent permanent establishment).  ... 
doi:10.18601/16926722.n8.07 fatcat:tjnmwfq7b5a3nmagefj4olrts4

Electronic Agents and the Formation of Contracts

E. M. Weitzenboeck
2001 International Journal of Law and Information Technology  
In this paper, an analysis is made of the increasingly active role of electronic agents, especially intelligent agents, in the negotiation and formation of contracts.  ...  Following an analysis of the two main theories of consent -the subjective and the objective theories -it is argued that the objective theory is applicable to the use of electronic agents in contracting  ...  In order to establish the role of electronic agents in e-commerce, a model known as the Consumer Buying Behaviour (CBB) Model was devised by Maes, Guttman, and Moukas 18 , members of the Software Agents  ... 
doi:10.1093/ijlit/9.3.204 fatcat:3nu3uelknnhinffi57orseasva

An empirical comparison of market efficiency: Electronic marketplaces vs. traditional retail formats

Pingjun Jiang, Siva K. Balasubramanian
2014 Electronic Commerce Research and Applications  
In summary, this paper enhances understanding of market efficiency by incorporating behavioral segment and product characteristics into the explanatory framework.  ...  Researchers have found that price dispersion and market inefficiency exists in electronic marketplaces.  ...  They can disrupt the structure of well established industries such as retail and consumer goods (Alba et al. 1997 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.elerap.2013.11.003 fatcat:72v5vloyurfd3hr2jpfwze666m

Entity and Autonomy - The conclusion of contracts by software agents in the eyes of the law. A software agent definition-based analysis

Tina Balke
2010 Revue d'intelligence artificielle : Revue des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information  
Based on the characteristics of software agents identified from the definition of the term, this paper examines whether and how the conclusion of contracts by software agents is compatible with current  ...  One of them is the question, how contracts concluded by software agents should be treated legally.  ...  of software agents to develop a "weak" and the "strong" notion of agency (Wooldridge et al., 1995) .  ... 
doi:10.3166/ria.24.391-413 fatcat:m4hmhxf6hbdrzaxguog5345vci

Comments on "A Semiotic Approach to the Design of Agent-mediated E-commerce Systems" by S. Chong and K. Liu [chapter]

John Krogstie
2000 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
emphasis on the effective use of agent-technology.  ...  In the nineties, several new technologies and technological possibilities have been established, such as ERP-systems (e.g.  ...  This is used partly on the basis of an extended list of communicative acts (the traditional five from Searle extended with two deontic notions, 'permissives' and 'prohibitives'), and partly using the ideas  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35500-9_9 fatcat:nwwiv5nyorcrdiv3wguhs4et5a

Towards a Platform for Online Mediation

Pablo Noriega, Carlos López
2009 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This proposal is based on the notion of electronic institution and is being implemented using the IIIA's EIDE platform.  ...  The immediate purpose of the prototype is to provide working examples of the computer artifacts that may be implemented to support current and foreseeable mediation practices.  ...  Program of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through project AT (CSD2007-0022, INGENIO 2010).  ... 
dblp:conf/icail/NoriegaL09 fatcat:gkigzlrm7nci5cfqe3dezxsusm

Constraint rule-based programming of norms for electronic institutions

Andrés García-Camino, Juan A. Rodríguez-Aguilar, Carles Sierra, Wamberto Vasconcelos
2008 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
In this paper, we propose a rule language to specify and explicitly manage the normative positions of agents (permissions, prohibitions and obligations), with which distinct deontic notions and their relationships  ...  Our rule-based formalism includes constraints for more expressiveness and precision and allows to supplement (and implement) electronic institutions with norms.  ...  Electronic institutions (EIs) [18, 19, 20] are the electronic counterpart of human institutions -they establish the expected behaviour of agent societies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-008-9059-4 fatcat:rwcbe753crgltidqyctrn47a2y

Fencing the Open Fields: Empirical Concerns on Electronic Institutions (Invited Paper) [chapter]

Pablo Noriega
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper I will take the perspective of using a certain type of devices, electronic institutions, to regulate agent interactions.  ...  Furthermore, in this paper I am concerned with the tasks of design and construction of actual electronic institutions and I will explore some of the empirical aspects that one may encounter in such activities  ...  Acknowledgements The research reported in this paper is partially supported by the Spanish MEC project Web-i (2) (TIC-2003-08763-C02-01).  ... 
doi:10.1007/11775331_6 fatcat:rykzecwqi5hpbkisxjn6355ki4

"How does the computer carry out digitalRead()?" Notional Machines Mediated Learner Conceptual Agency within an Introductory High School Electronic Textiles Unit

Gayithri Jayathirtha
2022 Proceedings of the 2022 ACM Conference on International Computing Education Research V.1  
Findings revealed that learners interacted with program dynamics in agentic ways as they adopted notional machines to reason, ask questions about, reveal and revise their notions of program execution.  ...  joint meaning-making within computing classrooms, and their evolving nature as a result of continuous interactions between the learners and the teacher.  ...  I thank Yasmin Kafai and Mark Guzdial for guiding me through this analysis, Amber Solomon for feedback on writing, and Aditya Rao for editing the document.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3501385.3543964 fatcat:hujylioeqvg4tofqr6cwhikfdu
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