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Efficient Open World Reasoning for Planning

Tamara Babaian, James Schmolze, Henry Kautz
2006 Logical Methods in Computer Science  
We consider the problem of reasoning and planning with incomplete knowledge and deterministic actions.  ...  As a result, planning with PSIPLAN is done without direct manipulation of possible worlds.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Barbara Grosz, Wendy Lucas, Wheeler Ruml and the anonymous referees for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.2168/lmcs-2(3:5)2006 fatcat:k47wwodykbejxpkeyaq4gbkaxe

UT Austin Villa@Home, 2019

Rishi Shah, Yuqian Jiang, Nick Walker
2019 Zenodo  
UT Austin Villa@Home has made significant developments in efficient perception and manipulation, automatic semantic labeling,modeling human preferences, and knowledge representation and reasoning.  ...  Scanned Object Container Bottle Graspable Water Bottle Ketchup Bottle Is placed Concepts Instances instance of Open-World Reasoning for Service Robots Semantic Perception  ...  • Features : Features ○ State machine modeling built on SMACH, for construction of known plans ■ Uses efficient representations ■ Efficient storage and querying infrastructure for semantic labels ■ Easy  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3249233 fatcat:qiettptg6jfyxnowm3rtawe2vy

Page 274 of Illinois Medical Journal Vol. 61, Issue 4 [page]

1932 Illinois Medical Journal  
Local civilian hospitals have the world record for efficiency. World War veterans have a right to demand from their fellow citizens the best of hospital care.  ...  The stand taken by the medical profession that there is no reason for further construction of especial government hospitals to care for World War veterans rather than to distribute, such patients among  ... 

What is 'Open'? An Economic Analysis of Open Institutions

Feng Frederic Deng
2008 Social Science Research Network  
By examining several different types of open institutions including open source software, open science, open square and (open) urban planning, this paper presents a general analysis of open institutional  ...  In addition to providing a general definition of open institutional structure, we submit there are two necessary conditions for open institutions.  ...  In order to have a general understanding of the reasons for open institutions, the first question then becomes crucial since open institutional structure may only be efficient when producing some particular  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1138203 fatcat:mj5nnllr5zb3ppm6ejwrtjv5yq

Logic and Agent Programming Languages [chapter]

Natasha Alechina
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Agent programming languages based on the Belief, Desire and Intentions (BDI) framework present some interesting challenges for logicians.  ...  While BDI logics have been studied extensively, problems related to belief update and analysis of plans in BDI agent programming languages have received less attention.  ...  Open problems Here are some open problems related to cache update: efficient standard update in the presence of a cache: how to compute and maintain environments with negative literals, how to efficiently  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39992-3_1 fatcat:na3khrvurvc3hhxzg3cnef7hfq

Task Planning in Robotics: an Empirical Comparison of PDDL-based and ASP-based Systems [article]

Yuqian Jiang and Shiqi Zhang and Piyush Khandelwal and Peter Stone
2019 arXiv   pre-print
ASP is designed for knowledge-intensive reasoning, but can also be used for solving task planning problems.  ...  PDDL is designed for task planning, and PDDL-based planners are widely used for a variety of planning problems.  ...  opendoor(D,n): This action allows the robot to open door D if canopen(D) is true. Opening an open door does not change the state of the world.  ... 
arXiv:1804.08229v3 fatcat:5q5q4tffgbcs5gbfxbxafotry4

Planning and Robotics (Dagstuhl Seminar 17031)

Malik Ghallab, Nick Hawes, Daniele Magazzeni, Brian C. Williams, Andrea Orlandini, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Dagstuhl Reports  
The motivation for this seminar was to bring together researchers from the two communities and people from the Industry in order to foster a broader interest in the integration of planning and deliberation  ...  control to high-level cognitive approaches for autonomous robots.  ...  This way we are trying to bridge the continuous (numeric) world of robots with the symbolic world of planning. Having the activities, the next step is finding a way of efficient planning with them.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.7.1.32 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/GhallabHMWO17 fatcat:vqoj274bhbakvgovfljltfwqie

Guiding Robot Exploration in Reinforcement Learning via Automated Planning [article]

Yohei Hayamizu, Saeid Amiri, Kishan Chandan, Keiki Takadama, Shiqi Zhang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Focusing on improving RL agents' learning efficiency, we develop Guided Dyna-Q (GDQ) to enable RL agents to reason with action knowledge to avoid exploring less-relevant states.  ...  Reinforcement learning (RL) enables an agent to learn from trial-and-error experiences toward achieving long-term goals; automated planning aims to compute plans for accomplishing tasks using action knowledge  ...  reasonable runtime.  ... 
arXiv:2004.11456v2 fatcat:jehwm6urbvdcxiedrsnpgehdzm

Forthcoming papers

1996 Artificial Intelligence  
We analyze the efficiency of planning with primary effects and the quality of the resulting plans.  ...  We formalize the use of primary effects in planning and present a criterion for selecting useful primary effects, which guarantees efficiency and completeness.  ...  Weld, Sound and efficient closed-world reasoning for planning Closed-world inference-an essential component of many planning algorithms-is the process of determining that a logical sentence is false based  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(96)90016-8 fatcat:heev5wzgnbenfpinwk52u2dfzi

Solid Waste Management Issues in Small Towns of Developing World: A Case Study of Taxila City

Naeem Ejaz, Nasir Sadiq Janjua
2012 International Journal of Environmental Science and Development  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The University of Engineering & Technology Taxila, Tehsil Municipal Administration (TMA) Taxila, Rawalpindi Development Authority (RDA) and their staff/workers are highly acknowledged for  ...  Increase in per capita solid waste generation rate is another serious threat for the management authorities in the developing world.  ...  Open dumps are responsible for so many negative environmental impacts in the study area.  ... 
doi:10.7763/ijesd.2012.v3.209 fatcat:xw2k7dahnbfrreh2fbg3ydxgky

Comparison of Methods for Improving Search Efficiency in a Partial-Order Planner

Raghavan Srinivasan, Adele E. Howe
1995 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The search space in partial-order planning grows quickly with the number of subgoals and initial conditions, as well as less countable factors such as operator ordering and subgoal in teractions For partial-order  ...  than simple problems, the expansion of the search space will need to be controlled This paper presents four new approaches to controlling search space expansion by exploiting commonalities in emerging plans  ...  open conditions in the plan Two open conditions are said to be similar if they have the same predicate For example, (prad 1 ?  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/SrinivasanH95 fatcat:iww4w6o7wbcafdvly3opg7phw4

Providing the Budget Transparency and State Projects Efficiency Monitoring in Russia

O.B. Ivanova, L.V. Bogoslavtseva, O.I. Karepina, E.D. Kostoglodova
2017 EUROPEAN RESEARCH STUDIES JOURNAL  
Authors concluded that increasing the openness, transparency, control and providing the state projects' development monitoring is essential for proper budget functioning.  ...  The article is concerned with state projects as the basic tool of increasing the efficiency of budget costs at programme based budget costs planning.  ...  Fund), Best Practices for Budget Transparency by OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), Open Budget Index by IBP (International Budget Partnership) and others.  ... 
doi:10.35808/ersj/599 fatcat:yslonw7myvdkjayk4av5tuvizi

Educational leaders and role of education on the efficiency of schools principals

Aliakbar Behbahani
2011 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Therefore, the educational managers should receive trainings because thoughtful and efficient principals in schools help in improving job satisfaction teachers, establishing firm links with parents of  ...  In the rapidly changing world of today, the necessity of education has been accepted for many reasons.  ...  Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license. should be learned and the old theories with no efficiency should be put aside.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.040 fatcat:mizvmjf2vreqfnmvqi6gl6weoi

Real-world robotics: Learning to plan for robust execution

Scott W. Bennett, Gerald F. Dejong
1996 Machine Learning  
In executing classical plans in the real world, small discrepancies between a planner's internal representations and the real world are unavoidable.  ...  Permissive planning, a machine learning extension to classical planning, is one response to this difficulty.  ...  For permissive planning to help, internal representations must be reasonable approximations to the world.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00117442 fatcat:iptpsenncncezl2k64o6ihi7em

Real-World Robotics: Learning to Plan for Robust Execution [chapter]

Scott W. Bennett, Gerald F. Dejong
1996 The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science  
In executing classical plans in the real world, small discrepancies between a planner's internal representations and the real world are unavoidable.  ...  Permissive planning, a machine learning extension to classical planning, is one response to this difficulty.  ...  For permissive planning to help, internal representations must be reasonable approximations to the world.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4613-0471-5_2 fatcat:ruhwlcmjpncnzhlkuxj3whtpym
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