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Asymmetric Switch Costs as Sequential Difficulty Effects

Darryl W. Schneider, John R. Anderson
2010 Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology  
The authors propose a new account of these asymmetric switch costs based on sequential difficulty effects.  ...  The authors discuss how their sequential difficulty account might explain asymmetric restart costs in addition to asymmetric switch costs and how sequential difficulty effects might be explained by resource  ...  Sequential difficulty effects An outstanding issue concerns the theoretical basis of the sequential difficulty effects that may underlie asymmetric switch and restart costs.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470211003624010 pmid:20401811 pmcid:PMC2908715 fatcat:vdhc3myblnhyjgg3it3zr7m2hy

The security cost of cheap user interaction

Rainer Böhme, Jens Grossklags
2011 Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on New security paradigms workshop - NSPW '11  
notification, for instance the idea of a Pigovian tax on attention consumption.  ...  It further outlines a lump-of-attention model, devised against the backdrop of established theories in the behavioral sciences, and discusses incentive mechanisms to fix the misallocation problem in security  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the anonymous reviewers and the workshop participants for valuable suggestions to improve this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2073276.2073284 dblp:conf/nspw/BohmeG11 fatcat:yxzx3c6alngllmxmnsb7syvd3y

Benefit-Cost Analysis of FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grants

Adam Rose, Keith Porter, Nicole Dash, Jawhar Bouabid, Charles Huyck, John Whitehead, Douglass Shaw, Ronald Eguchi, Craig Taylor, Thomas McLane, L. Thomas Tobin, Philip T. Ganderton (+4 others)
2007 Natural Hazards Review  
This paper reports on a study that applied BCA methodologies to a statistical sample of the nearly 5,500 Federal Emergency Management Agency ͑FEMA͒ mitigation grants between 1993 and 2003 for earthquake  ...  In principle, benefit-cost analysis ͑BCA͒ attempts to assess a mitigation activity's expected net benefits ͑discounted future benefits less discounted costs͒, but in practice this often proves difficult  ...  interruption implications.  ... 
doi:10.1061/(asce)1527-6988(2007)8:4(97) fatcat:obm7cio3ajfb7norgpcitxs3zy

Excessive Costs and Recoverability of Costs Awards in Investment Arbitration

Gabriel Bottini, Catharine Titi, Facundo Pérez Aznar, Julien Chaisse, Marko Jovanovic, Olga Puigdemont Sola
2020 The Journal of World Investment & Trade  
Finally, it analyses the issue of insufficient recoverability of costs awards and the availability of mechanisms to secure prompt payment of costs awards where there are insufficient resources or an unwillingness  ...  Secondly, it discusses the impact of the length of proceedings on costs. Thirdly, it discusses the contribution of third-party funding to excessive costs.  ...  Setting up norms that guide decisions on bifurcation of proceedings may also be an effective mechanism to save time and costs.  ... 
doi:10.1163/22119000-12340173 fatcat:uf6qzywgfvhbdkhbsf7v4k2v3y

Technological Imperatives, Productivity and Insurance Costs

William J Baumol
1991 Geneva papers on risk and insurance. Issues and practice  
This lag in crude productivity growth has a profound effect on costs and pricing because it, in effect, pits the suppliers of medical care services against the suppliers of other outputs which typically  ...  costs that rise cumulatively in real magnitude with little interruption.  ... 
doi:10.1057/gpp.1991.12 fatcat:bewmlvkp7vd4jlu43hkj6be2c4

The intrinsic cost of cognitive control

Wouter Kool, Matthew Botvinick
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
AbstractKurzban and colleagues carry forward an important contemporary movement in cognitive control research, tending away from resource-based models and toward a framework focusing on motivation or value  ...  However, their specific proposal, centering on opportunity costs, appears problematic. We favor a simpler view, according to which the exertion of cognitive control carries intrinsic subjective costs.  ...  practice effects.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1300109x pmid:24304795 fatcat:l6kmp6pqcvexpicfoennxzkhi4

The Temporal Dynamics of Opportunity Costs: A Normative Account of Cognitive Fatigue and Boredom [article]

Mayank Agrawal, Marcelo Gomes Mattar, Jonathan D. Cohen, Nathaniel Douglass Daw
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
We use this analysis to flesh out previous suggestions that feelings associated with subjective effort, like cognitive fatigue and boredom, are the phenomenological counterparts of these opportunity cost  ...  We suggest that in controlling behavior, the brain faces competing behavioral and computational imperatives, and must balance them by tracking their opportunity costs over time.  ...  which 703 opportunity costs associated with task context had an effect on boredom and exploratory behavior. 3 . 3 The Temporal Dynamics of Boredom.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.09.08.287276 fatcat:z3u7dittqvac5ewcc3gcgxwkke

The cost of injustice: overall justice, emotional exhaustion, and performance among entrepreneurs: do founders fare better?

Guillaume Soenen, Constanze Eib, Olivier Torrès
2018 Small Business Economics  
Implications for research and practice are discussed  ...  In this paper, we build on the allostatic load model, developed in stress research, to explore the impact of entrepreneurs' overall justice perceptions on emotional exhaustion and firm performance.  ...  Practical implications As the health of the entrepreneurs is central to the performance of the firm, and by extension to employees and the society at large, one practical conclusion of this study is that  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11187-018-0052-2 fatcat:6egqr4ikgrg23krsv4t6rfpuie

Weighing the Costs of Disaster

George A. Bonanno, Chris R. Brewin, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Annette M. La Greca
2010 Psychological Science in the Public Interest  
Finally, we review the implications for intervention.  ...  Other less invasive and more practical forms of immediate intervention have been developed for use with both children and adults.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Oscar Yan, Katerina Donina, Jasmine Ghannadpour, Dasha Kiper, and William Taboas for their assistance in gathering and summarizing literature for this article.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1529100610387086 pmid:26168411 fatcat:ddu37rs45za2nmgkkitngajjt4

Slow down and remember to remember! A delay theory of prospective memory costs

Andrew Heathcote, Shayne Loft, Roger W. Remington
2015 Psychological review  
There was little effect of PM demands on evidence accumulation rates, but PM demands consistently increased the evidence required for ongoing task response selection (response thresholds).  ...  In what was interpreted as support of this core assumption, diffusion model fits reported by Boywitt and Rummel (2012) and Horn, Bayen, and Smith (2011) indicated that PM demands reduced the rate of accumulation  ...  practice, and item repetition effects neglected in the earlier analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0038952 pmid:25844878 fatcat:q7ivgnf5xrb7po4jjp5rawlt4e

The time cost of care

Michael Bittman, Kimberly Fisher, Patricia Hill, Cathy Thomson
2005 Electronic International Journal of Time Use Reserach  
Jens Bonke, James McIntosh: Household time allocations -Theoretical and empirical results from Denmark 2 A brief review of the literature Models of household activity start with Becker's (1965) classic  ...  : Household time allocations -Theoretical and empirical results from Denmark Abstract Information on housework-time is important for understanding the daily life organisation of different population groups  ...  The next section reviews the recent theoretical and empirical literature on household time allocations. Section 3 describes the data.  ... 
doi:10.13085/eijtur.2.1.54-66 fatcat:qytekig54bfbdpcfc64qtj7cie

Activity-Based Costing [chapter]

William C. Lawler
2011 The Portable MBA in Finance and Accounting  
Remember that depreciation represents just one year's use of the Equipment.  ...  The Equipment cost of $36,000 is spread out over the 10-year life of the Equipment at the rate of $3,600 per year, which we call Depreciation expense.  ...  We would like to thank the chapter authors that make up this book for their clear and informative explanations of the powerful concepts and tools of finance and accounting.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118257494.ch13 fatcat:hizudj6tifa67b5gxkqdd2o7dy

Cost-to-Go Function Approximation [chapter]

2017 Encyclopedia of Machine Learning and Data Mining  
It maintains a set, S , of most specific hypotheses that are consistent with the training data and a set, G, of most general hypotheses consistent with the training data.  ...  These two sets form two boundaries on the version space.  ...  framework, i.e., they assume a set of positive and negative training examples.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-7687-1_100093 fatcat:vse7ncdqs5atlosjhz7fhlj3im

Methods for cost estimation in software project management

C V Briciu, I Filip, I I Indries
2016 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
Based on the author's experiences and the analysis of the existing models and product lifecycle it was concluded that estimation models should be adapted with the new technologies and emerging systems  ...  In the first part of the paper, a summary of the major achievements in the research area of finding a model for estimating the overall project costs is presented together with the description of the existing  ...  Theoretically, the company tries to maximize the quality of the delivered software, but practically on most cases, the balance at the end of the project is considered as maximization function.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/106/1/012008 fatcat:7gcbho3lhnd6xn7ctvnj4a2lci

Understanding the nature of health: New perspectives for medicine and public health. Improved wellbeing at lower costs

Johannes Bircher, Eckhart G. Hahn
2016 F1000Research  
We explore its hypothetical benefit for the future of medicine and public health.  ...  Current dilemmas of health care systems call for a new look at Background: the nature of health. This is offered by the Meikirch model.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Dr Wolfram Goessling for reviewing the manuscript and to Dr Arthur Funkhouser for improving the English language of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.7849.1 pmid:27134730 pmcid:PMC4837984 fatcat:tkdetdwzyrhcbglatbpmgntfuy
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