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Effects of Simulation Parameters on Naïve Creatures Learning to Safely Cross a Highway on Bimodal Threshold Nature of Success

Anna T. Lawniczak, Leslie Ly, Fei Yu
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
A model of simulated cognitive agents (naïve creatures) learning to safely cross a cellular automaton based highway is described. These creatures have ability to learn from each other.  ...  We investigate how the creatures' learning outcomes are affected by the model parameters (e.g., the traffic density, creatures' ability to change a crossing point, creatures' fear and desire).  ...  We consider the model of naïve creatures learning to cross a highway introduced in [5]- [9] and investigate the performance of a simple learning algorithm based on an "observational social learning"  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.05.456 fatcat:csuig4uwkzftljkn62bjjt4gza

Biomimicry based Learning Outcomes of Simple Cognitive Agents

Anna T. Lawniczak, Jason B. Ernst, Bruno N. Di Stefano
2014 Procedia Computer Science  
Virtual universe of naïve creatures learning to cross a highway Our model of naïve creatures learning to cross a highway is developed under several assumptions about the creatures, their process of learning  ...  The presented simulation results show that, for the naïve creatures learning to cross the highway, fear has negative effect on the throughput and fluctuations of creatures crossing the highway.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.09.031 fatcat:5qofpocsibelhcomyjaaqwn4je

Naïve Creature with Fear and Desire Learning to Cross a Highway

Anna T. Lawniczak, Jason B. Ernst, Bruno N. Di Stefano
2014 Procedia Computer Science  
We describe a model of simp le cognitive agent (naïve creature) learning to cross a highway.  ...  Creatures' ability to move along the highway and preservation of the knowledge base fro m one learning environment to another one imp roves creatures' population success of crossing the highway.  ...  The presented simulation results show that, for the naïve creatures learning to cross the highway, fear has negative effect on the creatures' population success of crossing the highway.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.031 fatcat:xdsne252arc73c7izmtemzpk74

Success Rate of Creatures Crossing a Highway as a Function of Model Parameters

Anna T. Lawniczak, Leslie Ly, Fei Yu
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
We describe a model of population of simple cognitive agents, naïve creatures, learning to safely cross a cellular automaton based highway.  ...  We study how these parameters, in particular the knowledge base, influence the creatures' success rate of crossing the highway.  ...  We investigate the effects of creatures' KnB accumulation through learning and its interaction with other model parameters on creatures' success rate of crossing a highway.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.05.334 fatcat:cnw7p7xqanfvhdcwgekvuj3l3q

Beyond the Centralized Mindset

Mitchel Resnick
1996 The Journal of the Learning Sciences  
StarLogo allows users to control the actions and interactions of thousands of artificial "creatures" on the computer screen. I describe three StarLogo projects created by high-school students.  ...  To probe how people think about decentralized systems, and to help them develop new ways of thinking about such systems, I developed a programmable modeling environment (called StarLogo) with which people  ...  I am grateful to Janet Kolodner, Andy diSessa, Jeremy Roschelle, and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327809jls0501_1 fatcat:43pa2epgk5hpvljxzfcefbkq54

Recent Advances in Convolutional Neural Networks [article]

Jiuxiang Gu, Zhenhua Wang, Jason Kuen, Lianyang Ma, Amir Shahroudy, Bing Shuai, Ting Liu, Xingxing Wang, Li Wang, Gang Wang, Jianfei Cai, Tsuhan Chen
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In the last few years, deep learning has led to very good performance on a variety of problems, such as visual recognition, speech recognition and natural language processing.  ...  In this paper, we provide a broad survey of the recent advances in convolutional neural networks.  ...  Secondly, BN reduces the dependence of gradients on the scale of the parameters or of their initial values, which gives a beneficial effect on the gradient flow through the network.  ... 
arXiv:1512.07108v6 fatcat:rwmmwcy4ezd6pmt6scuaambd7m

The WOSP Model: Balanced Information System Design and Evaluation

Brian Whitworth, Michael Zaic
2003 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
As we create e-systems to rival ourselves, and networks to match society, the problem may be a limited view of system performance.  ...  WOSP is a theoretical framework for the balanced design and evaluation of advanced information systems, as now being created on the Internet and elsewhere.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks to Beryl Plimmer, Manukau Institute of Technology, New Zealand, for first suggesting the various system properties could be shown as a "web".  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.01217 fatcat:jeyhexr47ndg5m5hrcasmog3wm

Modeling Creativity: Case Studies in Python [article]

Tom De Smedt
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Modeling Creativity examines creativity in a number of different perspectives: from its origins in nature, which is essentially blind, to humans and machines, and from generating creative ideas to evaluating  ...  We will use a hands-on approach with case studies and examples in the Python programming language.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors of DrawBot, Just van Rossum and Erik van Blokland, define the simplicity of a computational approach to art and design in terms of volume, complexity and variation:  ... 
arXiv:1410.0281v1 fatcat:an7qvt47fbeqjgx5jmhrrnijsm

Artificial Intellgence – Application in Life Sciences and Beyond. The Upper Rhine Artificial Intelligence Symposium UR-AI 2021 [article]

Karl-Herbert Schäfer
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The alliance's common goal is to reinforce the transfer of knowledge, research, and technology, as well as the cross-border mobility of students.  ...  The TriRhenaTech alliance is a network of universities in the Upper-Rhine Trinational Metropolitan Region comprising of the German universities of applied sciences in Furtwangen, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank D. Iordanov for the contribution to the development of the application within his studies at Mainz University of Applied Sciences.  ... 
arXiv:2112.05657v1 fatcat:wdjgymicyrfybg5zth2dc2i3ni

The Role of Intelligent Systems in the National Information Infrastructure

Daniel S. Weld, Joe Marks, Daniel G. Bobrow
1995 The AI Magazine  
Acknowledgments This report was created with support from the Information Technology and Organizations Program of the IRIS Division of the National Science Foundation.  ...  Many thanks also to Alicen Smith, Sunny Ludvik, and Carol Hamilton who helped with proofreading and copyediting.  ...  In addition to the current emphasis on building a monolithic model that is then applied to many situations, some applications require that a model be built on demand to solve a new and novel problem.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v16i3.1147 dblp:journals/aim/WeldMB95 fatcat:lseja6ytdredfbnrfy64wbmuwa

Making sense of sensing systems

Victoria Bellotti, Maribeth Back, W. Keith Edwards, Rebecca E. Grinter, Austin Henderson, Cristina Lopes
2002 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems Changing our world, changing ourselves - CHI '02  
Lopes define sensing interfaces, and raise a set of key problems[2]; and Beaudouin-Lafon's Instrumental Interaction model sheds new light on post-WIMP interfaces[1].  ...  In fact much of the power of using computers comes from this "multiplier" effect, the ability to abstract from or go beyond a precise imitation of the real world.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to thank to many of the former and current TMG students and colleagues in the MIT Media Lab for their contributions to the TUI research in the past 10 years at the  ... 
doi:10.1145/503447.503450 fatcat:oox2ir4w3bf7nemgqtj5dacqfa

Making sense of sensing systems

Victoria Bellotti, Maribeth Back, W. Keith Edwards, Rebecca E. Grinter, Austin Henderson, Cristina Lopes
2002 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems Changing our world, changing ourselves - CHI '02  
Lopes define sensing interfaces, and raise a set of key problems[2]; and Beaudouin-Lafon's Instrumental Interaction model sheds new light on post-WIMP interfaces[1].  ...  In fact much of the power of using computers comes from this "multiplier" effect, the ability to abstract from or go beyond a precise imitation of the real world.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to thank to many of the former and current TMG students and colleagues in the MIT Media Lab for their contributions to the TUI research in the past 10 years at the  ... 
doi:10.1145/503376.503450 dblp:conf/chi/BellottiBEGHL02 fatcat:qraobvd44jadjfq4faprxdwue4

D2.1 Initial version of parametric design space

Antonios Liapis, Konstantinos Sfikas, Theodore Galanos, Georgios N. Yannakakis, Helmut Kinzler, Daria Zolotareva, Risa Tadauchi, Aleksandra Mnich-Spraiter, Jeg Dudley, Edoardo Tibuzzi, Arun Selvaraj, Dinos Ipiotis (+1 others)
2021 Zenodo  
This document takes input from the user and functional requirements of PrismArch described in D1.1 ("Report on current limitations of AEC software tools, leading to user and functional requirements of  ...  This deliverable, grounded in a review of the state-of-the-art in the pertinent areas, aims to map out the parametric space that artificially intelligent algorithms can explore, as well as mathematical  ...  Therefore, it is also the capacity of the designer to interact with the suggestions and the design parameters is critical to the successful implementation of the tool.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5095065 fatcat:rtyb2l5qwbb7nfhwelonbgvgue

Learning and prediction of relational time series

Terence K. Tan, Christian J. Darken
2015 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC  ...  Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for  ...  J Is the Parameter That is Passed from Event A to event B.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-015-9182-0 fatcat:wooulxv3xjcljdnyjgeijjpmhe

Genetic Programming III - Darwinian Invention and Problem Solving

Peter Nordin
1999 Evolutionary Computation  
Special thanks goes to our reviewers, who stuck with us through a major reorganization of the book and provided insightful and useful comments.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the help of our editor, Denise Penrose, and that of Edward Wade and Emilia Thiuri, at Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.  ...  Some of these are simulations, where a population of individuals is modeled in a program, and some are programs that interact socially with a user. There is much to learn from both.  ... 
doi:10.1162/evco.1999.7.4.451 fatcat:27732t6mfvgt7mzpbvkrv6wcqm
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