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Effect of Tensile Force on Magnetostrictive Sensors for Generating and Receiving Longitudinal Mode Guided Waves in Steel Wires

Jiang Xu, Yong Li, Guang Chen
2019 Journal of Sensors  
Then, the effect of the tensile force on generating and receiving longitudinal mode guided waves based on magnetostrictive effect is obtained by the relationship between the bias magnetic field and the  ...  The results show that the existence of the tensile force would change the operation point for generating and receiving the longitudinal mode guided waves based on magnetostrictive effect, which associated  ...  Conclusions In this paper, the effect of tensile force on magnetostrictive sensors for generating and receiving longitudinal mode guided waves in the wire is studied.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/9512190 fatcat:jydra3ek5rf5bewpqmwwkyr2w4

A Guided Wave Transducer with Sprayed Magnetostrictive Powder Coating for Monitoring of Aluminum Conductor Steel-Reinforced Cables

Fuzai Lv, Pengfei Zhang, Zhifeng Tang, Yonggang Yue, Keji Yang
2019 Sensors  
On the other hand, the magnetostriction of the innermost steel wires is too weak to generate guided waves. The bias magnetic field is attenuated by the outer layers of aluminum wires.  ...  Experimental investigations were carried out to generate and receive the most commonly used L(0,1) guided waves for wire breakage detection at frequencies of 50 and 100 kHz.  ...  Sensors 2019, 19, x FOR PEER REVIEW 8 of 16 As for an ACSR cable sprayed with magnetostrictive powder coating, guided waves were generated on account of the superposition of Lorentz force and magnetostrictive  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19071550 fatcat:65fdpwgkanh5zjrabpysbl4vku

Stress Measurement of Steel Strands Based on System Identification Method

Ji Qian, Jianbin Li, Changchun Li, Jianting Zhou, Guowen Yao
2019 Shock and Vibration  
The sensor placement and loading path have a limited effect on the stress state and the proposed index.  ...  Among the existing nondestructive testing methods for measuring the stress state of steel strands, ultrasonic guided wave methods have received the most research attention and are most likely to be applied  ...  [12] performed early experimental studies on the effect of stress on guided waves in a strand. ey excited guided waves as a whole throughout the cross section of a strand using magnetostrictive sensors  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/5653902 fatcat:r452bbpodfb2bpvqyliid3axbq

A Review of Non-Destructive Damage Detection Methods for Steel Wire Ropes

Ping Zhou, Gongbo Zhou, Zhencai Zhu, Zhenzhi He, Xin Ding, Chaoquan Tang
2019 Applied Sciences  
Based on the review of papers, we provide insight about the future of the non-destructive damage detection methods for steel WRs to a certain extent.  ...  As an important load-bearing component, steel wire ropes (WRs) are widely used in complex systems such as mine hoists, cranes, ropeways, elevators, oil rigs, and cable-stayed bridges.  ...  We wish to thank the authors of all references for their outstanding contributions in this field.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app9132771 fatcat:wct4zwlbivfp5hqssos6cdfuzu

Nondestructive Characterization of Residual Stress Using Micromagnetic and Ultrasonic Techniques [chapter]

Madalina Rabung, Meisam Amiri, Michael Becker, Melanie Kopp, Ralf Tschuncky, Ines Veile, Fabian Weber, Miriam Weikert-Müller, Klaus Szielasko
2020 New Challenges in Residual Stress Measurements and Evaluation [Working Title]  
Micromagnetic and ultrasonic methods are based on the interaction of an external magnetic field or an ultrasonic wave, respectively, with the material's microstructure and residual stress fields on different  ...  Whereas near-surface compressive stress is often desired as it prolongs the useful service life, undesired, steep stress gradients and tensile stress at the surface promote the occurrence of cracks and  ...  Moreover, the authors would like to thank the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy for the financial support of research activities under grant 1501523.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.90740 fatcat:m3gow6zhmvatlax5aqwmnxsjbi

A Comparative Study on Three Different Transducers for the Measurement of Nonlinear Solitary Waves

Xianglei Ni, Luyao Cai, Piervincenzo Rizzo
2013 Sensors  
Nonlinear solitary waves can form and travel in nonlinear systems such as one-dimensional chains of particles, where they are conventionally generated by the mechanical impact of a striker and are measured  ...  In this paper we propose two alternative sensing configurations for the measurements of solitary waves propagating in a chain of spherical particles.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge the support of the University of Pittsburgh's Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation seed grant program, the Federal Railroad Administration under contract DTFR53  ... 
doi:10.3390/s130101231 pmid:23334611 pmcid:PMC3574733 fatcat:rxkcwh5dufgxffqh5gi26hpm4a

Smart Sensing Technologies for Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Engineering Structures

M. Sun, W. J. Staszewski, R. N. Swamy
2010 Advances in Civil Engineering  
The major focus is on the evaluations of laboratory and field studies of smart materials/sensors in civil engineering structures.  ...  In this paper, the application of smart materials/sensors for the SHM of civil engineering structures is critically reviewed.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) for the financial support to the first author during his research study at Sheffield University in UK.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2010/724962 fatcat:kcphoublefa77dqfsnmztvos2u

State of the art review of inspection technologies for condition assessment of water pipes

Zheng Liu, Yehuda Kleiner
2013 Measurement (London)  
This paper focuses on the inspection techniques and technologies for structural deterioration of water pipes.  ...  The technologies include conventional non-destructive inspection and advanced sensor techniques for condition monitoring.  ...  Guided wave ultrasound The guided wave ultrasound technique is based on the capability of propagating a wave for a long distance [39] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2012.05.032 fatcat:w7ynqjfusbdvrjn6vcbvty4pwe

A Solitary Wave-Based Sensor to Monitor the Setting of Fresh Concrete

Piervincenzo Rizzo, Xianglei Ni, Somayeh Nassiri, Julie Vandenbossche
2014 Sensors  
We present a proof-of-principle study about the use of a sensor for the nondestructive monitoring of strength development in hydrating concrete.  ...  The nondestructive evaluation technique is based on the propagation of highly nonlinear solitary waves (HNSWs), which are non-dispersive mechanical waves that can form and travel in highly nonlinear systems  ...  Xianglei Ni also acknowledges the support of the 2009 ASNT (American Society for Nondestructive Testing) Fellowship Award.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s140712568 pmid:25025549 pmcid:PMC4168442 fatcat:uggzqan64ncnlfua3myrfsqgdi

Microphone based on Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) micro-pillars and patterned electrodes

J. Xu, M.J. Dapino, D. Gallego-Perez, D. Hansford
2009 Sensors and Actuators A-Physical  
The acoustic sensor presented in this dissertation exploits the key advantages of PVDF as a sensor material by means of two key design elements aimed at increasing the charge and decreasing the effective  ...  Taking advantage of the thickness or "33" mode, the developed PVDF micro-pillar sensor has a frequency bandwidth of at least 20 Hz-100 kHz and maximum response of up to a few MHz (depending on specific  ...  The amplification effect is similar to the force amplification in a rope held at two ends (i.e., a rope can generate very larger tensile forces when subjected to a perpendicular center force).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sna.2009.04.008 fatcat:hoqtv33ca5bmxpgebmrbzitdrm

Review of Structural Health Monitoring Techniques in Pipeline and Wind Turbine Industries

Vinamra Bhushan Sharma, Kartik Singh, Ravi Gupta, Ayush Joshi, Rakesh Dubey, Vishwas Gupta, Shruti Bharadwaj, Md. Iltaf Zafar, Sushant Bajpai, Mohd Ashhar Khan, Anubhava Srivastava, Divyang Pathak (+1 others)
2021 Applied System Innovation  
There have been several advancements in SHM systems over the years such as Point OFS (optical fiber sensor) for Corrosion, Distributed OFS for physical and chemical sensing, etc.  ...  In order to determine the damages well in advance, it is necessary that the sensor is positioned inside the pipes and gives the operators enough time to carry out the troubleshooting.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/asi4030059 fatcat:vjkyklbrundctbedfqhx3yjijq

A design methodology for 2D sparse NDE arrays using an efficient implementation of refracted-ray TFM

Jerzy Dziewierz, Timothy Lardner, Anthony Gachagan
2013 2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)  
Recent advances in the field of tissue engineering include the engineering of skin, cartilage, and bladder, all of which are relatively thin tissues that can rely on diffusion for the delivery of oxygen  ...  One of these technologies takes advantage of the acoustic radiation forces associated with ultrasound standing wave fields to spatially pattern cells within collagen-based hydrogels.  ...  The authors acknowledge the ANR and DGA for their support under the project Metactif, grant ANR-11-ASTR-015.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ultsym.2013.0035 fatcat:th5znfh7y5bklfdbmhb4u6iq2i

Conceptual design and multidisciplinary optimization of in-plane morphing wing structures

Daisaku Inoyama, Brian P. Sanders, James J. Joo, Douglas K. Lindner
2006 Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control  
where thermal effects are represented through equivalent thermal forces.  ...  In this paper, new technique of sensitivity-decreasing of FBG strain sensor has been brought forward and a new kind of FBG-based crack sensor is developed.  ...  The effect of placing the SMA wires in different directions (longitudinal and angularly transverse) over the composite plates will be studied.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.658686 fatcat:rqnvt2atkjgnvpog5pivwjejzm

Research progress of space non-pyrotechnic low-shock connection and separation technology (SNLT): A review

Honghao Yue, Yifei Yang, Yifan Lu, Fei Yang, Jun Wu, Qi Ruan, Zongquan Deng
2021 Chinese Journal of Aeronautics  
In this paper, the progress of the research on space nonpyrotechnic low-shock connection and separation technology (SNLT) is summarized and reviewed.  ...  Space missions have become diversified in recent years, where connection and separation devices play a crucial role as key components of various spacecraft.  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by State Key Laboratory of Robotics and System (HIT), Heilongjiang Touyan Team and the Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (No.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cja.2021.07.001 fatcat:hsg4z7fqvfblfkenfnss2hvwnq

1981 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium Abstracts

1982 IEEE Transactions on Sonics and Ultrasonics  
The effect of digitization on sidelobe levels can be predicted accurately, as well as the amplitude level of grating lobes and the effects of apodization and use of short pulses.  ...  Finally, we will show experimental results on tissue equivalent phantoms obtained with the data collected in the transmission mode. D. Nahamoo and A. C.  ...  The optical guided wave loss is 10.6 dB/cm for TEo mode in a 0.81 7 pm thick film on a glass substrate.  ... 
doi:10.1109/t-su.1982.31328 fatcat:iqcv7fhisjghfahxhthjfjb4i4
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