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Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research

Simone Rossi, Mark Hallett, Paolo M. Rossini, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
2009 Clinical Neurophysiology  
This article is based on a consensus conference, which took place in Certosa di Pontignano, Siena (Italy) on March 7-9, 2008, intended to update the previous safety guidelines for the application of transcranial  ...  The present updated guidelines review issues of risk and safety of conventional TMS protocols, address the undesired effects and risks of emerging TMS interventions, the applications of TMS in patients  ...  D. for providing Fig. 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2009.08.016 pmid:19833552 pmcid:PMC3260536 fatcat:5p6iei6hkzgwddakywii6hf2gi

Physics of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Devices and Their History

Dennis Q. Truong, Marom Bikson
2018 Journal of ECT  
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) devices apply direct current through electrodes on the scalp with the intention to modulate brain function for experimental or clinical purposes.  ...  Transcranial direct current stimulation dose can be defined by the size and position of electrodes and the duration and intensity of current applied across electrodes.  ...  Technique and considerations in the use of 4Â1 ring high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS). J Vis Exp. 2013;e50309. 54.  ... 
doi:10.1097/yct.0000000000000531 pmid:30095680 fatcat:sc6xqxclqvflfkjtxbz52clwua

Computational Modeling Assisted Design of Optimized and Individualized Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Protocols [chapter]

Dennis Truong, Preet Minhas, Abhilash Nair, Marom Bikson
2014 The Stimulated Brain  
Transcranial direct current stimulation is an increasingly popular investigational form of brain stimulation, in part due to its low cost, portability, usability, and safety.  ...  spared the direct effects of stimulation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-404704-4.00004-1 fatcat:lsbk3qffi5c67cixct5u45indu

Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Belen Rubio, Aaron D. Boes, Simon Laganiere, Alexander Rotenberg, Danique Jeurissen, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
2015 Journal of Child Neurology  
Transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used diagnostically to probe cortical neurophysiology, whereas daily use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation or transcranial direct current stimulation  ...  Transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation are 2 methods of noninvasive brain stimulation that modulate cortical excitability and brain network activity.  ...  We then discuss transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation, focusing on their mechanism of neuromodulation, their safety profile in the pediatric population, and their  ... 
doi:10.1177/0883073815615672 pmid:26661481 pmcid:PMC4833526 fatcat:6eyubelgk5ewhbc7x254attsyi

Considering the influence of stimulation parameters on the effect of conventional and high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation

Wing Ting To, John Hart, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
2016 Expert Review of Medical Devices  
Recently, techniques to non-invasively modulate specific brain areas gained popularity in the form of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation  ...  of effects on cortical activity and excitability. • The relationship between intensity and duration of stimulation and efficacy of tDCS is not linear under all conditions. • tDCS exerts direct regional  ...  Acknowledgment We would like to thank Dr. Marom Bikson for his permission to re-use his figures in this article.  ... 
doi:10.1586/17434440.2016.1153968 pmid:26894636 fatcat:yxt64veo6jb7dhjjvyfceay3my

Non-invasive brain stimulation for enhancement of corticospinal excitability and motor performance

Shapour Jaberzadeh, Maryam Zoghi
2013 Basic and Clinical Neuroscience  
The primary aim of this narrative review is to describe characteristics of different tCS paradigms. tCS is an umbrella term for a number of brain modulating paradigms such as transcranial direct current  ...  stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternative current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS).  ...  The direction of current flow determines the effects on the underlying tissue.  ... 
pmid:25337355 pmcid:PMC4202565 fatcat:qobcxirskjeszhvdexvklwqtm4

Enhancing cognition using transcranial electrical stimulation

Emiliano Santarnecchi, Anna-Katharine Brem, Erica Levenbaum, Todd Thompson, Roi Cohen Kadosh, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
2015 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
Literature search was run on Medline database; search parameters were 'repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation', 'transcranial Direct Current Stimulation', 'transcranial Alternate Current Stimulation  ...  Future directions Recent advances in the field of connectomics and mathematical modeling of current flow are opening new opportunities to tailor tES interventions on the basis of structural connectivity  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.06.003 fatcat:jgl7zfrmfbcjxg326drvk7hqaq

Animal Studies in the Field of Transcranial Electric Stimulation [chapter]

Doris Ling, Asif Rahman, Mark Jackson, Marom Bikson
2016 Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders  
Dozens of animal studies of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) have provided insight into the cellular mechanism of stimulation.  ...  As an adjunct therapy, tDCS/tACS may thus increase brain capacity for plasticity enhancing the effects of neuropsychiatric therapies, and compensating for disease-related decline.  ...  To have meaningful relevance to clinical tDCS/tACS, animal studies must be designed with consideration for (1) correctly emulating the delivery of direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) stimulation  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-33967-2_5 fatcat:y6jdj7ie3rbcddfaqpwa3dkcgu

Pediatric stroke and transcranial direct current stimulation: methods for rational individualized dose optimization

Bernadette T. Gillick, Adam Kirton, Jason B. Carmel, Preet Minhas, Marom Bikson
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
of Defense (Air Force Research Lab), the Wallace H Coulter Foundation, and a NIH Award to The City College of New York.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Research reported was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health Award Number UL1TR000114 of the National Institutes of Health  ...  CURRENT FLOW CRITERION Transcranial direct current stimulation alters brain function by polarizing the brain (Nitsche et al., 2008; Rothwell, 2012) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00739 pmid:25285077 pmcid:PMC4168687 fatcat:t6sinaqqfbex3id3zdqywlmghu

Dosage Considerations for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children: A Computational Modeling Study

Sudha Kilaru Kessler, Preet Minhas, Adam J. Woods, Alyssa Rosen, Casey Gorman, Marom Bikson, Chris Chambers
2013 PLoS ONE  
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is being widely investigated in adults as a therapeutic modality for brain disorders involving abnormal cortical excitability or disordered network activity  ...  Citation: Kessler SK, Minhas P, Woods AJ, Rosen A, Gorman C, et al. (2013) Dosage Considerations for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children: A Computational Modeling Study.  ...  Introduction Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an emerging technology for non-invasive modulation of neural activity using weak electrical currents applied to the scalp.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076112 pmid:24086698 pmcid:PMC3785412 fatcat:yzoa3updvjf7njtstbmrsfjjpa

Transcranial direct current stimulation in psychiatric disorders

Gabriel Tortella
2015 World Journal of Psychiatry  
Among these techniques, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been the subject of great interest among researchers because of its easiness to use, low cost, benign profile of side effects  ...  The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation techniques is increasing in recent years.  ...  A systematic review on reporting and assessment of adverse effects associated with transcranial direct current stimulation. March 22, 2015|Volume 5|Issue 1| WJP|www.wjgnet.com Tortella G et al .  ... 
doi:10.5498/wjp.v5.i1.88 pmid:25815258 pmcid:PMC4369553 fatcat:alde5eq4bnbttbg3kgv3zrqerq

Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): Challenges and future directions

Andre Russowsky Brunoni, Michael A. Nitsche, Nadia Bolognini, Marom Bikson, Tim Wagner, Lotfi Merabet, Dylan J. Edwards, Antoni Valero-Cabre, Alexander Rotenberg, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Roberta Ferrucci, Alberto Priori (+2 others)
2012 Brain Stimulation  
Finally, we propose some alternative methods to facilitate clinical research on tDCS.  ...  The aim of this comprehensive review is to discuss the key challenges of this process and possible methods to address them.  ...  Acknowledgments We are thankful to Erin Connors for copyediting this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brs.2011.03.002 pmid:22037126 pmcid:PMC3270156 fatcat:cz4ryhejfjgrvmmruu7p6tjbv4

Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain

Max M. Klein, Roi Treister, Tommi Raij, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Lawrence Park, Turo Nurmikko, Fred Lenz, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Magdalena Lang, Mark Hallett, Michael Fox, Merit Cudkowicz (+4 others)
2015 Pain  
In transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), electromagnetic coils held against the scalp influence underlying cortical firing.  ...  Transcranial magnetic stimulation devices are marketed for depression and migraine in the United States and for various indications elsewhere.  ...  This is due to the subjective nature of pain and significant placebo effects.  ... 
doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000210 pmid:25919472 pmcid:PMC4545735 fatcat:ny5hop4qurbz3b5kvh44vimxxy

Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) mechanisms and its effects on cortical excitability and connectivity

Thomas Reed, Roi Cohen Kadosh
2018 Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease  
In this review, we describe transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) techniques currently being used in neuroscientific research, including transcranial direct current (tDCS), alternating current (tACS  ...  We continue by describing how each method has been used to alter endogenous neuronal oscillations and connectivity between brain regions, and we conclude by highlighting the varying effects of stimulation  ...  Transcranial direct-current stimulation tDCS uses a direct current delivered at low intensities (e.g. 0.5-2 mA) through one or more active electrodes (anode).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10545-018-0181-4 pmid:30006770 fatcat:ccxachoclvginfn4qy4slrss5y

Transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation: treatments for cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms in the neurodegenerative dementias?

Greg J Elder, John-Paul Taylor
2014 Alzheimer's Research & Therapy  
Two methods of non-invasive brain stimulation, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), have demonstrable positive effects on cognition and can ameliorate  ...  In particular, stimulation parameters vary considerably between studies and are likely to subsequently impact upon treatment efficacy.  ...  The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13195-014-0074-1 pmid:25478032 pmcid:PMC4255638 fatcat:d5j7snt73bgsxcxpjy4jaszwpu
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