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An Analysis of Pesticide Handler Wages in the United States

An Li, Jeffrey J. Reimer
2021 Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics  
Pesticide handling is a critical component of many food supply chains yet labor markets for pesticide handlers are little studied.  ...  This study uses data from the U.S. national survey to show that relative to other farmworkers, pesticide handlers get paid 15% more.  ...  In addition to evidence cited above, there is evidence of a higher risk associated with pesticide handling.  ... 
doi:10.1017/aae.2021.16 fatcat:t5pvmassaneotkoswkppijrrxi

The Effect of Dog-Assisted Intervention on Student Well-Being, Mood, and Anxiety

2017 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Interestingly, the presence of a handler alongside the dog appeared to have a negative, and specific, effect on participant mood, with greater positive shifts in mood being witnessed when participants  ...  The participants in the experimental condition interacted with both the dogs and their handlers, whereas the control groups interacted with either the dog only, or the handler only.  ...  Importantly, the more controlled nature of our study, in comparison to previous research, adds much needed data to the evidence base supporting the effectiveness of animal-assisted interventions [25]  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph14050483 pmid:28475132 pmcid:PMC5451934 fatcat:klhuhuywxfcaxbdrol6vdgv6cy

Exploring Synchronicity in the Heart Rates of Familiar and Unfamiliar Pairs of Horses and Humans Undertaking an In-Hand Task

Jo Hockenhull, Tamsin J. Young, Sarah E. Redgate, Lynda Birke
2015 Anthrozoos  
Here we explore the effect of familiarity on the physiological responses of horse-human pairs completing a task in-hand, using heart rate as an indicator for emotional state.  ...  However, despite this, the horses' mean heart rates for each course were significantly higher with the unfamiliar handler than with the familiar handler (Wilcoxon test: Z = -4.46, p < 0.001).  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive feedback on an earlier draft of this manuscript and all horses and handlers who took the time to participate in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08927936.2015.1052284 fatcat:ymrzilnbxbcftejwr5yfezzmy4

Exploring the Handler-Dog Connection within a University-Based Animal-Assisted Activity

Stephanie Kuzara, Patricia Pendry, Nancy R. Gee
2019 Animals  
Handlers' interaction styles were influenced by student presence, leading some handlers to increase warmth behaviors directed to their dogs, while others decreased such behaviors.  ...  Analyses showed a significant decrease in the proportion of time handlers spent petting their dog, and a significant increase in the proportion of time handlers spent sitting on the floor and restraining  ...  efficacy of observed program effects on student outcomes.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani9070402 pmid:31266170 pmcid:PMC6680527 fatcat:5qzcxdqfl5h65i3xwmxvmybz2y

Effectiveness of Training Among Food Handlers: A Review on the Mauritian Framework

Y Gaungoo, R Jeewon
2013 Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science Journal  
It is important that these issues be addressed in order to improve the effectiveness of this model.  ...  Food handlers are crucial links in the food chain from farm to fork. The safety of our food depends largely on them.  ...  In fact there is limited evidence that food handlers training, whether mandatory or not, improves food safety practices of food handlers working in food premises, and limited evidence that it enhances  ... 
doi:10.12944/crnfsj.1.1.01 fatcat:rgpphxl6rvfxflc6lto5uw7cua

Handling Algebraic Effects

Gordon Plotkin, Matija Pretnar, Andrzej Tarlecki
2013 Logical Methods in Computer Science  
We further generalise exception handlers to arbitrary algebraic effects.  ...  Algebraic effects are computational effects that can be represented by an equational theory whose operations produce the effects at hand.  ...  If a family of handlers is uniformly simple then, as is evident, any member of the family is simple.  ... 
doi:10.2168/lmcs-9(4:23)2013 fatcat:sw6ae7227bednb6dn2aonrwru4

Factors associated with safe food handling practices in the food service sector

France Ncube, Artwell Kanda, Mqhele W. Mpofu, Tendayi Nyamugure
2019 Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering  
Strong evidence suggests that food handlers' knowledge and attitudes on food safety contribute to SFHPs.  ...  Limited evidence is available about the influence of the educational level and work experience of a food handler, to SFHPs.  ...  This shows that although the evidence of association is strong, there is no complete consensus on the role of food safety knowledge in effecting desirable food safety practices.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40201-019-00424-4 pmid:32030189 pmcid:PMC6985409 fatcat:45pdaoyre5brbg3twcgiso63we

Page 5 of Off-Lead Vol. 3, Issue 3 [page]

1974 Off-Lead  
The need for a much more sophisticated military dog had become evident. special equipment, the handler only served a one-year tour. To the sentry dog, a newly assigned handler was an enemy.  ...  The need for a much more sophisti- cated military dog had become evident.  ... 

Biomarkers of Sensitivity and Exposure in Washington State Pesticide Handlers [chapter]

Jonathan N. Hofmann, Matthew C. Keifer, Harvey Checkoway, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Federico M. Farin, Richard A. Fenske, Rebecca J. Richter, Gerald van Belle, Clement E. Furlong
2009 Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology  
It is possible that some individuals may be especially susceptible to health effects related to OP/CB exposure.  ...  This study will evaluate handlers' PON1 status as a hypothesized determinant of butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibition.  ...  Second, there was little evidence of substantial AChE inhibition among study participants or among all handlers in the statewide monitoring program.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-60761-350-3_3 pmid:20221867 pmcid:PMC3041670 fatcat:45n2xpoxgjapdplg3cvf7pskdi

Benefits of tunnel handling persist after repeated restraint, injection and anaesthesia

Lindsay J. Henderson, Bridgette Dani, Esme M. N. Serrano, Tom V. Smulders, Johnny V. Roughan
2020 Scientific Reports  
There is growing evidence that, compared to non-aversive handling methods (i.e. tunnel and cup), tail handling increases behavioural signs of anxiety and induces anhedonia.  ...  We found that mice which experienced repeated restraint spent less time interacting with a handler compared to mice that were handled only.  ...  To establish whether the effect of handling method upon voluntary interaction with a handler was still evident after the gap between the experiments, mice were tested again after one and five days of daily  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-71476-y pmid:32884048 fatcat:v2peuqrjjzd6xida7yi5fek4vy

Source Handler perceptions of the interviewing processes employed with informants

Jordan Nunan, Ian Stanier, Rebecca Milne, Andrea Shawyer, Dave Walsh
2020 Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism  
Handlers' use of cognitive retrieval techniques; and, (v) Source Handler interview training.  ...  Five themes emerged from the interviews, (i) a comparison between interviewing and debriefing; (ii) the PEACE model in intelligence interviews; (iii) the importance of effective communication; (iv) Source  ...  This research forms part of the doctoral work of the first author who is in receipt of a doctoral studentship funded by the Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (ESRC Award: ES/N009614/  ... 
doi:10.1080/18335330.2020.1820069 fatcat:mzos7e7gvjffvcop6pbbmpputm

Environmental enrichment affects the fear and exploratory responses to novelty of young Amazon parrots

C.L Meehan, J.A Mench
2002 Applied Animal Behaviour Science  
We tested the effects of environmental enrichments designed to increase the physical complexity of the cage and to provide opportunities for foraging behaviors on responses to novelty of young Orange-winged  ...  All parrots showed higher response scores to familiar than unfamiliar handlers, but in the control group there was a significant drop in score from the familiar to the unfamiliar handler (t-test; P < 0  ...  Evidence for the effects of enrichment on a unitary trait of fearfulness comes from studies where two criteria are met: (1) enrichment reduces fear responses and (2) strong intra-individual correlations  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0168-1591(02)00118-1 fatcat:onedxbojhvhk3cc2ruxjogxydu

Page 186 of National Canners Association: Information Letter Vol. , Issue 2326 [page]

1971 National Canners Association: Information Letter  
Handlers would thus continue to be subject to the antitrust requirement that the act individually in negotiating wit qualified associations.” Potential Effects Mr.  ...  In such review the factual findings of the Board are conclusive if supported by substantial evidence on the record. The Board is given subpoena authority, enforceable in the district courts.  ... 

Evidence for a synchronization of hormonal states between humans and dogs during competition

Alicia Phillips Buttner, Breanna Thompson, Rosemary Strasser, Jonathan Santo
2015 Physiology and Behavior  
This study is one of the first to provide evidence for a synchronization of hormonal changes between species.  ...  . • Elevations in cortisol levels were associated between dogs and their handlers. • Male handlers' dogs experienced greater increases in cortisol than females' dogs. • Handlers' behavior was not associated  ...  effects on their own physiological states.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.04.010 pmid:25862521 fatcat:u5g5mqs44jcwne6cyotne46fwu

Handler training improves decontamination of working canines with oil-based exposure in field conditions using disposable kits

Ellie B. Powell, Gary A. Apgar, Eileen K. Jenkins, Stephen Y. Liang, Erin B. Perry
2018 Journal of veterinary behavior  
Trained handlers were more effective at contamination reduction (P = .0093) as compared to their untrained counterparts.  ...  To date, there is no data evaluating the benefits of training for handlers associated with canine decontamination efforts.  ...  of training on handler decontamination effectiveness.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2018.08.002 pmid:30397397 pmcid:PMC6214633 fatcat:wtywxwuexfc33cidgedzlt7qci
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