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Policy Considerations for Zero-Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Incentives: Case Study in Canada

Azadeh Maroufmashat, Michael Fowler
2018 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
The authors compare the use of electric vehicle charging infrastructures and hydrogen refueling stations regarding overall GHG emission reductions for an infrastructure incentive funded by a 20-million-dollar  ...  scenarios and studies the effect of the utility factor for PHEVs in Ontario.  ...  In March 2016, the government of Canada announced C$62.5 million over two years to support infrastructure for charging stations and also tax incentives for electric car charging stations.  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj9030038 fatcat:jbmyswhz4jfhvcskopma267mby

Battery Electric Vehicle Global Adoption Practices and Distribution Grid Impacts

Girish Ghatikar, Akshay Ahuja, Reji Kumar Pillai
2017 Technology and Economics of Smart Grids and Sustainable Energy  
The study reviewed global practices for incentives, technologies, charging infrastructure, and demonstrations to contextually recommend BEV adoption strategies in India.  ...  The study conducted a limited and preliminary case study for impacts on Delhi's power systems.  ...  Table 2 summarizes the incentives available for BEVs and their charging infrastructure. The type and power levels and their charging standards determine the cost of charging station incentives.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40866-017-0034-5 fatcat:swmkkxtnc5hx7ijf2gxlportha

Feasibility analysis of a solar‐assisted electric vehicle charging station model considering differential pricing

Nityanshi, Tanmay Mathur, Vinay Anand Tikkiwal, Kaushal Nigam
2021 Energy Storage  
A detailed techno-economic analysis reveals that the proposed design yields a yearly profit of $63 680 and allows the charging stations to recover their setup costs in 2.5 years.  ...  Three different categories of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) have been analyzed. Using the case for the state of Delhi in India, that houses over 10 million vehicles.  ...  The ground floor of the proposed stations is operated for charging vehicles and the roof is utilized for the production of solar energy.  ... 
doi:10.1002/est2.237 fatcat:pxwjxbjcbncfpnx66d23ydmqya

New York State Grid-Interactive Vehicle Roadmap

Stephanie Morse, Ingrid Malmgren, Steven E. Letendre, Adam Ruder
2016 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
A shift from fossil fuels to electricity for transportation energy will pose challenges for utility providers while also presenting opportunities for economic, grid reliability, and environmental benefits  ...  Strategic integration of electric vehicles (EVs) with the grid would more fully realize the benefits that EVs offer and potentially make EV ownership more affordable through the provision of reliability  ...  EV batteries can also reduce building demand charges by reducing peak power use, and potentially responding to demand response events.  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj8030587 fatcat:im5accm2dba3tpsuk6ad6qqxly

Charging Infrastructure for Commercial Electric Vehicles: Challenges and Future Works

B. Al-Hanahi, I. Ahmad, D. Habibi, M.A.S. Masoum
2021 IEEE Access  
The journey towards transportation electrification started with small electric vehicles (i.e., electric cars), which have enjoyed an increasing level of global interest in recent years.  ...  The paper then reviews two major charging strategies for commercial vehicles, namely the return-to-base model and the on route charging model.  ...  The application of V2G technology for commercial electric vehicles can result in economic and environmental benefits.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3108817 fatcat:bsgxqsuayjev3gj7e45meog43u

Utilization of Electric Vehicles for Vehicle-to-Grid Services: Progress and Perspectives

Sai Sudharshan Ravi, Muhammad Aziz
2022 Energies  
The issues range from ramping up the electricity generation for the projected increase in consumption to developing an infrastructure that is large enough to support the higher demand for electricity that  ...  Vehicle to grid (V2G) is a concept that is largely in a testing phase in the current scenario.  ...  It utilizes the AC power source from the electric vehicle supply equipment and converts this power into the required battery-charging profile (typically in high-voltage DC).  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15020589 fatcat:wgssspze7va3dg4brbtyh6g5my

Optimal Pricing Strategy of Electric Vehicle Charging Station for Promoting Green Behavior Based on Time and Space Dimensions

Xiaomin Xu, Dongxiao Niu, Yan Li, Lijie Sun
2020 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
To a certain extent, the problem caused by the uneven distribution of electric vehicles and charging stations has been optimized.  ...  to the power grid, this paper proposes an optimal electricity pricing strategy for EVs based on region division and time division.  ...  a period of time i; P f , P g represent the peak hour price and trough price, respectively; g i is the charging power for EV; g t i is the charging power of the electric vehicle i in the period t when  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8890233 fatcat:6jf5dcdk5ne7bapky3mh2lt4ba

Expanding access to electric vehicles in California's low-income communities

Christopher T. Jackson
2021 Journal of Science Policy & Governance  
In California, disadvantaged populations in particular face significant barriers, including financing and charging, to electric vehicle (EV) adoption.  ...  Finally, increased access to vehicles themselves should be facilitated by expanding incentives and formats for EV sharing programs.  ...  For example, large-scale deployment of electric vehicles could provide substantial electricity storage as back-up power systems, charging when power is abundant (i.e., at night) and in the future, potentially  ... 
doi:10.38126/jspg180107 fatcat:jgbmeq5qgneqfk3drm3c5jba7u

Comprehensive Optimal Scheduling Strategy of Multi-Element Charging Station for Bounded Rational Users

Ziqi Zhang, Zhong Chen, Xing Qiang, Zhenya Ji, Xueliang Huang
2021 IEEE Access  
While providing charging service for electric vehicles, charging stations are also aggregation centers which supply adjustment capabilities to the power grid.  ...  In the simulation experiment, the proposed scheduling model integrating social-physical methods has shown good performance in power grid requirement following and economic optimization.  ...  Economic incentives contribute to increase users' enthusiasm for participating in optimal scheduling, however, for electric vehicle owners who are not completely ''rational economic men'', incentives related  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3049565 fatcat:hh7mdwq7b5buxkznpsw7xbvywi

Systemwide Considerations for Electrification of Transportation in Islands and Remote Locations

Efrain O'Neill-Carrillo, Matthew Lave, Thad Haines
2021 Vehicles  
Electric vehicles (EVs) represent an important socio-economic development opportunity for islands and remote locations because they can lead to reduced fuel imports, electricity storage, grid services,  ...  This paper presents an overview of opportunities, challenges, and examples of EVs in islands and remote power systems, and is meant to provide background to researchers, utilities, energy offices, and  ...  Energy-based or volumetric rates are the usual way for electric utilities to charge customers based on their energy consumption in kWh.  ... 
doi:10.3390/vehicles3030030 fatcat:uwc76fxz4jdlnnoo3be5kjfnrq

Business Models for Solar Powered Charging Stations to Develop Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles

Jessica Robinson, Gary Brase, Wendy Griswold, Chad Jackson, Larry Erickson
2014 Sustainability  
In order to address the current inadequate charging infrastructure for electric vehicles, major entities must adopt business models for solar powered charging stations (SPCS).  ...  These SPCS should be located in parking lots to produce electricity for the grid and provide an integrated infrastructure for charging electric vehicles.  ...  Acknowledgments Thank you to the National Science Foundation for partially funding this research with the REU EEC-1166549 grant and thank you to Black and Veatch for their funding as well.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su6107358 fatcat:upe6vjmmlfa4zec2f7f5a7ixya

A Review of Optimal Charging Strategy for Electric Vehicles under Dynamic Pricing Schemes in the Distribution Charging Network

Adil Amin, Wajahat Ullah Khan Tareen, Muhammad Usman, Haider Ali, Inam Bari, Ben Horan, Saad Mekhilef, Muhammad Asif, Saeed Ahmed, Anzar Mahmood
2020 Sustainability  
Globally, the intention is to reduce the carbon emissions (CO2) has motivated the extensive practice of Electric Vehicles (EVs).  ...  In addition, the review covers the main optimization methods employed in a dynamic pricing environment to achieve objectives such as power loss and electricity cost minimization, peak load reduction, voltage  ...  (CPP) Xu et al. [55] 2017 Dynamic Pricing at Electric Vehicle Charging Stations for Queuing Delay Reduction Poisson process To reduce the long delay at the crowded charging station, load  ... 
doi:10.3390/su122310160 fatcat:hnmshx4tzfes7ngdu6he4vd4n4

Smart Electric Vehicle Charging in the Era of Internet of Vehicles, Emerging Trends, and Open Issues

Bhaskar P. Rimal, Cuiyu Kong, Bikrant Poudel, Yong Wang, Pratima Shahi
2022 Energies  
From this perspective, as a use case of IoV, we present a cloud-based EV charging framework to tackle issues of high demand in charging stations during peak hours.  ...  The Internet of Vehicles (IoV), where people, fleets of electric vehicles (EVs), utility, power grids, distributed renewable energy, and communications and computing infrastructures are connected, has  ...  The SO aims at maximizing profit in one of two ways: It either encourages EVs to delay charging by offering an incentive, or the SO purchases additional electricity from the utility when the charging demand  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15051908 fatcat:kanwltg735ehjonbcpty5czpjy

Demand side management by using electric vehicles as Distributed Energy Resources

Chengzong Pang, Mladen Kezunovic, Mehrdad Ehsani
2012 2012 IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference  
The V2B mode is particularly promising since it provides an option to use the energy stored in a battery in Electric Vehicles (EVs) to support the local load in the power grid during severe system loading  ...  This paper aims at demonstrating the potential benefits of using electrical vehicles (EVs) as Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) in smart distribution system.  ...  Faster charging stations (AC Level 3 or DC charging) can finish the charging process in 30 minutes. For most utilities, peak demand is based on geographic location and season.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ievc.2012.6183273 fatcat:iunytvwphzbknidjo4yrn2zbda

E-mobility Outlook of Hungary [chapter]

Peter Gyenes
2015 Engineering and industry  
Our publication will analyse the market drivers of e-mobility with international outlook and we try to estimate the numbers of electrically chargeable vehicles in Hungary.  ...  this industry the remaining main questions are: what is the realistic number of electric cars in Hungary, what will be the effect on the energy industry and how far does it worth the investment.  ...  But this would require government incentives for both plug-in electric vehicles owners and charging station operators.  ... 
doi:10.22618/tp.ei.20151.192031 fatcat:buz45dzl4vcldo4t2bpj36x5lm
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