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Drug Reimbursement Decision-Making in Thailand, China, and South Korea

Surachat Ngorsuraches, Wei Meng, Bo-Yeon Kim, Vithaya Kulsomboon
2012 Value in Health  
Objective: To provide a comparison of national drug reimbursement decision-making, including an update of economic evaluation roles and barriers, in Thailand, China, and South Korea.  ...  It leads to higher health-care expenditures and requires a good reimbursement system for health-care services, including drugs.  ...  Acknowledgments This commentary is a summary of a presentation from the ISPOR 4th Asia-Pacific Conference, held in Phuket, Thailand, in 2010.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jval.2011.11.002 pmid:22265058 fatcat:gu6x66behfbsbegyg3f7jshzl4

The Social Rate of Discount and The Optimal Rate of Investment

Stephen A. Marglin
1963 Quarterly Journal of Economics  
Although YIHS is most useful for developing the population measures of human security described in the next section, we also define a measure that may be more intuitive for some purpose at the individual  ...  This measure, which ranges from zero to one, controls for differences in age. YIHS and IHS are objective measures and so may diverge from an individual's perceived human security. While enhancing per-  ...  Threshold levels of economic well-being and health are clearly important enough to provoke violence.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1879374 fatcat:az3bvgonyfanrjho5h4b4e3kuq

Rethinking Human Security

GARY KING, CHRISTOPHER J. L. MURRAY
2001 Political science quarterly  
Threshold levels of economic well-being and health are clearly important enough to provoke violence.  ...  As we go to press, we can report on a commitment from the World kealth Organization to develop and apply new survey tools to measure health and related domains of human security that follow the suggestions  ... 
doi:10.2307/798222 fatcat:acjsvbhwdfc4pbumqfldd6nmgm

Migrants' Access to Social Protection in Spain [chapter]

Francisco Javier Moreno-Fuentes
2020 IMISCOE Research Series  
The international agreements signed by Spain are a key aspect as well in determining welfare entitlements for foreigners, particularly in the case of nationals from other EU member states and Latin America  ...  The hybrid nature of its welfare regime, a combination of social insurance schemes and universalistic programs, determined the eligibility of foreign populations to each specific social protection scheme  ...  In addition to this chapter, readers can find a series of indicators comparing national social protection and diaspora policies across 40 countries on the following website: http://labos.ulg.ac.be/socialprotection  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-51241-5_27 fatcat:mffhmjvrufh6hogiseskgb3vf4

Secured Electrocardiograph (ECG) Signal Using Partially Homomorphic Encryption Technique–RSA Algorithm

Muhammad Umair Shaikh, Wan Azizun Wan Adnan, Siti Anom Ahmad
2020 Pertanika journal of science & technology  
The study presents a set of security solutions that can be deployed in a connected healthcare territory, which includes the partially homomorphic encryption (PHE) techniques used to secure the electrocardiogram  ...  Hence, there is a requirement for a system that involves digital signal processing and signal security so that the saved data are secured at one place and an authentic person can see and use the ECG signal  ...  The results obtained demonstrated that the accuracy of signal was at a satisfying level which confirmed the suitability, reliability, high security and effectiveness of the introduced scheme to be applied  ... 
doi:10.47836/pjst.28.s2.18 fatcat:ivkd73u6e5gqrkp6ohir4nkpvm

Environmental Security and Sustainability in Natural Resource Management: A Decision Support Framework [chapter]

Peter Nijkamp
1999 Environmental Change, Adaptation, and Security  
Three topics receive particular attention: the use of relevant indicators, the development of a set of critical threshold conditions, and the design of an assessment and evaluation methodology.  ...  This paper seeks to offer an overview in recent issues in sustainable development and environmental security policy, as far as resource management is concerned.  ...  ., production, income, pollution emission) 0 impact indicators (e. g . , efficiency, health, ambient concentration, nutrition levels) Such indicators may concern economic, social and environmental aspects  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-4219-9_26 fatcat:z3vqicre5vcnfjyk7bz7jp22gu

Towards a Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus index: A review of nutrient profile models as a fundamental pillar of food and nutrition security

Ana Fernández-Ríos, Jara Laso, Cristina Campos, Israel Ruiz-Salmón, Daniel Hoehn, Jorge Cristóbal, Laura Batlle-Bayer, Alba Bala, Pere Fullana-i-Palmer, Rita Puig, Rubén Aldaco, María Margallo
2021 Science of the Total Environment  
A secondary outcome of the review is the identification of the NP models as a useful tool to enable institutions with information to establish policies in the field of public health and facilitating the  ...  The review concludes that the NRF9.3. model is the most liable option to be used in a WEF nexus index, presenting the best characteristics by means of the definition of scores and thresholds, and the use  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful for the funding of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through the KAIROS-BIOCIR project (PID2019-104925RB) (AEO/FEDER, UE) and of the Interreg Atlantic  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147936 pmid:34082212 fatcat:peoz5ql5znhtrjwss6tsudgkey

THE EFFECTS OF THE 1.03 MILLION YEN CEILING IN A DYNAMIC LABOR SUPPLY MODEL

YUKIKO ABE
2009 Contemporary economic policy  
I assess the distortionary effect of 1.03 million yen ceiling in a dynamic labor supply model, and show that the welfare cost of the ceiling may differ significantly from the one derived from a static  ...  The reasons include: (1) married women with low earnings are eligible for social security and health care benefits through her husband's coverage, (2) the husband can claim the Exemption for Spouse and  ...  to receive Social Security and health care benefits as a dependent.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1465-7287.2008.00115.x fatcat:67igegn7gvcyxg3rqxbhb7ms7u

Migrants' Access to Social Protection in Italy [chapter]

William Chiaromonte
2020 IMISCOE Research Series  
This chapter presents the main characteristics of the Italian social security system, on the one hand, and Italian migration history and key policy developments, on the other hand, in order to analyze  ...  the principal eligibility conditions for accessing social benefits (unemployment, health care, pensions, family benefits and guaranteed minimum resources) for national residents, non-national residents  ...  In addition to this chapter, readers can find a series of indicators comparing national social protection and diaspora policies across 40 countries on the following website: http://labos.ulg.ac.be/socialprotection  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-51241-5_16 fatcat:2m3rhxsucjhdhcl4tsg4pmumly

Social inequalities in reception of social welfare support: A population based twin study

Eivind Ystrom, Ragnhild Ørstavik, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Fartein Ask Torvik
2016 Norsk Epidemiologi  
We found that the two forms of familial risk,<br />genetic and shared environmental, explained 39% and 45%, respectively, of the risk for receiving social<br />welfare support among young Norwegian twins  ...  Social welfare support runs in families. Recent studies using Nordic registry data have found individual<br />differences in genetic factors to be of substantial importance for medical benefits.  ...  Censoring is a form of measurement error, and would inflate the E component in the liability threshold model.  ... 
doi:10.5324/nje.v26i1-2.2016 fatcat:fdlzqxkjh5f67evujjcq4kdvzu

A Lightweight Secure Data Sharing Scheme for Low Power Devices using Mobile Cloud Computing

Prof. Rohini Hanchate
2019 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Consequently, the information security drawback in portable cloud turns into superfluous and extreme which keeps extra improvement of versatile cloud.  ...  In this paper, we have a tendency to propose a light-weight information sharing theme (LDSS) for mobile cloud computing.  ...  We thank to the college authority for providing the required infrastructure and technical support. Finally, we extend our heartfelt gratitude to friends and family members.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.5639 fatcat:igjmos4lk5febiby5hoc224iyq

The Impact of 'Women's Empowerment in Agriculture' on Household Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in the KwaZulu-Natal Province

Stanley Sharaunga, Maxwell Mudhara, Ayalneh Bogale
2015 Forum for Development Studies  
However, other forms of women's empowerment including economic agency and physical capital empowerment were found to reduce the likelihood of a household being vulnerable to food insecurity.  ...  It was found that empowering women in socio-cultural aspects that creates hindrances in agriculture reduces the probability of their households being vulnerable to food insecurity.  ...  Ayalneh Bogale is an Associate Professor and a Director of the African Centre for Food Security at University of KwaZulu-Natal. He holds a BSc, MSc and a PhD in Agricultural Economics.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08039410.2014.997792 fatcat:ccc72qrwtfbdbnromszgvpioby

Projecting socio-economic impacts of bioenergy: Current status and limitations of ex-ante quantification methods

Marnix L.J. Brinkman, Birka Wicke, André P.C. Faaij, Floor van der Hilst
2019 Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews  
Securing a consensus on the clear indicators of potential socio-economic impacts can help formulate sustainability criteria and measure compliance [38] .  ...  Information on the spatial distribution of the socio-economic effects can help avoid a disproportionate accumulation of negative impacts in a specific area.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was carried out within the Be-Basic R&D Program, which was granted a FES subsidy from the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation (ELI).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rser.2019.109352 fatcat:sl5xq5fibbccxfixgpovt7bowe

Prospective measures of aging for Central and South America

Stuart Gietel-Basten, Silvia E. Giorguli Saucedo, Sergei Scherbov, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz
2020 PLoS ONE  
These new measures present a very different view of aging in Central and South America.  ...  The objective of this paper, then, is to apply the new 'prospective' measures of aging to the territories of Central and South America.  ...  Acknowledgments We are very grateful to the editor and reviewers for their constructive and helpful remarks.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0236280 pmid:32706837 fatcat:nfghifzl5raxrbf7r6kup3ymsy

Implementing Risk Adjusted Capitation Payments with Health Care Reforms in Hungary

Balázs Nagy, Ágnes Brandtmüller
2008 Competitio  
For the capitation formula a relatively broad choice of risk adjusters are available in the form of pharmacy-and diagnosis-based patient level utilization data (health-based adjusters) and area level socio-economic  ...  The instant application of health-based adjusters has limitations because they reflect a distorted provider structure and offer perverse incentives; therefore a gradual shift from using non health-based  ...  it is the most helpful in achieving resource allocation goals (equity and e ciency) and also because it directly a ects all the other policies applied with the capitation payment scheme. e accuracy of  ... 
doi:10.21845/comp/2008/2/8 fatcat:twjbx52aovcu3eckavuf3ceokm
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