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Blockchain and Supply Chains: V-form Organisations, Value Redistributions, De-commoditisation and Quality Proxies

Darcy W.E Allen, Alastair Berg, Brendan Markey-Towler
2019 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
We apply institutional cryptoeconomics to the information problems in global trade, model the incentives under which blockchain-based supply chain infrastructure will be built, and make predictions about  ...  We argue blockchain will change the patterns and dynamics of how, where and what we trade by: (1) facilitating new forms of economic organisation governing supply chain coordination (such as the V-form  ...  Introduction Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies are poised to act as new economic infrastructure for global trade networks [1] .  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-2-1-(3)2019 fatcat:hxg537qn3jf5noog7ms63g3dsa

BlockReduce: Scaling Blockchain to Human Commerce [article]

Karl J. Kreder III
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Moreover, BlockReduce will significantly decrease node bandwidth requirements and network latency through incentives while simultaneously minimizing other resource demands in order to prevent centralization  ...  However, with increased popularity, the demand for processing transactions has also grown leading to increased costs, confirmation times, and limited blockchain utility.  ...  Block Incentives The network incentives need to be modified to incentivize the regions and zones needed for BlockReduce.  ... 
arXiv:1811.00125v1 fatcat:wcx4jg6fpvhedji5sefdvfhu6i

Please, do not decentralize the Internet with (permissionless) blockchains! [article]

Pedro Garcia Lopez, Alberto Montresor, Anwitaman Datta
2019 arXiv   pre-print
As such, we argue that permissionless blockchain networks are unsuitable to be the substrate for a decentralized Internet.  ...  We will show how many of the aforementioned problems also apply to the recent breed of permissionless blockchain networks.  ...  If there are many incentives (economic ones), powerful economic players could then take over the network to grasp those incentives. We discuss this point further in section 3.  ... 
arXiv:1904.13093v1 fatcat:d6imefokw5cydpjdh2wfdpqvve

Rational Protocols and Attacks in Blockchain System

Tao Li, Yuling Chen, Yanli Wang, Yilei Wang, Minghao Zhao, Haojia Zhu, Youliang Tian, Xiaomei Yu, Yixian Yang
2020 Security and Communication Networks  
As is well known, blockchain is the underlying technology of bitcoin, whose initial motivation is derived from economic incentives.  ...  When put differently, the rational parties, who manage to maximize their utilities, involved in blockchain chose their strategies according to the economic incentives.  ...  Generally speaking, the main function for the nodes in network layer mechanism is to maximize their economic benefits. erefore, the incentive layer needs to design the economic incentive mechanism reasonably  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8839047 fatcat:pjtlnwxh3baq7pu667g22b2bdu

Credible Peer-to-Peer Trading with Double-Layer Energy Blockchain Network in Distributed Electricity Markets

Longze Wang, Yu Xie, Delong Zhang, Jinxin Liu, Siyu Jiang, Yan Zhang, Meicheng Li
2021 Electronics  
Thirdly, an energy trading model is embedded in the blockchain network, featuring dynamic bidding and credit incentives.  ...  However, P2P energy trading through an open-end blockchain network is not conducive to mutual credit and the privacy protection of stakeholders.  ...  We illustrate the system structure of the proposed blockchain network.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10151815 fatcat:6fdjltv63rggjfilifyowedb3q

Token-based blockchain financing and governance: A transaction cost economics approach

Lesław Pietrewicz, Instytut Nauk Ekonomicznych PAN
2019 Studia i Materiały Wydziału Zarządzania UW  
Transaction cost economics (TCE) has been chosen as a theoretical perspective for the analysis.  ...  It is argued that blockchains aggregate and coordinate the contributions of a distributed network of peers using a set of rules encoded in the blockchain protocol, thus eliminating the need for a hierarchy  ...  The goal of embedding incentives into digital services is to propel the network effect and give organizations (networks), deploying them a competitive advantage over centralized platform networks.  ... 
doi:10.7172/1733-9758.2018.28.11 fatcat:sl5yobqy55at7mxhu2h2uxl7i4

A Survey Paper on Blockchain Technology

Deepa Mahajan
2019 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Here block structure and hierarchical layer explained in blockchain example: Data Layer, Network Layer, Consensus Layer, and Incentive Layer, contract Layer & application Layer. , Also some features of  ...  Block Chain is mainly used for Cryptocurrency i.e Digital Currency which is used in verification and currency units of Fund transfer are independently operated without a central bank.  ...  distributed networking mechanism, data propagation and verification mechanism [7] . 3) Consensus Layer: Encapsulates consensus algorithm of the network node. 4) Incentive Layer: Integrate economic factors  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.5584 fatcat:5ashz5akl5esxh6n3fu47p24xm

International Conference On Blockchain & Bitcoin

Sanjay Parihar
2018 Zenodo  
Blockchain 3.0 and Decentralized Applications (From list, its Decentralized Applications)  ...  Dapps require stable financing for the longer terms and it can only be done through appropriate economic incentive structure. 4. PROBLEMS WITH CURRENT ESTABLISHED BLOCKCHAINS BITCOIN 1.  ...  Moreover great economic structure of having three separate currencies solves the major issues of speculations and encouraged the long term commitments with the platform.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1206272 fatcat:yys4aazwwbbdxjdmxvcay25szu

Blockchain Token Economics: A Mean-Field-Type Game Perspective

Julian Barreiro-Gomez, Hamidou Tembine
2019 IEEE Access  
The Sharpe and Modigliani ratios for cryptographic tokens are revisited. INDEX TERMS Blockchain, token, risk, network economics, game theory, mean-field.  ...  The results suggest that the number of tokens in circulation needs to be adjusted in order to capture risk-awareness and self-regulatory behavior in blockchain token economics.  ...  Network economics applies a similar principle by including network characteristics. A blockchain is a peer-to-peer network.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2917517 fatcat:452hwbylpzfldmaqbareoqtoma

Cooperation Mechanism in Blockchain by Evolutionary Game Theory

Jinxin Zhang, Meng Wu, Hou-Sheng Su
2021 Complexity  
In the blockchain network, to get rewards in the blockchain, blockchain participants pay for various forms of competition such as computing power, stakes, and other resources.  ...  complex network games.  ...  is an incentive for miners.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/1258730 fatcat:ux7sahr4vfcpfczyewo5qg7lbe

Leading Digital Socio-Economy to Efficiency – A Primer on Tokenomics [article]

Ricky Lamberty and Danny de Waard and Alexander Poddey
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Cryptographic token represent a new phenomena of the crypto movement with the ability to program rules and incentives to steer participant behaviors that transforms them from purely technical to socio-economic  ...  Tokens allow the coordination, optimization and governing large networks of resources in a decentralized manner and at scale.  ...  In the absence of a central party, as with blockchain protocols, protocols provide structures for businesses, but are no businesses per se.  ... 
arXiv:2008.02538v1 fatcat:rlvxyi5j4nbrnjrx62q57io6gu

Designing the Business Ecosystem of a Decentralised Energy Datahub

Sinan Küfeoğlu, Eray Açıkgöz, Yunus Emre Taşcı, Taha Yasin Arslan, Jan Priesmann, Aaron Jonathan Praktiknjo
2022 Energies : open-access journal of related scientific research  
Incentive Structure of the Blockchain. Figure 4 . 4 Figure 4. Incentive Structure of the Blockchain. Figure 5 . 5 Figure 5. Blockchain Types. Figure 6 . 6 Figure 6.  ...  The reward provides an incentive to add blocks to this type of network [32] . Blockchain platforms provide an infrastructure for incentives.  ... 
doi:10.18154/rwth-2022-02478 fatcat:wil36wtxdjglznn37h2pwn53ai

Token Economics in Real-Life: Cryptocurrency and Incentives Design for Insolar Blockchain Network [article]

Henry M. Kim, Marek Laskowski, Michael Zargham, HJalmar Turesson, Matt Barlin, Danil Kabanov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The study of how to set up cryptocurrency incentive mechanisms and to operationalize governance is token economics.  ...  For a startup like Insolar whose success hinge upon how well their model incentivizes various stakeholders to participate on their MainNet network versus that of numerous alternatives, this token economics  ...  Some works study incentives specifically for cryptocurrency miners [5] - [7] .  ... 
arXiv:1910.02064v3 fatcat:i6ojiy6kojgzpnklzzrcyrcoui

A consensus and incentive program for charging piles based on consortium blockchain

Qingsu He, State Grid Electronic Commerce Co., LTD., Yu Xu, Yong Yan, Junsheng Wang, Qingzhi Han, Lili Li, State Grid Electronic Commerce Co., LTD., State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Company, State Grid Electronic Commerce Co., LTD, State Grid Electronic Commerce Co., LTD, State Grid Electronic Commerce Co., LTD
2018 CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems  
In this paper, the design for a consensus and incentive program for consortium blockchain is presented. First, the application status of blockchain in an energy internet is described.  ...  Then, the logical structure and hierarchical model of the consortium blockchain are analyzed.  ...  The consensus algorithm of the network nodes is encapsulated in the consensus layer; the economic factors are integrated into the blockchain system through the incentive layer.  ... 
doi:10.17775/cseejpes.2017.00960 fatcat:xzsecavjaffjjb2qwxgcncuwkq

Blockchain-Enabled Federated Learning for UAV Edge Computing Network: Issues and Solutions

Chaoyang Zhu, Xiao Zhu, Junyu Ren, Tuanfa Qin
2022 IEEE Access  
Second, we will discuss how to integrate blockchain and FL into UAV edge computing networks and the associated challenges and solutions.  ...  Blockchain technology provides a secure and reliable solution for FL settings between multiple untrusted parties with anonymous, immutable, and distributed features.  ...  THE ARCHITECTURE OF BLOCKCHAIN The structure of blockchain consists network layer, data layer, consensus layer, control layer, and application layer as shown in Fig. 4 . • Network layer: The blockchain  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3174865 fatcat:gkleclw5b5fwneylx2mhxerjnm
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